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Proceedings ArticleDOI

Fluorescent molecular probes based on excited state prototropism in lipid bilayer membrane

02 Feb 2012-Proceedings of SPIE (International Society for Optics and Photonics)-Vol. 8233, pp 823309

TL;DR: The recent work using 1-naphthol as an ESPT fluorescent molecular probe has shown that the incorporation of monomeric bile salt molecules into lipid bilayer membranes composed from dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and dimyristoy lphosph atidyl choline induce appreciable wetting of the bilayer up to the hydrocarbon core region, even at very low concentrations of the bile salts.
Abstract: Excited state prototropism (ESPT) is observed in molecules having one or more ionizable protons, whose proton transfer efficiency is different in ground and excited states. The interaction of various ESPT molecules like naphthols and intramolecular ESPT (ESIPT) molecules like hydroxyflavones etc. with different microheterogeneous media have been studied in detail and excited state prototropism as a probe concept has been gaining ground. The fluorescence of different prototropic forms of such molecules, on partitioning to an organized medium like lipid bilayer membrane, often show sensitive response to the local environment with respect to the local structure, physical properties and dynamics. Our recent work using 1-naphthol as an ESPT fluorescent molecular probe has shown that the incorporation of monomeric bile salt molecules into lipid bilayer membranes composed from dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC, a lung surfactant) and dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC), in solid gel and liquid crystalline phases, induce appreciable wetting of the bilayer up to the hydrocarbon core region, even at very low (≤ 1 mM) concentrations of the bile salts. The incorporation and location of fisetin, an ESIPT molecule having antioxidant properties, in lipid bilayer membrane has been sensitively monitored from its intrinsic fluorescence behaviour.
Topics: Lipid bilayer phase behavior (63%), Bilayer (63%), Lipid bilayer (57%), Membrane (50%)
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Journal ArticleDOI
26 Aug 2013-Langmuir
TL;DR: Lower-temperature shift in the phase transition of DPPC bilayer indicates that fluorescence anisotropy of ANS is sensitive enough to the bile salt induced perturbation in the packed acyl chains of DP PC bilayer and modification in the membrane fluidity.
Abstract: The photophysical behavior of 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulphonate (ANS) in vesicles of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), a pulmonary surfactant, has been carried out in a detailed manner. ANS shows notable variations in fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and anisotropy parameters as it gets into the vesicle. It was found that ANS partitions well into the DPPC bilayer membrane with an estimated partition coefficient of ∼2.0 × 105. Among the various fluorescence parameters of ANS, fluorescence anisotropy was found to be most responsive to the temperature induced phase change of the bilayer membrane. These interesting fluorescence parameters of ANS were then used to study the hydration of lipid bilayer membrane by submicellar concentration of bile salts. From the steady-state fluorescence intensity and dynamic fluorescence lifetime analyses it is clear that ANS is able to probe the submicellar concentration (≤1 mM) of bile salt induced hydration of lipid bilayer membrane that accompanies expulsion of ANS f...

27 citations


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Abstract: Flavonoids are a group of polyphenolic compounds, diverse in chemical structure and characteristics, found ubiquitously in plants. Therefore, flavonoids are part of the human diet. Over 4,000 different flavonoids have been identified within the major flavonoid classes which include flavonols, flavones, flavanones, catechins, anthocyanidins, isoflavones, dihydroflavonols, and chalcones. Flavonoids are absorbed from the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and animals and are excreted either unchanged or as flavonoid metabolites in the urine and feces. Flavonoids are potent antioxidants, free radical scavengers, and metal chelators and inhibit lipid peroxidation. The structural requirements for the antioxidant and free radical scavenging functions of flavonoids include a hydroxyl group in carbon position three, a double bond between carbon positions two and three, a carbonyl group in carbon position four, and polyhydroxylation of the A and B aromatic rings. Epidemiological studies show an inverse correlation between dietary flavonoid intake and mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) which is explained in part by the inhibition of low density lipoprotein oxidation and reduced platelet aggregability. Dietary intake of flavonoids range between 23 mg/day estimated in The Netherlands and 170 mg/day estimated in the USA. Major dietary sources of flavonoids determined from studies and analyses conducted in The Netherlands include tea, onions, apples, and red wine. More research is needed for further elucidation of the mechanisms of flavonoid absorption, metabolism, biochemical action, and association with CHD.

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"Fluorescent molecular probes based ..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...For this work, small unilamellar vesicles were prepared by the ethanol injection method.(16) Stock solution of the lipid was prepared in ethanol....

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Journal ArticleDOI
Dov Lichtenberg1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: Analysis of existing data suggests that within experimental error both these distinctively different approaches are valid, indicating that the critical effective ratio at which solubilization occurs is approximately equal to the product of the critical micelle concentration and the distribution coefficient K.
Abstract: This communication addresses the state of aggregation of lipid-detergent mixed dispersions. Analysis of recently published data suggest that for any given detergent-lipid mixture the most important factor in determining the type of aggregates (mixed vesicles or mixed micelles) and the size of the aggregate is the detergent to lipid molar ratio in these aggregates, herein denoted the effective ratio, R e . For mixed bilayers this effective ratio has been previously shown to be a function of the lipid and detergent concentrations and of an equilibrium partition coefficient, K , which describes the distribution of the detergent between the bilayers and the aqueous phase. We show that, similar to mixed bilayers, the size of mixed micelles is also a function of the effective ratio, but for these dispersions the distribution of detergent between the mixed micelles and the aqueous medium obeys a much higher partition coefficient. In practical terms, the detergent concentration in the mixed micelles is equal to the difference between the total detergent concentration and the critical micelle concentration (cmc). Thus, the effective ratio is equal to this difference divided by the lipid concentration. Transformation of mixed bilayers to mixed micelles, commonly denoted solubilization, occurs when the surfactant to lipid effective ratio reaches a critical value. Experimental evaluation of this critical ratio can be based on the linear dependence of detergent concentration, required for solubilization, on the lipid concentration. According to the ‘equilibrium partition model’, the dependence of the ‘solubilizing detergent concentration’ on the lipid concentration intersects with the lipid axis at −1/K , while the slope of this dependence is the critical effective ratio. On the other hand, assuming that when solubilization occurs the detergent concentration in the aqueous phase is approximately equal to the critical micelle concentration, implies that the above dependence intersects with the detergent axis at the critical micelle concentration, while its slope, again, is equal to the critical effective ratio. Analysis of existing data suggests that within experimental error both these distinctively different approaches are valid, indicating that the critical effective ratio at which solubilization occurs is approximately equal to the product of the critical micelle concentration and the distribution coefficient K . Since the nature of detergent affects K and the critical micelle concentration in opposite directions, the critical (‘solubilizing’) effective ratio depends upon the nature of detergent less than any of these two factors.

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Journal ArticleDOI
Jürgen Lasch1Institutions (1)

200 citations