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Formulating and Aggregating Indicators of Labor Rights Compliance

01 Jan 2011-
TL;DR: In 2004, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), in cooperation with the Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) of the United States Department of Labor (DOL), published a methodology for assessing labor rights compliance and other labor market conditions of trading partners.
Abstract: Excerpt] In 2004, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), in cooperation with the Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) of the United States Department of Labor (DOL), published a methodology for assessing labor rights compliance and other labor market conditions of trading partners of the United States. The methodology includes batteries of Indicators, a matrix instrument, and a database of information sources for applying the Indicators and matrix to particular countries. Social scientists at the University of Michigan pilot-tested and evaluated the NAS methodology, and submitted their findings on February 23, 2009. The Michigan evaluation revealed several areas in which the Indicators, matrix, and database might be refined. On September 10, 2009, ILAB and this author entered a contract for a research project on Refining the NAS Matrix. The subject of the research proposal is (1) to apply legal and regulatory analysis to formulate a refined body of Indicators dedicated to making determinations whether trading partners are compliant with United States trade legislation and trade agreements, and (2) to canvass alternative methodologies for weighting and aggregating the Indicators. These topics require extended conceptual analysis of various types of indicators, and of the relation between indicators and composite indices measuring compliance with each overall labor right.
Citations
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Posted Content
TL;DR: McQueen et al. as mentioned in this paper presented a special symposium issue of Social Identities under the editorship of Griffith University's Rob McQueen and UBC's Wes Pue and with contributions from McQueen, Ian Duncanson, Renisa Mawani, David Williams, Emma Cunliffe, Chidi Oguamanam, W. Wesley Pue, Fatou Camara, and Dianne Kirkby.
Abstract: Scholars of culture, humanities and social sciences have increasingly come to an appreciation of the importance of the legal domain in social life, while critically engaged socio-legal scholars around the world have taken up the task of understanding "Law's Empire" in all of its cultural, political, and economic dimensions. The questions arising from these intersections, and addressing imperialisms past and present forms the subject matter of a special symposium issue of Social Identities under the editorship of Griffith University's Rob McQueen, and UBC's Wes Pue and with contributions from McQueen, Ian Duncanson, Renisa Mawani, David Williams, Emma Cunliffe, Chidi Oguamanam, W. Wesley Pue, Fatou Camara, and Dianne Kirkby. This paper introduces the volume, forthcoming in late 2007. The central problematique of this issue has previously been explored through the 2005 Law's Empire conference, an informal but vibrant postcolonial legal studies network.

1,813 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: San Marino ratified the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms on 16 November 1988 on the basis of which it became a member of the European Union on 1 July 1993.
Abstract: This paper attempts to deconstruct the free speech defense of the publications of cartoons offensive to many Muslims in Denmark and elsewhere in Europe in order to highlight the deep philosophical tensions between the characterizations of religion and race, between free speech and hate speech, and between the freedoms of expression and of religion. A scrutiny of the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights (“ECtHR”) reveals the difficulties inherent in defining permissible limits on expression, particularly as it involves the identification and prioritization of interests that are worthy of protection under a state's law. The struggles over the characterization of certain interests as fundamental rights, in turn, raise questions over the ‘fundamental-ness' of rights and the valuation of foundational social and political values that the rhetoric of rights presumes as incontrovertible. This study seeks to advance the argument that fundamental rights, such as the freedom of expression, are legal constructs whose value is contingent on the ends they are employed to serve in a given socio-political environment. While the contingency of fundamental rights is palpable in debates over their definition and over what they include or exclude, it is most clearly visible in the clash of fundamental rights, in particular the freedoms of expression and religion.

446 citations

31 Dec 2007
TL;DR: The decision on the National Disability Action Plan in 2010 and the ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence the Istanbul Convention -in 2013.
Abstract: 4. The Committee notes with appreciation the decision on the National Disability Action Plan in 2010 and the ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence the Istanbul Convention -in 2013. It commends the State party which has, for the last 3 decades, been striving to implement its inclusive education system free of segregation.

214 citations

01 Jan 2009
TL;DR: This article expose a world of work in which the core protections that many Americans take for granted (e.g., the right to be paid at least the minimum wage, the right for overtime hours, the ability to take meal breaks, access to workers' compensation when injured, and the right advocate for better working conditions) are failing significant numbers of workers.
Abstract: This report exposes a world of work in which the core protections that many Americans take for granted—the right to be paid at least the minimum wage, the right to be paid for overtime hours, the right to take meal breaks, access to workers’ compensation when injured, and the right to advocate for better working conditions—are failing significant numbers of workers. The sheer breadth of the problem, spanning key industries in the economy, as well as its profound impact on workers, entailing significant economic hardship, demands urgent attention.

161 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1990
TL;DR: In this paper, Esping-Andersen distinguishes three major types of welfare state, connecting these with variations in the historical development of different Western countries, and argues that current economic processes such as those moving toward a post-industrial order are shaped not by autonomous market forces but by the nature of states and state differences.
Abstract: Few discussions in modern social science have occupied as much attention as the changing nature of welfare states in Western societies. Gosta Esping-Andersen, one of the foremost contributors to current debates on this issue, here provides a new analysis of the character and role of welfare states in the functioning of contemporary advanced Western societies. Esping-Andersen distinguishes three major types of welfare state, connecting these with variations in the historical development of different Western countries. He argues that current economic processes, such as those moving toward a postindustrial order, are shaped not by autonomous market forces but by the nature of states and state differences. Fully informed by comparative materials, this book will have great appeal to all those working on issues of economic development and postindustrialism. Its audience will include students of sociology, economics, and politics."

16,883 citations

Report SeriesDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a handbook for constructing and using composite indicators for policy makers, academics, the media and other interested parties, which is concerned with those which compare and rank country performance in areas such as industrial competitiveness, sustainable development, globalisation and innovation.
Abstract: This Handbook aims to provide a guide for constructing and using composite indicators for policy makers, academics, the media and other interested parties. While there are several types of composite indicators, this Handbook is concerned with those which compare and rank country performance in areas such as industrial competitiveness, sustainable development, globalisation and innovation. The Handbook aims to contribute to a better understanding of the complexity of composite indicators and to an improvement of the techniques currently used to build them. In particular, it contains a set of technical guidelines that can help constructors of composite indicators to improve the quality of their outputs. It has been prepared jointly by the OECD (the Statistics Directorate and the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry) and the Applied Statistics and Econometrics Unit of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission in Ispra, Italy. Primary authors from the JRC are Michela Nardo, Michaela Saisana, Andrea Saltelli and Stefano Tarantola. Primary authors from the OECD are Anders Hoffmann and Enrico Giovannini. Editorial assistance was provided by Candice Stevens, Gunseli Baygan and Karsten Olsen. The research is partly funded by the European Commission, Research Directorate, under the project KEI (Knowledge Economy Indicators), Contract FP6 No. 502529. In the OECD context, the work has benefitted from a grant from the Danish government. The views expressed are those of the authors and should not be regarded as stating an official position of either the European Commission or the OECD.

2,892 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For instance, Manoilesco's confident prediction could easily be dismissed as yet another example of the ideological bias, wishful thinking and overinflated rhetoric of the thirties, an evenementielle response to a peculiar environment and period.
Abstract: Until recently, Manoilesco's confident prediction could easily be dismissed as yet another example of the ideological bias, wishful thinking and overinflated rhetoric of the thirties, an evenementielle response to a peculiar environment and period. With the subsequent defeat of fascism and National Socialism, the spectre of corporatism no longer seemed to haunt the European scene so fatalistically. For a while, the concept itself was virtually retired from the active lexicon of politics, although it was left on behavioral exhibit, so to speak, in such museums of atavistic political practice as Portugal and Spain.

2,162 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: McQueen et al. as mentioned in this paper presented a special symposium issue of Social Identities under the editorship of Griffith University's Rob McQueen and UBC's Wes Pue and with contributions from McQueen, Ian Duncanson, Renisa Mawani, David Williams, Emma Cunliffe, Chidi Oguamanam, W. Wesley Pue, Fatou Camara, and Dianne Kirkby.
Abstract: Scholars of culture, humanities and social sciences have increasingly come to an appreciation of the importance of the legal domain in social life, while critically engaged socio-legal scholars around the world have taken up the task of understanding "Law's Empire" in all of its cultural, political, and economic dimensions. The questions arising from these intersections, and addressing imperialisms past and present forms the subject matter of a special symposium issue of Social Identities under the editorship of Griffith University's Rob McQueen, and UBC's Wes Pue and with contributions from McQueen, Ian Duncanson, Renisa Mawani, David Williams, Emma Cunliffe, Chidi Oguamanam, W. Wesley Pue, Fatou Camara, and Dianne Kirkby. This paper introduces the volume, forthcoming in late 2007. The central problematique of this issue has previously been explored through the 2005 Law's Empire conference, an informal but vibrant postcolonial legal studies network.

1,813 citations

Trending Questions (1)
How is the labor and human rights compliance index important for business?

The paper discusses the formulation and aggregation of indicators to assess labor rights compliance of trading partners, which is important for business.