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Proceedings ArticleDOI

Full duplex radios

27 Aug 2013-Vol. 43, Iss: 4, pp 375-386

TL;DR: The design and implementation of the first in-band full duplex WiFi radios that can simultaneously transmit and receive on the same channel using standard WiFi 802.11ac PHYs are presented and achieves close to the theoretical doubling of throughput in all practical deployment scenarios.
Abstract: This paper presents the design and implementation of the first in-band full duplex WiFi radios that can simultaneously transmit and receive on the same channel using standard WiFi 802.11ac PHYs and achieves close to the theoretical doubling of throughput in all practical deployment scenarios. Our design uses a single antenna for simultaneous TX/RX (i.e., the same resources as a standard half duplex system). We also propose novel analog and digital cancellation techniques that cancel the self interference to the receiver noise floor, and therefore ensure that there is no degradation to the received signal. We prototype our design by building our own analog circuit boards and integrating them with a fully WiFi-PHY compatible software radio implementation. We show experimentally that our design works robustly in noisy indoor environments, and provides close to the expected theoretical doubling of throughput in practice.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In-band full-duplex (IBFD) operation has emerged as an attractive solution for increasing the throughput of wireless communication systems and networks. With IBFD, a wireless terminal is allowed to transmit and receive simultaneously in the same frequency band. This tutorial paper reviews the main concepts of IBFD wireless. One of the biggest practical impediments to IBFD operation is the presence of self-interference, i.e., the interference that the modem's transmitter causes to its own receiver. This tutorial surveys a wide range of IBFD self-interference mitigation techniques. Also discussed are numerous other research challenges and opportunities in the design and analysis of IBFD wireless systems.

1,566 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Akhil Gupta1, R. K. Jha1Institutions (1)
28 Jul 2015-IEEE Access
TL;DR: A general probable 5G cellular network architecture is proposed, which shows that D2D, small cell access points, network cloud, and the Internet of Things can be a part of 5G Cellular network architecture.
Abstract: In the near future, i.e., beyond 4G, some of the prime objectives or demands that need to be addressed are increased capacity, improved data rate, decreased latency, and better quality of service. To meet these demands, drastic improvements need to be made in cellular network architecture. This paper presents the results of a detailed survey on the fifth generation (5G) cellular network architecture and some of the key emerging technologies that are helpful in improving the architecture and meeting the demands of users. In this detailed survey, the prime focus is on the 5G cellular network architecture, massive multiple input multiple output technology, and device-to-device communication (D2D). Along with this, some of the emerging technologies that are addressed in this paper include interference management, spectrum sharing with cognitive radio, ultra-dense networks, multi-radio access technology association, full duplex radios, millimeter wave solutions for 5G cellular networks, and cloud technologies for 5G radio access networks and software defined networks. In this paper, a general probable 5G cellular network architecture is proposed, which shows that D2D, small cell access points, network cloud, and the Internet of Things can be a part of 5G cellular network architecture. A detailed survey is included regarding current research projects being conducted in different countries by research groups and institutions that are working on 5G technologies.

1,482 citations


Cites background from "Full duplex radios"

  • ...If any residual self-interference is not completely canceled, then it will acts as noise to the received signal, which in turn reduces SNR and subsequently throughput [82]....

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Posted Content
TL;DR: This tutorial surveys a wide range of IBFD self-interference mitigation techniques and discusses numerous other research challenges and opportunities in the design and analysis of IB FD wireless systems.
Abstract: In-band full-duplex (IBFD) operation has emerged as an attractive solution for increasing the throughput of wireless communication systems and networks. With IBFD, a wireless terminal is allowed to transmit and receive simultaneously in the same frequency band. This tutorial paper reviews the main concepts of IBFD wireless. Because one the biggest practical impediments to IBFD operation is the presence of self-interference, i.e., the interference caused by an IBFD node's own transmissions to its desired receptions, this tutorial surveys a wide range of IBFD self-interference mitigation techniques. Also discussed are numerous other research challenges and opportunities in the design and analysis of IBFD wireless systems.

1,375 citations


Cites background or methods from "Full duplex radios"

  • ...In summary, approaches that tap and cancel the interfering transmit signal very close to the antennas have the advantage of circumventing analog-domain non-idealities like HPA distortion and phase-noise, but the disadvantage of requiring analog-domain signal processing, which becomes especially…...

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  • ...5...

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  • ...Much like CW radars, these implementations included both separate-antenna and shared-antenna architectures, as depicted in Figure 2....

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  • ...10...

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Journal ArticleDOI
Steven Hong, Joel Brand, Jung Choi, Mayank Jain  +3 moreInstitutions (1)
TL;DR: Self-interference cancellation offers the potential to complement and sustain the evolution of 5G technologies toward denser heterogeneous networks and can be utilized in wireless communication systems in multiple ways, including increased link capacity, spectrum virtualization, any-division duplexing (ADD), novel relay solutions, and enhanced interference coordination.
Abstract: Self-interference cancellation invalidates a long-held fundamental assumption in wireless network design that radios can only operate in half duplex mode on the same channel. Beyond enabling true in-band full duplex, which effectively doubles spectral efficiency, self-interference cancellation tremendously simplifies spectrum management. Not only does it render entire ecosystems like TD-LTE obsolete, it enables future networks to leverage fragmented spectrum, a pressing global issue that will continue to worsen in 5G networks. Self-interference cancellation offers the potential to complement and sustain the evolution of 5G technologies toward denser heterogeneous networks and can be utilized in wireless communication systems in multiple ways, including increased link capacity, spectrum virtualization, any-division duplexing (ADD), novel relay solutions, and enhanced interference coordination. By virtue of its fundamental nature, self-interference cancellation will have a tremendous impact on 5G networks and beyond.

669 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is shown that numerous open challenges, such as efficient SI suppression, high-performance FD MAC-layer protocol design, low power consumption, and hybrid FD/HD designs, have to be tackled before successfully implementing FD-based systems.
Abstract: The wireless research community aspires to conceive full duplex operation by supporting concurrent transmission and reception in a single time/frequency channel for the sake of improving the attainable spectral efficiency by a factor of two as compared to the family of conventional half duplex wireless systems. The main challenge encountered in implementing FD wireless devices is that of finding techniques for mitigating the performance degradation imposed by self-interference. In this article, we investigate the potential FD techniques, including passive suppression, active analog cancellation, and active digital cancellation, and highlight their pros and cons. Furthermore, the troubles of FD medium access control protocol design are discussed for addressing the problems such as the resultant end-to-end delay and network congestion. Additionally, an opportunistic decode-andforward- based relay selection scheme is analyzed in underlay cognitive networks communicating over independent and identically distributed Rayleigh and Nakagami-m fading channels in the context of FD relaying. We demonstrate that the outage probability of multi-relay cooperative communication links can be substantially reduced. Finally, we discuss the challenges imposed by the aforementioned techniques and a range of critical issues associated with practical FD implementations. It is shown that numerous open challenges, such as efficient SI suppression, high-performance FD MAC-layer protocol design, low power consumption, and hybrid FD/HD designs, have to be tackled before successfully implementing FD-based systems.

539 citations


Cites background from "Full duplex radios"

  • ...Existing studies [5, 6] showed that it is critical to accurately measure and suppress the SI in FD communication....

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References
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Book
Stephen Boyd1, Lieven Vandenberghe2Institutions (2)
01 Mar 2004-
Abstract: Convex optimization problems arise frequently in many different fields. A comprehensive introduction to the subject, this book shows in detail how such problems can be solved numerically with great efficiency. The focus is on recognizing convex optimization problems and then finding the most appropriate technique for solving them. The text contains many worked examples and homework exercises and will appeal to students, researchers and practitioners in fields such as engineering, computer science, mathematics, statistics, finance, and economics.

33,299 citations


Book
01 Jan 2005-

9,031 citations


Proceedings Article
01 Jan 2005-
TL;DR: This book aims to provide a chronology of key events and individuals involved in the development of microelectronics technology over the past 50 years and some of the individuals involved have been identified and named.
Abstract: Alhussein Abouzeid Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Raviraj Adve University of Toronto Dharma Agrawal University of Cincinnati Walid Ahmed Tyco M/A-COM Sonia Aissa University of Quebec, INRSEMT Huseyin Arslan University of South Florida Nallanathan Arumugam National University of Singapore Saewoong Bahk Seoul National University Claus Bauer Dolby Laboratories Brahim Bensaou Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Rick Blum Lehigh University Michael Buehrer Virginia Tech Antonio Capone Politecnico di Milano Javier Gómez Castellanos National University of Mexico Claude Castelluccia INRIA Henry Chan The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Ajit Chaturvedi Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Jyh-Cheng Chen National Tsing Hua University Yong Huat Chew Institute for Infocomm Research Tricia Chigan Michigan Tech Dong-Ho Cho Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Tech. Jinho Choi University of New South Wales Carlos Cordeiro Philips Research USA Laurie Cuthbert Queen Mary University of London Arek Dadej University of South Australia Sajal Das University of Texas at Arlington Franco Davoli DIST University of Genoa Xiaodai Dong, University of Alberta Hassan El-sallabi Helsinki University of Technology Ozgur Ercetin Sabanci University Elza Erkip Polytechnic University Romano Fantacci University of Florence Frank Fitzek Aalborg University Mario Freire University of Beira Interior Vincent Gaudet University of Alberta Jairo Gutierrez University of Auckland Michael Hadjitheodosiou University of Maryland Zhu Han University of Maryland College Park Christian Hartmann Technische Universitat Munchen Hossam Hassanein Queen's University Soong Boon Hee Nanyang Technological University Paul Ho Simon Fraser University Antonio Iera University "Mediterranea" of Reggio Calabria Markku Juntti University of Oulu Stefan Kaiser DoCoMo Euro-Labs Nei Kato Tohoku University Dongkyun Kim Kyungpook National University Ryuji Kohno Yokohama National University Bhaskar Krishnamachari University of Southern California Giridhar Krishnamurthy Indian Institute of Technology Madras Lutz Lampe University of British Columbia Bjorn Landfeldt The University of Sydney Peter Langendoerfer IHP Microelectronics Technologies Eddie Law Ryerson University in Toronto

7,279 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...Categories and Subject Descriptors C.2.1 [Computer Communication Networks]: Network Architecture and Design—Wireless communication General Terms: Algorithms, Design, Experimentation, Performance Keywords: Full Duplex, Interference Cancellation, Non-linear Cancellation...

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Journal Article
TL;DR: This expanded and thoroughly revised edition of Thomas H. Lee's acclaimed guide to the design of gigahertz RF integrated circuits features a completely new chapter on the principles of wireless systems.
Abstract: 53 ■ IEEE CIRCUITS & DEVICES MAGAZINE ■ NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2005 THE DESIGN OF CMOS RADIOFREQUENCY INTEGRATED CIRCUITS, 2ND ED By Thomas Lee, Cambridge University Press, 2003. All-CMOS radio transceivers and system-on-a-chip are rapidly making inroads into a wireless market that, for years, was dominated by bipolar solutions. On wireless LAN and Bluethooth, RF CMOS is especially dominant, and it is becoming also in GSM cellular and GPS receivers. Hence, books that cover this widespread domain respond to a real need. The first edition of this book, published on 1998, was a pioneering textbook on the field of RF CMOS design. This second edition is a very interesting and upgraded version that includes new material and revised topics. In particular, it now includes a chapter on the fundamentals of wireless systems. The chapter on IC components is greatly expanded and now follows that on passive RLC components. The chapter on MOS devices has been updated since it includes the understanding of the model for the shorth-channel MOS and considers and discusses the scaling trends and its impact on the next several years. It has also expanded the topic of power amplifiers; indeed, it now also covers techniques for linearization and efficiency enhancement. Low-noise amplifiers, oscillators, and phase noise are now expanded and treated with more detail. Moreover, the chapter on transceiver architectures now includes much more detail, especially on direct-conversion architecture. Finally, additional commentary on practical details on simulations, floorplanning, and packaging has been added. The first edition of this book widely covered all the main arguments needed in the CMOS design context and provided a bridge between system and circuit issues. This second edition, which is upgraded and improved, is really useful, both in the industry and academia, for the new generation of RF engineers. Indeed, it is suited for students taking courses on RF design and is a valuable reference for practicing engineers. Of course, the arguments treated in the textbook lead up to low-frequency analog design IC topics. Hence, readers have to be intimately familiar with that subject. The book is divided into 20 chapters: 1) A Nonlinear History of Radio 2) Overview of Wireless Principles 3) Passive RLC Networks 4) Characteristics of Passive IC Components 5) A Review of MOS Device Physics; 6) Distributed Systems 7) The Smith Chart and S-Parameters 8) Bandwidth Estimation Techniques 9) High-Frequency Amplifier Design 10) Voltage References and Biasing 11) Noise 12) LNA Design 13) Mixers 14) Feedback Amplifiers 15) RF Power Amplifiers 16) Phase Locked Loop 17) Oscillators and Synthesizers 18) Phase Noise 19) Architectures 20) RF Circuits Through the Ages. Moreover, it contains over 100 circuit diagrams and many homework problems. Gaetano Palumbo

3,897 citations


"Full duplex radios" refers background in this paper

  • ...Prior designs also need to have at least two antennas [11, 5] in place of the one used by half duplex systems (one each for transmit and receive and possibly more [3])....

    [...]


Book
Thomas H. Lee1Institutions (1)
05 Jun 2012-
Abstract: This book, first published in 2004, is an expanded and thoroughly revised edition of Tom Lee's acclaimed guide to the design of gigahertz RF integrated circuits. A new chapter on the principles of wireless systems provides a bridge between system and circuit issues. The chapters on low-noise amplifiers, oscillators and phase noise have been significantly expanded. The chapter on architectures now contains several examples of complete chip designs, including a GPS receiver and a wireless LAN transceiver, that bring together the theoretical and practical elements involved in producing a prototype chip. Every section has been revised and updated with findings in the field and the book is packed with physical insights and design tips, and includes a historical overview that sets the whole field in context. With hundreds of circuit diagrams and homework problems this is an ideal textbook for students taking courses on RF design and a valuable reference for practising engineers.

2,875 citations


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No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20221
2021124
2020200
2019253
2018232
2017340