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Journal ArticleDOI

Gender and culture of empire: Toward a feminist ethnography of the cinema

01 Jan 1991-Quarterly Review of Film and Video (Taylor & Francis Group)-Vol. 13, pp 45-84
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a feminist ethnography of the cinema, focusing on the gender and culture of empire, and discuss the role of women in film and video production.
Abstract: (1991). Gender and culture of empire: Toward a feminist ethnography of the cinema. Quarterly Review of Film and Video: Vol. 13, No. 1-3, pp. 45-84.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examine both the specificities and the continuities within the globalization of sexual identities at the present juncture, and examine the relationship between globalization and sexual politics, which is at once national, regional, local, even "cross-cultural" and hybrid.
Abstract: In modernity, identities inevitably become global. Indeed, few things remain local in the aftermath of the rise of capitalism. Just as goods and people come to circulate in new ways, so too identities emerge and come into specific relations of circulation and expansion. In this globalized framework of encounter and exchange, sexual identities are similar to other kinds of identities in that they are imbued with power relations. These power relations are connected to inequalities that result from earlier forms of globalization, but they have also generated new asymmetries. Our task is to examine both the specificities and the continuities within the globalization of sexual identities at the present juncture. For the most part, throughout the twentieth century, what we might call politically “progressive” studies of sexuality emerged as a result of identity politics and social movements. Increasingly, with the rise of ethnic and postcolonial studies and the growing emphasis on diaspora in American studies, the scholarship on sexuality is globalized.1 Yet thinking simply about global identities does not begin to get at the complex terrain of sexual politics that is at once national, regional, local, even “cross-cultural” and hybrid. In many works on globalization, the “global” is seen either as a homogenizing influence or as a neocolonial movement of ideas and capital from West to non-West.2 Debates on the nature of global identities have suggested the inadequacy of understanding globalization simply through political economy or through theories of “Western” cultural imperialism and have pushed us to probe further the relationship between globalization and culture.3 Yet how do we understand these emerging identities, given the divergent theories regarding the relationship between globalization and cultural forma-

312 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Kolodny examines the evidence of three generations of women's writing about the frontier and finds that, although the American frontiersman imagined the wilderness as virgin land, an unspoiled Eve to be taken, the pioneer woman at his side dreamed more modestly of a garden to be cultivated as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: To discover how women constructed their own mythology of the West, Kolodny examines the evidence of three generations of women's writing about the frontier. She finds that, although the American frontiersman imagined the wilderness as virgin land, an unspoiled Eve to be taken, the pioneer woman at his side dreamed more modestly of a garden to be cultivated. Both intellectual and cultural history, this volume continues Kolodny's study of frontier mythology begun in The Lay of the Land .

175 citations

Book
20 Dec 2002

132 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines the racialisation and gendering of a collective subject described as "Middle Eastern or Muslim" in the US media in the aftermath of 9/11, and examines how this category came to be visible and prominent through the workings of disciplinary power and forms of governmentality through the binary of freedom and unfreedom, necropolitics and the politics of security and freedom.
Abstract: This paper examines the racialisation and gendering of a collective subject described as ‘Middle Eastern or Muslim’ in the US media in the aftermath of 9/11. It examines how this category came to be visible and prominent through the workings of disciplinary power and forms of governmentality through the binary of freedom and unfreedom, necropolitics and the politics of security and freedom. Multiculturalism in the US, as it was articulated in consumer culture through the national spectacle of the flag, emerged as an example of this new form of governmentality that is both regulative and productive of American nationalism and transnationalism.

95 citations


Cites background from "Gender and culture of empire: Towar..."

  • ...Europe’s ‘Orientals’ have not been the predominant target of racism, although the Islamic Other has certainly has had a lively representational history within popular culture through the last two centuries (Marchetti, 1993; Shohat, 1991)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For example, Roddick as discussed by the authors argued that one day we would be able to go to the source for all our products-cut out the middlemen and trade directly with those people throughout the world who grew or harvested the raw ingredients we needed.
Abstract: For me Trade Not Aid also advanced the possibility that one day we would be able to go to the source for all our products-cut out the middlemen and trade directly with those people throughout the world who grew or harvested the raw ingredients we needed. That was my ambition. I wanted to be Christobel Columbus, going into little villages in Mexico or Guatemala or Nepal and seeing what they had to trade, instead of going to those boring old trade fairs where everyone buys the same mediocre products year after year. -Anita Roddick1

82 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1953
TL;DR: The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud in English as mentioned in this paper is the first full paperback publication of the standard edition of the complete psychological works in English, containing twenty-four volumes.
Abstract: Indexes and Bibliographies. This collection of twenty-four volumes is the first full paperback publication of the standard edition of The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud in English

11,462 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the Third World Woman is presented as a singular monolithic subject in some recent (western) feminist texts, focusing on a certain mode of appropriation and codification of "scholarship" and knowledge about women in the third world by particular analytic categories employed in writings on the subject which take as their primary point of reference feminist interests as they have been articulated in the US and western Europe.
Abstract: It ought to be of some political significance at least that the term 'colonization' has come to denote a variety of phenomena in recent feminist and left writings in general. From its analytic value as a category of exploitative economic exchange in both traditional and contemporary Marxisms (cf. particularly such contemporary scholars as Baran, Amin and Gunder-Frank) to its use by feminist women of colour in the US, to describe the appropriation of their experiences and struggles by hegemonic white women's movements,' the term 'colonization' has been used to characterize everything from the most evident economic and political hierarchies to the production of a particular cultural discourse about what is called the 'Third World.'2 However sophisticated or problematical its use as an explanatory construct, colonization almost invariably implies a relation of structural domination, and a discursive or political suppression of the heterogeneity of the subject(s) in question. What I wish to analyse here specifically is the production of the 'Third World Woman' as a singular monolithic subject in some recent (western) feminist texts. The definition of colonization I invoke is a predominantly discursive one, focusing on a certain mode of appropriation and codification of 'scholarship' and 'knowledge' about women in the third world by particular analytic categories employed in writings on the subject which take as their primary point of reference feminist interests as they have been articulated in the US and western Europe. My concern about such writings derives from my own implication and investment in contemporary debates in feminist theory, and the urgent political necessity of forming strategic coalitions across class, race and national boundaries. Clearly, western feminist discourse and political practice is neither singular nor homogeneous in its goals, interests or analyses. However, it is possible to trace a coherence of

1,882 citations

Book
01 Jan 2000
TL;DR: The tormenting of the body by the troubled mind, hysteria is among the most pervasive of human disorders -yet at the same time it is the most elusive as mentioned in this paper, and Freud's recognition that hysteria stemmed from traumas in the patient's past transformed the way we think about sexuality.
Abstract: The tormenting of the body by the troubled mind, hysteria is among the most pervasive of human disorders - yet at the same time it is the most elusive. Freud's recognition that hysteria stemmed from traumas in the patient's past transformed the way we think about sexuality. "Studies in Hysteria" is one of the founding texts of psychoanalysis, revolutionizing our understanding of love, desire and the human psyche.

1,804 citations

MonographDOI
TL;DR: Bananas, Beaches and Bases as discussed by the authors is an analysis of international politics that reveals the crucial role of women in implementing governmental foreign policies, be it Soviet Glasnost, Britain's dealings in the EEC, or the NATO alliance.
Abstract: This radical new analysis of international politics reveals the crucial role of women in implementing governmental foreign policies, be it Soviet Glasnost, Britain's dealings in the EEC, or the NATO alliance. Cynthia Enloe pulls back the curtain on the familiar scenes - governments restricting imported goods, bankers negotiating foreign loans, soldiers serving overseas - and shows that the real landscape is less exclusively male. "Bananas, Beaches and Bases" shows how thousands of women tailor their marriages to fit the demands of state secrecy; how foreign policy would grind to a halt without secretaries to handle money transfers or arms shipments; and how women are working in hotels and factories around the world in order to service their governments' debts. Enloe also challenges common assumptions about what constitutes "international politics."She explains, for example, how turning tacos and sushi into bland fast foods affects relations between affluent and developing countries, and why a multinational banana company needs the brothel outside its gates. And she argues that shopping at Benneton, wearing Levis, working as a nanny (or employing one) or planning a vacation are all examples of foreign policy in action. Bananas, Beaches and Bases does not ignore our curiosity about arms dealers, the President's men or official secrets. But it shows why these conventional clues are not sufficient for understanding how the international political system works. In exposing policymakers' reliance on false notions of "feminity" and "masculinity," Enloe dismantles a seemingly overwhelming world system, exposing it to be much more fragile and open to change than we are usually led to believe.

1,709 citations

Book
01 Jan 1895
TL;DR: The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud in English as mentioned in this paper is the first full paperback publication of the standard edition of the complete psychological works in English and includes: On the Pyschical Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena: A Preliminary Compunction (1893) Case Histories: Anna O, Emmy von N, Lucy R, Katharina, Elisabeth von R Theoretical Essays (by Josef Breuer) The Psychotherapy of Hystersia
Abstract: Studies on Hysteria (1893 - 1895) This collection of twenty-four volumes is the first full paperback publication of the standard edition of The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud in English Includes: On the Pyschical Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena: A Preliminary Compunction (1893) Case Histories: Anna O, Emmy von N, Lucy R, Katharina, Elisabeth von R Theoretical Essays (by Josef Breuer) The Psychotherapy of Hysteria

1,653 citations