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Book ChapterDOI

Governance approaches in new tourist destination countries: introducing tourism law in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam

01 Jan 2011-pp 25-38

Abstract: The tourism industry in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam (CLV), all but destroyed during the Vietnam War, has benefited recently from a liberal economic development approach resulting in exponential growth in tourist arrivals and revenue. In the past decade, these countries have all developed national tourism laws that now provide each with a governance framework with clearly defined roles for both the public and private sectors.
Topics: Tourism (59%), Vietnam War (54%)
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
24 Jun 2014-Koedoe
Abstract: Protected areas are increasingly expected to serve as a natural income-producing resource via the exploitation of recreational and touristic activities. Whilst tourism is often considered a viable option for generating income which benefits the conservation of a protected area, there are many cases in which insufficient and opaque planning hinder sustainable development, thereby reducing local benefit sharing and, ultimately, nature conservation. This article delineated and examined factors in governance which may underlie tourism development in protected areas. Based on Graham, Amos and Plumptre’s five good governance principles, a specific analysis was made of the Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park in central Vietnam, which highlighted challenges in the practical implementation of governing principles arising for nature conservation, sustainable tourism development and complex stakeholder environments. Despite the limited opportunity of this study to examine the wider national and international context, the discussion facilitated an overview of the factors necessary to understand governance principles and tourism development. This article could serve as a basis for future research, especially with respect to comparative analyses of different management structures existing in Vietnam and in other contested centrally steered protected area spaces. Conservation implications: This research has shown that tourism and its development, despite a more market-oriented and decentralised policymaking, is a fragmented concept impacted by bureaucratic burden, lack of institutional capacities, top-down processes and little benefit-sharing. There is urgent need for stakeholders – public and private – to reconcile the means of protected areas for the ends (conservation) by clarifying responsibilities as well as structures and processes which determine decision-making.

17 citations


Cites background from "Governance approaches in new touris..."

  • ...…overrating the role of tourism in conservation, citing over-dependency on tourism for local populations living in and around PAs and against economic valuation of PAs as natural ecosystems continue to deteriorate (Gössling 2003; Semone et al. 2011; United Nations Development Programme [UNDP] 2010)....

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Dissertation
01 Jan 2015-

8 citations


Cites background from "Governance approaches in new touris..."

  • ...The country’s legal system is based on communist legal theory and the French civil law system (Semone et al., 2010)....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
Ly T. Phong1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2014-Koedoe
Abstract: Protected areas are increasingly expected to serve as a natural income-producing resource via the exploitation of recreational and touristic activities. Whilst tourism is often considered a viable option for generating income which benefits the conservation of a protected area, there are many cases in which insufficient and opaque planning hinder sustainable development, thereby reducing local benefit sharing and, ultimately, nature conservation. This article delineated and examined factors in governance which may underlie tourism development in protected areas. Based on Graham, Amos and Plumptre's five good governance principles, a specific analysis was made of the Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park in central Vietnam, which highlighted challenges in the practical implementation of governing principles arising for nature conservation, sustainable tourism development and complex stakeholder environments. Despite the limited opportunity of this study to examine the wider national and international context, the discussion facilitated an overview of the factors necessary to understand governance principles and tourism development. This article could serve as a basis for future research, especially with respect to comparative analyses of different management structures existing in Vietnam and in other contested centrally steered protected area spaces. Conservation implications: This research has shown that tourism and its development, despite a more market-oriented and decentralised policymaking, is a fragmented concept impacted by bureaucratic burden, lack of institutional capacities, top-down processes and little benefit-sharing. There is urgent need for stakeholders - public and private - to reconcile the means of protected areas for the ends (conservation) by clarifying responsibilities as well as structures and processes which determine decision-making.

6 citations


01 Jan 2019-
Abstract: espanolEl crecimiento de la demanda turistica internacional de los ultimos anos y las nuevas exigencias de los mercados consumidores han presionado a los destinos turisticos, exigiendo de sus gestores alternativas y nuevas estrategias para competir a escala mundial. Al estar compuesto el destino turistico por una amalgama de instituciones y considerando que las organizaciones publicas y privadas son los grupos que mas influyen en la gestion, es esencial analizarlas para comprender la actividad turistica. En este contexto, este estudio busco comparar el rol de las organizaciones publicas y privadas en la gestion de destinos turisticos consolidados. Se realizo una investigacion con estudios exploratorio-descriptivos, un relevamiento bibliografico y documental para delimitar las dimensiones a ser utilizadas y entrevistas a los gestores publicos y privados de ambos destinos: Foz do Iguacu (Brasil) y Algarve (Portugal). A los datos recolectados se les aplico un analisis descriptivo de cada destino, un Analisis de Importancia – Desempeno (IPA) y un estudio comparativo. Los resultados mostraron que tanto los gestores portugueses como brasilenos tienen percepciones similares en relacion a la importancia e implementacion de las dimensiones analizadas relacionadas con el papel de las organizaciones publicas y privadas en la gestion de los destinos. Las semejanzas identificadas en las muestras recogidas en paises y realidades diferentes se alinean a la Teoria del Isomorfismo Institucional. EnglishTourist Destination Management: A Comparative Analysis between Two Consolidated Destinations in Brazil and Portugal. The growth of the international tourist demand of the last years and the new demands of the consumer markets have pressed the tourist destinations, demanding of their managers the search for alternatives and new strategies to compete favorably on a global scale. Being the tourist destination composed by an amalgam of institutions and still, considering that the public and private organizations are groups that more influence in the management, analyzing their roles is an essential question for the understanding of the tourist activity in a certain destination. In this context, this study aimed to comparatively analyze the role played by public and private organizations in the management of consolidated tourist destinations. This was an exploratory-descriptive study, involving bibliographical and documentary research, aiming at delimiting the dimensions to be used, as well as interviews with public and private managers of both studied destinations: Foz do Iguacu-Brazil and Algarve-Portugal. A structured questionnaire was used, with questions using a Likert scale. After the gathering, we performed the descriptive analysis of each destination and an Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) and the results compared between the two samples. The results showed that both Portuguese and Brazilian managers have very close perceptions regarding the importance and implementation of the analyzed dimensions related to the role of public and private organizations in the management of destinations. The similarities identified in the samples collected in different countries and realities are aligned with the Theory of Institutional Isomorphism, considering that the role played by public and private organizations is relatively similar in both destinations

1 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Nedim Yüzbaşıoğlu1, Oğuz DoğanInstitutions (1)
Abstract: This research aims to discuss strategic governance activities in the marina sector operating in Mugla Marine Tourism Cluster. Qualitative research methodology was preferred to identify the strategic governance practices from marina managers’ perspective. In-dept semi-structured interview was preffered in order to illuminate the case specific management approaches and applications. Six marina managers were interviewed, and the managers’ opinions were analysed by content analysis under five main themes namely, vision, participation, coordination, transparency, and efficiency. The findings revealed that the strategic governance practices are not strictly implemented because of the top-down-centralized approach which is preferred in the sector.

1 citations


Performance
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No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20211
20191
20151
20142
20131