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Journal ArticleDOI

Governance, Innovation, and Information and Communications Technology for Civil-Military Interactions

13 Feb 2014-Stability: International Journal of Security and Development (Centre for Security Governance)-Vol. 3, Iss: 1

AbstractCivilian and military participants in relief and stability operations rely upon Information and Communications Technology (ICT) to collect, analyze, store, display, and share information that is critical for these civil-military interactions. This article investigates ICT innovation in these operations over time. As researchers in the sociology of technology school might predict, ICT innovation for relief and stability operations emerges in a distributed fashion, within clusters of specialty expertise that migrate across interconnected technology systems and across humanitarian and military activities. Major events such as natural disasters have punctuated the development of ICT for civil-military interactions, often driving community learning and coherence. Among the many stakeholders in the United States, the federal government in particular has played an important role in shaping the ICT ecosystem through policies and engagements. Government policies and changes in the field of action in the 1990s created imperatives for the US military in particular to collaborate with civilian agencies on ICT innovation. Civil-military information sharing gaps persist today due, in part, to institutional factors.

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01 Jan 2016
Abstract: Thank you very much for reading postmodern war the new politics of conflict. As you may know, people have search numerous times for their chosen novels like this postmodern war the new politics of conflict, but end up in harmful downloads. Rather than enjoying a good book with a cup of tea in the afternoon, instead they are facing with some infectious virus inside their desktop computer. postmodern war the new politics of conflict is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly. Our book servers saves in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Merely said, the postmodern war the new politics of conflict is universally compatible with any devices to read.

22 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Peacekeeping operations, mandated through the United Nations and regional bodies, play an increasingly diverse role in the economic development of post-conflict countries A key way that missions c

16 citations


BookDOI
Abstract: We survey selected parts of the growing literature on the microeconomics of violent conflict, identifying where academic research has started to establish stylized facts and where methodological and knowledge gaps remain. We focus our review on the role of civilian agency in conflict; on wartime institutions; and on the private sector in conflict. Future research requires new and better sources of data on conflict and conflict impacts, including from household surveys in conflict-affected areas. Impact evaluations can also be valuable sources of insights about how conflict impacts on people and how peacebuilding and reconstruction can be improved. We also see the need for much more detailed studies on the long-term impacts of conflict; on the linkages between agriculture, food security, and conflict; on the role of technology for peace; and on the micro–macro linkages of conflict, as well its macroeconomic costs. Finally, future research would benefit from linking analysis of large-scale violent conflict with other forms of violence, instability, fragility, and humanitarian crises.

10 citations


Cites background from "Governance, Innovation, and Informa..."

  • ...Guttieri (2013) notes that new technologies can support civil–military interaction, and Dorn (2011) furthers this by explaining how new technologies, especially mobile phones, provide peacekeepers with granular information about ongoing threats to their operational environments....

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Dissertation
01 Jan 2016
Abstract: Over the last 10 years, the dramatic increase in access to information communications technologies (ICTs) in developing countries has spurred popular efforts to use them for crisis response and violence prevention. As access to mobile phones and the internet has expanded, a key question remains: Do people actually use these tools for participation in governance processes? The results from my case studies and survey data strongly indicate that they do not. Even among groups we expect to be technologically savvy, for example the young, urban and/or wealthy, patterns of information gathering during crisis are still oriented toward traditional broadcast media and elite messaging. Instead, the evidence from my case studies and surveys indicate that people make decisions about the validity and actionability of information during crises based on complex social and political factors that are tangentially related to technology access.

7 citations


10 Jul 2004

1 citations


References
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Book
01 Jan 1962
Abstract: Contents Preface CHAPTER 1. ELEMENTS OF DIFFUSION CHAPTER 2. A HISTORY OF DIFFUSION RESEARCH CHAPTER 3. CONTRIBUTIONS AND CRITICISMS OF DIFFUSION RESEARCH CHAPTER 4. THE GENERATION OF INNOVATIONS CHAPTER 5. THE INNOVATION-DECISION PROCESS CHAPTER 6. ATTRIBUTES OF INNOVATIONS AND THEIR RATE OF ADOPTION CHAPTER 7. INNOVATIVENESS AND ADOPTER CATEGORIES CHAPTER 8. DIFFUSION NETWORKS CHAPTER 9. THE CHANGE AGENT CHAPTER 10. INNOVATION IN ORGANIZATIONS CHAPTER 11. CONSEQUENCES OF INNOVATIONS Glossary Bibliography Name Index Subject Index

38,710 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Upon returning to the U.S., author Singhal’s Google search revealed the following: in January 2001, the impeachment trial against President Estrada was halted by senators who supported him and the government fell without a shot being fired.
Abstract: Upon returning to the U.S., author Singhal’s Google search revealed the following: In January 2001, the impeachment trial against President Estrada was halted by senators who supported him. Within minutes, using cell phones, the opposition leaders broadcast a text message “Go 2EDSA. Wear blck” to folks on their telephone lists. The recipients, in turn, forwarded the message to others. The electronic ripples led the military to withdraw support, and the government fell without a shot being fired.

21,846 citations


"Governance, Innovation, and Informa..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Academic literature traditionally depicts innovation as an ‘idea, practice, or object perceived as new by an individual or other unit of adoption’ (Rogers 2003)....

    [...]


08 Dec 1993
Abstract: : 1. Elementary and Secondary Science and Mathematics Education. 2. Higher Education in Science and Engineering. 3. Science and Engineering Workforce. 4. Research & Development: Financial Resources and Instituional Linkages. 5. Academic Research and Development: Financial Resources, Personnel, and Outputs. 6. Technology Development and competitiveness. 7. Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Public Understanding.

3,320 citations


Book
01 Jan 1987
Abstract: This pioneering book, first published in 1987, launched the new field of social studies of technology. It introduced a method of inquiry--social construction of technology, or SCOT--that became a key part of the wider discipline of science and technology studies. The book helped the MIT Press shape its STS list and inspired the Inside Technology series. The thirteen essays in the book tell stories about such varied technologies as thirteenth-century galleys, eighteenth-century cooking stoves, and twentieth-century missile systems. Taken together, they affirm the fruitfulness of an approach to the study of technology that gives equal weight to technical, social, economic, and political questions, and they demonstrate the illuminating effects of the integration of empirics and theory. The approaches in this volume--collectively called SCOT (after the volume’s title) have since broadened their scope, and twenty-five years after the publication of this book, it is difficult to think of a technology that has not been studied from a SCOT perspective and impossible to think of a technology that cannot be studied that way.

3,175 citations


Book
01 Dec 2004

2,897 citations