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Green Procurement in the Public Sector: Purchasing Departments as Procurement Entrepreneurs

01 Jan 2013-
TL;DR: In both the private and public sectors, the private sector wants the best value in order to maximize profits to shareholders while the public sector seeks the best values because of increasingly limited dollars available to them as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Procurement professionals have generally had a very clear goal: procure needed resources while achieving the best quality for the best price. This would appear to be true in both the private sector as well as the public sector; the private sector wants the best value in order to maximize profits to shareholders while the public sector seeks the best value because of increasingly limited dollars available to them. Evaluation criteria such as price, performance, and durability have long been factors used to determine what exactly the best value is for a given product or service (Drumwright, 1994).

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Citations
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01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this article, the authors show that the self-employed sector has shown a degree of resilience during the recent economic crisis, as the relative decline in self-employment has been more moderate in comparison with salaried employment.
Abstract: Entrepreneurship plays an important role in creating jobs, innovation and growth. Fostering entrepreneurship is a key policy goal for governments who expect that high rates of entrepreneurial activity will create sustainable jobs. Self-employment, also contributes to job creation in Europe, as 30% of the self-employed have employees of their own. European-level data indicate that the selfemployment sector has shown a degree of resilience during the recent economic crisis, as the relative decline in self-employment has been more moderate in comparison with salaried employment.

718 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the effect of administrative professionalism and interest group presence on the determinants of green procurement in the understudied context of counties in the United States.
Abstract: Scholars and practitioners have come to understand the important role of local governments in the causes and effects of climate change. The literature has examined both the substantive and symbolic determinants of urban sustainability policies in addition to the implementation issues associated with those policies. At the heart of these policies is the idea that local governments have the desire and ability to engage in socially and environmentally responsible practices to mitigate climate change. While important, these studies are missing a key component in the investigation of local government involvement in sustainability policies: government purchasing power. This study examines the effect of administrative professionalism and interest group presence on the determinants of green procurement in the understudied context of counties in the United States.

15 citations


Cites background from "Green Procurement in the Public Sec..."

  • ...Some scholars suggest that green procurement, like other socially responsible innovations in government, are the result of entrepreneurial purchasing departments procurement agents (Smith, 2013)....

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  • ...4 governments have higher rates of green procurement policy adoption (Michelsen and de Boer, 2009; Smith, 2013)....

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  • ...Above all, there is fairly wide consensus that larger, more affluent governments have higher rates of green procurement policy adoption (Michelsen and de Boer, 2009; Smith, 2013)....

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Dissertation
01 Nov 2013
TL;DR: The impact of green procurement practices in small and medium enterprises involves spending and the investment process typically associment with economic gain and environmental friendly results at the end of the day as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The impact of Green Procurement Practices (GPP) in small and medium enterprises involves spending and the investment process typically assoc iated with economic gain and environmental friendly results at the end of the day. GPP among S ME`s in Nairobi s is not as straightforward as for governments because companies themselves hav to be self-motivated to embrace sustainability depending on their mission, vision and objectives. GPP is largely linked to the wider agenda of sustainable development and SME`s p racticing sustainable procurement to meet their needs for goods, services, utilities; work no t only on a cost benefit analysis, but with a view to maximizing net benefits for themselves and the wider world market. In doing so, SME`s incorporate acquired cost considerations into deci sions alongside the procurement criteria of price and quality, and also in the practice of the sustainable impacts of potential supplier`s approach often assessed as a form of quality c onsideration. These considerations focus on all areas of any organization in terms of the enviro mental, economic and social effects. The researcher used the descriptive research design to determine the impact of green procurement practices in Small and Medium Enterprises in Nairob i whereby it was found that; GPP is embedded in the principle of pollution prevention, which strives to eliminate and or to reduce risks to human health and the environment. This mea ns valuating purchases based on a variety of criteria, ranging from the necessity of the purc hase of the product from the first place to the options available for its eventual disposal. Cons umers, investors, shareholders and regulatory agencies in SME`s are increasingly demanding that o rganizations behave in an environmentally responsible manner. Therefore practicing green pr ocurement practices demonstrates an organization's commitment to considering and minimi z ng the environmental consequences of its activities thus making both environmental and eco nomic sense. The drivers influencing the adoption of green procurement practices by the SMEs are government laws and regulations requirement, changing customer demands and expect ations, the company initiatives, global purchase and production standards, employee initi at ves and suppliers influence. Conclusions made were green products are generally produced in a manner that consumes less natural resources. They may involve less energy in thei r manufacture and may consume less energy when being used, and they generally contain fewer h azardous or toxic materials. Green products are also generally designed with the intention of r educing the amount of waste created and may contain recycled material or use less packaging. Green procurement practices also offer cost savings for the organization. Consequently, GPP h as benefits for health and safety, both of workplaces and of the wider community. Organizat ions that practice green procurement are recognized as good corporate citizens, and have inf luence over other organizations around them.

Cites background from "Green Procurement in the Public Sec..."

  • ...Some of the past Kenyan researches made about th e green procurement practice include; Nabiswa (2012) “Green Procurement in the Public Sec tor: The Case of Parastatals in Kenya” and “Green Procurement Awareness in Kenya State Corpora tions” Ondieki (2012)....

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  • ...Some of the past Kenyan researches made about the green procurement practice include; Nabiswa (2012) “Green Procurement in the Public Sector: The Case of Parastatals in Kenya” and “Green Procurement Awareness in Kenya State Corporations” Ondieki (2012)....

    [...]

  • ...Some of the past Kenyan researches made about th e green procurement practice include; Nabiswa (2012) “Green Procurement in the Public Sec tor: The Case of Parastatals in Kenya” and “Green Procurement Awareness in Kenya State Corpora tions” Ondieki (2012). These researches found out that green procurement practice among pri vate and Kenyan state corporations is in the...

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References
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Book
01 Jan 1998
TL;DR: Theoretical Foundations and Practical Considerations for Getting Started and Techniques for Achieving Theoretical Integration are presented.
Abstract: Part I: Introduction to Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss Chapter 1: Inspiration and Background Chapter 2: Theoretical Foundations Chapter 3: Practical Considerations for Getting Started Chapter 4: Prelude to Analysis Chapter 5: Strategies for Qualitative Data Analysis Chapter 6: Memos and Diagrams Chapter 7: Theoretical Sampling Chapter 8: Context Chapter 9: Process Chapter 10: Techniques for Achieving Theoretical Integration Chapter 11: The Use of Computer Programs in Qualitative Data Analysis Part II: Research Demonstration Project Chapter 12 Open Coding: Identifying Concepts Chapter 13: Developing Concepts in Terms of Their Properties and Dimensions Chapter 14: Analyzing Data for Context Chapter 15: Bringing Process Into the Analysis Chapter 16: Integrating Categories Part III: Finishing the Research Project Chapter 17: Writing Theses, Monographs, and Dissertations, and Giving Talks About Your Research Chapter 18: Criteria for Evaluation Chapter 19: Student Questions and Answers

33,113 citations


"Green Procurement in the Public Sec..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...The process was guided by Strauss & Corbin (1998)....

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Book
01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present strategies for qualitative data analysis, including context, process and theoretical integration, and provide a criterion for evaluation of these strategies and answers to student questions and answers.
Abstract: Introduction -- Practical considerations -- Prelude to analysis -- Strategies for qualitative data analysis -- Introduction to context, process and theoretical integration -- Memos and diagrams -- Theoretical sampling -- Analyzing data for concepts -- Elaborating the analysis -- Analyzing data for context -- Bringing process into the analysis -- Integrating around a concept -- Writing theses, monographs, and giving talks -- Criterion for evaluation -- Student questions and answers to these.

31,251 citations

Book
12 Oct 2017
TL;DR: The theory of economic development was first published in 1911 by Schumpeter as discussed by the authors, who argued that economics is a natural self-regulating mechanism when undisturbed by "social and other meddlers." In his preface he argues that despite weaknesses, theories are based on logic and provide structure for understanding fact.
Abstract: Schumpeter proclaims in this classical analysis of capitalist society first published in 1911 that economics is a natural self-regulating mechanism when undisturbed by "social and other meddlers." In his preface he argues that despite weaknesses, theories are based on logic and provide structure for understanding fact. Of those who argue against him, Schumpeter asks a fundamental question: "Is it really artificial to keep separate the phenomena incidental to running a firm and the phenomena incidental to creating a new one?" In his answers, Schumpeter offers guidance to Third World politicians no less than First World businesspeople. In his substantial new introduction, John E. Elliott discusses the salient ideas of The Theory of Economic Development against the historical background of three great periods of economic thought in the last two decades.

9,828 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper found that policy entrepreneurs constitute an identifiable class of political actors and their presence and actions can significantly raise the probability of legislative consideration and approval of policy innovations, which can be seen as an indicator of policy innovation diffusion.
Abstract: Theory: In the literature on policy innovation diffusion, political scientists have paid little attention to how ideas for innovation gain prominence on government agendas. By considering the actions of policy entrepreneurs-political actors who promote policy ideas-we can gain important insights into the process of policy innovation and innovation diffusion. Hypotheses: Policy entrepreneurs constitute an identifiable class of political actors. Their presence and actions can significantly raise the probability of legislative consideration and approval of policy innovations. Methods: Event history analyses of the determinants of legislative consideration and approval of an idea for education reform-school choice-in the 48 contiguous United States from 1987 through 1992. The data set consists of unique information collected in a mail survey of members of the education policy elite in each state, augmented with published statistics. Results: Policy entrepreneurs were identified as advocates of school choice in 26 states. While controlling for rival hypotheses, the presence and actions of policy entrepreneurs were found to raise significantly the probability of legislative consideration and approval of school choice as a policy innovation. These results suggest policy entrepreneurs should be given more attention in the literature on policy innovation diffusion.

1,133 citations


"Green Procurement in the Public Sec..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Coalition Building Coalition building is part of selling an innovative policy change (Mintrom, 1997a)....

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  • ...…the attributes that are common among successful policy entrepreneurs: they are well-placed to influence politicians; they are able to show examples of where the innovative policy was previously successful; and they know the arguments for and against the policy innovation (Mintrom, 1997b)....

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  • ...…political science and public administration have also studied public organizations to examine the role of policy entrepreneurs in affecting policy change (Mintrom, 1997a, 1997b; Mintrom & Vergari, 1996; Teske & Schneider, 1994; Schneider & Teske, 1992; King & Roberts, 1992; Roberts & King, 1991)....

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  • ...Entrepreneurs have to be willing to absorb personal, reputational and sometimes financial risks in order to advance innovative policy changes (Mintrom, 1997a)....

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  • ...That all of the organizations belong to professional organizations and associations suggests that they may already be or at least have the potential to be entrepreneurial by way of the diffusion of innovations through these organizations (Schneider & Teske, 1992; Mintrom, 1997a)....

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Posted Content
TL;DR: In this article, a systematic review is provided that answers the question: What is the contribution of entrepreneurs to the economy in comparison to non-entrepreneurs? And the authors study the relative contribution of entrepreneurship based on four measures that have most widely been studied empirically and conclude that entrepreneurs have a very important - but specific - function in the economy.
Abstract: This paper examines to what extent recent empirical evidence can collectively and systematically substantiate the claim that entrepreneurship has important economic value. Hence, a systematic review is provided that answers the question: What is the contribution of entrepreneurs to the economy in comparison to non-entrepreneurs? We study the relative contribution of entrepreneurs to the economy based on four measures that have most widely been studied empirically. Hence, we answer the question: What is the contribution of entrepreneurs to (i) employment generation and dynamics, (ii) innovation, and (iii) productivity and growth, relative to the contributions of the entrepreneurs' counterparts, i.e. the 'control group'? A fourth type of contribution studied is the role of entrepreneurship in increasing individuals' utility levels. Based on 57 recent studies of high quality that contain 87 relevant separate analyses, we conclude that entrepreneurs have a very important - but specific - function in the economy. They engender relatively much employment creation, productivity growth and produce and commercialize high quality innovations. They are more satisfied than employees. More importantly, recent studies show that entrepreneurial firms produce important spillovers that affect regional employment growth rates of all companies in the region in the long run. However, the counterparts cannot be missed either as they account for a relatively high value of GDP, a less volatile and more secure labor market, higher paid jobs and a greater number of innovations and they have a more active role in the adoption of innovations.

1,086 citations