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Journal Article

Habiter Gatineau depuis la marge minoritaire : frontière et citoyenneté

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors explore the experiences of the English-language minority of Gatineau, Quebec's 4th largest city, located in the National Capital Region of Canada.
Abstract: Cet article explore la citoyennete et l’identite a travers l’experience de la minorite anglophone de Gatineau, 4e ville du Quebec, localisee dans la region de la Capitale nationale du Canada. La geographie de ses pratiques quotidiennes, ses espaces d’appartenance et lieux d’engagement en font en effet un cas fort interessant dans le contexte de travaux preoccupes par la flexibilite des nouvelles formes de citoyennete. La situation de cette population minoritaire est unique car bien que residant au Quebec elle est proche geographiquement et culturellement d’Ottawa, la capitale du Canada, qui elle est majoritairement anglophone. Nous analysons les manieres particulieres « d’habiter » l’espace de la minorite anglophone de Gatineau et ses pretentions citoyennes en prenant appui sur une reflexion sur les effets de la frontiere sur son espace de vie quotidienne, a cheval entre Gatineau et Ottawa. Son experience transfrontaliere particuliere fait apparaitre une forme assez inedite de citoyennete que nous nommons « affinitaire ». Fermee d’un point de vue ethnique car attachee a la collectivite anglophone, elle est neanmoins flexible geographiquement en sollicitant differentes echelles spatiales : entre le quartier et la communaute qui l’anime, et l’espace plus large de l’agglomeration, de part et d’autre de la frontiere. In this article, we explore citizenship and identity through the experiences of the English-language minority of Gatineau, Quebec’s 4th largest city, located in the National Capital Region of Canada. The geography of the group’s everyday practices, its spaces of belonging and places of involvement make this an interesting case study in light of ongoing debates regarding the flexible nature of contemporary citizenship. The position of this minority population is unique because while residing in Quebec, it is in proximity geographically and culturally to Ottawa, the capital of Canada, where an English-speaking majority resides. We analyze the particular ways of “living” in space among the Anglophone minority of Gatineau and its claims to citizenship by reflecting on the effects of the border on its daily space between Gatineau and Ottawa. Its unique transborder experience reveals an unusual form of citizenship which we call “affinity” citizenship. It is ethnically exclusive in that its affinity is limited to the Anglophone collectivity; nevertheless, it is geographically flexible insofar as it encompasses different spatial scales: between the neighborhood and its local community, and the broader space of the city lying on both side of the border.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality by Aihwa Ong as discussed by the authors is a seminal work in the field of transnationality. ix. 322 pp., notes, bibliography, index.
Abstract: Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Aihwa Ong. Durham, NIC: Duke University Press, 1999. ix. 322 pp., notes, bibliography, index.

1,517 citations

01 Oct 2012

272 citations

Book ChapterDOI
28 Nov 2012

114 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examined immigrants' narratives of their everyday experiences in Ottawa-Gatineau, paying particular attention to relations between place, culture and identity in order to reflect, on processes of inclusion and belonging in a subnational border context.
Abstract: The role of international borders in the formation of national identities and processes of inclusion is well established. The aim of this paper is to examine immigrants' narratives of their everyday experiences in Ottawa-Gatineau, paying particular attention to relations between place, culture and identity in order to reflect, on processes of inclusion and belonging in a subnational border context. Canada's National Capital Region is unique in that it is located on the most politically and symbolically charged interprovincial border within the country: between Ontario and Quebec. Although this border has little impact on individuals' everyday lives, major differences in culture, language, service provision, and policies shape residents' experiences and sense of place. Immigrants' narratives of their representations of and daily interactions with the two dominant groups--Anglophones in Ottawa (ON) and Francophones in Gatineau (QC)--reveal contrasting, asymmetrical processes of inclusion across the border. These different experiences suggest that distinct dynamics animate the relationship between place, culture, belonging and identity formation in Ottawa compared to Gatineau. These differences are examined through a comparative analysis of the narratives of two immigrant groups--Spanish-speaking Latin American and French-speaking sub-Saharan African immigrants--which serve to highlight the role of language/ linguistic affinity and ethnicity/race in these processes. The paper contributes to recent research and debates on (1) processes of belonging and identity formation in transborder contexts, and (2) immigrant experiences of inclusion, belonging and identity formation in Canadian society and in relation to Canada's two dominant groups. Resume Le role des frontieres internationales dans la formation des identites nationales et dans les processus d'inclusion a la nation est bien etabli. Le but de cet article est de reflechir sur les processus d'inclusion et d'appartenance dans un contexte transfrontalier a l'echelle sub-nationale en examinant les recits de personnes immigrantes sur leurs experiences quotidiennes a Ottawa-Gatineau et en accordant une attention particuliere aux relations entre le lieu, la culture et l'identite. La region de la capitale nationale du Canada est unique en ce qu'elle se trouve a la frontiere avec la plus forte charge politique et symbolique au le pays: entre l'Ontario et le Quebec. Bien que cette frontiere ait peu d'impact sur la vie quotidienne des individus, d'importantes differences dans la culture, la langue, les politiques et la prestation de services influencent les experiences et les sentiments d'appartenance des residents. Les recits des immigrants au sujet de leurs representations et de leurs interactions quotidiennes avec les deux groupes dominants--les anglophones a Ottawa (ON) et les francophones a Gatineau (QC)--revelent des processus d'inclusion contrastes et asymetriques de part et d'autre de la frontiere. Ces experiences distinctes indiquent l'existence de dynamiques particulieres animant la relation entre le lieu, la culture, l'appartenance et la formation identitaire a Ottawa et a Gatineau. Nous examinons ces differences a travers une analyse comparative des recits de deux groupes d'immigrants--des hispanophones d'Amerique latine et des francophones d'Afrique sub-saharienne--qui serf a mettre en lumiere le role de la langue/de l'affinite linguistique et de l'ethnicite/de la race dans ces processus. L'article contribue a avancer la recherche et les debats sur (1) les processus d'appartenance et de formation identitaire dans les contextes transfrontaliers et (2) les experiences d'inclusion, d'appartenance et de formation identitaire des immigrants dans la societe canadienne et par rapport aux deux groupes dominants au Canada. Introduction The role of international borders in the formation of national identities and processes of inclusion is well established (Mountz 2009; Prokkola 2009). …

18 citations


Cites background from "Habiter Gatineau depuis la marge mi..."

  • ...…National Capital Region represents a bridge to help mend the country’s cultural and political divisions, recent research (Gilbert and Brosseau 2011; Gilbert and Veronis 2013) suggests that official language minorities – Franco-Ontarians in Ottawa and AngloQuebecers in Gatineau – experience…...

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References
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Book
19 Feb 1999
TL;DR: Flexible citizenship: the cultural logics of transnationality Part 1 Emerging modernities 1 The geopolitics of cultural knowledge 2 A "momentary glow of fraternity" Part 2 Regimes and strategies 3 Fengshui and the limits to cultural accumulation 4 The Pacific shuttle: family, citizenship, and capital Part 3 Translocal publics 5 The family romance of madarin capital 6 "A better tomorrow"?: the struggle for global visibility Part 4 Global futures 7 Saying no the West: Liberal reasoning in Asia 8 Zone of new soverignty Afterword: an anthropology of trans
Abstract: Contents Acknowledgements Introduction Flexible citizenship: the cultural logics of transnationality Part 1 Emerging modernities 1 The geopolitics of cultural knowledge 2 A "momentary glow of fraternity" Part 2 Regimes and strategies 3 Fengshui and the limits to cultural accumulation 4 The Pacific shuttle: family, citizenship and capital Part 3 Translocal publics 5 The family romance of madarin capital 6 "A better tomorrow"?: the struggle for global visibility Part 4 Global futures 7 Saying no the West: Liberal reasoning in Asia 8 Zone of new soverignty Afterword: an anthropology of transnationality Notes Bibliography Index

2,723 citations

Book
22 May 2006
TL;DR: The production of mobility in the workplace and the home is discussed in this paper, where the authors present an interpretation of the Metaphysics of Fixity and Flow for the production of mobile devices.
Abstract: 1. The Production of Mobilities: An Interpretive Framework 2. The Metaphysics of Fixity and Flow 3. Capturing Mobility: Mobility and Meaning in the Photography of Eadward Muybridge and Ettiene-Jules Marey 4. The Production of Mobilities in the Workplace and the Home 5. 'You Cannot Shake that Shimmie Here: Producing Mobility on the Dance Floor 6. Mobility, Rights and Citizenship in the United States 7. Producing Immigrant Mobilities (with Gareth Hoskins) 8. Mobilizing the Movement: Entangled Mobilities in the Suffrage Politics of Florence Luscomb and Margaret Foley 1911-1915 9. The Production of Mobilities at Schiphol Airport, Amsterdam

1,558 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality by Aihwa Ong as discussed by the authors is a seminal work in the field of transnationality. ix. 322 pp., notes, bibliography, index.
Abstract: Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Aihwa Ong. Durham, NIC: Duke University Press, 1999. ix. 322 pp., notes, bibliography, index.

1,517 citations


"Habiter Gatineau depuis la marge mi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Ils alimentent l’idée d’une citoyenneté « flexible », pour reprendre l’expression d’Aihwa Ong (1999)....

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  • ...Ils participent ainsi à leur façon d’un processus qui n’est pas sans rappeler ceux qui entourent le développement de citoyennetés plus flexibles dans le contexte transnational (Ong, 1999)....

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Book
13 Nov 1995
TL;DR: In this paper, a black perspective on social space is presented, with a focus on the exclusion of knowledge from the black community in the context of space and the separation of communities.
Abstract: Preface Part One 1. Feelings about difference 2. Images of difference 3. Border Crossings 4. Mapping the pure and defiled 5. Bounding space: purification and control 6. Spaces of exclusion: home, locality, nation Part Two 7. The exclusion of knowledge 8. W.E.B. Dubois: a black perspective on social space 9. Radical women, men of science and urban society 10. Conclusion 11. Bibliography

1,272 citations


"Habiter Gatineau depuis la marge mi..." refers background in this paper

  • ...…sur l’espace urbain et son appropriation par les groupes marginaux (Andrew, 2004; Fincher et Jacobs, 1998; Keith et Pile, 1993; Ray et Rose, 2000; Sibley, 1995; Parazelli, 2002; Valentine, 2001), ainsi que sur espace et citoyenneté (Veronis, 2006), la géographie de la vie quotidienne nous offre…...

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  • ...Nous faisons l’hypothèse que les minorités, davantage contraintes au plan de la géographie (Sibley, 1995; Collignon, 2001) sont les premières à en profiter....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper used the turmoil over People's Park in Berkeley, California, as a means for exploring changing ideas about and practices in public space, arguing that as public space is increasingly privatized or otherwise brought under greater control, possibilities for democratic action are minimized.
Abstract: The nature of public space in contemporary society is changing. This paper uses the turmoil over People's Park in Berkeley, California, as a means for exploring changing ideas about and practices in public space. I argue that as public space is increasingly privatized or otherwise brought under greater control, possibilities for democratic action are minimized. To make this claim, I provide a brief outline of the roots of the August 1991 riots at People's Park. I then examine the role that public space plays in modern democracies, and how ideas about public space have developed dialectically with definitions of who counts as “the public.” In American democracy, “the public” is constituted by private individuals. In this paper, I suggest that the presence of homeless people in public spaces raises important contradictions at the heart of this definition of “the public.” Many commentators suggest that these contradictions have led to “the end of public space” in contemporary cities, or at the very ...

1,018 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...Mitchell, 1995; Secor, 2004; Veronis, 2006)....

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