Hemodynamics during humoral rejection events with total versus standard orthotopic heart transplantation.
TL;DR: ToHT offers improved hemodynamics during humoral rejection as evidenced by higher cardiac output and index with lower right atrial and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures.
Abstract: Purpose: We hypothesized that total orthotopic heart transplantation (TOHT) improves humoral rejection hemodynamics compared with biatrial transplantation or standard orthotopic heart transplantation (SOHT). Methods: We reviewed 1942 biopsies from 134 patients (pts) and right heart catheterization data obtained at endomyocardial biopsy. Biopsies that displayed humoral rejection by histological findings and positive immunofluorescence for immunoglobulins and complement were analyzed. Patients with pacemakers, atrial fibrillation or -blocker therapy at the time of biopsy were excluded. Thirty-two pts after TOHT and 22 after SOHT matching these criteria were identified. Results: Demographic data, underlying disease, pretransplant hemodynamics, and donor demographics were similar. Cardiac output and index were higher in the total orthotopic group (5.9±1.1 vs 5.1±1.4 L/min, p=0.027; 3.3±0.5 vs 2.8±0.6 L/min/m 2 , p=0.016). Right atrial and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure were lower after TOHT (7±3 vs 11±5 mmHg, p<0.001; 13±4 vs 16±5 mmHg, p=0.035). Pulmonary pressures, pulmonary vascular resistance and heart rate were similar. Conclusion: TOHT offers improved hemodynamics during humoral rejection as evidenced by higher cardiac output and index with lower right atrial and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures. Future studies must examine the potential benefits of TOHT during combined cellular and humoral rejection events. (Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2004; 10: 285‐9)
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