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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1039/D0TA10745J

Highly stretchable, non-flammable and notch-insensitive intrinsic self-healing solid-state polymer electrolyte for stable and safe flexible lithium batteries

02 Mar 2021-Journal of Materials Chemistry (The Royal Society of Chemistry)-Vol. 9, Iss: 8, pp 4758-4769
Abstract: Solid-state polymer electrolytes (SPEs) with superior self-healing capacity are urgently required for next-generation flexible energy storage devices Herein, a highly stretchable (extensibility > 4000% and stress > 130 kPa), non-flammable and notch-insensitive intrinsic self-healing solid-state polymer electrolyte (SHSPE) was prepared based on the combination of a poly(HFBM-co-SBMA) network, imidazole-based ionic liquid (EMI–TFSI) and LiTFSI The incorporation of the imidazole cation and fluorine atom contributed to the formation of supramolecular bonds (ion–dipole interactions) inside the electrolyte framework, thus endowing SHSPE with prominent self-healing ability (recovery time 200 g) The as-assembled Li/SHSPE3/LiFePO4 battery delivered a high discharge capacity of 1448 mA h g−1 at 02C, and its capacity retention ratio reached 82% after 100 cycles with a coulombic efficiency of 97% In particular, the mechanical properties and conductivity of SHSPE3 could fully recover after repeated damage, conferring the derived soft-pack battery excellent anti-fatigue capability The use of intrinsic self-healing principles in the field of SPEs provides new insight for developing reliable and safe flexible electronic devices

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Topics: Electrolyte (51%), Battery (electricity) (51%)
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5 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.CEJ.2021.131224
Kuirong Deng1, Suping Zhou1, Zelin Xu1, Min Xiao2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: High-performance polymer electrolytes with the capability to self-heal mechanical damage can effectively enhance reliability, safety and service life of the batteries. Herein, a novel polymer electrolyte (PBPE) with excellent self-healing capacity and high ionic conductivity was developed. PBPE with polymer networks cross-linked by highly reversible imine bonds was fabricated by the Schiff-base reaction between poly(ethylene glycol) diamine and benzene-1,3,5-tricarbaldehyde. PBPE can quickly repair the cut damage spontaneously within 1 h at room temperature and recover its mechanical strength and electrochemical properties. The healed PBPE exhibits almost the same ionic conductivities and mechanical properties as the original PBPE shows. PBPE possesses the highest ionic conductivity (4.79 × 10−3 S cm−1 at 30 °C) among the self-healing polymer electrolytes. PBPE can promote the generation of LiF-rich SEI and effectively suppress dendrite growth on Li metal anodes. LiFePO4 (LFP) cells assembled with PBPE exhibit excellent rate capability (discharge capacity of 118.2 mAh g−1 at 5 C rate) and good cycling performance (capacity retention of 97.8% over 125 cycles). More importantly, the healed PBPE can completely recover its properties from damage in LFP cells and enable the cells to possess cycle performance identical to original PBPE.

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1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JMST.2021.05.070
Chenhao Ren1, Yao Huang1, Wenkui Hao2, Dawei Zhang1  +7 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: In this study, a new self-healing strategy that can simultaneously recover the corrosion resistance and the adhesion strength of coatings was introduced. The coating was based on a shape memory epoxy resin containing ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) microspheres loaded with Ce(NO3)3 inhibitors, and was cured at a relatively high temperature to facilitate the fusion of adjacent microspheres for a strengthened self-healing effect. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) results demonstrated that the shape memory effect of epoxy matrix, the filling of molten EVA microspheres as well as the release of Ce(NO3)3 inhibitors contributed synergistically to suppress the corrosion reaction at the coating damage. After healing, the low frequency impedance modulus of the coatings containing Ce(NO3)3-EVA microspheres was three orders of magnitude higher than that of the blank epoxy coating. The adhesion strength of the coatings containing Ce(NO3)3-EVA microspheres on the metal substrate was also largely repaired thanks to the strong bonding effect of the EVA microspheres.

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Topics: Coating (56%), Epoxy (55%), Dielectric spectroscopy (51%) ... show more

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACSAMI.1C14462
Lanshuang Zhang1, Panpan Zhang1, Caiyun Chang1, Caiyun Chang2  +3 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Poor room-temperature ionic conductivities and narrow electrochemical stable windows severely hinder the application of conventional poly(ethylene oxide)-based (PEO-based) solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) for high-energy-density lithium metal batteries (LMBs). Herein, we designed and synthesized a PEO-based self-healing solid polymer electrolyte (SHSPE) via dynamically cross-linked imine bonds for safe, flexible solid LMBs. The constructed dynamic networks endow this SPE with fascinating intrinsic self-healing ability and excellent mechanical properties (extensibility > 500% and stress >130 kPa). More importantly, this SHSPE exhibits ultrahigh ionic conductivity (7.48 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 25 °C) and wide ESW (5.0 V vs Li/Li+). As a result, Li||Li symmetrical cells with the SHSPE showed reliable stability in a >1200 h cycling test under room temperature. The assembled Li|SHSPE|LiFePO4 cell maintained a discharge capacity of 126.4 mAh g-1 after 300 cycles (0.1C, 27 °C). This work highlights a promising strategy for next-generation room-temperature solid-state LMBs.

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Topics: Ionic conductivity (51%), Electrolyte (50%)


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.REACTFUNCTPOLYM.2021.105093
Juyoung Moon1, Sanghyuk Cho1, Eunho Song1, Kun Woo Park1  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: We present highly mechanical strength and ionic conductive solid-state electrolyte membranes based on amphiphilic double comb copolymer, i.e., poly(vinylidene chloride)-graft-poly(methyl methacrylate) (PVDC-g-PMMA) synthesized through atomic transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Well-defined nanophase-separated amphiphilic double comb copolymers are complexed with two types of Li salts (LiTFSI and LiClO4) to form a solid-state electrolyte membrane. Compared to other types, the highest ionic conductivity of the solid-state electrolyte membranes is observed in an amphiphilic double comb copolymer with PVDC-g-PMMA/LiTFSI, due to the synergy of the dissociability of TFSI− and the hopping transport of lithium ions facilitated by PMMA chains. Moreover, the lowest activation energy (0.15 eV) and excellent ionic conductivity (1.3 × 10−3 S cm−1) are also observed in the same solid-state electrolyte membranes at room temperature.

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Topics: Membrane (57%), Electrolyte (55%), Ionic conductivity (53%) ... show more
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53 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1212741
18 Nov 2011-Science
Abstract: The increasing interest in energy storage for the grid can be attributed to multiple factors, including the capital costs of managing peak demands, the investments needed for grid reliability, and the integration of renewable energy sources. Although existing energy storage is dominated by pumped hydroelectric, there is the recognition that battery systems can offer a number of high-value opportunities, provided that lower costs can be obtained. The battery systems reviewed here include sodium-sulfur batteries that are commercially available for grid applications, redox-flow batteries that offer low cost, and lithium-ion batteries whose development for commercial electronics and electric vehicles is being applied to grid storage.

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Topics: Grid energy storage (67%), Intermittent energy source (65%), Energy storage (63%) ... show more

8,906 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/JA3091438
John B. Goodenough1, Kyusung Park1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Each cell of a battery stores electrical energy as chemical energy in two electrodes, a reductant (anode) and an oxidant (cathode), separated by an electrolyte that transfers the ionic component of the chemical reaction inside the cell and forces the electronic component outside the battery. The output on discharge is an external electronic current I at a voltage V for a time Δt. The chemical reaction of a rechargeable battery must be reversible on the application of a charging I and V. Critical parameters of a rechargeable battery are safety, density of energy that can be stored at a specific power input and retrieved at a specific power output, cycle and shelf life, storage efficiency, and cost of fabrication. Conventional ambient-temperature rechargeable batteries have solid electrodes and a liquid electrolyte. The positive electrode (cathode) consists of a host framework into which the mobile (working) cation is inserted reversibly over a finite solid–solution range. The solid–solution range, which is...

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Topics: Battery (electricity) (66%), Anode (56%), Chemical energy (54%) ... show more

5,431 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2009.11.048
Bruno Scrosati1, Jürgen Garche1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Lithium batteries are characterized by high specific energy, high efficiency and long life. These unique properties have made lithium batteries the power sources of choice for the consumer electronics market with a production of the order of billions of units per year. These batteries are also expected to find a prominent role as ideal electrochemical storage systems in renewable energy plants, as well as power systems for sustainable vehicles, such as hybrid and electric vehicles. However, scaling up the lithium battery technology for these applications is still problematic since issues such as safety, costs, wide operational temperature and materials availability, are still to be resolved. This review focuses first on the present status of lithium battery technology, then on its near future development and finally it examines important new directions aimed at achieving quantum jumps in energy and power content.

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Topics: Lithium battery (56%), Lithium (51%)

3,903 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.CHEMREV.7B00115
28 Jul 2017-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: The lithium metal battery is strongly considered to be one of the most promising candidates for high-energy-density energy storage devices in our modern and technology-based society. However, uncontrollable lithium dendrite growth induces poor cycling efficiency and severe safety concerns, dragging lithium metal batteries out of practical applications. This review presents a comprehensive overview of the lithium metal anode and its dendritic lithium growth. First, the working principles and technical challenges of a lithium metal anode are underscored. Specific attention is paid to the mechanistic understandings and quantitative models for solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation, lithium dendrite nucleation, and growth. On the basis of previous theoretical understanding and analysis, recently proposed strategies to suppress dendrite growth of lithium metal anode and some other metal anodes are reviewed. A section dedicated to the potential of full-cell lithium metal batteries for practical applicatio...

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Topics: Lithium (64%), Battery (electricity) (53%), Anode (51%)

2,426 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/0032-3861(87)90394-6
01 Dec 1987-Polymer
Abstract: Electrochemical methods for the determination of transference numbers in polymer electrolytes are considered and a new technique which overcomes some of the problems associated with other methods in current use is described. Results are given of measurements of the transference numbers of lithium and trifluoromethanesulphonate ions in poly(ethylene oxide) at 90°C. A mean value of 0.46 ± 0.02 is reported for lithium.

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Topics: Lithium (59%), Ionic conductivity (52%), Electrochemistry (51%)

1,174 Citations