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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SU13063056

Home Food Gardening in Canada in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

02 Mar 2021-Sustainability (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)-Vol. 13, Iss: 6, pp 3056
Abstract: The lack of academic attention that home food gardening has received in Canada and the United States is surprising, given the many demonstrated benefits of community gardening programs, including increased community cohesion and resilience. The aim of the exploratory study is to explore the current surge in home food gardening and its relationship to the COVID-19 pandemic. A national survey was conducted, consisting of 43 main questions, asking respondents about their home life and food provisioning during COVID-19, the physical characteristics of their food gardens, and their attitudes and beliefs concerning home food production. Survey results show that 51% of respondents grow at least one type of fruit or vegetable in a home garden. Of those, 17.4% started growing food at home in 2020 during COVID-19 pandemic. To gain more insight into just how significant a cause the pandemic lockdown was on home food gardening, follow-up surveys and policy recommendations are suggested.

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Topics: Community gardening (59%), Forest gardening (53%), Food processing (52%)

11 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.WSS.2021.100055
Pauline Marsh1, Lucy O. Diekmann2, Monika Egerer3, Brenda B. Lin4  +2 moreInstitutions (6)
01 Jan 2021-
Abstract: During the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries experienced something of a boom in interest in gardening. Gardens have long been considered as refuges into which we retreat to escape various struggles and challenges. In this study we examine the characteristics and functions of the garden as a refuge during the period of increased garden interest associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Analysis of qualitative results about garden experiences from 3,743 survey respondents revealed intertwining garden and emotional geographies. Utilising non-representational and therapeutic landscape theories, we found multifarious and heightened experiences of non-material aspects of gardens; that is, the sensory and emotional aspects. People experienced, for example, a sense of joy, beauty, and reassurance, a greater attunement to the natural world and an increased sense of nature connection than they had at other times: birds felt louder. These heightened sensory and emotional experiences had therapeutic benefits, across age and geographical spectrums, during these difficult times. This research improves our understandings of the positive potential of non-material aspects of gardens in the creation of therapeutic landscapes in and beyond COVID-19.

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4 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.37394/232015.2021.17.75
26 Jul 2021-
Abstract: -Home gardens are an essential component of the local food system and family farming worldwide. In Indonesia, a home food gardening program was initiated in the early 2010s to optimally utilize home yards for improving the adequacy of food consumption and nutrition intake of households. In the present challenging situation of Covid-19 pandemic, there has been a growing interest in home gardens to help mitigate food insecurity caused by food supply chain disruptions and the emergence of physical and economic barriers that limit access to food. This paper is a review of pertinent literature to find out the characteristics of home gardens and home gardening program in Indonesia and then examine their contribution to each pillar of food security: availability, access, utilization, and stability. The experiences of home gardens worldwide are reviewed to understand the global context of home gardens and food security. Literature reviews found a positive impact of home gardening program on food availability, access, and utilization. However, improving food stability through a home food gardening program is still a challenging task. This finding implies that the positive contribution of the home food gardening program to household food security is largely limited to the program period. Nevertheless, the program is still an important strategy to address food insecurity and nutrition deficiency of low-income households. Future research should assess factors affecting the sustainability of the program to derive viable models applicable in diverse circumstances. There is a need for research to assess the value and importance of home gardens as a coping strategy to reduce vulnerability and food insecurity in the present global Covid-19 pandemic. © 2021, World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society. All rights reserved.

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Topics: Food security (68%), Food systems (64%), Agriculture (52%) ... read more

3 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.LANDUSEPOL.2021.105600
Janet Music1, Erica Finch1, Pallavi Gone1, Sandra Toze1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Oct 2021-Land Use Policy
Abstract: This viewpoint examines citizen empowerment by gardening in times of crisis, namely, the adoption of the idea of Victory Gardens as a means of resistance to COVID-19. Fear of the collapse of the Canadian food chain supply at the beginning of the pandemic led to an increase in urban gardening. The government-created Victory Garden program of the Second World War urged citizens to contribute to the war effort by growing their own food. Social media use of hashtags associated with victory gardening are shown as citizen engagement or intent to engage with local gardening programs and home food production. While a scaled-down victory garden-like program might see a resurgence in urban geographies, if local planning policies and government-led community gardening efforts supported growth in this area.

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Topics: Community gardening (65%), Victory (62%)

3 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/BUSINESSES1020006
08 Jul 2021-
Abstract: The focus of this study looks at the motivations and rationale from a national survey of over 7200 Canadians in November 2020 into why they use online services to purchase food. As a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic, food supply chains have been significantly altered. Consumers are purchasing foods with different dynamics, including when they buy in-person at groceries, at restaurants or at food service establishments. Elements of the food supply chain will be permanently altered post-pandemic. The study looks at a specific set of factors, captured in the survey, namely, consumer price sensitivity to the costs of online food purchasing, growing sustainability-related concerns over food packaging and waste, and product sensory experience related to how online purchasing changes from in-person food selection. The end goal, emerging from a case study, is insight into the strategies and preparedness with which CPGs, food services, and retailers can better manage the supply chain in their food product offerings in the post-pandemic era.

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Topics: Supply chain (58%), Purchasing (56%), Food packaging (52%) ... read more

2 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.LANDUSEPOL.2021.105686
Sumita Ghosh1Institutions (1)
01 Oct 2021-Land Use Policy
Abstract: Urban agriculture in home gardens builds resilience, improves health and food security, provides ecological and environmental benefits and connects people back to nature. This research estimated total available productive land and urban agriculture potential of home gardens in ‘general residential’ and ‘low-density residential’ land use zones using a case study of a regional City of Dubbo in Australia. All the plots in six selected categories ranging from 300 m2 to 1200 m2 were spatially analysed using Census and ortho-imagery data and spatial analysis (GIS and remote sensing) methods. 601–750 m2 and 751–900 m2 subdivision categories cover nearly 40% of all residential land use zones in the City of Dubbo. Four productive land utilisation scenarios (90%, 75%, 50% and 25%) were modelled to evaluate the extent to which urban agriculture in home gardens could supply the share of resident households' annual dietary energy demand. The high utilisation scenario could support 84.3%, while the lowest utilisation scenario could meet 23.4% of the residents’ annual dietary vegetable demand. The plots in the 751–900 m2 category, with the highest productive land cover, could produce up to 1443 metric tons of vegetables annually under the lowest utilisation scenario. The potential of home gardens to grow food depends on plot sizes and configuration, onsite land cover patterns and available productive land, morphologies urban/suburban forms, and related social, cultural and economic factors. Appropriate planning policy support and considering a long term planning horizon, grants and incentives, horticulture training and skill development could immensely help in the uptake of urban agriculture in residential land uses. If productive land in millions of residential gardens put to urban agricultural uses, it could work cumulatively as an alternative local food production network.

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Topics: Urban agriculture (63%), Land use (61%), Land cover (56%) ... read more

1 Citations


31 results found

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8
14 Mar 2020-The Lancet
Abstract: The December, 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak has seen many countries ask people who have potentially come into contact with the infection to isolate themselves at home or in a dedicated quarantine facility. Decisions on how to apply quarantine should be based on the best available evidence. We did a Review of the psychological impact of quarantine using three electronic databases. Of 3166 papers found, 24 are included in this Review. Most reviewed studies reported negative psychological effects including post-traumatic stress symptoms, confusion, and anger. Stressors included longer quarantine duration, infection fears, frustration, boredom, inadequate supplies, inadequate information, financial loss, and stigma. Some researchers have suggested long-lasting effects. In situations where quarantine is deemed necessary, officials should quarantine individuals for no longer than required, provide clear rationale for quarantine and information about protocols, and ensure sufficient supplies are provided. Appeals to altruism by reminding the public about the benefits of quarantine to wider society can be favourable.

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Topics: Quarantine (52%)

6,092 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1023/B:AGFO.0000028995.13227.CA
B. M. Kumar1, P. K. R. Nair2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Tropical homegardens, one of the oldest forms of managed land-use systems, are considered to be an epitome of sustainability. Although these multispecies production systems have fascinated many and provided sustenance to millions, they have received relatively little scientific attention. The objective of this review is to summarize the current state of knowledge on homegardens with a view to using it as a basis for improving the homegardens as well as similar agroforestry systems. Description and inventory of local systems dominated the ‘research’ efforts on homegardens during the past 25 or more years. The main attributes that have been identified as contributing to the sustainability of these systems are biophysical advantages such as efficient nutrient cycling offered by multispecies composition, conservation of bio-cultural diversity, product diversification as well as nonmarket values of products and services, and social and cultural values including the opportunity for gender equality in managing the systems. With increasing emphasis on industrial models of agricultural development, fragmentation of land holdings due to demographic pressures, and, to some extent, the neglect – or, lack of appreciation – of traditional values, questions have been raised about the future of homegardens, but such concerns seem to be unfounded. Quite to the contrary, it is increasingly being recognized that understanding the scientific principles of these multispecies systems will have much to offer in the development of sustainable agroecosystems. Research on economic valuation of the tangible as well as intangible products and services, principles and mechanisms of resource sharing in mixed plant communities, and realistic valuation and appreciation of hitherto unrecognised benefits such as carbon sequestration will provide a sound basis for formulating appropriate policies for better realization and exploitation of the benefits of homegardens.

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Topics: Sustainability (51%)

526 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/CJAG.12237
Jill E. Hobbs1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This paper provides an early assessment of the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for food supply chains and supply chain resilience. The effects of demand-side shocks on food supply chains are discussed, including consumer panic buying behaviors with respect to key items, and the sudden change in consumption patterns away from the food service sector to meals prepared and consumed at home. Potential supply-side disruptions to food supply chains are assessed, including labor shortages, disruptions to transportation networks, and “thickening” of the Canada–U.S. border with respect to the movement of goods. Finally, the paper considers whether the COVID-19 pandemic will have longer-lasting effects on the nature of food supply chains, including the growth of the online grocery delivery sector, and the extent to which consumers will prioritize “local” food supply chains.

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356 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.UFUG.2012.06.007
Abstract: Globally, rapid urbanisation has substantially reduced the amount of viable agricultural land – a food security issue. Food security is bringing a renewed scholarly interest in community gardens. This paper reviews the extent of English academic literature on community gardens, including: who has undertaken the research, where it has been published, the geographical location of the gardens studied, and the various methods used to undertake the research. The characteristics of the community gardens are summarised, including what types of plants are grown, who is involved in the gardens, and who owns the land. The motivations, benefits and limitations of community gardening are also examined. Finally, potential directions for research into community gardens are highlighted. Academic literature on community gardens is dominated by studies investigating gardens in low-income areas with diverse cultural backgrounds. Research based in cities in the USA also dominates the literature. Scholars from a wide diversity of disciplines have examined community gardens but research is mostly concentrated in the social sciences. The natural sciences are notably under-represented, yet they have much to offer including assessing gardening practices to better understand the agro-biodiversity conservation potential of community gardens.

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Topics: Community gardening (65%)

352 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S10464-010-9404-Z
Heather A. Okvat1, Alex J. Zautra1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to introduce community gardening as a promising method of furthering well-being and resilience on multiple levels: individual, social group, and natural environment. We examine empirical evidence for the benefits of gardening, and we advocate the development and testing of social ecological models of community resilience through examination of the impact of community gardens, especially in urban areas. The definition of community is extended beyond human social ties to include connections with other species and the earth itself, what Berry (1988) has called an Earth community. We discuss the potential contribution of an extensive network of community gardens to easing the global climate change crisis and address the role of community psychologists in community gardening research and policy-oriented action.

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Topics: Community building (71%), Community resilience (67%), Community organization (67%) ... read more

327 Citations

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