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Journal ArticleDOI

How Post-war Britain Reflected on the Nazi Persecution and Mass Murder of Europe's Jews: A Reassessment of Early Responses

01 Aug 2010-Jewish culture and history (Taylor & Francis Group)-Vol. 12, pp 95-130
TL;DR: The authors argue that we are mistaken if we look in the past for representations of what we recognise today as "the Holocaust" or if we treat the apparent marginalisation of the Jewish experience as a sign of malevolence.
Abstract: During the 1990s historians began paying attention to how societies in the postwar era reflected on the destruction of Europe's Jews between 1933 and 1945 and soon a consensus evolved that there had been a brief burst of media coverage and outrage related to the liberation of the concentration camps and war crimes trials in 1945–46 which soon faded. However, from 1999 a number of historians looking at the USA and other countries went beyond the identification of a postwar ‘silence’. They argued that it was broken by a deliberate effort of Jewish organisations, mainly in America, for the purpose of creating sympathy for Israel and the Jews more generally. This contribution re-assesses recent trends in the scholarship concerning post-war responses in Britain to the Jewish catastrophe of 1933–45. It argues that we are mistaken if we look in the past for representations of what we recognise today as ‘the Holocaust’ or if we treat the apparent marginalisation of the Jewish experience as a sign of malevolence o...
Citations
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01 Mar 2016
TL;DR: The authors examined the nature of press coverage in 1945, identifying themes that emerged in British and American newspaper reportage of two Nazi concentration camps, Belsen and Dachau, following liberation and during military trials.
Abstract: The thesis examines the nature of press coverage in 1945, identifying themes that emerged in British and American newspaper reportage of two Nazi concentration camps, Belsen and Dachau, following liberation and during military trials. It grapples with the links between early reporting and ongoing misunderstandings about the concentration camp system.

39 citations

Book
21 Oct 2020
TL;DR: The history of British fascism and antisemitic racism is explored in this paper, focusing on the most understudied period of British fascist history, whilst simultaneously adding to our understanding of the evolving ideology of fascism, the persistent nature of antisemitism and the blossoming of Britain's anti-immigration movement.
Abstract: groups who attempted to relaunch fascist, antisemitic and racist politics in the wake of World War II and the Holocaust. Despite the leading architects of fascism being dead and the newsreel footage of Jewish bodies being pushed into mass graves seared into societal consciousness, fascism survived World War II and, though changed, survives to this day. Britain was the country that ‘stood alone’ against fascism, but it was no exception. This book treads new historical ground and shines a light onto the most understudied period of British fascism, whilst simultaneously adding to our understanding of the evolving ideology of fascism, the persistent nature of antisemitism and the blossoming of Britain’s anti-immigration movement. This book will primarily appeal to scholars and students with an interest in the history of fascism, antisemitism and the Holocaust, racism, immigration and postwar Britain.

38 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
L Humphrey1
TL;DR: The authors evaluate the rationale of empiricist-analytical and narrative-linguistic theories of historying through its practice, and conclude that historying can be viewed as a form of narrative linguistics.
Abstract: This article aims to contribute to debates on ‘what is history’ by evaluating the rationale of ‘empiricist-analytical’ and ‘narrative-linguistic’ theories of historying through its practice...

26 citations


Cites background from "How Post-war Britain Reflected on t..."

  • ...…no trial is a blank page, (Bloxham 2001, vii), each case had been framed and shaped by a range of national and international developments impacting on an evolution of consciousness of ‘the Holocaust’ since 1945 (Yablonka 2004; Weitz 2009; Bialystok 2000; Erwin 2016; Pearce 2008; Cesarani 2010)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 2017
TL;DR: The recent resurgence of interest in imperial violence has, after all, focused heavily on the sanguinity of settler colonialism, which took shape from intensely local struggles over land and identity as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: In the historiography of British imperialism, the question of scale – local versus global, micro versus macro – is fraught with political implications. When historians trace globe-spanning networks of populations, commodities, capital and information, do they necessarily obscure the human cost of empire: the messy on-the-ground realities of conquest, coercion and exploitation? In the eloquent view expressed by some critics, global scales end up privileging narratives about metropolitan elites and therefore sanitizing the violence which made British rule possible. The recent resurgence of interest in imperial violence has, after all, focused heavily on the sanguinity of settler colonialism, which took shape from intensely local struggles over land and identity. Perhaps the language of networks, movements, and flows is simply too distant, too impersonal, to do justice to the horrors of empire. The trouble here is that if we overlook one particular kind of global movement – the movement of information – we risk decoupling colonial violence from the state, the society and the culture which ultimately made it possible. Asking what metropolitan Britons knew about violence against colonized populations, arguably a matter of moral reckoning, involves recognizing at least that the use of force overseas inevitably reverberated in the metropole one way or another. Some of the most notorious atrocities inflicted on British subjects in the colonies – the suppression of the Morant Bay uprising in Jamaica in 1865, the Amritsar massacre in India in 1919, the Hola massacre in Kenya in 1959 – elicited widespread attention and impassioned responses in Britain. Other events – like the aerial bombardment of Iraq after the First World War – were not quite causes célèbres but provoked controversy in Parliament and the press nonetheless. Violent methods sometimes drew attention thanks to their defenders rather than their critics; Winston Churchill’s surprisingly frank account of a ‘punitive expedition’ on the North-West Frontier of India in 1897 is an example of this. Other kinds of knowledge were produced by the need to assess the effectiveness of violence and recalibrate it: for instance, the knowledge of bureaucrats, soldiers, and other counterinsurgency planners who recorded minutes on files, lectured at staff colleges, and crafted manuals of tactics and strategy. The history of knowledge about violence is, of course, inseparable from a broader debate about the impact of empire in Britain. Since John

15 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI

334 citations

Book
01 Jan 1997
TL;DR: The Court of International Criminal Tribunal for International Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (COPIN) as mentioned in this paper proposed a framework for the consideration of war crimes and war crimes against humanity.
Abstract: Background - Preparations - The Court - Crimes against Peace - War Crimes - Crimes Against Humanity - Last Words - Assessment - Appendices: - Charges, Verdicts, Sentences - Chronology - Questions for Consideration - Selected Bibliography - Index

121 citations

Book
13 Feb 1999
TL;DR: In this paper, the post-war treatment of resistance veterans is discussed, and the legacy of forced economic migration is discussed. But the focus is on the deportation of labour conscripts.
Abstract: List of illustrations Acknowledgements List of abbreviations Introduction Part I. Troublesome Heroes: The Post-War Treatment of Resistance Veterans: 1. Approaching victory and re-establishing the state 2. Heroes of a nation: Belgium and France 3. A nation of heroes: the Netherlands Part II. Repatriating Displaced Populations from Germany: 4. Displaced populations 5. The challenge to the post-war state: Belgium and the Netherlands 6. Petain's exiles and De Gaulle's deportees Part III. The Legacy of Forced Economic Migration: 7. Labour and total war 8. Moral panic: 'the soap, the suit and above all the Bible' 9. Patriotic scrutiny 10. 'Deportation': the defence of the labour conscripts Part IV. Martyrs and Other Victims of Nazi Persecution 11. Plural persecutions 12. National martyrdom 13. Patriotic memories and the genocide 14. Remembering the war and legitimising the post-war international order Conclusion Bibliography Index.

115 citations

Book
01 Jan 2003
TL;DR: A Nuremberg Historiography of the Holocaust? Conclusions Appendix A: Charter of the International Military Tribunal, Article 6 Appendix B: The Defendants and Organizations before the IMT Appendix C: The Subsequent NUREmberg Proceedings Bibliography as mentioned in this paper
Abstract: Introduction PART I: THE LEGAL PRISM 1. Shaping the Trials: The Politics of Trial Policy 1945-1949 2. Race-specific Crimes in Punishment and Re-educative Policy: The Jewish Factor PART II: POSTWAR REPRESENTATIONS AND PERCEPTIONS 3. Plumbing the Depths of Nazi Criminality: The Limits of Legal Imagination 4. Charting the Breadth of Nazi Criminality: The Failure of the Trial Medium PART III: THE TRIALS AND POSTERITY 5. A Nuremberg Historiography of the Holocaust? Conclusions Appendix A: Charter of the International Military Tribunal, Article 6 Appendix B: The Defendants and Organizations before the IMT Appendix C: The Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings Bibliography

96 citations


"How Post-war Britain Reflected on t..." refers background in this paper

  • ...News reports and judicial investigations tended to highlight the concentration camps rather than the death camps and tended to gloss over the mass murder of Jews in eastern Europe.5 Furthermore, thanks to the predominance of a liberal-universalist or leh-wing anti-fascist agenda, the identity of the Jews as the chief victims of Nazi racial policy was frequently blurred, while their suffering tended to be subsumed into the plight of other national, ethnic, or religious groups who had suffered Nazi brutality....

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  • ...The chapter on 'The Little Death Ships', the rickety vessels that sought to carry 'illegal' Jewish immigrants to Palestine during the war years, directly linked the rise of Jewish terrorism in Palestine to the frustration of attempts by Jews to escape the genocide in Europe.75 Meanwhile the British government tried to involve the United States in solving the dilemma of Palestine....

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  • ...In August 1947, after a vicious round of Jewish terrorism against the British and no less ferocious counter-measures, he published in the New Statesman a 'Letter to a Parent of a British Soldier in Palestine' in which he summarised the Jewish case for statehood and reminded readers of what the Jews had experienced in Europe....

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  • ...This policy condemned tens of thousands of survivors of the ghettos and camps to languish in Displaced Person's (DP) camps in central Europe....

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  • ...and the practical measures taken or contemplated to be taken in 118 JEWISH CULTURE AND HISTORY those countries to enable them to live free from discrimination and oppression and to make estimates of those who wish or will be impelled by their conditions to migrate to Palestine or other countries outside Europe....

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Book
01 Jan 1938

86 citations