How Radical is Reproductive Justice? Remarks for the FIU LAW REVIEW Symposium
01 Jan 2016-FIU Law Review (Florida International University)-Vol. 12, Iss: 1, pp 9
About: This article is published in FIU Law Review.The article was published on 2016-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 2 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Reproductive justice.
01 Jan 2021
TL;DR: In this paper, a conceptual framework called Reproductive Health Capability is developed to measure reproductive health inequity in Colombia, and a valid and reliable empirical index that captures reproductive health capability for women in Colombia is assessed.
Abstract: Despite global improvements in typical reproductive health indicators, inequities in reproductive health are widening within and between sub-populations. To address reproductive health inequity, a theory of justice is required. Reproductive Justice, the most recent development of the reproductive health discourse, provides encouraging insight into the real, intersectional, and socially unjust reproductive oppressions experienced by vulnerable and minority populations. However, Reproductive Justice has limitations - notably it cannot operate as a complete moral theory. It has been argued for an application of Sen's Capability Approach to reproductive health; the theory provides a more realistic assessment of women's reproductive health because it assesses their actual ability to realise valued outcomes. This research supports the application of the capability approach to reproductive health and Reproductive Justice. To measure reproductive health inequity, a conceptual framework entitled: Reproductive Health Capability is developed. Unlike previous work on capability and reproductive health, this project identifies the relevant capabilities a woman requires to be in good reproductive health, as guided by Reproductive Justice and capability literature. These capabilities are universal, instrumental, and intrinsic to reproductive health; a deficit in these capabilities is grounds for injustice. Using data collected from Colombia's 2015 DHS survey, exploratory data analysis is undertaken to translate these capabilities into an empirical multidimensional measure. From this, the potential for the DHS to be re-purposed to measure health justice is assessed. Using this empirical measure, reproductive health capability for women in Colombia is assessed. This project finds a valid and reliable empirical index that captures Reproductive Health Capability for women in Colombia. It finds a novel index of health agency and supports the development of agencyfocused health interventions. Empirical analysis also finds women living in rural and Pacific and Amazon/Orinoco regions, who are indigenous and Afro-Colombian, and with little education have limited capability to reproductive health.