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Journal ArticleDOI

Hubungan lama pemberian asi secara eksklusif dengan frekuensi kejadian ispa

17 Jul 2009-KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat-Vol. 5, Iss: 1

TL;DR: There was a significant relationship between duration of exclusive breastfeeding with the frequency of ARI in the last 1 month in children aged 1-2 years in the working area of Srondol Health Center Semarang and direction of relations between the two variables are negative, meaning the longer exclusive breastfeeding will be smaller.

AbstractTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan lama pemberian ASI secara eksklusif dengan frekuensi kejadian penyakit infeksi saluran pernafasan akut (ISPA) dalam 1 bulan terakhir pada anak usia 1-2 tahun  di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Srondol Semarang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei dengan rancangan belah lintang. Jumlah sampel yang diambil yaitu sebanyak 81 anak. Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukkan bahwa ada hubu-ngan yang signifikan antara lama pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan frekuensi kejadian ISPA dalam 1 bulan terakhir (nilai p<0,05). Arah hubungan kedua va-riabel tersebut adalah negatif, yang berarti semakin lama pemberian ASI secara eksklusif maka frekuensi kejadian ISPA dalam 1 bulan terakhir akan semakin kecil. Zat kekebalan yang terdapat dalam ASI antara lain akan melindungi bayi dari penyakit infeksi.   Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding duration with the frequency of disease incidence of between respiratory infections (ARI) in the last 1 month in children aged 1-2 years in the working area of Srondol Health Center Semarang. The method used in this study is a survey with cross sectional design. The number of samples taken as many as 81 children. The results of bivariate analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between duration of exclusive breastfeeding with the frequency of ARI in the last 1 month (p-value <0.05). Direction of relations between the two variables are negative, meaning the longer exclusive breastfeeding on making the frequency of occurrence in the last 1 month ARI will be smaller. Antibodies contained in breast milk, among others, will protect infants from infectious diseases. Keywords : Exclusive breastfeeding; Acute respiratory infections (Ari); Children

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The study aims at analyzing the risk factors of diarrhea and predictive models of diarrhea incidence in Kupang and identifying four variables that significant are age of stop getting breast milk (ASI), latrine type, children age, and number of family members.
Abstract: Diarrhea is still endemic in NTT province and in Kupang City. The disease also includes as one of the 10 major diseases in Kupang City. Diarrhea prevention will work more effectively if it is conducted based on the knowledge of risk factors for diarrhea. The study aims at analyzing the risk factors of diarrhea and predictive models of diarrhea incidence in Kupang. The observational analytic research used case control design with case samples consisted of 62 patients with diarrhea in June 2015 taken by random sampling and control samples consisted of 62 children who were not listed as diarrhea patients in June 2015. The data was collected through interviews and observation. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed using logistic regression. Four variables that significant are age of stop getting breast milk (ASI) (OR 5.673), latrine type (OR 4.527), children age (OR 1.460) and number of family members (OR 0.484). The regression model resulted in the study is Ŷ = -0.630 + 1.736 age of stop drinking breast milk + 1.510 latrine type + 0.379 children age - 0.726 number of family members.

5 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...Similarly, the research by Prameswari (2009) finds that the duration of exclusive breastfeeding has a significant correlation with the frequency of occurrence of upper respiratory tract infections with negative relationship which means that 6 Irfan / Risk Factors and Predictive Model of Diarrhea in…...

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Exclusive breastfeeding is the most important nutrition for baby until 6 months old without any food or drinks addition. Based on Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2013, in Indonesia mother who exclusively breastfeeding her baby was still low only 38% while the government policy is targeting 80% in 2010. Furthermore, there was only 13,46% breastfeeding coverage in Sungai Ulin community health center in August 2015. The main factors that cause low exclusive breastfeeding coverage such as health worker support and culture of breastfeeding provision. The objective of this research is to determine correlation between health workers support and culture of breastfeeding with status of exclusive breastfeeding in the area of Sungai Ulin Community Health Center. This research used observational analytic method with case-control design, conducted in 2016. The sample in this study were mothers who have baby aged 6-12 months with 23 as cases (non-exclusive breastfeeding) and 46 as controls (exclusive breastfeeding) or the ratio of 1:2 was determined using the hypothesis test 2 proportion formula. The research used simple random samping technique using univariate and bivariate analysis with Chi-square test with 95% confidence level. The results showed there was correlation between health workers support (p-value = 0,013, OR = 6,271) and culture of exclusive breastfeeding provision (p-value = 0,0001, OR = 8,906) with status of exclusive breastfeeding.

3 citations


31 Mar 2015
TL;DR: It is concluded that the density of dwelling house and smoke exposure are the risk factor and exclusive breastfeeding is a protective factor for the existence of ARI in toddlers at working area of Public Health Center Jati Raya In Kendari Municipality 2012.
Abstract: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) is one of health problems that exist in developing and developed countries, and a major cause of morbidity and mortality in toddlers The existence of ARI is influenced by environmental conditions, the availability and effectiveness of health care and preventive measures to prevent the spread of infection, host factor (such as age, smoking habits, ability infectious host, immunity status, nutritional status, prior infection or simultaneous infections caused by others pathogen, general health conditions) and the characteristics of pathogen The aim of this research is to identify and analyze the risk factor of ARI in toddlers at working area of Public Health Center Jati Raya In Kendari Municipality 2012 This research is an analytic observational with case control design The sample in the research were 68 case respondents and 68 control respondents taken by using purposive sampling, the respondent is the toddler’s mother Data is collected from August to October 2012 at working area of Public Health Center Jati Raya In Kendari Municipality by conducting interview through questionnaire Data is analyzed by using odds ratio statistic test and presented in form of univariate and bivariate table The result of this research show that the density of dwelling house (OR=3,596) and smoke exposure (OR=7,8) are the risk factor for the existence of ARI in toddlers, while exclusive breastfeeding is a protective factor for the existence of ARI in toddlersFrom these result it could be concluded that the density of dwelling house and smoke exposure are the risk factor exclusive breastfeeding is a protective factor for the existence of ARI in toddlers at working area of Public Health Center Jati Raya In Kendari Municipality 2012 Key Words: ARI, density of dwelling house, smoke exposure, exclusive breastfeeding

2 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Differences in ARI incidence in toddlers who are exclusively and non-exclusively breastfed is possible due to air pollution factors, and key implications for nursing practice from this research are improving services, and prevent the occurrence of ARI.
Abstract: Introduction: Acute respiratory tract infections (ARI) is a disease that is the primary cause of death, especially in children. Toddlers can be prevented from developing ARI with increased immunity. Giving breast milk can increase children's immunity, but there are still children who experience ARI. This study aimed to explain the differences in Acute Respiratory Tract Infections (ARI) events in toddlers who are exclusively and non-exclusively breastfed. Methods: The research design used was descriptive-comparative with a retrospective design. The population in this study were all children one to three years of age. A sample of 158 toddlers was recruited by a purposive sampling technique. Data retrieval was done with the criteria that the child had visited a public health centre (puskesmas) or integrated health care service post (posyandu), and does not suffer from a disease such as asthma or have any allergies. The variables were measured using a questionnaire and observation sheet. Data analysis was done by a chi-square test and binary logistic regression. Results: The results showed that there were differences in ARI incidence in toddlers (one to three years) who were exclusively and non-exclusively breastfed with a value of p = 0.003. The air pollution factor proved to be significant, dominantly affecting the incidence of ARI. Conclusion: Differences in ARI incidence in toddlers who are exclusively and non-exclusively breastfed is possible due to air pollution factors. Key implications for nursing practice from this research are improving services, and prevent the occurrence of ARI.

1 citations


Cites result from "Hubungan lama pemberian asi secara ..."

  • ...breastfeeding with the incidence of ARI (Prameswari, 2009)....

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  • ...This result was in line with previous research which stated that immunization status and nutritional status did not affect exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of ARI (Prameswari, 2009)....

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