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Dissertation

Humanitarian military interventions in developing countries and the role of self interest : an ethical critique.

01 Jan 2017-
TL;DR: In this article, the concept of humanitarianism is defined as the "conceptual definition of humanitarians" and discussed in terms of political realism, altruism, and international society.
Abstract: ........................................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS .................................................................................................................... vii KEY TERMS .......................................................................................................................................... ix CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 1 1.1 Background to the Study ......................................................................................................... 1 1.2 Statement of the Problem ........................................................................................................ 3 1.3 Hypothesis .............................................................................................................................. 4 1.4 Preliminary Literature Study and Reasons for Choosing the Topic .......................................... 4 1.5 Research Objectives ................................................................................................................ 9 1.6 Research Questions ................................................................................................................ 9 1.7 Principal Theories upon which the Research is Constructed ................................................. 10 1.7.1 Political Realism ............................................................................................................ 10 1.7.2 Altruism ......................................................................................................................... 11 1.7.3 International Society ....................................................................................................... 12 1.8 Methodology .......................................................................................................................... 13 1.9 Limitations of the Study ......................................................................................................... 15 1.10 Structure of the Dissertation .................................................................................................. 16 CHAPTER 2: CONCEPTUAL DEFINITION OF HUMANITARIANISM ....................................................... 18 2.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is impossible that the rulers now on earth should make any benefit, or derive any the least shadow of authority from that, which is held to be the fountain of all power, Adam's private dominion and paternal jurisdiction.
Abstract: All these premises having, as I think, been clearly made out, it is impossible that the rulers now on earth should make any benefit, or derive any the least shadow of authority from that, which is held to be the fountain of all power, Adam's private dominion and paternal jurisdiction; so that he that will not give just occasion to think that all government in the world is the product only of force and violence, and that men live together by no other rules but that of beasts, where the strongest carries it, and so lay a foundation for perpetual disorder and mischief, tumult, sedition and rebellion, (things that the followers of that hypothesis so loudly cry out against) must of necessity find out another rise of government, another original of political power, and another way of designing and knowing the persons that have it, than what Sir Robert Filmer hath taught us.

3,076 citations

DOI
01 Jun 1994
TL;DR: In this article, it is shown that all natural things can be reduced to one principle which is nature; and all voluntary things, such as human reason, or will, can be described by a single principle, and therefore there is no need to assume God's existence.
Abstract: Objection 2: Further, it is superfluous to suppose that what can be accounted for by a few principles has been produced by many. But it seems that everything we see in the world can be accounted for by other principles, supposing God did not exist. For all natural things can be reduced to one principle which is nature; and all voluntary things can be reduced to one principle which is human reason, or will. Therefore there is no need to suppose God's existence.

332 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1972
TL;DR: In this paper, a theory of international politics, describes the struggle for political power, and discusses balance of power, international law, disarmament, and diplomacy. But this theory does not consider the role of women in international politics.
Abstract: Offers a theory of international politics, describes the struggle for political power, and discusses balance of power, international law, disarmament, and diplomacy.

3,179 citations

Book
01 Jan 1947
TL;DR: The Law of Nature for the beginning of Property, in what was before common, still takes place; and by vertue thereof, what Fish any one catches in the Ocean, that great and still remaining Common of Mankind; or what Ambergriese any one takes up here, is by the labour that removes it out of that common state Nature left it in, made his Property who takes that pains about it.
Abstract: T hough the earth , and all inferior Creatures be common to all Men, yet every Man has a Property in his own Person. This no Body has any Right to but himself. The Labour of his Body, and the Work of his Hands, we may say, are properly his. Whatsoever then he removes out of the State that Nature hath provided, and left it in, he hath mixed his Labour with it, and joyned to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his Property. It being by him removed from the common state Nature placed it in, it hath by this labour something annexed to it, that excludes the common right of other Men. For this labour being the unquestionable Property of the labourer, no Man but he can have a right to what that is once joyned to, at least where there is enough, and as good left in common for others…. Thus this Law of reason makes the Deer, that Indians who hath killed it; 'tis allowed to be his goods who hath bestowed his labour upon it, though before, it was the common right of every one. And amongst those who are counted the Civiliz'd part of Mankind, who have made and multiplied positive Laws to determine Property, this original Law of Nature for the beginning of Property, in what was before common, still takes place; and by vertue thereof, what Fish any one catches in the Ocean, that great and still remaining Common of Mankind; or what Ambergriese any one takes up here, is by the labour that removes it out of that common state Nature left it in, made his Property who takes that pains about it.

3,111 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is impossible that the rulers now on earth should make any benefit, or derive any the least shadow of authority from that, which is held to be the fountain of all power, Adam's private dominion and paternal jurisdiction.
Abstract: All these premises having, as I think, been clearly made out, it is impossible that the rulers now on earth should make any benefit, or derive any the least shadow of authority from that, which is held to be the fountain of all power, Adam's private dominion and paternal jurisdiction; so that he that will not give just occasion to think that all government in the world is the product only of force and violence, and that men live together by no other rules but that of beasts, where the strongest carries it, and so lay a foundation for perpetual disorder and mischief, tumult, sedition and rebellion, (things that the followers of that hypothesis so loudly cry out against) must of necessity find out another rise of government, another original of political power, and another way of designing and knowing the persons that have it, than what Sir Robert Filmer hath taught us.

3,076 citations


"Humanitarian military interventions..." refers background in this paper

  • ...It is because of this relationship between sovereignty and rights that social contract theorists like Grotius (1625) and Locke (1689) all agreed that if a government fails to uphold its side of the contract, the people will also have a moral right to topple that government and replace it with…...

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the nature of order in world politics, and propose alternative paths to world order, including alternatives to the Contemporary States System and the Decline of the States System.
Abstract: Foreword to the Third Edition by Andrew HurrellForeword to the Second Edition by Stanley HoffmannPart 1. The Nature of Order in World Politics 1. The Concept of Order in World Politics2. Does Order Exist in World Politics?3. How is Order Maintained in World Politics?4. Order versus Justice in World PoliticsPart 2. Order in the Contemporary International System 5. The Balance of Power and International Order6. International Law and International Order7. Diplomacy and International Order8. War and International Order9. The Great Powers and International OrderPart 3. Alternative Paths to World Order 10. Alternatives to the Contemporary States System11. The Decline of the States System?12. The Obsolescence of the States System?13. The Reform of the States System?14. Conclusion

1,927 citations