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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/15476286.2020.1812894

IGF2BP1 is a targetable SRC/MAPK-dependent driver of invasive growth in ovarian cancer

04 Mar 2021-RNA Biology (Informa UK Limited)-Vol. 18, Iss: 3, pp 391-403
Abstract: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a hallmark of aggressive, mesenchymal-like high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). The SRC kinase is a key driver of cancer-associated EMT promoting adherens junction (AJ) disassembly by phosphorylation-driven internalization and degradation of AJ proteins. Here, we show that the IGF2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) is up-regulated in mesenchymal-like HGSOC and promotes SRC activation by a previously unknown protein-ligand-induced, but RNA-independent mechanism. IGF2BP1-driven invasive growth of ovarian cancer cells essentially relies on the SRC-dependent disassembly of AJs. Concomitantly, IGF2BP1 enhances ERK2 expression in an RNA-binding dependent manner. Together this reveals a post-transcriptional mechanism of interconnected stimulation of SRC/ERK signalling in ovarian cancer cells. The IGF2BP1-SRC/ERK2 axis is targetable by the SRC-inhibitor saracatinib and MEK-inhibitor selumetinib. However, due to IGF2BP1-directed stimulation, only combinatorial treatment effectively overcomes the IGF2BP1-promoted invasive growth in 3D culture conditions as well as intraperitoneal mouse models. In conclusion, we reveal an unexpected role of IGF2BP1 in enhancing SRC/MAPK-driven invasive growth of ovarian cancer cells. This provides a rationale for the therapeutic benefit of combinatorial SRC/MEK inhibition in mesenchymal-like HGSOC.

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Topics: Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src (56%), Ovarian carcinoma (52%), Selumetinib (52%) ... show more
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7 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.XINN.2020.100066
Chang Gu1, Xin Shi2, Chenyang Dai1, Feng Shen2  +7 moreInstitutions (4)
Abstract: N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modification brings a new dawn for RNA modification researches in recent years. This posttranscriptional RNA modification is dynamic and reversible, and is regulated by methylases ("writers"), demethylases ("erasers"), and proteins that preferentially recognize m6A modifications ("readers"). The change of RNA m6A modification regulates RNA metabolism in eucaryon, including translation, splicing, exporting, decay, and processing. Thereby the dysregulation of m6A may lead to tumorigenesis and progression. Given the tumorigenic role of abnormal m6A expression, m6A regulators may function as potential clinical therapeutic targets for cancers. In this review, we emphasize on the underlying mechanisms of m6A modifications in tumorigenesis and further introduce the potential m6A regulators-associated therapeutic targets for tumor therapy.

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Topics: RNA (56%), RNA methylation (52%), RNA splicing (52%)

34 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FONC.2021.647737
Danny Misiak1, Sven Hagemann1, Jessica L. Bell1, Bianca Busch1  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: MYCN gene amplification and upregulated expression are major hallmarks in the progression of high-risk neuroblastoma. MYCN expression and function in modulating gene synthesis in neuroblastoma is controlled at virtually every level, including poorly understood regulation at the post-transcriptional level. MYCN modulates the expression of various microRNAs including the miR-17-92 cluster. MYCN mRNA expression itself is subjected to the control by miRNAs, most prominently the miR-17-92 cluster that balances MYCN expression by feed-back regulation. This homeostasis seems disturbed in neuroblastoma where MYCN upregulation coincides with severely increased expression of the miR-17-92 cluster. In the presented study, we applied high-throughput next generation sequencing to unravel the miRNome in a cohort of 97 neuroblastomas, representing all clinical stages. Aiming to reveal the MYCN-dependent miRNome, we evaluate miRNA expression in MYCN-amplified as well as none amplified tumor samples. In correlation with survival data analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs, we present various putative oncogenic as well as tumor suppressive miRNAs in neuroblastoma. Using microRNA trapping by RNA affinity purification, we provide a comprehensive view of MYCN-regulatory miRNAs in neuroblastoma-derived cells, confirming a pivotal role of the miR-17-92 cluster and moderate association by the let-7 miRNA family. Attempting to decipher how MYCN expression escapes elevated expression of inhibitory miRNAs, we present evidence that RNA-binding proteins like the IGF2 mRNA binding protein 1 reduce miRNA-directed downregulation of MYCN in neuroblastoma. Our findings emphasize the potency of post-transcriptional regulation of MYCN in neuroblastoma and unravel new avenues to pursue inhibition of this potent oncogene.

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Topics: Neuroblastoma (53%), microRNA (52%), Pediatric cancer (50%)

2 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FMOLB.2021.632219
Markus Glaß1, Danny Misiak1, Nadine Bley1, Simon Müller1  +4 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: The oncofetal IGF2 mRNA-binding protein 1 (IGF2BP1) promotes tumor progression in a variety of solid tumors and its expression is associated with adverse prognosis. The main role proposed for IGF2BP1 in cancer cells is the stabilization of mRNAs encoding pro-oncogenic factors. Several IGF2BP1-RNA association studies, however, revealed a plethora of putative IGF2BP1-RNA targets. Thus, at present the main conserved target RNAs and pathways controlled by IGF2BP1 in cancer remain elusive. In this study, we present a set of genes and cancer hallmark pathways showing a conserved pattern of deregulation in dependence of IGF2BP1 expression in cancer cell lines. By the integrative analysis of these findings with publicly available cancer transcriptome and IGF2BP1-RNA association data, we compiled a set of prime candidate target mRNAs. These analyses confirm a pivotal role of IGF2BP1 in controlling cancer cell cycle progression and reveal novel cancer hallmark pathways influenced by IGF2BP1. For three novel target mRNAs identified by these studies, namely AURKA, HDLBP and YWHAZ, we confirm IGF2BP1 mRNA stabilization. In sum our findings confirm and expand previous findings on the pivotal role of IGF2BP1 in promoting oncogenic gene expression by stabilizing target mRNAs in a mainly 3'UTR, m6A-, miRNA-, and potentially AU-rich element dependent manner.

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Topics: MRNA stabilization (55%), Cancer (55%), YWHAZ (54%) ... show more

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3389/FCELL.2021.703969
Qian Li1, Qian Li2, Chen-Chen Ren2, Chen-Chen Ren1  +15 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death among all gynecological tumors. N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-related regulators play essential roles in various tumors, including OC. However, the expression of m6A RNA methylation regulators and the related regulatory network in OC and their correlations with prognosis remain largely unknown. In the current study, we obtained the genome datasets of OC from GDC and GTEx database and analyzed the mRNA levels of 21 key m6A regulators in OC and normal human ovarian tissues. The expression levels of 7 m6A regulators were lower in both the OC tissues and the high-stage group. Notably, the 5-year survival rate of patients with OC presenting low VIRMA expression or high HNRNPA2B1 expression was higher than that of the controls. Next, a risk score model based on the three selected m6A regulators (VIRMA, IGF2BP1, and HNRNPA2B1) was built by performing a LASSO regression analysis, and the moderate accuracy of the risk score model to predict the prognosis of patients with OC was examined by performing ROC curve, nomogram, and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. In addition, a regulatory network of miRNAs-m6A regulators-m6A target genes, including 2 miRNAs, 3 m6A regulators, and 47 mRNAs, was constructed, and one of the pathways, namely, miR-196b-5p-IGF2BP1-PTEN, was initially validated based on bioinformatic analysis and assay verification. These results demonstrated that the risk score model composed of three m6A RNA methylation regulators and the related network of miRNAs-m6A regulators-m6A target genes is valuable for predicting the prognosis of patients with OC, and these molecules may serve as potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets in the future.

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/BIOMEDICINES9080859
Lin Zhou1, Jianing Li1, Jinsong Liu1, Anbei Wang1  +4 moreInstitutions (1)
22 Jul 2021-Biomedicines
Abstract: THOR is a highly conserved testis-specific long noncoding RNA (lncRNA). The interaction between THOR and the development of the male reproductive system remains unclear. Herein, CRISPR/Cas9 technology was used to establish a stable THOR-deficient mouse model, and the relationship between THOR and the fertility of adult male mice was investigated. The male mice in which THOR was deleted were smaller than the WT male mice. Moreover, their survival rate was reduced by 60%, their fertility was reduced by 50%, their testicular size and sperm motility were reduced by 50%, their testicular cell apoptosis was increased by 7-fold, and their ratio of female-to-male offspring was imbalanced (approximately 1:3). Furthermore, to elucidate the mechanisms of male reproductive system development, the mRNA levels of THOR targets were measured by qRT-PCR. Compared with WT mice, the THOR-deficient mice exhibited significantly decreased mRNA levels of IGF2BP1, c-MYC, IGF1, and IGF2. MEK-ERK signaling pathway expression was downregulated as determined by Western blot. We found that THOR targeted the MER-ERK signaling pathway downstream of IGF2 by binding to IGF2BP1 and affected testicular and sperm development in male mice. These results may also provide perspectives for exploring the roles of lncRNAs in human reproductive development and the pathogenesis and potential therapeutic targets of infertility.

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53 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE10166
Debra A. Bell1, Andrew Berchuck2, Michael J. Birrer3, Jeremy Chien1  +282 moreInstitutions (35)
30 Jun 2011-Nature
Abstract: A catalogue of molecular aberrations that cause ovarian cancer is critical for developing and deploying therapies that will improve patients' lives. The Cancer Genome Atlas project has analysed messenger RNA expression, microRNA expression, promoter methylation and DNA copy number in 489 high-grade serous ovarian adenocarcinomas and the DNA sequences of exons from coding genes in 316 of these tumours. Here we report that high-grade serous ovarian cancer is characterized by TP53 mutations in almost all tumours (96%); low prevalence but statistically recurrent somatic mutations in nine further genes including NF1, BRCA1, BRCA2, RB1 and CDK12; 113 significant focal DNA copy number aberrations; and promoter methylation events involving 168 genes. Analyses delineated four ovarian cancer transcriptional subtypes, three microRNA subtypes, four promoter methylation subtypes and a transcriptional signature associated with survival duration, and shed new light on the impact that tumours with BRCA1/2 (BRCA1 or BRCA2) and CCNE1 aberrations have on survival. Pathway analyses suggested that homologous recombination is defective in about half of the tumours analysed, and that NOTCH and FOXM1 signalling are involved in serous ovarian cancer pathophysiology.

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Topics: DNA methylation (59%), Ovarian carcinoma (59%), Serous carcinoma (55%) ... show more

5,120 Citations


Open access
01 Jun 2011-
Abstract: A catalogue of molecular aberrations that cause ovarian cancer is critical for developing and deploying therapies that will improve patients’ lives. The Cancer Genome Atlas project has analysed messenger RNA expression, microRNA expression, promoter methylation and DNA copy number in 489 high-grade serous ovarian adenocarcinomas and the DNA sequences of exons from coding genes in 316 of these tumours. Here we report that high-grade serous ovarian cancer is characterized by TP53 mutations in almost all tumours (96%); low prevalence but statistically recurrent somatic mutations in nine further genes including NF1, BRCA1, BRCA2, RB1 and CDK12; 113 significant focal DNA copy number aberrations; and promoter methylation events involving 168 genes. Analyses delineated four ovarian cancer transcriptional subtypes, three microRNA subtypes, four promoter methylation subtypes and a transcriptional signature associated with survival duration, and shed new light on the impact that tumours with BRCA1/2 (BRCA1 or BRCA2) and CCNE1 aberrations have on survival. Pathway analyses suggested that homologous recombination is defective in about half of the tumours analysed, and that NOTCH and FOXM1 signalling are involved in serous ovarian cancer pathophysiology.

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Topics: Ovarian carcinoma (82%)

4,982 Citations



Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-0196
Abstract: PURPOSE: The study aim to identify novel molecular subtypes of ovarian cancer by gene expression profiling with linkage to clinical and pathologic features. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Microarray gene expression profiling was done on 285 serous and endometrioid tumors of the ovary, peritoneum, and fallopian tube. K-means clustering was applied to identify robust molecular subtypes. Statistical analysis identified differentially expressed genes, pathways, and gene ontologies. Laser capture microdissection, pathology review, and immunohistochemistry validated the array-based findings. Patient survival within k-means groups was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models. Class prediction validated k-means groups in an independent dataset. A semisupervised survival analysis of the array data was used to compare against unsupervised clustering results. RESULTS: Optimal clustering of array data identified six molecular subtypes. Two subtypes represented predominantly serous low malignant potential and low-grade endometrioid subtypes, respectively. The remaining four subtypes represented higher grade and advanced stage cancers of serous and endometrioid morphology. A novel subtype of high-grade serous cancers reflected a mesenchymal cell type, characterized by overexpression of N-cadherin and P-cadherin and low expression of differentiation markers, including CA125 and MUC1. A poor prognosis subtype was defined by a reactive stroma gene expression signature, correlating with extensive desmoplasia in such samples. A similar poor prognosis signature could be found using a semisupervised analysis. Each subtype displayed distinct levels and patterns of immune cell infiltration. Class prediction identified similar subtypes in an independent ovarian dataset with similar prognostic trends. CONCLUSION: Gene expression profiling identified molecular subtypes of ovarian cancer of biological and clinical importance.

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Topics: Serous fluid (56.99%), Gene expression profiling (54%), Ovarian cancer (50%)

1,146 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NRC1366
Abstract: The c-SRC non-receptor tyrosine kinase is overexpressed and activated in a large number of human malignancies and has been linked to the development of cancer and progression to distant metastases. These observations have led to the recent targeting of c-SRC for the development of anticancer therapeutics, which show promise as a new avenue for cancer treatment. Despite this, however, the precise functions of c-SRC in cancer remain unclear. In addition to increasing cell proliferation, a key role of c-SRC in cancer seems to be to promote invasion and motility, functions that might contribute to tumour progression.

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1,061 Citations


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