Impaired innate interferon induction in severe therapy resistant atopic asthmatic children.
TL;DR: It is shown that compared with non-allergic healthy control children, bronchial epithelial cells cultured ex vivo from severe therapy resistant atopic asthmatic children have profoundly impaired interferon-β and interferons-λ mRNA and protein in response to rhinovirus (RV) and polyIC stimulation, and this is a feature of STRA.
Abstract: Deficient type I interferon-β and type III interferon-λ induction by rhinoviruses has previously been reported in mild/moderate atopic asthmatic adults. No studies have yet investigated if this occurs in severe therapy resistant asthma (STRA). Here, we show that compared with non-allergic healthy control children, bronchial epithelial cells cultured ex vivo from severe therapy resistant atopic asthmatic children have profoundly impaired interferon-β and interferon-λ mRNA and protein in response to rhinovirus (RV) and polyIC stimulation. Severe treatment resistant asthmatics also exhibited increased virus load, which negatively correlated with interferon mRNA levels. Furthermore, uninfected cells from severe therapy resistant asthmatic children showed lower levels of Toll-like receptor-3 mRNA and reduced retinoic acid inducible gene and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 mRNA after RV stimulation. These data expand on the original work, suggesting that the innate anti-viral response to RVs is impaired in asthmatic tissues and demonstrate that this is a feature of STRA.
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...A similar defect exists in asthmatic airway macrophages (8) and airway cells of children with asthma (9, 10)....
"Impaired innate interferon inductio..." refers background in this paper
...Array studies(22) have not found that these pattern recognition receptors are poorly expressed in asthma, and large genotyping studies have not highlighted any single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with asthma for these genes.(41,42) These receptors also activate signaling pathways that are also common for pro-inflammatory cytokines,(18) which are not consistently reduced in studies where impaired IFN are observed....
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