In vitro study of the effect of different ionophore antibiotics and of certain derivatives on rumen fermentation and on protein nitrogen degradation.
TL;DR: Of the compounds tested and presenting a potential 'growth-promoting action' at least comparable to that of monensin, and which demonstrated lower toxicity on mice, three molecules appeared to present a zootechnical interest as feed additives for growing cattle.
Abstract: The decrease in methanogenesis observed in the presence of monensin was also found with cationomycin and lysocellin. With the exception of lysocellin, which greatly reduced protein degradation of peanut meal, and of nigericin, which had no effect on this parameter, the 2 other molecules presented the same action as monensin. The negative effect of monensin on microbial ammonia uptake was demonstrated with the same intensity in the presence of cationomycin; it was slightly higher with nigericin and particularly accentuated with lonomycin and lysocellin. Three ester derivatives of monensin (monensin acetate, monensin propionate and monensin butyrate) had a similar action to that of monensin on the orientation of rumen fermentations. The monensin isobutyrate derivative appeared to be more active than monensin and only weakly altered microbial ammonia uptake. The oxolonomycin and hydroxolonomycin derivatives behaved identically to lonomycin with respect to microbial metabolism and protein nitrogen degradation. Unlike the molecules from which they derive, the deacylated cationomycin and nigericic acid had no effect on the orientation of rumen fermentations. Of the compounds tested and presenting a potential ’growthpromoting action’ at least comparable to that of monensin, and which demonstrated lower toxicity on mice, three molecules (oxolonomycin, lysocellin and cationomycin) appeared to present a zootechnical interest as feed additives for growing cattle.
"In vitro study of the effect of dif..." refers background in this paper
...fermenters induced an increase in the proportion of propionic acid, at the expense of that of acetic acid, both in in vitro (Chalupa, 1980; Stanier and Davies, 1981) and in vivo experiments (Chalupa, 1977; Jouany and Senaud, 1978)....
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