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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1770769

Indigenous food sovereignty and tourism: the Chakra Route in the Amazon region of Ecuador

04 Mar 2021-Journal of Sustainable Tourism (Routledge)-Vol. 29, pp 392-411
Abstract: This research applies the concept of food sovereignty as a framework to explore the impacts of tourism on Indigenous food systems in the Chakra Chocolate and Tourism Route (referred to as the “Chak...

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Topics: Tourism (59%), Food sovereignty (56%), Food systems (54%) ... show more
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8 results found


Open accessJournal Article
Evan Killick1Institutions (1)
Topics: Amazonian (55%)

22 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/AGRONOMY10121973
15 Dec 2020-Agronomy
Abstract: In the Amazon, the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve (YBR) is considered a natural and cultural diversity hotspot. It is populated by several indigenous groups, including the Kichwa, who are characterized by their traditional systems of production, which are a means of subsistence and socio-ecological integration. The objective of this research was to evaluate the sustainability of small farmers who use a traditional agroforestry system (chakra) within the buffer, transition, and core zones of the YBR. We conducted 133 interviews with Kichwa heads of households. The socio-demographic structure and distribution were identified, and the response-inducing sustainability evaluation (RISE) methodology was used to evaluate chakra sustainability according to social, economic, and ecological dimensions, expressed using 10 indicators from 50 parameters, valued from 0 (worst case) to 100 (best case). The results are expressed in a polygon, defined by the areas: (1) good performance, (2) medium performance, and (3) poor performance. We employed the multivariate classification hierarchical cluster technique and analysis of variance (ANOVA) to identify dissimilarities between groups of chakras and the existence of statistical differences, respectively. Among the studied indigenous Kichwas, a pyramidal structure progressive type was identified, which is characteristic of young populations and the nonexistence of significant differences between the RISE indicators and chakras. The lowest-scoring indicators using the RISE guidelines were: use of materials and environmental protection, animal production, economic viability and chakra administration. We provide suggestions for decision makers who support Kichwa populations in socio-productive management with sustainability goals. We to taking actions on the indicators identified with high priority to improve the sustainability in the chakras and sociodemographic dynamics.

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Topics: Sustainability (51%)

12 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SU13041808
07 Feb 2021-Sustainability
Abstract: This interdisciplinary research analyses the relationships between food sovereignty principles and food and wine tourism in rural contexts by asking how rural tourism stakeholders understand these concepts, mobilize the interrelationships, and to what purpose. Wine and food tourism is one of the fastest-growing rural tourism niches, with effects on the orientation of food systems, the livelihoods of producers, the viability of rural communities, and the biophysical environment. Secondary research and semi-structured interviews provide insights into how qualities of food sovereignty transitions are conceptualized, recognized, developed, supported, and promoted in the case of British Columbia’s South Okanagan Valley. An appreciative approach was used because this research aims to understand rural food and wine tourism’s potential contribution to food sovereignty. Although the term ‘food sovereignty’ did not resonate for most participants, qualities of a transition towards food sovereignty such as reorienting agriculture, food processing and consumption to the local region, supporting rural economies and environmental sustainability were considered integral to rural food tourism. Participants saw future opportunities for rural food and wine tourism to serve broader transformative purposes that would benefit locals, visitors, and the environment. Research results could be used to inspire critical academic, community and policy dialogue about food sovereignty in wine and food tourism destinations.

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Topics: Food systems (65%), Rural tourism (65%), Food sovereignty (63%) ... show more

4 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SOC11030105
Ryan S. Naylor1, Carter A. HuntInstitutions (1)
31 Aug 2021-
Abstract: The need to understand how Arctic coastal communities can remain resilient in the wake of rapid anthropogenic change that is disproportionately affecting the region—including, but not limited to, climate instability and the increasing reach of the tourism sector—is more urgent than ever. With sovereignty discourse at the forefront of Arctic sustainability research, integrating existing sovereignty scholarship into the tourism literature yields new theory-building opportunities. The purpose of this paper is to conceptually analyze the implications of (1) applying both theoretical and social movement ideas about sovereignty to tourism research in Arctic coastal communities, (2) the extent to which these ideas revolve around livelihood sovereignty in particular, (3) the influence of existing tourism development on shifting livelihood sovereignty dynamics, and, ultimately, (4) the opportunities for further research that enables more sovereign sustainable tourism development across the Arctic region. Given the northward march of the tourism frontier across Arctic regions, an exploration of tourism’s influence on sovereignty presents a timely opportunity to advance theory and promote policy incentives for forms of tourism development that are more likely to yield sustainable and resilient outcomes for Arctic communities.

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Topics: Sustainable tourism (64%), Tourism (61%), Sovereignty (56.99%) ... show more

3 Citations


Open accessDissertation
01 Jan 2015-
Abstract: La preponderancia que han tenido estas organizaciones y el rol activo que tienen las mujeres en la organizacion, como actores economicos se sintetiza en la creacion de un capital social fundamentado en las relaciones de parentesco existente entre las familias de las comunidades quienes rigen su vida bajo logica tradicional de vida en ayllu, bajo los principios de reciprocidad, solidaridad y confianza entre los miembros de familia y comunidad. La importancia que ha cobrado la produccion de Cacao Nacional fino y de aroma en chacra organica es abordada en la presente tesis considerandolo un producto comercial especializado del territorio de la provincia Napo que ha creado interes en la participacion de instituciones privadas y publicas ademas de la creacion de organizaciones como la ―Mesa del Cacao‖; temas que se abordan a lo largo del presente texto.

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2 Citations


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66 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1191/1478088706QP063OA
Virginia Braun1, Victoria Clarke2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. We outline what thematic analysis is, locating it in relation to other qualitative analytic methods that search for themes or patterns, and in relation to different epistemological and ontological positions. We then provide clear guidelines to those wanting to start thematic analysis, or conduct it in a more deliberate and rigorous way, and consider potential pitfalls in conducting thematic analysis. Finally, we outline the disadvantages and advantages of thematic analysis. We conclude by advocating thematic analysis as a useful and flexible method for qualitative research in and beyond psychology.

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77,018 Citations



Open accessBook
01 Sep 2008-
Abstract: Indigenous researchers are knowledge seekers who work to progress Indigenous ways of being, knowing and doing in a modern and constantly evolving context. This book describes a research paradigm shared by Indigenous scholars in Canada and Australia, and demonstrates how this paradigm can be put into practice. Relationships don't just shape Indigenous reality, they are our reality. Indigenous researchers develop relationships with ideas in order to achieve enlightenment in the ceremony that is Indigenous research. Indigenous research is the ceremony of maintaining accountability to these relationships. For researchers to be accountable to all our relations, we must make careful choices in our selection of topics, methods of data collection, forms of analysis and finally in the way we present information. I'm an Opaskwayak Cree from northern Manitoba currently living in the Northern Rivers area of New South Wales, Australia. I'm also a father of three boys, a researcher, son, uncle, teacher, world traveller, knowledge keeper and knowledge seeker. As an educated Indian, I've spent much of my life straddling the Indigenous and academic worlds. Most of my time these days is spent teaching other Indigenous knowledge seekers (and my kids) how to accomplish this balancing act while still keeping both feet on the ground.

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Topics: Indigenous (63%), Traditional knowledge (59%), Ceremony (55%)

1,811 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/SJ.IJO.0802804
Barry M. Popkin1, Penny Gordon-Larsen1Institutions (1)
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the major changes in diet and physical activity patterns around the world and focuses on shifts in obesity DESIGN: Review of results focusing on large-scale surveys and nationally representative studies of diet, activity, and obesity among adults and children SUBJECTS: Youth and adults from a range of countries around the world MEASUREMENTS: The International Obesity Task Force guidelines for defining overweight and obesity are used for youth and the body mass index Z25 kg/m 2 and 30 cutoffs are used, respectively, for adults RESULTS: The nutrition transition patterns are examined from the time period termed the receding famine pattern to one dominated by nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (NR-NCDs) The speed of dietary and activity pattern shifts is great, particularly in the developing world, resulting in major shifts in obesity on a worldwide basis Data limitations force us to examine data on obesity trends in adults to provide a broader sense of changes in obesity over time, and then to examine the relatively fewer studies on youth Specifically, this work provides a sense of change both in the United States, Europe, and the lower- and middle-income countries of Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America CONCLUSION: The paper shows that changes are occurring at great speed and at earlier stages of the economic and social development of each country The burden of obesity is shifting towards the poor International Journal of Obesity (2004) 28, S2–S9 doi:101038/sjijo0802804

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Topics: Nutrition transition (53%), Overweight (52%)

1,440 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1146961
11 Jan 2008-Science
Abstract: The forest biome of Amazonia is one of Earth's greatest biological treasures and a major component of the Earth system. This century, it faces the dual threats of deforestation and stress from climate change. Here, we summarize some of the latest findings and thinking on these threats, explore the consequences for the forest ecosystem and its human residents, and outline options for the future of Amazonia. We also discuss the implications of new proposals to finance preservation of Amazonian forests.

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Topics: Deforestation (59%), Forest ecology (52%), Climate change (52%) ... show more

1,412 Citations


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