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Proceedings ArticleDOI

Innovative Design Concept: Defected Ground Structure for Improved Planar Array

TL;DR: In this paper, a new resonating type defected ground structure (DGS) is investigated to suppress H-plane cross-polarized (XP) radiation but maintaining the copolar radiation undisturbed.
Abstract: A new resonating type defected ground structure (DGS) is investigated to suppress H-plane cross-polarized (XP) radiation but maintaining the co-polar radiation undisturbed. A composite configuration has been explored to reduce the overall size of the defected area on the ground plane to make a design of array easy. A $2\times 3$ element DGS-integrated array has been demonstrated indicating up to 14 dB suppression in H-plane XP level.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a defected ground structure (DGS) pattern is proposed to reduce the cross-polarized (XP) radiation of a microstrip patch antenna, which is simple and easy to etch on a commercial microstrip substrate.
Abstract: A defected ground structure (DGS) is proposed to reduce the cross-polarized (XP) radiation of a microstrip patch antenna. The proposed DGS pattern is simple and easy to etch on a commercial microstrip substrate. This will only reduce the XP radiation field without affecting the dominant mode input impedance and co-polarized radiation patterns of a conventional antenna. The new concept has been examined and verified experimentally for a particular DGS pattern employing a circular patch as the radiator. Both simulation and experimental results are presented.

275 citations

BookDOI
08 Nov 2010
TL;DR: In this article, Chen et al. present a survey of the state-of-the-art in the field of reconfigurable antenna design and their application in WSNs and wearable antenna networks.
Abstract: Preface. List of Contributors. Acknowledgments. 1 Numerical Analysis Techniques (Ramesh Garg). 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Standard (Yee s) FDTD Method. 1.3 Numerical Dispersion of FDTD Algorithms and Hybrid Schemes. 1.4 Stability of Algorithms. 1.5 Absorbing Boundary Conditions. 1.6 LOD-FDTD Algorithm. 1.7 Robustness of Printed Patch Antennas. 1.8 Thin Dielectric Approximation. 1.9 Modeling of PEC and PMC for Irregular Geometries. References. 2 Computer Aided Design of Microstrip Antennas (Debatosh Guha and Jawad Y. Siddiqui). 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Microstrip Patch as Cavity Resonator. 2.3 Resonant Frequency of Circular Microstrip Patch (CMP). 2.4 Resonant Frequency of Rectangular Microstrip Patch (RMP) with Variable Air Gap. 2.5 Resonant Frequency of an Equilateral Triangular Microstrip Patch (ETMP) with Variable Air Gap. 2.6 Input Impedance of a Microstrip Patch. 2.7 Feed Reactance of a Probe-Fed Microstrip Patch. 2.8 Radiation Characteristics. 2.9 Radiation Efficiency. 2.10 Bandwidth. 2.11 Conclusion. References. 3 Generalized Scattering Matrix Approach for Multilayer Patch Arrays (Arun K. Bhattacharyya). 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Outline of the GSM Approach. 3.3 Mutual Coupling Formulation. 3.4 Finite Array: Active Impedance and Radiation Patterns. 3.5 Numerical Example. 3.6 Conclusions. 3.7 References. 4 Optimization Techniques for Planner Antennas (Rabindra K. Mishra). 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Basic Optimization Concepts. 4.3 Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA). 4.4 Neurospectral Design of Rectangular Patch Antenna. 4.5 Inset-fed Patch Antenna Design Using Particle Swarm Optimization. 4.6 Conclusion. References. 5 Microstrip Reflectarray Antennas (Jafar Shaker and Reza Chaharmir). 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 General Review of Reflectarrays: Mathematical Formulation and General Trends. 5.3 Comparison of Reflectarray and Conventional Parabolic Reflector. 5.4 Cell Elements and Specific Applications: A General Survey. 5.5 Wideband Techniques for Reflectarrays. 5.6 Development of Novel Loop-Based Cell Elements. 5.7 Conclusion. References. 6 Reconfigurable Microstrip Antennas (Jennifer T. Bernhard). 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Substrate Modification for Reconfigurability. 6.3 Conductor Modification for Reconfigurability. 6.4 Enabling Reconfigurability: Considerations for Reconfiguration Mechanisms. 6.5 Future Trends in Reconfigurable Microstrip Antenna Research and Development. References. 7 Wearable Antennas for Body Area Networks (Peter S. Hall and Yang Hao). 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Sources on the Human Body. 7.3 Narrowband Antennas. 7.4 Fabric Antennas. 7.5 Ultra Wideband Antennas. 7.6 Multiple Antenna Systems. 7.7 Conclusion. References. 8 Printed Antennas for Wireless Communications (Satish K. Sharma and Lotfollah Shafai). 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Broadband Microstrip Patch Antennas. 8.3 Patch Antennas for Multiband Wireless Communications. 8.4 Enhanced Gain Patch Antennas. 8.5 Wideband Compact Patch Antennas. 8.6 Microstrip Slot Antennas. 8.7 Microstrip Planar Monopole Antenna. References. 9 UHF Passive RFID Tag Antennas (Daniel Deavours and Daniel Dobkin). 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Application Requirements. 9.3 Approaches. 9.4 Fabrication. 9.5 Conclusion. References. 10 Printed UWB Antennas (Zhi Ning Chen, Xianming Qing and Shie Ping See). 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Swan Antenna with Reduced Ground Plane Effect. 10.3 Slim UWB Antenna. 10.4 Diversity Antenna. 10.5 Printed Slot UWB Antenna and Band-Notched Solutions. References. 11 Metamaterial Antennas and Radiative Systems (Christophe Caloz). 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Fundamentals of Metamaterials. 11.3 Leaky-Wave Antennas. 11.4 Resonant Antennas. 11.5 Exotic Radiative Systems. References. 12 Defected Ground Structure for Microstrip Antennas (Debatosh Guha, Sujoy Biswas, and Yahia M. M. Antar). 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 Fundamentals of DGS. 12.3 DGS for controlling Microstrip Antenna Feeds and Front-End Characteristics. 12.4 DGS to Control/Improve Radiation Properties of Microstrip Patch Antennas. 12.5 DGS for Reduced Mutual Coupling between Microstrip Array Elements and Associated Improvements. 12.6 Conclusion. Appendix: A Brief DGS Chronology. References. 13 Printed Leaky Wave Antennas (Samir F. Mahmoud and Yahia M. M. Antar). 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 The Leaky Wave as a Complex Plane Wave. 13.3 Radiation Pattern of a Leaky Wave. 13.4 Examples of Leaky Mode Supporting Structures. 13.5 The Excitation Problem. 13.6 Two-Dimensional Leaky Waves. 13.7 Further Advances on a Class of Periodic Leaky Wave Antennas. References. Appendix I Preliminary Ideas: PTFE-Based Microwave Lamiantes and Making Prototypes. Appendix II Preliminary Ideas: Microwave Connectors for Printed Circuits and Antennas. Index.

260 citations


"Innovative Design Concept: Defected..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The fundamental aspects and designs of DGS are discussed in [2]....

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Journal Article

215 citations


"Innovative Design Concept: Defected..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...The resonant properties introduced by defects on the ground plane can be modelled using equivalent L-C circuits [1]....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a double U-shaped defected ground structure (DGS) was proposed to broaden impedance bandwidth of a microstrip-fed monopole antenna, which consists of a simple trapezoid monopole with a DGS microstrip feedline for excitation and impedance bandwidth broadening.
Abstract: In this letter, a double U-shaped defected ground structure (DGS) is proposed to broaden impedance bandwidth of a microstrip-fed monopole antenna. The antenna structure consists of a simple trapezoid monopole with a DGS microstrip feedline for excitation and impedance bandwidth broadening. Measurement shows that the antenna has 10-dB return loss from 790 to 2060 MHz, yielding 112.4% impedance bandwidth improvement over that of traditional design.

91 citations


"Innovative Design Concept: Defected..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Others have found it suitable for antenna size miniaturization [6], bandwidth enhancement [7], efficiency enhancement [8], mutual coupling reduction between array elements [9]....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a defect ground structure (DGS)-integrated rectangular microstrip patch has been experimentally investigated with an aim to improve polarisation purity in radiated fields.
Abstract: Defected ground structure (DGS)-integrated rectangular microstrip patch has been experimentally investigated with an aim to improve polarisation purity in radiated fields. Width to length ratio (aspect ratio) of a patch attributes different characteristic features. Therefore present experimental studies have been executed for four different aspect ratio values like 1.6, 1.3, 1.0 and 0.8. Folded defects have been employed in H-plane. Possibility of achieving high polarisation purity (over 25 dB isolation between co- to cross-polarised fields) with improved impedance bandwidth has been demonstrated. The variation in XP fields as a function of the patch aspect ratio has been investigated and a strong physical insight into the modal fields with and without DGS has been developed.

82 citations


"Innovative Design Concept: Defected..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Later on, they have achieved improved performance using different strategic geometries [4]-[5]....

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