scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Proceedings ArticleDOI

Investigations into improved isolation in Co- to cross-polar radiation fields of a single-fed circularly polarized patch antenna

TL;DR: In this paper, the radiation performance of a single probe-fed truncated corner square microstrip patch has been enhanced by employing a metal (PEC) ring contouring the patch on the patch side of the CP antenna, and a multi-section ring defect in the ground plane (GP) of the conventional CP antenna.
Abstract: The radiation performance of a circularly polarized (CP) single probe-fed truncated corner square microstrip patch has been enhanced by employing (i) a metal (PEC) ring contouring the patch on the patch side of the CP antenna, and (ii) a multi-section ring defect in the ground plane (GP) of the CP antenna. The concept has been validated by designing a CP patch with a conventional GP, a CP patch with a PEC ring contouring the patch and a ring type defect in the GP of the conventional CP patch. Proposed configurations appear to be ideal for many circularly polarized wireless and satellite communication applications. Simulated results confirm axial ratio (AR) of about (i) 1.1 dB for a CP antenna with a PEC ring contouring the patch and (ii) 0.1 dB for a CP antenna with ring type defect in the ground plane; compared to an AR of 2.7 dB for a conventional CP antenna, indicating an improvement in cross polarized (XP) isolation. AR bandwidth has also been improved by 70% in case of PEC ring contoured CP patch and almost 100% in case of ring type defected ground structure (DGS) integrated CP patch when compared with conventional CP antenna. These improvements have been achieved without affecting any other parameters such as impedance bandwidth and peak gain of the antenna.
Citations
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI

[...]

TL;DR: In this article, a Truncated-corner probe-fed (TCPF) antenna with a very low axial ratio (AR) was used to provide approximately 0.3% CP bandwidth (AR l 3 dB along with S11 l-10 dB).
Abstract: Truncated-corner probe-fed (TCPF) patches are popular for their simple design that provides circularly polarized (CP) radiation with a very low axial ratio (AR). For a thin substrate (s 0.026lg), this antenna provides approximately 0.3% CP bandwidth (BW) (AR l 3 dB along with S11 l-10 dB). However, as the substrate thickness is increased for enhancing the matching BW, an offset among the frequencies featured with minimum AR and optimum S11 is observed. This degrades the effective BW, with an overlapping of both S11 l-10 dB and AR l 3 dB.

5 citations


Additional excerpts

  • [...]

Proceedings ArticleDOI

[...]

01 Nov 2017
TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a stacked dual truncated corner square patch (SDP) configuration, which employs a single fed truncated CB square patch etched onto a substrate grounded with a patch shaped small GP and having second square shaped GP of standard size separated from the first one with an air gap at an optimized distance.
Abstract: Radiation performance of a circularly polarized (CP) truncated corner square patch on a conventional ground plane (GP) has been enhanced by using a simple and novel configuration of stacked dual GP. The proposed configuration employs a single fed truncated corner square patch etched onto a substrate grounded with a patch shaped small GP and having second square shaped GP of standard size separated from the first one with an air gap at an optimized distance. This configuration is ideal for many wireless and satellite communication applications. Simulated results indicate the best achievable axial ratio (AR) of about 0.4 dB for a stacked dual GP CP antenna compared to an AR of 2.7 dB for a conventional single GP CP antenna, indicating an improvement in cross polarized (XP) isolation of about 18 dB. AR bandwidth has also been improved by almost 100% with the stacked dual GP configuration when compared with conventional CP antenna. Improved radiation performance has been achieved without affecting impedance bandwidth and peak gain of the patch. Analysis based on GP size variation of the conventional CP antenna and stacked dual GP antenna reveals that stacked dual GP configuration results in compact CP antenna with good radiation performance.

2 citations

References
More filters
Book

[...]

31 Oct 2000
TL;DR: Feeding Techniques and Modeling, Design and Analysis of Microstrip Antenna Arrays: Parallel and Series Feed Systems, and Theory and Design of Active Integrated Micro Strip Antenna Amplifiers.
Abstract: Microstrip Radiators: Various Microstrip Antenna Configurations. Feeding Techniques and Modeling. Applications. Radiation Field. Surface Waves and Photonic Band-Gap Structures. Analytical Models for Microstrip Antennas: Transmission Line Model. Cavity Model. Generalized Cavity Model. Multi-port Network Model (MNM). Radiation Fields. Aperture Admittance. Mutual Admittance. Model for Coaxial Probe in Microstrip Antennas. Comparison of Analytical Models. Full-Wave Analysis of Microstrip Antennas: Spectral Domain Full-Wave Analysis. Mixed-Potential Integral Equation Analysis. Finite-Difference Time Domain Analysis.Rectangular Microstrip Antenna: Models for Rectangular Patch Antenna. Design Considerations for Rectangular Patch Antennas. Tolerance Analysis of Rectangular Microstrip Antennas. Mechanical Tuning of Patch Antennas. Quarter-wave Rectangular Patch Antenna. Circular Disk and Ring Antennas: Analysis of a Circular Disk Microstrip Antenna. Design Considerations for Circular Disk Antennas. Semicircular Disk and Circular Sector Microstrip Antennas. Comparison Of Rectangular And Circular Disk Microstrip Antennas. Circular Ring or Annular Ring Microstrip Antenna. Circular Sector Microstrip Ring Antenna. Microstrip Ring Antennas of Non-Circular Shapes. Dipoles and Triangular Patch Antennas: Microstrip Dipole and Center-Fed Dipoles. Triangular Microstrip Patch Antenna. Design of an Equilateral Triangular Patch Antenna. Microstrip Slot Antennas: Microstrip-Fed Rectangular Slot Antennas. CPW-Fed Slot Antennas. Annular Slot Antennas. Tapered Slot Antennas (TSA). Comparison of Slot Antennas with Microstrip Antennas. Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas and Techniques: Various Types of Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Singly-Fed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Dual-Orthagonal Feed Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antennas. Circularly Polarized Traveling-Wave Microstrip-Line Arrays. Bandwidth Enhancement Techniques. Sequentially Rotated Arrays. Broad-Banding of Microstrip Antennas: Effect of Substrate Parameters on Bandwidth. Selection of Suitable Patch Shape. Selection of Suitable Feeding Technique. Multi-Moding Techniques. Other Broadbanding Techniques. Multifrequency Operation. Loaded Microstrip Antennas and Applications: Polarization Diversity Using Microstrip Antennas. Frequency Agile Microstrip Antennas. Radiation Pattern Control of Microstrip Antennas. Loading Effect of a Short. Compact Patch Antennas. Planar Inverted F Antenna. Dual-Frequency Microstrip Antennas. Dual-Frequency Compact Microstrip Antennas. Active Integrated Microstrip Antennas: Classification of Active Integrated Microstrip Antennas. Theory and Design of Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Oscillators. Theory and Design of Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Amplifiers. Frequency Conversion Active Integrated Microstrip Antenna Theory and Design. Design and Analysis of Microstrip Antenna Arrays: Parallel and Series Feed Systems. Mutual Coupling. Design of Linear Arrays. Design of Planar Arrays. Monolithic Integrated Phased Arrays.

3,429 citations


"Investigations into improved isolat..." refers background in this paper

  • [...]

  • [...]

  • [...]

Book

[...]

01 Jan 1989
TL;DR: Analysis and design of circular microstrip elements micro Strip patch antennas circular polarization and bandwidth electromagnetically coupled dipoles multilayer configurations large bandwidth hybrid flat dipoles and arrays numerical analysis of microstrip patch antennas segmentation and desegmentation methods for microstrip antenna design transmission line model.
Abstract: Analysis and design of circular microstrip elements microstrip patch antennas circular polarization and bandwidth electromagnetically coupled dipoles multilayer configurations large bandwidth hybrid flat dipoles and arrays numerical analysis of microstrip patch antennas segmentation and desegmentation methods for microstrip antenna design transmission line model of microstrip antennas design and technology of low cost printed antennas analysis and design considerations of printed array antennas circularly polarized array antennas microstrip antenna feeds advances in substrate technology special measurement techniques for printed antennas CAD of microstrip and triplate systems resonant microstrip antenna elements and arrays applications of microstrip antennas monolithic conical conformal microstrip tracking antenna extensions and variations of the microstrip antenna concept.

1,470 citations


"Investigations into improved isolat..." refers background in this paper

  • [...]

  • [...]

Journal ArticleDOI

[...]

TL;DR: In this article, three types of single-feed circularly polarized microstrip antennas, namely, a diagonal fed nearly square, a truncated-corners square and a square with a diagonal slot, are presented.
Abstract: Analysis and optimized designs are presented of three types of single feed circularly polarized microstrip antennas, namely, a diagonal fed nearly square, a truncated-corners square and a square with a diagonal slot. The Green's function approach and the desegmentation methods are used. The resonant frequencies are calculated for two orthogonal modes which together yield circular polarization. Optimum feed locations are determined for the best impedance match to a 50 \Omega coaxial feed line. Axial-ratio bandwidths, voltage standing-wave ratio (VSWR) bandwidths and radiation patterns are evaluated and verified experimentally.

560 citations


"Investigations into improved isolat..." refers background in this paper

  • [...]

Journal ArticleDOI

[...]

TL;DR: In this article, a defected ground structure (DGS) pattern is proposed to reduce the cross-polarized (XP) radiation of a microstrip patch antenna, which is simple and easy to etch on a commercial microstrip substrate.
Abstract: A defected ground structure (DGS) is proposed to reduce the cross-polarized (XP) radiation of a microstrip patch antenna. The proposed DGS pattern is simple and easy to etch on a commercial microstrip substrate. This will only reduce the XP radiation field without affecting the dominant mode input impedance and co-polarized radiation patterns of a conventional antenna. The new concept has been examined and verified experimentally for a particular DGS pattern employing a circular patch as the radiator. Both simulation and experimental results are presented.

239 citations

BookDOI

[...]

08 Nov 2010
TL;DR: In this article, Chen et al. present a survey of the state-of-the-art in the field of reconfigurable antenna design and their application in WSNs and wearable antenna networks.
Abstract: Preface. List of Contributors. Acknowledgments. 1 Numerical Analysis Techniques (Ramesh Garg). 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Standard (Yee s) FDTD Method. 1.3 Numerical Dispersion of FDTD Algorithms and Hybrid Schemes. 1.4 Stability of Algorithms. 1.5 Absorbing Boundary Conditions. 1.6 LOD-FDTD Algorithm. 1.7 Robustness of Printed Patch Antennas. 1.8 Thin Dielectric Approximation. 1.9 Modeling of PEC and PMC for Irregular Geometries. References. 2 Computer Aided Design of Microstrip Antennas (Debatosh Guha and Jawad Y. Siddiqui). 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Microstrip Patch as Cavity Resonator. 2.3 Resonant Frequency of Circular Microstrip Patch (CMP). 2.4 Resonant Frequency of Rectangular Microstrip Patch (RMP) with Variable Air Gap. 2.5 Resonant Frequency of an Equilateral Triangular Microstrip Patch (ETMP) with Variable Air Gap. 2.6 Input Impedance of a Microstrip Patch. 2.7 Feed Reactance of a Probe-Fed Microstrip Patch. 2.8 Radiation Characteristics. 2.9 Radiation Efficiency. 2.10 Bandwidth. 2.11 Conclusion. References. 3 Generalized Scattering Matrix Approach for Multilayer Patch Arrays (Arun K. Bhattacharyya). 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Outline of the GSM Approach. 3.3 Mutual Coupling Formulation. 3.4 Finite Array: Active Impedance and Radiation Patterns. 3.5 Numerical Example. 3.6 Conclusions. 3.7 References. 4 Optimization Techniques for Planner Antennas (Rabindra K. Mishra). 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Basic Optimization Concepts. 4.3 Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA). 4.4 Neurospectral Design of Rectangular Patch Antenna. 4.5 Inset-fed Patch Antenna Design Using Particle Swarm Optimization. 4.6 Conclusion. References. 5 Microstrip Reflectarray Antennas (Jafar Shaker and Reza Chaharmir). 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 General Review of Reflectarrays: Mathematical Formulation and General Trends. 5.3 Comparison of Reflectarray and Conventional Parabolic Reflector. 5.4 Cell Elements and Specific Applications: A General Survey. 5.5 Wideband Techniques for Reflectarrays. 5.6 Development of Novel Loop-Based Cell Elements. 5.7 Conclusion. References. 6 Reconfigurable Microstrip Antennas (Jennifer T. Bernhard). 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Substrate Modification for Reconfigurability. 6.3 Conductor Modification for Reconfigurability. 6.4 Enabling Reconfigurability: Considerations for Reconfiguration Mechanisms. 6.5 Future Trends in Reconfigurable Microstrip Antenna Research and Development. References. 7 Wearable Antennas for Body Area Networks (Peter S. Hall and Yang Hao). 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Sources on the Human Body. 7.3 Narrowband Antennas. 7.4 Fabric Antennas. 7.5 Ultra Wideband Antennas. 7.6 Multiple Antenna Systems. 7.7 Conclusion. References. 8 Printed Antennas for Wireless Communications (Satish K. Sharma and Lotfollah Shafai). 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Broadband Microstrip Patch Antennas. 8.3 Patch Antennas for Multiband Wireless Communications. 8.4 Enhanced Gain Patch Antennas. 8.5 Wideband Compact Patch Antennas. 8.6 Microstrip Slot Antennas. 8.7 Microstrip Planar Monopole Antenna. References. 9 UHF Passive RFID Tag Antennas (Daniel Deavours and Daniel Dobkin). 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Application Requirements. 9.3 Approaches. 9.4 Fabrication. 9.5 Conclusion. References. 10 Printed UWB Antennas (Zhi Ning Chen, Xianming Qing and Shie Ping See). 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Swan Antenna with Reduced Ground Plane Effect. 10.3 Slim UWB Antenna. 10.4 Diversity Antenna. 10.5 Printed Slot UWB Antenna and Band-Notched Solutions. References. 11 Metamaterial Antennas and Radiative Systems (Christophe Caloz). 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Fundamentals of Metamaterials. 11.3 Leaky-Wave Antennas. 11.4 Resonant Antennas. 11.5 Exotic Radiative Systems. References. 12 Defected Ground Structure for Microstrip Antennas (Debatosh Guha, Sujoy Biswas, and Yahia M. M. Antar). 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 Fundamentals of DGS. 12.3 DGS for controlling Microstrip Antenna Feeds and Front-End Characteristics. 12.4 DGS to Control/Improve Radiation Properties of Microstrip Patch Antennas. 12.5 DGS for Reduced Mutual Coupling between Microstrip Array Elements and Associated Improvements. 12.6 Conclusion. Appendix: A Brief DGS Chronology. References. 13 Printed Leaky Wave Antennas (Samir F. Mahmoud and Yahia M. M. Antar). 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 The Leaky Wave as a Complex Plane Wave. 13.3 Radiation Pattern of a Leaky Wave. 13.4 Examples of Leaky Mode Supporting Structures. 13.5 The Excitation Problem. 13.6 Two-Dimensional Leaky Waves. 13.7 Further Advances on a Class of Periodic Leaky Wave Antennas. References. Appendix I Preliminary Ideas: PTFE-Based Microwave Lamiantes and Making Prototypes. Appendix II Preliminary Ideas: Microwave Connectors for Printed Circuits and Antennas. Index.

231 citations