scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Book

Islamic cultures and societies to the end of the eighteenth century

01 Jan 2010-
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the relationship between Islam and the natural world, including the Dar al-Harb and the Ahl al-Dhimma, as well as the role of women in Islam.
Abstract: Introduction ROBERT IRWIN Part I. Religion and Law: 1. Islam JONATHAN BERKEY 2. Sufism ALEXANDER KNYSH 3. Varieties of Islam FARHAD DAFTARY 4. Islamic law WAEL B. HALLAQ 5. Conversion and the Ahl al-Dhimma David J. Wasserstein 6. Muslims and the natural world Richard Bulliet Part II. Societies, Politics and Economics: 7. Caliphs, kings and regimes Said Arjomand 8. The city and the nomad Hugh Kennedy 9. Rural life and economy Andrew M. Watson 10. Demography and migration Suraiya N. Faroqhi 11. Mechanisms of commerce Warren C. Schultz 12. Women, gender and sexuality Manuela Marin Part III. Arts, Literature and Learning: 13. Education Francis Robinson 14. Philosophy Richard C. Taylor 15. Sciences in Islamic societies Sonja Brentjes with Robert G. Morrison 16. Occult sciences and medicine S. Nomanul Haq 17. Literary and oral cultures Jonathan Bloom 18a. Arabic literature Julia Bray 18b. Persian literature Dick Davis 18c. Turkish literature Cigdem Balim 18d. Urdu literature Shamsur Rahman Faruqi 19. History writing Li Guo 20. Biographical literature Michael Cooperson 21. Art and architecture Marcus Milwright 22. Music Amnon Shiloah 23. Cookery David Waines 24. Muslim accounts of the Dar al-Harb Michael Bonner and Gottfried Hagen.
Citations
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism are discussed. And the history of European ideas: Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 721-722.

13,842 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the glimmerings 1718-1826: silhouette of a renaissance reaction against innovation the new social order and its fall, the breakthrough 1826-1878: foundations of a secular state Tanzimat the economic and political impact of the West the secularism of the Tanzimats the constitutional movement constitution of 1876.
Abstract: Part 1 The glimmerings 1718-1826: silhouette of a renaissance reaction against innovation the new social order and its fall. Part 2 The breakthrough 1826-1878: foundations of a secular state Tanzimat the economic and political impact of the West the secularism of the Tanzimat the constitutional movement constitution of 1876. Part 3 The reaction 1878-1908: constitutional absolutism the reactions against the reaction. Part 4 Search for a fulcrum 1908-19: the Mesrutiyet three proposed roads to reconstruction reforming the institutions the secularism of the Mesrutiyet. Part 5 The struggle for establishment of a secular nation-state 1919-39: the birth of a nation under fire the Kemalist reforms the secularism of the Kemalist regime.

407 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Temur's army of conquest: the Ulus Chaghatay as mentioned in this paper is a famous example of such an army. But it is not a complete account of the history of the army.
Abstract: List of maps Acknowledgements A note on usage and transcription 1. Introduction 2. The Ulus Chaghatay in the mid-fourteenth century 3. Temur's rise to power: the politics of the Ulus Chaghatay 4. Temur's army of conquest: the Ulus Chaghatay 5. Temur's army of conquest: outsiders and conquered peoples 6. Structure and function in Temur's administration 7. The struggle for succession 8. Conclusion Appendices Notes Bibliography Index.

90 citations

References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism are discussed. And the history of European ideas: Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 721-722.

13,842 citations

Book
11 May 2021
TL;DR: A collection of his essays in the last fifteen years discusses areas in which the colonial impact has generally been overlooked as discussed by the authors, and the essays form an exploration of the ways in which British discovery, collection, and codification of information about Indian project of control and command.
Abstract: This collection of his writings in the last fifteen years discusses areas in which the colonial impact has generally been overlooked. The essays form an exploration of the ways in which the British discovery, collection, and codification of information about Indian project of control and command. He also asserts that an arena of colonial power that seemed most benign and most susceptible to indigenous influences - mostly law - in fact became responsible for the institutional reactivation of peculiarly British notions about how to regulate a colonial society made up of "others". he shows how the very orientalist imagination that led to brilliant antiquarian collections, archaeological finds, and photographic forays were in fact forms of constructing an India that could be better packaged, inferiorized, and ruled. A final essay on cloth suggests how clothes have been part of the history of both colonialism and anticolonialism.

1,124 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The nationalist response to the treatment of women in India by identifying a scriptural tradition was to construct a reformed tradition and defend it on the grounds of modernity as mentioned in this paper, creating the image of a new woman who was superior to Western women, traditional Indian women, and low-class women.
Abstract: Colonial texts condemned the treatment of women in India by identifying a scriptural tradition. The nationalist response was to construct a reformed tradition and defend it on the grounds of modernity. In the process, it created the image of a new woman who was superior to Western women, traditional Indian women and low-class women. This new patriarchy invested women with the dubious honor of representing a distinctively modern national culture. [Colonial discourse, nationalism, gender construction, cultural modernity]

501 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Goitein's portrait of a Mediterranean personality is a composite portrait of the individuals who wrote the personal letters, contracts, and all other manuscript fragments that found their way into the Cairo Geniza as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: This six-volume 'portrait of a Mediterranean personality' is a composite portrait of the individuals who wrote the personal letters, contracts, and all other manuscript fragments that found their way into the Cairo Geniza. Most of the fragments from the Geniza, a storeroom for discarded writings that could not be thrown away because they might contain the name of God, had been removed to Cambridge University Library and other libraries around the world. Professor Goitein devoted the last thirty years of his long and productive life to their study, deciphering the language of the documents and organizing what he called a 'marvelous treasure trove of manuscripts' into a coherent, fascinating picture of the society that created them. It is a rich, panoramic view of how people lived, traveled, worshiped, and conducted their economic and social affairs. The first and second volumes describe the economic foundations of the society and the institutions and social and political structures that characterized the community. The remaining material, intended for a single volume describing the particulars of the way people lived, blossomed into three volumes, devoted respectively to the family, daily life, and the individual. The divisions are arbitrary but helpful because of the wealth of information. The author refers throughout to other passages in his monumental work that amplify what is discussed in any particular section. The result is an incomparably clear and immediate impression of how it was in the Mediterranean world of the tenth through the thirteenth century. Volume VI, prepared by Paula Sanders, is a volume of cumulative, analytical indices.

501 citations


"Islamic cultures and societies to t..." refers background in this paper

  • ...123 Ibn al Haytham, al Shukūk qalā Bat.lamyūs, ed. A. I. Sabra and Nabil Shehaby (Cairo, 1971). 124 See A. I. Sabra, ‘Configuring the universe: Aporetic, problem solving, and kinematic modeling as themes of Arabic astronomy’, Perspectives in Science, 6 (1998); George Saliba, ‘Arabic versus Greek astronomy: A debate over the foundations of science’, Perspectives in Science, 8 (2000); A....

    [...]

  • ...123 Ibn al Haytham, al Shukūk qalā Bat.lamyūs, ed. A. I. Sabra and Nabil Shehaby (Cairo, 1971). 124 See A. I. Sabra, ‘Configuring the universe: Aporetic, problem solving, and kinematic modeling as themes of Arabic astronomy’, Perspectives in Science, 6 (1998); George Saliba, ‘Arabic versus Greek astronomy: A debate over the foundations of science’, Perspectives in Science, 8 (2000); A. I. Sabra, ‘Reply to Saliba’, Perspectives in Science, 8 (2000). The New Cambridge History of Islam...

    [...]

  • ...6 Claudette Vanacker, ‘Géographie économique de l’Afrique du Nord selon les auteurs arabes, du XIe siècle au milieu du XIIe siècle’, Annales: Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations, 28 (1973). Rural life and economy until 1800...

    [...]

  • ...J. S. Meisami and P. Starkey, 2 vols., London and New York, 1998 EI2 Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edn, Leiden, 1960 2009 IJMES International Journal of Middle East Studies ILS Islamic Law and Society JAOS Journal of the American Oriental Society JESHO Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient JNES Journal of Near Eastern Studies JRAS Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society JSAI Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam SI Studia Islamica ZDMG Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft ZGAIW Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch Islamischen Wissenschaften xx Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2011...

    [...]

  • ...130 The experiment that al Shı̄rāzı̄ proposed might be due, originally, to Ibn But.lān. See Roshdi Rashed, ‘al Qūhı̄ versus Aristotle on motion’, Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 9 (1999), pp. 17 18. 131 George Saliba, ‘Ibn Sı̄nā and Abū qUbayd al Jūzjānı̄: The problem of the Ptolemaic equant’, Journal for the History of Arabic Science, 4 (1980). 132 George Saliba, ‘The original source of Qut....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the glimmerings 1718-1826: silhouette of a renaissance reaction against innovation the new social order and its fall, the breakthrough 1826-1878: foundations of a secular state Tanzimat the economic and political impact of the West the secularism of the Tanzimats the constitutional movement constitution of 1876.
Abstract: Part 1 The glimmerings 1718-1826: silhouette of a renaissance reaction against innovation the new social order and its fall. Part 2 The breakthrough 1826-1878: foundations of a secular state Tanzimat the economic and political impact of the West the secularism of the Tanzimat the constitutional movement constitution of 1876. Part 3 The reaction 1878-1908: constitutional absolutism the reactions against the reaction. Part 4 Search for a fulcrum 1908-19: the Mesrutiyet three proposed roads to reconstruction reforming the institutions the secularism of the Mesrutiyet. Part 5 The struggle for establishment of a secular nation-state 1919-39: the birth of a nation under fire the Kemalist reforms the secularism of the Kemalist regime.

407 citations