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L'Iran sous les Sassanides

01 Jan 1944-
About: The article was published on 1944-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 121 citations till now.
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01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the role of the Sasanians in centralizing water management in ancient Iran and concluded that early irrigation systems were built and managed on a local basis, but this management was co-opted by the Sasanian bureaucracy.
Abstract: Due to the arid climate of the Iranian plateau, water has traditionally played an integral role in securing political power. Indeed, the Iranologist, Richard Nelson Frye, has referred to water as the "life blood of Iran." 1 Considering the environment, it is not surprising that the Iranians developed the earliest, most sophisticated form of irrigation in the world, the qanat system. Archaeologists and Iran scholars are currently researching the role of the government in managing these irrigation systems. At the "Ancient Iranian Water Systems Seminar" at Durham University in 2011, international Iran scholars concluded that early irrigation systems were built and managed on a local basis, but by the Sasanian period, this management was co-opted by the Sasanian bureaucracy. My research seeks to investigate this trend to centralize water management under the Sasanians. My project will be driven by such questions as: What incentivized the Sasanian bureaucracy to centralize irrigation? How does water management effect efficient governing? Which Sasanian kings focus the most on irrigation projects? What role did water play in the Sasanian understanding of Zoroastrianism? Do religion, politics, and economics overlap in a common emphasis on water management in ancient Iran?

2 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 1982
TL;DR: In this paper, the wichtigsten Veranderungsmuster analysieren, die sich in traditionalen Gesellschaften nachweisen lassen.
Abstract: In diesem Kapitel wollen wir die wichtigsten Veranderungsmuster analysieren, die sich in traditionalen Gesellschaften nachweisen lassen. Dabei legen wir weder eine detaillierte Analyse samtlicher Veranderungsprozesse in diesen Gesellschaften vor, noch analysieren wir die Bedingungen, unter denen die verschiedenen Typen traditionaler Gesellschaften entstanden sind. Wir konzentrieren uns vielmehr erstens auf die Analyse ausgewahlter Veranderungsmuster, um zu sehen, ob es zu einer Verschmelzung oder Vereinigung der Bestrebungen kam, die makrogesellschaftliche Ordnung zu verandern und zu reorganisieren, und zweitens auf Ausmas und Art gesellschaftlicher Transformierbarkeit (das heist darauf, inwieweit Veranderungsprozesse in einer Gesellschaft kulturelle Muster und soziale Ordnungen hervorbrachten, die die ursprunglichen institutionellen Gegebenheiten uberwanden, und inwieweit solche Systeme eine wachsende strukturelle und/oder symbolische Differenzierung erfuhren). Und drittens untersuchen wir die Bedingungen, die diese Veranderungsmuster haben entstehen lassen.

2 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss foreign languages in Persia and their changes in different eras, from the past to the present, from historical documents and existing knowledge, it has been realised that the number of languages that used to be spoken during the Persian history as well as their diversity is very impressive.
Abstract: Persia has got an ancient, very rich history and civilisation. This has resulted into widespread relations between Persians and other nations along history. As a result, besides the Persian language which has been used to communicate by different people settled in this territory, befitting a time and era, a variety of foreign languages have become popular. By the means of historical research, this article aims to discuss foreign languages in Persia and their changes in different eras, from the past to the present. Having considered historical documents and existing knowledge, it has been realised that the number of languages that used to be spoken during the Persian history as well as their diversity is very impressive.

2 citations


Cites background from "L'Iran sous les Sassanides"

  • ...He translated the Indian Panchatantra from Sanskrit into Pahlavi (Christensen, 1935)....

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  • ...It is worth mentioning most of Mani’s major works in which he had invited people to a new religion at the time of the Sassanid king, Shapur I, was in Syriac (Christensen, 1935)....

    [...]

Journal Article
TL;DR: The study has worked on the manuscripts remained from different historical era as well as the more recent research conducted on the history of Persian medicine to depict the advanced medical system present in ancient Persia.
Abstract: Studying the history of science in ancient civilizations can help to shed light on the mysteries of the history of science as well as the contribution of nations to the growth of science in the world throughout the history. Among various branches of science, medicine is of particular importance and owing to the crucial role of physicians in this discipline; the present study has taken the role of physicians in ancient Persia (since the dawn of history to 637 AD) into account. To meet this end, the study has worked on the manuscripts remained from different historical era (Iranian and Non-Iranian) as well as the ndings of the more recent research conducted on the history of Persian medicine. In the end, a sketch of the status of physicians in ancient Persia are presented: 1- Medicine in ancient Persian languages, 2- The status of medicine in ancient Persia, 3- Different kinds of physicians, 4- Persian physicians, 5- Non-Persian physicians in ancient Persia, and 6- Common medical rules and laws. The ndings of the study depict the advanced medical system present in ancient Persia. It is also found that the high scientic and economic status of physicians and scientists in ancient Persia encouraged numerous non-Persian physicians to im

1 citations