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L'Iran sous les Sassanides

01 Jan 1944-
About: The article was published on 1944-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 121 citations till now.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a relativo a las complejas maniobras diplomaticas y militares that ambas potencias emprendieron en la segunda mitad del siglo VI para hacerse con el control and el apoyo of two nuevos imperios nomadas surgidos in las estepas y montanas de Europa oriental and Asia Central: el imperio avaro and el imperios de los turcos kok occidentales.
Abstract: Uno de los episodios menos estudiados de la secular disputa que Bizancio y la Persia sasanida mantuvieron entre si por el control del antiguo Oriente, es el relativo a las complejas maniobras diplomaticas y militares que ambas potencias emprendieron en la segunda mitad del siglo VI para hacerse con el control y el apoyo de dos nuevos imperios nomadas surgidos en las estepas y montanas de Europa oriental y Asia Central: el imperio avaro y el imperio de los turcos kok occidentales. En ultima instancia la rivalidad bizantino-sasanida por el control de las estepas determino no solo la historia de ambos imperios, sino tambien la de Europa oriental y Asia Central
10 Jul 2017
TL;DR: In this article, the authors explored the possibility existence of Persian Silk Fabric (Diba) and identified the locations of Diba weave and its production and presented a careful classification of Silk fabrics.
Abstract: This paper explores the possibility existence of Persian silk fabric (Diba). The study also identifies the locations of Diba weave and its production. Based on the detailed analysis of Dida etymology and discovery locations, this paper present careful classification silk fabrics. Present study investigates the characteristics of Diba and introduces its sub-divisions from Pre-Islamic period to late Buyid dynasty. The paper reports the features of silk fabric of Ancient Persian, silk classification of Sasanian Empire based on discovery location, and silk sub-divisions of Buyaid dynasty. The results confirm the existence of Diba and its various types through a historical contextual analysis.

Additional excerpts

  • ...(Christensen, 1989; Gheybi, 2008)....

    [...]

18 Feb 2010
TL;DR: Asya Hunlari as discussed by the authors doneminden itibaren Turklerde oluler ekseriyetle gomulmekte idi, bu onemliise ile ilgili verilen malumatized sona verinin de vertefikleri olan Kionitler idi; bu, yazili kaynaklarin belirttiklerine gore, Hunlarin bugunku Turkiye topraklarindaki ilk gorunusleridir.
Abstract: Asya Hunlari doneminden itibaren Turklerde oluler ekseriyetle gomulmekte idi. Ama bilhassa Cin kaynaklarinin verdikleri bilgilere ve yapilan arkeolojik kazilara binaen, Hun, Turk ve Kirgizlar donemlerinde olu-yakma geleneklerine de siklikla rastlanmaktadir. Hun Devleti’nin yikilmasindan sonra bir kisim Hunlar da 350li yillardan itibaren Maveraunnehir ve Iran yaylasina dogru ilerlediler. Bu Hunlardan biri de Sasaniler’in muttefikleri olan Kionitler idi. Kionitler, 359 yilinda Amida (Diyarbakir) onlerindeki kusatmaya, hukumdarlari Grumbates ve oglu ile birlikte bir grup Hunlarla birlikte istirak ettiler; bu, yazili kaynaklarin belirttiklerine gore, Hunlarin bugunku Turkiye topraklarindaki ilk gorunusleridir. Grumbates ve Hunlari hakkinda bilgi veren kaynagimiz Ammianus Marcellinus’un bu konuda yazdiklari soyledir: “…gun agarirken Kionitae krali Grumbates, … faal bir muhafiz grubuyla cesaretle surlara dogru ilerledi; fakat mahir bir gozcu, silahinin atis mesafesi icerisine girer girmez onu yakaladi ve bir mancinigi bosaltarak Grumbates’in oglunun hem gogus zirhini ve hem de gogsunu parcaladi. … Aksam karanliginda, yiginla olu ve kan deryasi arasinda guclukle muhafaza edilen ceset, karanligin himayesi altinda suruklenerek uzaklastirildi… Bu olumle saray sarsildi, ve butun soylular, keza babasi, huzun verici felaketten afalladilar; bu sebeple de (savasa) gecici bir ara verildi, devletli ve sevgili genc adam, kendi milletinin adeti uzere defnedildi. Buna gore, o, hazirlandi, adeti oldugu gibi silahlari kusatildi, genis ve yumusak bir zemin uzerine yatirildi, olunun etrafina da olmus adamlarin heykelleri bulunan on yatak serildi …heykeller tipki mezardaki cesetler gibiydiler. Yedi gunluk arada topluluklarla ve arkadaslarla butun erkekler, dans ederek ve bazi huzun verici agitlar soyleyerek yediler, ictiler. Kadinlara gelince, aciyla goguslerini dogerek ve kendi adetlerine gore gozyasi dokerek, yuksek sesle, gencliginin baharinda milletlerinin kaybettigi umidine agladilar. …Ceset yakildiktan ve kuller toplanarak gumus bir kaba konduktan sonra …” Bu onemli hadise ile ilgili verilen malumat maalesef burada sona eriyor. Ancak verilen bilgiden, Hunlarda olu yakma geleneginin de mevcudiyeti anlasilmaktadir.
Journal ArticleDOI
Hossein Kamaly1
TL;DR: In this article, the authors focus on a few well-known Arab conquest narratives and investigate the information they contain on the asvarrán, and underline some of the difficulties involved when drawing inferences from them with respect to Sasanian social hierarchy and military structure.
Abstract: Narratives of the Arab Conquests that were compiled in book form only after the ninth century fall short of providing a consistent, let alone an accurate, view of Sasanian hierarchies of rank and status during the sixth and seventh centuries. Knowledge of provincial divisions and administrative practices under Sasanian rule was reflected more accurately, not least of all because it directly pertained to the collection of tax revenues for the conquerors. When it comes to information about Iranian society and culture before the conquests, Arabic sources, often based on veterans’ tales, offer but fragmentary and anecdotal information. While scholars have made great use of these sources, it is still difficult to fathom the composition and function of groups such as the Sasanian asvārān. Focusing on a few well-known conquest narratives, this article investigates the information they contain on the asvārān, and will underline some of the difficulties involved when drawing inferences from them with respect to Sasanian social hierarchy and military structure.