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Journal ArticleDOI

La prueba de la eficiencia: un estudio de casos de las relaciones de colaboración que mantienen empresas con organizaciones sin fin de lucro en Chile

01 Apr 2013-Sociologias (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)-Vol. 15, Iss: 32, pp 256-284

AbstractEl proposito de este articulo es describir la relacion de colaboracion que mantienen cuatro empresas de capital espanol, con OSFL en Chile, en el marco de las acciones de Responsabilidad Social que desarrollan. Intereso observar el origen de la relacion, la asignacion de valor que las empresas atribuian a la relacion y las posibles acciones o consecuencias, lecciones o aprendizajes que surgian de ellas. p�p mh�� �F� sciplinar especializado de amplo espectro. Destacamos no texto a autoridade nao apenas intelectual como moral do discurso normativo oriundo dessas atividades, face a outros discursos presentes na cultura, sejam eles tradicionais – de origem nativa ou externa, como as orientais – sejam eles paralelos atuais, como os das chamadas medicinas ou saberes terapeuticos alternativos derivados dos movimentos de contracultura que remontam aos anos setentas. Nossa hipotese e que esta influencia normativa atinge areas do viver e setores cada vez mais amplos das populacoes, sendo possivel afirmar que as ciencias sociais, sobretudo a sociologia, nao vem atribuindo a questao da vida e da saude humanas a mesma importância que atribui a outros aspectos da vida social, e que e urgente pensar a cultura do vida e do viver veiculada pelas biociencias.

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Citations
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01 Oct 2012
Abstract: La creacion de valor compartido es vista por Michael Porter como un camino que tienen las empresas privadas para conducir una ola de crecimiento que traiga beneficios economicos, ambientales y sociales. Porter asegura que las empresas deben redefinir sus estrategias para no solo generar riqueza a sus accionistas, sino tambien a la sociedad como un todo. El Dr. Porter ha sido reconocido como el padre del campo de la estrategia y considerado el pensador mas influyente del mundo de la gestion y la competitividad. El nos propone a partir del concepto de creacion de valor compartido una forma distinta de ver la relacion entre empresa y sociedad, ademas de una forma de evolucion de los conceptos tradicionales de filantropia y de responsabilidad social empresarial.

37 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The scope of this paper is to reflect on the theoretical construction in the constitution of the sociology of health, still called medical sociology in some countries. Two main ideas constitute the basis for this: interdisciplinarity and the degree of articulation in the fields of medicine and sociology. We sought to establish a dialogue with some dimensions - macro/micro, structure/action - that constitute the basis for understanding medicine/health in relation to the social/sociological dimension. The main aspects of these dimensions are initially presented. Straus' two medical sociologies and the theory/application impasses are then addressed, as well as the dilemmas of the sociology of medicine in the 1960s and 1970s. From these analyses the theoretical production before 1970 is placed as a counterpoint. Lastly, the sociology of health is seen in the general context of sociology, which underwent a fragmentation process from 1970 with effects in all subfields of the social sciences. This process involves a rethinking of the theoretical issues in a broadened spectrum of possibilities. The 1980s are highlighted when theoretical issues in the sociology of health are reinvigorated and the issue of interdisciplinarity is once again addressed.

5 citations


01 Jan 2014
Abstract: The scope of this paper is to reflect onthe theoretical construction in the constitutionof the sociology of health, still called medical soci-ology in some countries. Two main ideas consti-tute the basis for this: interdisciplinarity and thedegree of articulation in the fields of medicineand sociology. We sought to establish a dialoguewith some dimensions – macro/micro, structure/action – that constitute the basis for understand-ing medicine/health in relation to the social/so-ciological dimension. The main aspects of thesedimensions are initially presented. Straus’ twomedical sociologies and the theory/applicationimpasses are then addressed, as well as the dilem-mas of the sociology of medicine in the 1960s and1970s. From these analyses the theoretical pro-duction before 1970 is placed as a counterpoint.Lastly, the sociology of health is seen in the gener-al context of sociology, which underwent a frag-mentation process from 1970 with effects in allsubfields of the social sciences. This process in-volves a rethinking of the theoretical issues in abroadened spectrum of possibilities. The 1980s arehighlighted when theoretical issues in the sociol-ogy of health are reinvigorated and the issue ofinterdisciplinarity is once again addressed.

3 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: El presente articulo da cuenta de los principales argumentos de la vision que poseen representantes de la sociedad civil sobre el accionar de las empresas y el Estado chileno. Por medio de una metodologia cualitativa, se realizaron 24 entrevistas semi-estructuradas a representantes de tres tipos de organizaciones pertenecientes a la sociedad civil: sindicatos, organizaciones sin fines de lucro y movimientos sociales. Los temas a indagar fueron el accionar de las empresas chilenas y su vinculacion con la sociedad y comunidad en las cuales operan, asi como el como el rol que posee el Estado en asegurar derechos e implementar politicas publicas y programas sociales. Los resultados preliminares de nuestra investigacion nos muestran un descontento con el funcionamiento de la institucionalidad economica y politica chilena. Los argumentos de nuestros entrevistados critican el rol que juegan las empresas chilenas en el desarrollo de su responsabilidad social y el disminuido rol que posee el Estado para regular el actuar de las empresas y garantizar la proteccion de derechos universales.

2 citations



References
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Abstract: �Traditional, hierarchical views of leadership are less and less useful given the complexities of our modern world. Leadership theory must transition to new perspectives that account for the complex adaptive needs of organizations. In this paper, we propose that leadership (as opposed to leaders) can be seen as a complex dynamic process that emerges in the interactive “spaces between” people and ideas. That is, leadership is a dynamic that transcends the capabilities of individuals alone; it is the product of interaction, tension, and exchange rules governing changes in perceptions and understanding. We label this a dynamic of adaptive leadership, and we show how this dynamic provides important insights about the nature of leadership and its outcomes in organizational fields. We define a leadership event as a perceived segment of action whose meaning is created by the interactions of actors involved in producing it, and we present a set of innovative methods for capturing and analyzing these contextually driven processes. We provide theoretical and practical implications of these ideas for organizational behavior and organization and management theory.

22,211 citations


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Abstract: A main problem in the study of organizational change is that the environmental contexts in which organizations exist are themselves changing, at an increasing rate, and towards increasing complexity. This point, in itself, scarcely needs laboring. Nevertheless, the characteristics of organizational environments demand consideration for their own sake, if there is to be an advancement of understanding in the behavioral sciences of a great deal that is taking place under the impact of technological change, especially at the present time. This chapter is offered as a brief attempt to open up some of the problems; it stems from a belief that progress will be quicker if a certain extension can be made to current thinking about systems.

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Abstract: The management of competing stakeholder interests has emerged as a significant topic in the management literature. Related issues are the relationship between stakeholder management and the perception that a firm is socially responsible, and the performance implications of both stakeholder management and social responsibility. Theory and models surrounding these issues are abundant, but empirical research is in an early stage. This research forum reports six excellent efforts to tackle fundamental ideas about stakeholders, social responsibility, and performance.

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Abstract: Stakeholder theory provides a framework for investigating the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance. This relationship is investigated by examining how change in CSP is related to change in financial accounting measures. The findings provide some support for a tenet in stakeholder theory which asserts that the dominant stakeholder group, shareholders, financially benefit when management meets the demands of multiple stakeholders. Specifically, change in CSP was positively associated with growth in sales for the current and subsequent year. This indicates that there are short-term benefits from improving CSP. Return on sales was significantly positively related to change in CSP for the third financial period, indicating that long-term financial benefits may exist when CSP is improved.

893 citations