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Journal Article

La Psicología en Argentina: desarrollo disciplinar y realidad nacional

01 Dec 2008-Interamerican Journal of Psychology (Sociedad Interamericana de Psicología)-Vol. 42, Iss: 3, pp 462-471

AbstractWe review the historical development of Psychology in Argentina, from its origins at the end of the nineteenth century (the ‘sowing’ period) until present times (the period of the ‘owed harvest’). We explain the extinction – due to retirement or death – of the paths set up by pioneers who emerged in this country two decades after Wundt founded the Experimental Psychology Laboratory, followed by a vacancy period in the discipline and the multiple emergence of psychology degrees at public universities after 1954. This gestation period had important theoretical and scientific flaws and strong distortions created by the medical-clinical model. Although these circumstances are changing nowadays, there remain some

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01 Jan 2012
Abstract: This essay summarizes the status of psychotherapy as a private practice in professional psychology. A brief introduction to the beginnings of the profession of psychologist is presented, as well as aspects of its current situation. It is specially analyzed the theoretical training and the possible causes to explain the dominance of a field exercise above the others. Furthermore, some particular situations related to private clinical psychology are discussed, as well as the role of first-order institutions as mediators between the professional and healthcare companies. Finally, a few lines of action are proposed, to reverse the condition of job insecurity and taking out of centre the clinical activity; as a hegemonic model of employability.

4 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The argument put forth in this paper is that Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theories were pseudoscientific and philosophical rather than empirical. Several examples are given to support thi...

4 citations


Cites background from "La Psicología en Argentina: desarro..."

  • ...In some countries, such as Indonesia and Argentina, Freudian psychoanalysis to this day has had a crippling stranglehold on the mental health field so that for the better part of the 20th century, non-Freudian psychologists were excluded from clinical work (Saforcada, 2008)....

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01 May 2020
Abstract: This research aimed to analyze the demand for Psychology careers in the future high school graduates and for the employers of psychology professionals in Zone 3 of Ecuador. A study of quantitative type, a non-experimental design, cross-section and exploratory and descriptive scopes, was carried out. Data were collected from 405 employers with a non-probabilistic sampling for convenience, and from 5,384 high school graduates through a probabilistic sampling. As a result, it was obtained that in such zone, the offer for the clinical, organizational, and general psychology careers would be feasible. In the case of educational psychology, it would have a better acceptance than the organizational, but the university would be at risk of generating unemployment and underemployment in the future.

4 citations


Cites background from "La Psicología en Argentina: desarro..."

  • ...En un estudio más, el de Saforcada (2008), hecho en Argentina, se obtuvo como resultado que los psicólogos se distribuían en su ejercicio profesional de la forma siguiente: en el área clínica, entre 60 y 90%; en la educacional, entre 14 y 25%; en la forense, entre 1 y 11% y, en la laboral, entre 1…...

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  • ...…carreras universitarias de psicología [y de] que las universidades que le dieron cabida a estas carreras ignoraron e ignoran olímpicamente las necesidades de la sociedad argentina y los requerimientos de factor humano que tenía y tiene el desarrollo nacional argentino” (Saforcada, 2008, p. 469)....

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  • ...El estudio de Saforcada (2008) se enfocó al análisis del entorno de Argentina de ese momento, país donde la psicología no daba respuesta a los problemas sociales desde la perspectiva de la psicología ambiental, económica, comunitaria, política, educativa y del tránsito y transporte, entre otras....

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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Aug 2012
Abstract: En el presente ensayo teorico se analiza la evolucion de las politicas publicas en materia de salud en Mexico, con especial enfasis en las propuestas formuladas por el gobierno federal del Dr. Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon en el periodo 1994-2000. Se discute si esas politicas se tradujeron en una mejora en la condicion de salud de los mexicanos o en un incremento en las tasas de mortalidad, en particular las relacionadas con las enfermedades cronicas no transmisibles (i.e., del corazon, tumores malignos y diabetes, principalmente).In the current theoretical essay we analyze the evolution of public health policies in Mexico, with special emphasis on the proposals put forward by the federal government of Dr. Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon during the period 1994-2000. We discuss whether these health policies brought about an improvement the health of Mexicans, or whether they produced an increase in the mortality rate, especially from deaths caused by non-communicable diseases (principally, heart diseases, malignant tumors and diabetes)

3 citations


01 Jan 2009
Abstract: This paper analyzes the occupational structure of a sample of young professionals graduated in Psychology. This is a relevant topic and with a few studies until now. This studied allow knowing the situation of young professionals today, the level of employability. This study contributes to understanding the characteristics of a particular fi eld, with distinctive features. In turn, the data, have a high degree of transference because they provide information to evaluate and rethink the current training Psychologist in Argentina, considering their strengths and weaknesses, analyzing the achievements and outstanding debts.

2 citations


Cites background from "La Psicología en Argentina: desarro..."

  • ...Tal como menciona Saforcada (2008) un amplio campo de la profesión ha sido descuidado, dejando lugar a otros profesionales, inclusive permitiendo el surgimiento de una gran cantidad de instituciones terciarias; cuyo único requisito de ingreso a carreras como Psicología Social o Counselor, es tener…...

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References
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01 Jan 1990

8 citations


29 Jul 2004
Abstract: Atraves da leitura critica da primeira edicao do texto “Ciencias Sociais” de Lourenco Filho, pode-se tecer algumas consideracoes sobre o desenvolvimento da Psicologia Aplicada ao trabalho no Rio de Janeiro. No entanto, para se falar na implementacao deste campo, e necessario mencionar o pioneirismo dos estados de Minas Gerais e Sao Paulo, assim como a contribuicao de engenheiros e administradores. Neste cenario, destaca-se a atuacao de profissionais como Roberto Mange, Leon Walther, Otavio Martins, Mira y Lopez e em especial o psicologo Waclaw Radecki, cujo Laboratorio de Psicologia Experimental origina o Instituto de Psicologia. Outro importante nome e o do professor Etienne Souriau, responsavel pelo curso em Psicologia Aplicada ao Trabalho, parte constituinte da disciplina 'Psicologia e Filosofia' da Universidade do Distrito Federal.

7 citations