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Journal ArticleDOI

La Psicología Social Comunitaria en América Latina: ¿Consolidación o crisis?

15 May 2014-Vol. 13, Iss: 2, pp 6-18

Abstract?Como ha contribuido la Psicologia Social Comunitaria (PSC) Latinoamericana al cumplimiento de las metas, caracteristicas y valores que marcaron su  nacimiento? ?Han sido sus desarrollos consistentes con estas orientaciones? ?Continuan estas vigentes? ?Cuales han sido sus logros y la pertinencia  de los fundamentos empleados para alcanzarlos? El presente articulo aborda estas preguntas a traves del analisis de algunas revisiones criticas de parte de la produccion psicosocial comunitaria latinoamericana. Para tales efectos, confrontamos el discurso de la PSC, en cuanto a sus aspiraciones, con las contribuciones que se desprenden de  la praxis disciplinar, ejemplificada con los resultados de las revisiones realizadas. Este dialogo entre discurso y accion  se organizo con base en el doble compromiso de la PSC: el academico y el social. En el primero consideramos los aportes teoricos y metodologicos al area, mientras que  para el segundo  nos centramos en los actores, los contextos, los procesos y los aportes identificados. En cada caso discutimos el alcance de la produccion y su  impacto para el cumplimiento de  los propositos, caracteristicas y valores postulados para la disciplina. Las reflexiones e interrogantes formuladas a lo largo del texto, y las conclusiones generadas, conducen  a preguntarnos  sobre las implicaciones de los resultados y de si  podemos interpretarlos como indicadores de consolidacion o de crisis de la disciplina.

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Citations
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01 Jan 2008
Abstract: Given the curren state of contemporary Social Community Psychology, there is as yet no body of theory and concepts wich. can be considered dominant. On the other hand, theory and concept are central themes across a range of communities disciplines, in order to guide their practices. This paper presented a conceptual alternative for understanding both the object of Social Community Psychology and the meaning of community in a socio psychological perspective. A theoretical model is provided using categories such as subjectivity, subject, needs and daily life. A dialectical conceptions of the social subject as mediating between constituted and constituting is developed. The author focuses on the concept of social subjectivity. It is considered a configurational construction, not a fixed entity. Ninguna ciencia es neutra, pues siempre va a obedecer a un proyecto explicativo de la realidad natural o social para su posterior control. Este proyecto explicativo no puede prescindir o anular, los propósitos y la Intencionalidad del sujeto que le construye. Como producto humano, la ciencia no existe en abstracto y siempre serán sus portadores, individuos singulares y concretos. Por desdicha lamentábase Freud rara vez se es imparcial cuando se trata de las cosas últimas, de los grandes problemas de la ciencia y de la vida. Creo que cada cual está dominado en estas cuestiones por preferencias hondamente arraigadas en su interioridad, que influyen, sin que se lo advierta, son las que se ponen por obra cuando se especula. (Freud S. 1976 pag. 58) Difícilmente podamos no compartir en algún grado estas consideraciones, a las que agregaríamos, que en la misma medida en que el discurso y la práctica científica no pueden eliminar la especificidad singular de quien lo protagoniza, tampoco pueden borrar la marca de la época histórica en que se concretan.

30 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In recent years, psychologists have begun to use video more frequently in qualitative research, in particular, within research on social justice. The non-confidential nature inherent in video, however, raises new ethical challenges for the field of psychology to address. Building upon a growing literature on video-based research, in this article, we use an illustrative case study to examine how researchers' sense of ethical responsibility can find guidance from, clash against, or fill gaps left by extant federal and disciplinary ethical requirements. We focus specifically on issues of confidentiality and representation, highlighting the challenges and possibilities that video creates in relation to participants' power, dignity, and participation and arguing that psychologists must systematically engage questions about ethical responsibilities throughout the design and implementation phases of a research project. In doing so, psychologists, their community partners, and students will be better able to articulate and problematize their assumptions and intentions regarding video work.

11 citations


Book ChapterDOI
16 Sep 2019
Abstract: Critical Community Psychology is written by a group of academic community psychologists with many years of experience working, teaching and thinking together. They have developed a clear and effective method for bringing together the theory and practice of community psychology, which has become firmly grounded in time and place. This book aims to provide students of different community-based professions, working in a range of applied settings, with not only the theories, values and principles of community psychology, but also with the practical guidance that will underpin their community psychological work.

8 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: En este trabajo se aborda descriptivamente las dimensiones etica y politica de la Psicologia Comunitaria (PC) en la politica social chilena a partir de un estudio cualitativo que contemplo tres fases progresivas de estudio: (1) Confeccion de un catastro de la oferta de programas comunitarios (PCo) vigentes en los sitios web de diez Ministerios (N= 101); (2) Analisis descriptivo de las orientaciones y practicas implementadas en PCo cercanos a los principios etico-politicos de la PC; y (3) Estudio de caso de tres PCo ejecutados en la Region de Valparaiso y Metropolitana. Los resultados muestran una escasa convergencia entre los principios y valores etico-politicos de la PC y los fundamentos y practicas implementadas en los PCo examinados, mientras que a nivel metodologico existe mayor cercania con modelos y estrategias propias de la disciplina. Se concluye que la incidencia de la PC chilena en las politicas sociales se limita solo al plano tecnico-metodologico, excluyendo sus principios orientadores.

6 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This article seeks, mainly, to develop a critical approach to the problem of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and, through this, to rethink the problem of activism and militancy in relation to the power of a symptom linked to a corporality that seems to overflow a determined moral political framework. For this reason, we seek to think of a militancy that intensifies error, as a political power, beyond the search for a specific and universal diagnostic associated with what is understood as evidence. We begin with the description of the emergence of what we have called the ADHD Situation. First, using field notes from a collective ethnographic investigation performed during 2017, we describe the ADHD Situation as an ongoing process. Then we connect it to a broader context by examining the role of the school in contemporary Chilean neoliberal society from a genealogical-affective approximation, trying to avoid substantializing readings. In the second section, we develop this connection, describing the production of the ADHD Situation through the lenses of epistemology, ethics, economics, and politics. We also use here a critical analysis of three key documents that help us chart the institutional development of the disorder: The National Mental Health Plan (2017), the National Children’s Health Program (2015) and the Clinical Guide to Attention Deficit (2009). We demonstrate the existence of an epistemological connivance between macrosocial transformations and the community approach utilized in these documents. This provokes us to think about a militancy capable of trespassing the borders of academia, health definitions, and social interventions through the intensification of the power of error as an opening to radical transformations.

5 citations


Cites background from "La Psicología Social Comunitaria en..."

  • ...…signified a confrontation between the “political dimension of social-communitarian psychology (PSC, Spanish initials), represented by concepts such as emancipation, autonomy, and citizenship [and] paternalistic public assistance programs, social control, and dependency” (Wiesenfeld, 2014, p. 12)....

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References
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This article starts with a critique of Guba and Lincoln's outline of competing paradigms for research, in particular arguing that the constructivist position fails to account for experiential knowi...

1,138 citations


"La Psicología Social Comunitaria en..." refers background in this paper

  • ...En lo teórico, se han hecho aportes que abarcan desde definiciones y modelos conceptuales para estudiarla, fomentarla o mantenerla (Ferullo, 2006; Montero, 2004; Sánchez, Esther Wiesenfeld 13 2000) hasta elaboraciones paradigmáticas (Heron & Reason, 1997)....

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01 Jan 1991
Abstract: Participatory action research (PAR) is based on the existential concept of experience proposed by the Spanish philosopher Jose Ortega y Gasset. PAR is not exclusively research-oriented and it does not pertain solely to adult education or sociopolitical action. It encompasses all these aspects together as three stages or emphases which are not necessarily consecutive. They may be combined into a process of personal and collective behavior occurring within a satisfying and productive cycle of life and labor called experiential methodology. This book discusses some of the basic components of PAR. Chapter 1 provides basic information about PAR and discusses two processes: 1) empowering the oppressed; and 2) sociopolitical thought processes. Chapter 2 discusses the theoretical standpoint of PAR and includes four themes: 1) the generation of knowledge; 2) peoples empowerment and research; 3) PAR as a cultural movement; and 4) leadership and consciousness. Chapter 3 provides a self-review of PAR and reviews two opposite trends: one toward empowerment of grassroots people and the other largely unanticipated by the originators reaching out to the elite and dominant groups with an electrifying effect.

1,029 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper aims at exploring and discussing the possibilities of applying qualitative content analysis as a (text) interpretation method in case study research. First, case study research as a research strategy within qualitative social research is briefly presented. Then, a basic introduction to (qualitative) content analysis as an interpretation method for qualitative interviews and other data material is given. Finally the use of qualitative content analysis for developing case studies is examined and evaluated. The author argues in favor of both case study research as a research strategy and qualitative content analysis as a method of examination of data material and seeks to encourage the integration of qualitative content analysis into the data analysis in case study research.

953 citations


"La Psicología Social Comunitaria en..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Ambas investigaciones documentales analizaron cualitativamente los contenidos examinados (Kohlbacher, 2006)....

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Book
01 Sep 1991
Abstract: Preface vii PARTI: INTRODUCTION 1. Some Basic Ingredients, Orlando Fals-Borda 3 2. The Theoretical Standpoint of PAR, Muhammad Anisur Rahman 13 3. A Self-Review of PAR, Muhammad Anisur Rahman and Orlando Fals-Borda 24 PART II: VIVENCIAS 4. Together Against the Computer: PAR and the Struggle of Afro-Colombians for Public Service, Gustavo I. de Roux 37 5. Young Laborers in Bogota: Breaking Authoritarian Ramparts, Maria Cristina Salazar 54 6. Action and Participatory Research: A Case of Peasant Organization, Vera Gianotten and Ton de Wit 64 7. Glimpses of the "Other Africa," Muhammad Anisur Rahman 84 8. People's Power in Zimbabwe, Sithembiso Nyoni 109 vi Action and Knowledge 9. Toward a Knowledge Democracy: Viewpoints on Participatory Research in North America, JohnGaventa 121 PARTm: STEPS IN PRAXIOLOGY 10. Stimulation of Self-Reliant Initiatives by Sensitized Agents: Some Lessons from Practice, S. Tilakaratna 135 11. Remaking Knowledge, Orlando Fals-Borda 146 References and Further Reading 167 About the Co-authors 181

736 citations


"La Psicología Social Comunitaria en..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Tal como lo sustenta la IAP, el diálogo fundamentado en la praxis y las acciones estimuladas por las reflexiones grupales, son maneras de enriquecernos como individuos, ciudadanos, profesionales y de contribuir al desarrollo disciplinar (Fals-Borda & Rahman, 1991)....

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