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Journal ArticleDOI

Land Consolidation Considering Natural Afforestation

TL;DR: In this article , the problem of natural agricultural land afforestation with insufficient forest cover of the area is highlighted and the authors identify the main approaches to the issue of agricultural-land afforestation and propose land consolidation aimed at the rationalisation of agricultural and forest land management.
Abstract: The article highlights the problem of natural agricultural-land afforestation with insufficient forest cover of the area. The article purports to substantiate land consolidation aimed at the rationalisation of agricultural and forest land management in such conditions. The authors identify the main approaches to the issue of natural agricultural land afforestation. The afforested areas of agricultural land are suggested for redesignation as a forest resource as a result of a swap and reallotment of land plots. As an example, consolidation of available land, in the conditions of natural afforestation, has been accomplished based on a number of land masses in Chernihiv Oblast’, Ukraine. Resulting from the project implementation, better configuration and improved layout of agricultural land plots have been achieved, while the length and placement of country lanes have been optimized. The reforested agricultural areas within the specific land mass have been redesignated as a forest resource. The advantages and disadvantages of natural afforestation in land consolidation are identified in contrast to alternative approaches.The research findings can be used by territorial communities in the upgrade of land management practices, laying out and redesign of landscape parks and other nature conservation areas that include areas of business activity.

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TL;DR: In this article , the use of photogrammetric and remote-sensing products to facilitate land consolidation is investigated, and the legal regulations governing the process and the literature on the subject, as well as some practical examples encountered in surveying practice are analyzed.
Abstract: The increase in population and the growing demand for food that accompanies it drive the need to achieve sustainable agriculture. Technological progress and methodological novelties provide tools that may support the processes of improving the spatial structure of agricultural lands, as well as their management. One of the examples may be the application of photogrammetric and remote-sensing products to facilitate land consolidation. In the following paper, the systematised procedure of conduct is investigated to determine the moments at which these products could be adopted. In identifying the possibilities for implementing the abovementioned tools, we analyse the legal regulations governing the process and the literature on the subject, as well as some practical examples encountered in surveying practice. In addition, the usefulness of such geospatial products is tested on data gathered during an exemplary UAV flight. We then investigate the issues with implementing the abovementioned tools and assess their advantages and disadvantages in smart agriculture. The research proves that reliable elaboration of the consolidation project concept is critical for its correct realisation, while modern measurement methods providing efficient, up-to-date, factual data facilitate the procedures and support rational decision making. Moreover, they enable us to ensure the necessary accuracy of the data for the scope of the land use and avoid analysing a compilation of several cartographic materials concerning the surveyed object. In the present study, the RMSExyz mean square error at the control points for the orthomosaic, generated using the Matrice 210 RTK v2 professional flying platform, is 5.6 cm, while for the orthomosaic created from images from the amateur drone Mavic 2 Pro RMSExyz, it is 9.2 cm. The results obtained also indicate the usefulness of low-budget drones during the land consolidation process.

7 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the regeneration energy required for CO2-loaded 3 M aqueous potassium sarcosinate (K-SAR) solvent and crystalline methyl-glyoxal-bisiminoguanidine (MGBIG) sorbent was evaluated.

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the problem of identifying the peerness of land plots is scrutinized, i.e. the recognition of land items to be peer provided the difference of their values is less than 10%.
Abstract: The article scrutinizes the problem of land plots exchange with the aim of the spatial land improvement. At the current stage, the problem of the removal of overlapping of agricultural lands in agricultural land masses, elaboration and improvement of land consolidation mechanisms; the implementation of compulsory complex land consolidation is under discussion; there are preconditions of the improvement of the technical substantiation of land plot alienation for public needs. In this context, the problem of the identification of the peerness of land plots is scrutinized, i.e. the recognition of land plots to be peer provided the difference of their values is less than 10%. The study aims at the improvement of approaches to the definition of the affordable difference of land plots values which can be considered peer at the exchange. The provisions of legislation have been analysed which precondition the peer land plots exchange and specify the affordable difference of values of such land plots. It has been revealed that due to the vague definition of the affordable difference of land plot value, there is the uncertainty of 1/110 (≈0,9%) to 13/220 (≈5,9%) of the value of land plot. The existence of such mistake is firstly the reason for the disputes of the equal land plots exchange in the court, secondly, it is a hurdle for the voluntary involvement of landowners to land exchange. The specification of the definition of the affordable difference of land plots values which can be considered to be equal has been suggested. The results gained can be used at the definition of land plots as the equal at exchange and sublease; at the implementation of complex land consolidation; at the alteration of legal acts on land consolidation; at the modeling of land reallotment based on the heuristic or optimizational approach.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors propose an approach to improve the quality of the data collected by the system by using the information of the user's interaction with the system and the system itself.
Abstract: Дослідження присвячене актуальному питанню перерозподілу земель у складі заходів щодо консолідації земель. Виокремлена проблематика пошуку територіальних резервів, які можуть створити просторову основу перерозподілу земель. Метою дослідження є виокремлення та обґрунтування територіальних резервів, які можуть бути залучені до процесу консолідації земель. Розглянуто землі, які з’являються в результаті просторової оптимізації земельного масиву або землекористування, земельні ділянки, викуплені у землевласників за їх бажанням, землі резерву та запасу, земельні ділянки, які відносять до невитребуваних паїв та відумерлої спадщини.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the success of natural renewal on fallows in the region under study, to identify factors influencing the course of natural afforestation and tree conservation depending on the location of the plot relative to the forest border and the distance to it.
Abstract: One of the main tasks of forestry in Ukraine is to increase forest cover – it can be partially solved by the development of low-productive agricultural land, in particular, fallows, on which self-sown forest is already growing or just appearing, since the expanded reproduction of forests is relevant for Ukraine, considering ecological and forestry transformations of fallows conditioned by their natural afforestation. The main goal was to evaluate the success of natural renewal on fallows in the region under study, to identify factors influencing the course of natural afforestation and tree conservation depending on the location of the plot relative to the forest border and the distance to it. General scientific, forestry and taxation, reconnaissance, forestry and ecological, and geobotanics methods were used to investigate natural renewal at fallows. Office study of materials was carried out using mathematical statistics. As a result of a detailed investigation of the natural settlement of forest tree species on abandoned fields of Western Polissya, it was found that in coniferous and subor conditions, the plots are mostly wooded with pine, as well as birch and alder. In most of the test plots, the renewal was satisfactory (according to the Nesterov scale). The number of self-seeding of tree species in the test plots was not uniform and ranged from 1.2-13.1 thous. units/ha depending on forest site types, species composition, undergrowth size, the abundance of living ground cover, and the degree of sodding of the site and clogging with weeds and grass, which ranged from 20 to 90%. The occurrence of natural renewal is also not uniform: from 19 to 100%. The spread of tree species occurred mainly from forest stands located to the west, northwest, and north of the fallows. The findings of the study are extremely important for employees of the forest industry, and can also be used by territorial communities in improving land management, establishing landscape parks, etc.
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, an integrated planning and decision support system is proposed that integrates artificial intelligence technologies and multi-criteria decision methods with a geographical information system for use in routine land consolidation planning as well as for undertaking ex ante evaluations of land consolidation projects.

142 citations

01 Jan 2000
TL;DR: The demand for land consolidation arises from a similar source in all countries: the need for readjusting unfavourable land division and promoting the appropriate use of the real property without changing the status of ownership as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Rural development by land consolidation is used in several countries in the Continent of Europe. At the moment, land consolidation projects are executed broadly in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Switzerland, as well as in Finland, Norway and Sweden. The demand for land consolidation arises from a similar source in all countries: the need for readjusting unfavourable land division and promoting the appropriate use of the real property without changing the status of ownership.

83 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of two conflicting goals, i.e., the improvement of old-forest patterns, and the equal participation of forest owners were studied in a privately owned forest area in Finland.

35 citations