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Dissertation

Language attitudes in Quebec : a contemporary perspective

01 Jan 2009-
About: The article was published on 2009-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 18 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Applied linguistics & Perspective (graphical).
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Dec 1986-Language

135 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: This article conducted a study with 147 young anglophones, francophones and allophone Montrealers in order to shed light on their attitudes towards English and French in terms of status and solidarity, and found that while the respondents recognized the social desirability of having an affective attachment to the French language, at a more private level, they held more positive attitudes toward English.
Abstract: This paper presents a 2007 study that was conducted amongst 147 young anglophone, francophone and allophone Montrealers in order to shed light on their attitudes towards English and French in terms of status and solidarity. The study made use of both a questionnaire and a matched-guise experiment. The findings indicate that while a certain amount of status was attributed to French, most likely as a result of language policy and planning measures such as Bill 101, significantly more status was attributed to English—most likely a result of the utilitarian value that the language holds as the global lingua franca. Regarding the solidarity dimension, it appears that while the respondents recognised the social desirability of having an affective attachment to the French language, at a more private level, they held more positive attitudes towards English. These can tentatively be explained in terms of the respondents’ social identity. Resume L’article ci-dessous presente une recherche menee en 2007 parmi 147 etudiants montrealais (anglophones, francophones et allophones) qui eut pour objectif d’examiner leurs attitudes envers l’anglais compare au francais en terme de statut et de solidarite. Un questionnaire et une etude des faux-couples furent utilises comme methodes de recherche. Les resultats indiquent qu’un certain statut est attribue au francais, ce qui est probablement une consequence des lois langagieres comme la Loi 101. Neanmoins, un statut plus important est attribue a l’anglais, ce qui est probablement une consequence de sa valeur utilitaire comme lingua franca globale. En ce qui concerne la dimension de la solidarite, bien que les jeunes montrealais semblent conscients de l’importance sociale de se sentir attaches a la langue francaise, lorsque l’on considere un aspect plus personnel, ils tendent a manifester des attitudes plus positives envers l’anglais. Ces attitudes plus positives envers l’anglais peuvent etre expliquees comme resultats de differentes identites sociales.

24 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...For the qualitative dimension, see Kircher (2010)....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the results of a study that employed a questionnaire and a matched-guise experiment to investigate the attitudes that Quebec francophones, anglophones and allophones hold towards Quebec French compared to European French are presented.
Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study that employed a questionnaire and a matched-guise experiment to investigate the attitudes that Quebec francophones, anglophones, French-English bilinguals and allophones hold towards Quebec French compared to European French. The findings indicate that attitudes towards Quebec French on the solidarity dimension have improved since the 1980s, while attitudes on the status dimension have remained the same. These findings are interpreted in the context of the burgeoning of Quebecers’ sense of belonging to their society on the one hand, and the tradition of viewing French as a monocentric rather than a pluricentric language on the other hand.

22 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...7 The research presented here constitutes part of a larger study that also investigated attitudes towards French compared to English (Kircher, 2010)....

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References
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Book
01 Jan 1932
TL;DR: The instrument to be described here is not, however, indirect in the usual sense of the word; it does not seek responses to items apparently unrelated to the attitudes investigated, and seeks to measure prejudice in a manner less direct than is true of the usual prejudice scale.
Abstract: THIS paper describes a technique which has been developed for the measurement of race prejudice. This technique differs from most prejudice inventories in that it avoids the following assumptions: (a) that the individual can say, to his own or the investigator's satisfaction, "This is how prejudiced I am," and (b) that, to the extent that the individual can accurately assess his degree of antipathy, he will report honestly the findings of such introspection. Most sociologists would perhaps agree that race attitudes rarely reside on a completely articulate level. Even where the individual holds to intellectual or ideological convictions which would seem to leave no room for out-group antipathies, such do persevere. Thus, we may expect the number of Americans who honestly think themselves "unprejudiced" to be considerably larger than effective research would reveal. Moreover, the number who present themselves as unprejudiced probably exceeds considerably the number who honestly, though often inaccurately, see themselves in this light. Most indirect techniques for the measurement of attitudes have their rationale in observations such as these. The instrument to be described here is not, however, indirect in the usual sense of the word; it does not seek responses to items apparently unrelated to the attitudes investigated. We do, however, seek to measure prejudice in a manner less direct than is true of the usual prejudice scale. In our instrument we seek to measure anti-Negro prejudice. Persons are called upon to respond on social distance scales to whites and Negroes who occupy a variety of occupational positions. The measure of prejudice is derived through the summation of the differences in distance responses to Negroes as opposed to whites in the same occupations. Thus, for lack of a better label,

12,492 citations


"Language attitudes in Quebec : a co..." refers result in this paper

  • ...Finally, in combination with works such as Likert (1932) and Oppenheim (1992), the above-mentioned studies also served as guides for the wording and formulation of the remaining questionnaire items....

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Book
01 Jan 1972
TL;DR: This article examined aspects of immersion student's first language performance that indicate an enhancement of linguistic skills over those of unilingual English students, including verb, prepositional and syntactic accuracy, lexical diversity and lexical uniqueness, accent, fluency, and discourse and strategic performance.
Abstract: The term 'additive bilingualism' to refer to the situation where an individual's first language is a societally dominant and prestigious one. It has typically been associated with positive social and cognitive characteristics of bilinguals, while subtractive bilingualism has typically been associated with negative social and cognitive characteristics. This chapter considers certain linguistic outcomes of French immersion education in an attempt to show how truly 'additive' the program has been. It examines aspects of immersion student's first language performance that indicate an enhancement of linguistic skills over those of unilingual English students. Four different measures of French proficiency were calculated for such features as verb, prepositional, and syntactic accuracy, lexical diversity and lexical uniqueness, accent, fluency, and discourse and strategic performance. The opinion essay was scored for number of words written, non homophonous grammatical errors, and a global judgement of 'good' writing involving two dimensions: complexity of sentence structure and phrasing, and incidence of spelling, grammatical, and syntactic errors.

2,946 citations


"Language attitudes in Quebec : a co..." refers background in this paper

  • ...This dichotomy originates from the tradition of research in the area of second language acquisition that was started by Robert Gardner and Wallace Lambert in the late 1950s (see e.g. Gardner and Lambert 1959, 1972)....

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  • ...It is typically characterised by ‘a desire to gain social recognition or economic advantages through knowledge of a [second] language’ (Gardner and Lambert 1972: 14)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 1992-Language
TL;DR: The structure of language and identity, child language acquisition, language, brain and handicap, and language and communication are discussed.
Abstract: 1 Popular ideas about language 2 Language and identity 3 The structure of language 4 The medium of language: speaking and listening 5 The medium of language: reading and writing 6 The medium of language: signing and seeing 7 Child language acquisition 8 Language, brain and handicap 9 The languages of the world 10 Language in the world 11 Language and communication Appendices 1 Glossary 2 Special symbols and abbreviations used in The Encyclopedia of Language 3 Table of the world's languages 4 Further reading 5 References 6 Index of langauges, families, dialects and scripts 7 Index of authors and personalities 8 Index of topics

2,236 citations