Learning Progressions as a Guide for Developing Meaningful Science Learning: A New Framework for Old Ideas
Abstract: The development of learning progressions is one approach for creating the types of coher ent curriculum frameworks that have been identified as predictors for high-performing scores on international stem assessments. We have developed a learning progression that describes how secondary students may build more sophisticated understanding of the struc ture, properties, and behavior of matter, and that also outlines the connections and relation ships among ideas needed to develop more expert understanding. We used data collected from 82 individual interviews with secondary students and from assessments administered to 4000 Us middle school students to characterize how learners select and apply ideas to explain a range of transformation of matter phenomena. We found that most students relied on a limited set of ideas in their explanations, but that with the proper support, even middle school students were able to appropriately integrate ideas involving the structure of matter, conservation, interactions, and energy to provide mechanistic explanations of transforma tion phenomena.
...미시간 연구팀은 핵심 아이디어인 '물질의 본성' LP를 이론적, 실험적 증거에 근거하여 '물질과 물체', '힘과 상호작용', '분자운동', '보존', '에너지'라는 하위 주 요개념으로 나누었으며, 정의한 하위 개념들이 서로 연결되어 전문가 수준의 지식체계까지 구축되는 LP를 개발하였다(Stevens et al., 2013)....
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