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Journal ArticleDOI

Les villes anglophones au Québec. Does it matter that they have almost disappeared

18 Oct 2005-Recherche (Département de sociologie, Faculté des sciences sociales, Université Laval)-Vol. 45, Iss: 3, pp 441-456

AbstractL’objectif du present article est d’analyser l’importance de l’existence des municipalites a majorite anglophone, tant pour les anglophones du Quebec que pour l’ensemble de la province. Les questions fondamentales qui sous-tendent cet article sont les suivantes : quel etait le role de la question linguistique dans le processus des fusions municipales ayant eu lieu recemment au Quebec, particulierement celles qui ont mene a la creation de la nouvelle Ville de Montreal ? quelles consequences ces fusions entraineront-elles sur la vie des anglophones du Quebec ?

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The transformation of metropolitan governance cannot be understood without adopting a double reading frame referring on the one hand to the actual content of policies aimed at the metropolitan scale, their raison d’etre, the macro-economic logics that underlie them, and on the other hand to the configurations of actors and institutions which evolved strongly in the last 20 years. Essentially, the metropolitan level, beyond the municipal, progressively became (and not without conflict or opposition) the new territory of reference for political leaders as well as for economic ones. Big cities bring pressures for a new configuration of intergovernmental relations. In this institutional and political flux, the main challenge of public policy-making is to stabilize a place for exchanges between institutions. There seem to be an emerging political space at the metropolitan scale, where collective action and claims for local democracy unfold. The recent reforms have created more and more organized local and metropolitan societies. Metropolitanization also means an internal reconstitution of the political sphere and its articulation with civil society. There is a diversification of local and metropolitan responsibilities and activities, from the

71 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Les municipalites quebecoises connaissent depuis 2000-2001 un episode de reorganisations territoriales tres contestees prenant la forme de fusions municipales, regroupements forces de municipalites par une mesure legislative venant du provincial Sur l’ile de Montreal, les protestations ont abouti a la defusion de quinze municipalites de la nouvelle ville de Montreal Cet article, issu d’un memoire de maitrise en sociologie, se propose d’analyser le lien entre les caracteristiques linguistiques des citoyens concernes par la reforme et les phenomenes d’acceptation et de rejet des fusions municipales Dans quelle mesure les defusions municipales sur l’ile de Montreal peuvent-elles etre considerees comme une strategie d’affirmation culturelle ?

2 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Cet article interroge le lien entre la plus grande reconnaissance attribuee a une partie de la scene musicale anglo-quebecoise et le developpement d’institutions et d’organismes artistiques et culturels anglophones au Quebec. Certaines representations sociales quant au mythe des deux solitudes tendent a se reproduire dans le monde des arts, mais a se transformer aussi dans le cas de coproductions franco et anglo-quebecoises qui attirent un public nouveau, encore mal circonscrit, un public bilingue et principalement montrealais. Nous abordons ce sujet en traitant de l’identite anglo-quebecoise et de son rapport a la culture, en decrivant plusieurs aspects de l’institutionnalisation et de la professionnalisation des artistes anglophones du Quebec depuis les annees 1960, puis en tentant d’identifier les mutations recentes de la scene musicale anglo-montrealaise en abordant la question de la releve et de la diversite culturelle.

1 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
26 Apr 2012
Abstract: Le developpement et les caracteristiques de la gouvernance des banlieues cossues de la region de Montreal sont analyses ici a partir des cas de Westmount et Pointe-Claire. La facon dont leur territoire a ete constitue en municipalite, les pratiques electorales qui s’y sont developpees et les principaux acteurs qui participent a leur gouvernance entre la fin du 19e siecle et le debut de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, revelent qu’elles sont le theâtre d’un mode de gouvernance distinct, propre aux banlieues bourgeoises et adapte aux besoins et aux interets de leurs habitants.

References
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Book
01 Jun 1971

44 citations


Book
01 Jan 1999
Abstract: In Community Besieged Garth Stevenson describes the unusual circumstances that allowed English-speaking Quebecers to live in virtual isolation from their francophone neighbours for almost a century after Confederation. He describes their relations with Maurice Duplessis and the Union Nationale and their ambivalent response to the Quiet Revolution. New political issues - language policy, educational reform, sovereignty, and the constitution - undermined the old system of elite accommodation in Quebec, causing conflicts between anglophones and francophones and creating a new sense of anglophone identity that transcends religious differences. The changing relations of Quebec anglophones with the major political parties, as well as the role of newer entities such as Alliance Quebec and the Equality Party, are also examined. Stevenson concludes with a look at the future of anglophones in Quebec. Based in part on interviews with more than sixty English-speaking Quebecers who have played prominent parts in Quebec's political life, Community Besieged is a comprehensive and up-to-date description of the political life of this unique minority at both the federal and provincial level.

42 citations


"Les villes anglophones au Québec. D..." refers background in this paper

  • ...On n’en a tout simplement pas tenu compte, tant dans les études portant sur la politique du Grand Montréal (BÉLANGER et al., 1998) que dans celles portant sur la minorité anglophone (SCOWEN, 1991 ; STEVENSON, 1999)....

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Journal Article
Abstract: The current upsurge of interest in metropolitan government on both sides of the Atlantic is mirrored in the debates raging in Montreal. An earlier boom period in the formation of metropolitan structures in the western world, the 1960s and early 1970s, left the region of Montreal with a legacy of partially fulfilled hopes and promises. At that time, as in many other countries, the political debate centred around issues of service provision, economies of scale and the need for coordination in matters such as land-use, control of urban sprawl, transportation and environmental protection. The instrumental arguments focused on size, territorial extent and representation. Today, while these arguments are still voiced loudly, the context has changed markedly. On the one hand is the ethos of globalisation and the perception that cities must be competitive on the world stage in order to prosper. Neoliberalism, the retreat of the welfare state, and the restructuring of the responsibilities and financial arrangements of the various levels of government have led to increased social fragmentation, social exclusion, often among immigrant groups, and severe inequities between the various parts of metropolitan areas. The central cities tend to house the poor and harbour the homeless, while the suburbs attract the more affluent. On the other hand is the acknowledgment of the importance of localism, community values, knowing why and how dollars are spent, participatory governance, consensual partnerships, along with increasing powers of special interest groups, business leaders, and corporatism in general. The ideas from the 1960s and early 1970s, of top-down directives, forced municipal amalgamations, imposed regional or metropolitan structures, are being challenged by principles of grassroots planning and collaborative action. The purpose of this paper is to examine the slow march of the region of Montreal towards metropolitan governance. It is organised in a chronological manner and follows the historical evolution of policies and debates. Over the decades, local, regional and provincial actors have come to recognise the interdependence of central and suburban municipalities. But they have offered different definitions of what ails the region and have resorted to different rationales for government action (or inaction) on these problems. If there is one continuous thread in Montreal's long saga of half-failed reforms, it is the fact that there is, politically speaking, no such thing as the problem of metropolitan governance. At any given time, various issues get conflated and often confused; over time, different problems gain prominence while others recede into the background. Governmental reforms do not proceed merely because the various parties agree on the problems at hand; they occur when the authorities experience a sense of urgency about one or another issue, be it infrastructure provision, environmental preservation, municipal solvency or economic competitiveness. We argue that the most recent round of municipal reform and regional institution-building is a continued reaction to the fiscal crisis of the State and that it lays the groundwork for a downloading of responsibilities from central to local government. Alongside the search for zero deficits on the part of the province (and the federal government), however, the desire to improve equity among municipalities and the will to foster democracy are strong motivations for local actors. As balancing budgets, downloading responsibilities to lower-level governments, and keeping older cities competitive in the world economy are the order of the day, municipal amalgamations and regional coordination mechanisms are of great interest to decision-makers. In the case of Montreal, local factors such as the political culture of the province and the persistence of linguistic tensions add to the difficulty of arriving at consensual decisions in the region. …

17 citations


Book
01 Jan 1985

14 citations


"Les villes anglophones au Québec. D..." refers background in this paper

  • ...…« [craignaient] d’être engloutis par la Ville francophone de Montréal et de perdre par le fait même leur position de majorité linguistique ainsi que la structure de gouvernement local responsable, efficace et axé sur les services, qui leur est chère » [TRADUCTION] (SANCTON, 1985, p. 148)....

    [...]

  • ...…concernés par la question du prestige municipal et que les anglophones résidant dans de petites municipalités avaient de fortes motivations d’ordre linguistique pour s’accrocher à leurs institutions en apparence insignifiantes et repliées sur elles-mêmes [TRADUCTION] (SANCTON, 1985, p. 40-41, 96.)...

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Book
01 Jan 1991
Abstract: Where you can find the a different vision the english in quebec in the 1990s easily? Is it in the book store? On-line book store? are you sure? Keep in mind that you will find the book in this site. This book is very referred for you because it gives not only the experience but also lesson. The lessons are very valuable to serve for you, that's not about who are reading this a different vision the english in quebec in the 1990s book. It is about this book that will give wellness for all people from many societies.

14 citations


"Les villes anglophones au Québec. D..." refers background in this paper

  • ...On n’en a tout simplement pas tenu compte, tant dans les études portant sur la politique du Grand Montréal (BÉLANGER et al., 1998) que dans celles portant sur la minorité anglophone (SCOWEN, 1991 ; STEVENSON, 1999)....

    [...]