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Journal ArticleDOI

Life Cycle Incremental Cost-Benefit Analysis of Green Building

01 Jul 2011-Applied Mechanics and Materials (Trans Tech Publications)-pp 4645-4651
TL;DR: In this article, the incremental costs and benefits in the life cycle of green building are identified and described by math equations, and the evaluation indexes of incremental cost-benefit analysis, considering the social benefits and environmental benefits, are given to evaluate the economy of green project.
Abstract: The promotion of green building has significant contribution to the implementation of sustainable development principles. And with the enhancing awareness of environment protection, green building becomes the trend of the construction industry. While its promotion is still very difficult, the major barrier affecting the application of green strategies is the high initial cost. So the incremental costs and benefits in the life cycle of green building are identified and described by math equations in this paper. Furthermore, the evaluation indexes of incremental cost-benefit analysis, considering the social benefits and environmental benefits, are given to evaluate the economy of green project, which is of certain practical significance.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors conducted a systematic and comprehensive review of current journal articles and industrial reports, revealing that green building aspects are linked to six dimensions (three subjective and three objective) of occupant well-being.
Abstract: A series of international conferences and initiatives, such as the Habitat III New Urban Agenda and UN Sustainable Development Goals, have urged industry, scholars, and policymakers to create an inclusive and sustainable built environment for all in the coming era of cities. Green building schemes, which have been gaining momentum over recent decades, are one of the most influential measures that have been taken to promote urban sustainability. However, due to disciplinary characteristics, most current studies share a techno-engineering focus. Seldom do they answer the question: will green buildings make a difference to the occupants? This paper explains how, and to what extent, green features and design contribute to different dimensions of occupant well-being by conducting a systematic and comprehensive review of current journal articles and industrial reports. It provides an alternative, occupant-oriented perspective to the conventional discourse. A conceptual framework is developed, revealing that green building aspects are linked to six dimensions (three subjective and three objective) of occupant well-being. It further shows how different green features are linked with these dimensions through a detailed examination of the literature. Finally, suggestions are provided based on the research findings for the direction of future green building development and empirical research.

5 citations

Book ChapterDOI
28 Jul 2019
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used a systematic literature review (SLR) to determine: Various green building technologies that can be used; if the Green Building (GB) tenant benefits financially; benefits and barriers for the developer.
Abstract: There exists a phenomenon whereby “affordable housing” developed by the private sector has become unaffordable. The advancements of the 4th Industrial Revolution, namely Green Building Technology (GBT), provides a possible solution to making rental housing in the gap market more affordable by reducing the tenant’s utility bills. The paper uses a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) to determine: Various GBT’s that can be used; if the Green Building (GB) tenant benefits financially; benefits and barriers for the developer. The findings showed that the incorporation of GBTs can indeed reduce the tenants housing expenditure. The paper makes a strong case for the private sector to build green affordable housing and has found many benefits that enhance the feasibility of such development. These include: increased property value; lower tenant turnover; tax benefits; reduced operating costs among others. The development of Green Buildings should become standard practice as we enter the 4th Industrial Revolution.

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Lack of awareness on green buildings and high potential for renewable energy production were respectively identified as the biggest obstacle and opportunity facing the implementation of green buildings in Iran.
Abstract: Residential buildings consume a major portion of energy resources and hence are seriously involved in environmental pollution. In Iran, fossil fuel consumption is growing, such that it increased by more than 400% from 1990 to 2018. One of the fundamental solutions for reducing fossil fuel consumption and creating a healthy environment inside and outside buildings is implementing and developing green buildings. This study seeks to examine the barriers to and opportunities for developing green buildings and proposes a localized green standard appropriate for the conditions of Iran. To this end, the required parameters were identified using the opinions of experts and the Delphi method. The opinions of 81 building experts, including the employers, consultants, and contractors, were obtained using a three-part questionnaire. Based on the results from the machine learning method, the score of the localized green building in five dimensions, namely, site, water, energy, materials, and quality of the indoor environment was calculated to be 77.2, while the energy dimension was determined to be the most important green standard dimension with a significance coefficient of 0.548. In the ranking analysis of all parameters using the Friedman test, the parameters of energy consumption management, renewable energy usage, and thermal zoning received the highest scores among other factors. Furthermore, a lack of awareness on green buildings (77%) and a high potential for renewable energy production (81%) were respectively identified as the biggest barrier to and opportunity for the implementation of green buildings in Iran.

3 citations

Book ChapterDOI
29 Nov 2019
TL;DR: Wang et al. as mentioned in this paper presented a gray correlation analysis method of combined weights to measure and compare the performance of multiple green projects, and found that the green building evaluation is more effective under the benefit-output conceptual model, and it also reflected the multi-dimensional meaning of green buildings.
Abstract: Recent years have witnessed the wide application of green buildings in the world. Properly measuring the performance of green buildings and comparing green schemes has been the cornerstone of governmental policies on energy conservation and carbon reduction, and play a crucial role in the formulation of competitive business strategies. At present, the academic community has given many evaluation methods for green buildings, but there are still many limitations, such as unscientific and inaccurate. Based on the existing disciplinary theory, this study introduces the “Benefit-Output” theoretical framework for evaluating green buildings, then a “Benefit-Output” conceptual model composed of physical and currency indicators is established. Based on this model, this research presents the gray correlation analysis method of combined weights to measure and compare the performance of multiple green projects. Through the comparison of three different types of examples in China, it is found that: the green building evaluation is more effective under the “Benefit-Output” conceptual model, and it also reflects the multi-dimensional meaning of green buildings.
01 Jan 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the additional cost associated with sustainability requirements in the building and construction industry, and propose a cost model to calculate the cost of sustainability requirements and outcomes.
Abstract: With recent global attention on the state of environment and climate change, sustainability solutions and outcomes are being integrated in the building and construction industry worldwide. However, the additional cost associated with sustainability requir
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present an overview of research related to the costs and trends of green building and uses these research findings to make recommendations for greening project management practices for the construction industry.
Abstract: Environmentally sustainable building construction has experienced significant growth during the past 10 years. The public is becoming more aware of the benefits of green construction as prominent politicians, celebrities, documentarians, and journalists highlight the built environment's impact on greenhouse gas emissions and natural resource consumption. Other factors, including higher energy prices, increased costs of building materials, and regulatory incentives, are also pushing the green building market to grow and expand. However, barriers to green building continue to exist, including the ability to deliver a green project within acceptable cost constraints. In order for project managers to deliver sustainable construction according to clients' cost expectations, modifications must be made to traditional project management processes and practices. The objective of this paper is to suggest specific modifications to conventional building practices to optimize the delivery of cost-efficient green building projects. This paper presents an overview of research related to the costs and trends of green building and uses these research findings to make recommendations for greening project management practices for the construction industry. Our research results show that greening project management practices can add significant value to a sustainable construction project while delivering it within acceptable cost constraints. A detailed analysis using matrix present specific adjustments to traditional project management practices, with a premise that a green project improves its chances for financial success if a cross-discipline team is involved at the earliest stages and throughout the project.

449 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Wang et al. as mentioned in this paper examined the benefits and barriers in applying green strategies in the process of housing development and facilities management, including project plan and design, construction, and operation and management stages.

304 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the situation of green building market in relation to the general building market is reviewed and business rationales of stakeholders to invest in the GB market have been investigated from the perspective of building designers.

248 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a web-based anonymous survey was administered to 1200 LEED accredited professionals in Canada to assess, among other things, practitioners' awareness, and confidence in research work assessing the cost premiums, long-term cost benefits, and health and productivity benefits of green buildings.

83 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a case study of a Flagship Store in Shanghai is presented, where the authors present an integrated life cycle assessment process including life cycle costing, multi-criteria decision making and group decision making methods.

76 citations