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Journal ArticleDOI

Materials for reflective coatings of window glass applications

01 May 2009-Construction and Building Materials (Elsevier)-Vol. 23, Iss: 5, pp 1993-1998
TL;DR: In this article, a study focused on the selection of convenient materials for thin reflective films and optimisation of their composition in coatings was presented, which brought design recommendations for the optimised composition of thin infrared reflective coatings for window glazing applications.
About: This article is published in Construction and Building Materials.The article was published on 2009-05-01. It has received 91 citations till now. The article focuses on the topics: Architectural glass & Glazing.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of low-emissivity (low-e) materials and products found on the market, and their possible implementations and benefits when used in buildings is presented.

157 citations


Cites background from "Materials for reflective coatings o..."

  • ...oxidation, they are added in between optically transparent dielectric layers (Mohelnikova [55])....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the development of energy saving transparent heat regulating (THR) materials and coating for energy saving window applications has been discussed, and detailed analysis of growth of continuous and thin metal layer influence of the seed layer (germanium and nickel) and doping on the growth mechanism of thin metal have been discussed.

117 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of new work on insulating, reflecting, electrochromic, thermochromic, photovoltaic, water flow-based and emerging innovative materials is presented in an attempt to reveal the benefits of each glazing category but also the required research needs for future development.

93 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the Selective Laser Melting (SLM) of 24 carat gold (Au) powder with a mean particle size of 24μm was used for production of highly detailed and intricate parts.
Abstract: This work presents an investigation into the Selective Laser Melting (SLM) of 24 carat gold (Au) powder with a mean particle size of 24μm. An SLM 100 system was used which is intended for production of highly detailed and intricate parts. Gold powder was tested for its properties such as tap density, Particle Size distribution (PSD) and reflectance etc. A suitable processing window was identified and gold cubes were produced using these parameters. Gold cubes were also checked for their internal porosity and mechanical properties.

78 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The present work shows promising characteristics of Cu-based THR coating for energy-saving building industry and utilizes Cu, a low-cost material, in-lieu of silver which is widely used in current commercial heat reflecting coating on glass.
Abstract: Multilayer coating structure comprising a copper (Cu) layer sandwiched between titanium dioxide (TiO2) were demonstrated as a transparent heat reflecting (THR) coating on glass for energy-saving window application. The main highlight is the utilization of Cu, a low-cost material, in-lieu of silver which is widely used in current commercial heat reflecting coating on glass. Color tunable transparent heat reflecting coating was realized through the design of multilayer structure and process optimization. The impact of thermal treatment on the overall performance of sputter deposited TiO2/Cu/TiO2 multilayer thin film on glass substrate is investigated in detail. Significant enhancement of transmittance in the visible range and reflectance in the infra-red (IR) region has been observed after thermal treatment of TiO2/Cu/TiO2 multilayer thin film at 500 °C due to the improvement of crystal quality of TiO2. Highest visible transmittance of 90% and IR reflectance of 85% at a wavelength of 1200 nm are demonstrated for the TiO2/Cu/TiO2 multilayer thin film after annealing at 500 °C. Performance of TiO2/Cu/TiO2 heat reflector coating decreases after thermal treatment at 600 °C. The wear performance of the TiO2/Cu/TiO2 multilayer structure has been evaluated through scratch hardness test. The present work shows promising characteristics of Cu-based THR coating for energy-saving building industry.

75 citations

References
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01 Oct 1999
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss various topics about optics, such as geometrical theories, image forming instruments, and optics of metals and crystals, including interference, interferometers, and diffraction.
Abstract: The book is comprised of 15 chapters that discuss various topics about optics, such as geometrical theories, image forming instruments, and optics of metals and crystals. The text covers the elements of the theories of interference, interferometers, and diffraction. The book tackles several behaviors of light, including its diffraction when exposed to ultrasonic waves.

19,503 citations

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12 Jul 1985
TL;DR: In this paper, E.D. Palik and R.R. Potter, Basic Parameters for Measuring Optical Properties, and W.W.Hunter, Measurement of Optical Constants in the Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectral Region.
Abstract: VOLUME ONE: Determination of Optical Constants: E.D. Palik, Introductory Remarks. R.F. Potter, Basic Parameters for Measuring Optical Properties. D.Y. Smith, Dispersion Theory, Sum Rules, and Their Application to the Analysis of Optical Data. W.R. Hunter, Measurement of Optical Constants in the Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectral Region. D.E. Aspnes, The Accurate Determination of Optical Properties by Ellipsometry. J. Shamir, Interferometric Methods for the Determination of Thin-Film Parameters. P.A. Temple, Thin-Film Absorplance Measurements Using Laser Colorimetry. G.J. Simonis, Complex Index of Refraction Measurements of Near-Millimeter Wavelengths. B. Jensen, The Quantum Extension of the Drude--Zener Theory in Polar Semiconductors. D.W. Lynch, Interband Absorption--Mechanisms and Interpretation. S.S. Mitra, Optical Properties of Nonmetallic Solids for Photon Energies below the Fundamental Band Gap. Critiques--Metals: D.W. Lynch and W.R. Hunter, Comments of the Optical Constants of Metals and an Introduction to the Data for Several Metals. D.Y. Smith, E. Shiles, and M. Inokuti, The Optical Properties of Metallic Aluminum. Critiques--Semiconductors: E.D. Palik, Cadium Telluride (CdTe). E.D. Palik, Gallium Arsenide (GaAs). A. Borghesi and G. Guizzetti, Gallium Phosphide (GaP). R.F. Potter, Germanium (Ge). E.D. Palik and R.T. Holm, Indium Arsenide (InAs). R.T. Holm, Indium Antimonide (InSb). O.J. Glembocki and H. Piller, Indium Phosphide (InP). G. Bauer and H. Krenn, Lead Selenide (PbSe). G. Guizzetti and A. Borghesi, Lead Sulfide (PbS). G. Bauer and H. Krenn, Lead Telluride (PbTe). D.F. Edwards, Silicon (Si). H. Piller, Silicon (Amorphous) (-Si). W.J. Choyke and E.D. Palik, Silicon Carbide (SiC). E.D. Palik and A. Addamiano, Zinc Sulfide (ZnS). Critiques--Insulators: D.J. Treacy, Arsenic Selenide (As 2 gt Se 3 gt ). D.J. Treacy, Arsenic Sulfide (As 2 gt S 3 gt ). D.F. Edwards and H.R. Philipp, Cubic Carbon (Diamond). E.D. Palik and W.R. Hunter, Litium Fluoride (LiF). E.D. Palik, Lithium Niobote (LiNbO 3 gt ). E.D. Palik, Potassium Chloride (KCl). H.R. Philipp, Silicon Dioxide (SiO 2 gt ), Type ( (Crystalline). H.R. Philipp, Silicon Dioxide (SiO 2 gt ) (Glass). gt H.R. Philipp, Silicon Monoxide (SiO) (Noncrystalline). H.R. Philipp, Silicon Nitride (Si 3 gt N 4 gt ) (Noncrystalline). J.E. Eldridge and E.D. Palik, Sodium Chloride (NaCl). M.W. Ribarsky, Titanium Dioxide (TiO 2 gt ) (Rutile).

17,491 citations

Book
11 Sep 1985
TL;DR: This paper introduced the physical effects underlying heat and mass transfer phenomena and developed methodologies for solving a variety of real-world problems, such as energy minimization, mass transfer, and energy maximization.
Abstract: This undergraduate-level engineering text introduces the physical effects underlying heat and mass transfer phenomena and develops methodologies for solving a variety of real-world problems.

13,209 citations

Book
01 Jan 2008

11,281 citations

Book
01 Jan 1980
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present an active and passive building heating system for solar thermal power systems, where the active system is designed by f--chart and the passive one by Utilizability Methods.
Abstract: FUNDAMENTALS. Solar Radiation. Available Solar Radiation. Selected Heat Transfer Topics. Radiation Characteristics of Opaque Materials. Radiation Transmission Through Glazing: Absorbed Radiation. Flat--Plate Collectors. Concentrating Collectors. Energy Storage. Solar Process Loads. System Thermal Calculations. Solar Process Economics. APPLICATIONS. Solar Water Heating----Active and Passive. Building Heating----Active. Building Heating: Passive and Hybrid Methods. Cooling. Industrial Process Heat. Solar Thermal Power Systems. Solar Ponds: Evaporative Processes. THERMAL DESIGN METHODS. Simulations in Solar Process Design. Design of Active Systems by f--Chart. Design of Active Systems by Utilizability Methods. Design of Passive and Hybrid Heating Systems. Design of Photovoltaic Systems. Appendices. Author Index. Subject Index.

9,391 citations