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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S11356-021-13101-7

Mechanisms of emerging pollutant Dechlorane Plus on the production of short-chain fatty acids from sludge anaerobic fermentation.

04 Mar 2021-Environmental Science and Pollution Research (Springer Science and Business Media LLC)-Vol. 28, Iss: 26, pp 34902-34912
Abstract: The effect of emerging pollutant Dechlorane Plus (DPs), an organochlorine aliphatic flame retardant, on waste-activated sludge anaerobic fermentation was investigated, and the related mechanisms were revealed for the first time. The results of this experiment suggested that the presence of DPs had a significant inhibitory effect on sludge anaerobic fermentation to generate the intermediate valuable product short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), and when the DP content was 3034.1±101.7 mg/kg total suspended solids (TSS), the maximal output of SCFA was only 215.04 mg/g, which was 0.47 times of that in the blank. The underlying mechanism investigation indicated DPs promoted the disintegration of sludge, but inhibited the process of hydrolysis and acidification. DPs inhibited the release of soluble bound extracellular polymers (SB-EPS) in sludge. The analysis of microbial community characteristics indicated that DPs reduced the level of Firmicutes and Actinobacteriathe, which were the key acid producing bacteria. At the genus level, DPs reduced the relative abundance of Proteiniclasticum and Mycobacteriumwas.

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Topics: Fermentation (52%), Dechlorane plus (51%)

15 results found

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2021.125320
Ying Gao1, Jianwei Zhao1, Chengzhi Qin1, Qingjiang Yuan1  +3 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Recently, the influence behavior of new pollutants in the environment has been widely concerned. However, the effect of antidepressants widely detected in excess sludge (ES) on biohydrogen production from anaerobic dark fermentation has never been explored. To fill this gap, fluoxetine (FLX), a typical antidepressant, was selected to evaluate its effect on ES mesophilic anaerobic dark biohydrogen fermentation. The results showed that FLX reduced biohydrogen production even at low content (0.1 mg/Kg). The biohydrogen yield was only 12.8 mL/g in the 1.8 mg/Kg (based on total suspended solids) FLX group, decreased by about 34.7%, compared with the control group (without FLX). Further mechanism investigation implied that high levels (more than 0.6 mg/Kg) of FLX reduced every step associated with the biohydrogen production. FLX reduced the concentration of ammonia nitrogen and phosphate in fermentation broth. FLX also had a significant negative effect on enzyme activity in ES dark fermentation.

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Topics: Dark fermentation (63%), Biohydrogen (59%), Fermentation (51%)

2 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S11356-021-14055-6
Abstract: Plant waste (PW) and excess sludge (ES) are two main organic matters of municipal solid waste. However, there are few reports on their anaerobic co-digestion. In this work, the mixed proportion of PW and ES anaerobic co-digestion was first optimized at mesophilic temperature, and then the anaerobic co-digestion of PW and ES was enhanced with strong oxidant calcium peroxide (CP). The results showed that the optimal mixing ratio of PW and ES was 1/1 (in terms of volatile solids), the C/N of mixed digestion substrate was 23.5/1, and the maximum methane production was 172.6 mL/g (in terms of volatile solids). CP could enhance methane production from anaerobic co-digestion of PW and ES. When the content of CP was 0.2 g/g (in terms of total suspended solids), the maximum methane production was 234.8 mL/g, about 1.4 times of the blank. The mechanism investigation showed that CP promoted the release of organic matter during the co-digestion, and the higher the content of CP, the greater the release of soluble chemical oxygen demand. The presence of appropriate amount of CP promoted the activities of key enzymes in anaerobic fermentation process, and then increased the efficiency of methane production. The results of this work provide an alternative strategy for the resource utilization of PW and ES.

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Topics: Calcium peroxide (52%)

1 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JICS.2021.100198
Abstract: In the p resent study, a novel 3-dimensional coordination polymer (CP) has been produced in success under solvothermal conditions and it was characterized through TGA, EA, FTIR spectroscopy, the diffraction of single-crystal X-ray and PXRD, and its chemical formula is (Me2NH2)3[In3(TATAT)2](DMF)11 (1, TATAT is 5,5′,5″-(1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triyl)tris(azanediyl)triisophthalate). The clinical and nursing value of the new compound for ovarian cancer treatment was investigated and the specific mechanism was examined as well. First of all, the compound's inhibitory activity against the ovarian cancer viability was determined through the CCK-8 assay, and the toxicity of the new compound was also evaluated. In addition to this, the real time RT-PCR was further conducted and the estrogen receptor relative expression on ovarian cancer cells was measured.

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JSSC.2021.122483
Cai-Xia Liu1, Ning Liang1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A flexible dicarboxylic acid, 4,4’-{[1,3-phenylenebis-(methylene)]bis(oxy) dibenzoic acid (H2L), in combination with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) was used to reacted with Zn(II) ions under hydrothermal conditions, successfully affording a new metal-organic framework of [Zn(L)(phen)(H2O)]n (1). Luminescence sensing property investigations indicate that, compound 1 is sensitive detector of Fe3+ ions based on quenching of luminescence. Its treatment activity on the child allergic purpura was assessed and the specific mechanism of the compound was explored at the same time. First of all, the content of the inflammatory cytokine released into the skin tissue was measured with ELISA detection kit after the compound treatment. Apart from this, the activation ability of the AMPK inflammatory signaling pathway was measured with real time RT-PCR.

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Topics: Dicarboxylic acid (51%)

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/15685551.2021.1968113
Han-Xiao Tao1, Jia-Li Jiang1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Through the reaction between HTrz and Cd(NO3)2 · 4H2O, a new Cd(II) compound of [Cd(Trz) 2] n (1, HTrz = 1,2,4-triazole) can be obtained, which has been studied with diffraction analysis by single ...

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43 results found

Open accessJournal Article
Abstract: Since 1922 when Wu proposed the use of the Folin phenol reagent for the measurement of proteins, a number of modified analytical procedures utilizing this reagent have been reported for the determination of proteins in serum, in antigen-antibody precipitates, and in insulin. Although the reagent would seem to be recommended by its great sensitivity and the simplicity of procedure possible with its use, it has not found great favor for general biochemical purposes. In the belief that this reagent, nevertheless, has considerable merit for certain application, but that its peculiarities and limitations need to be understood for its fullest exploitation, it has been studied with regard to effects of variations in pH, time of reaction, and concentration of reactants, permissible levels of reagents commonly used in handling proteins, and interfering substances. Procedures are described for measuring protein in solution or after precipitation with acids or other agents, and for the determination of as little as 0.2 gamma of protein.

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Topics: Reagent (61%), Sulfhydryl reagent (61%), Folin–Ciocalteu reagent (61%) ... read more

285,427 Citations

Open accessBook
01 Jan 1992-
Abstract: Set your standards with these standard methods. This is it: the most widely read publication in the water industry, your all-inclusive reference tool. This comprehensive reference covers all aspects of USEPA-approved water analysis methods. More than 400 methods - all detailed step-by-step; 8 vibrant, full-color pages of aquatic algae illustrations; Never-before-seen figures that will help users with toxicity testing and the identification of apparatus used in the methods; Over 300 superbly illustrated figures; A new analytical tool for a number of inorganic nonmetals; Improved coverage of data evaluation, sample preservation, and reagant water; And much more!

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78,276 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2008.07.086
Yongjun Zhang1, Sven-Uwe Geissen1, Carmen Gal1Institutions (1)
01 Nov 2008-Chemosphere
Abstract: In the aquatic environment, pharmaceuticals have been widely found. Among them, carbamazepine and diclofenac were detected at the highest frequency. To evaluate the worldwide environmental impacts of both drugs, their global consumption volumes are estimated, based on the dose per capita. The metabolites of these pharmaceuticals are also of environmental concerns, especially trans-10,11-dihydro-10,11- dihydroxycarbamazepine (CBZ-diol) which probably has a similar concentration in water bodies to that of its parent drug. The removal efficiencies and mechanisms of both drugs in the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are discussed with the actual state of knowledge. The occurrences of both drugs are examined in various water bodies including WWTP effluents, surface waters, groundwater and drinking water. Their chemical, physical and pharmacological properties are also addressed in context, which can largely influence their environmental behaviors. The ecotoxicological studies of both drugs imply that they do not easily cause acute toxic effects at their environmental concentrations. However their chronic effects need cautious attention.

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Topics: Water pollution (51%)

1,109 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00129-8
01 Nov 1998-Water Research
Abstract: This paper reviews microbiological and biochemical aspects of the enhanced biological phosphate removal (EBPR) process. The discussion includes: microorganisms responsible for EBPR, isolation of polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs), microbial diversity of the EBPR sludge, biochemical metabolisms of PAOs, energy budget in PAOs metabolism, denitrification by PAOs, glycogen accumulating non-poly-P organisms (GAOs), etc. Since pure cultures which possess complete characteristics of PAOs have not been isolated yet, the biochemical mechanism cannot be definitively described. The criteria to obtain a pure culture isolate are proposed. Based on the review, essential characteristics of PAOs are summarized in a table and directions for future research are identified.

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884 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ES034291Y
Abstract: Hydrogen gas can be recovered from the microbial fermentation of organic substrates at high concentrations when interspecies hydrogen transfer to methanogens is prevented. Two techniques that have been used to limit methanogenesis in mixed cultures are heat treatment, to remove nonsporeforming methanogens from an inoculum, and low pH during culture growth. We found that high hydrogen gas concentrations (57-72%) were produced in all tests and that heat treatment (HT) of the inoculum (pH 6.2 or 7.5) produced greater hydrogen yields than low pH (6.2) conditions with a nonheat-treated inoculum (NHT). Conversion efficiencies of glucose to hydrogen (based on a theoretical yield of 4 mol-H2/mol-glucose) were as follows: 24.2% (HT, pH = 6.2), 18.5% (HT, pH = 7.5), 14.9% (NHT, pH = 6.2), and 12.1% (NHT, pH = 7.5). The main products of glucose (3 g-COD/L) utilization (> or = 99%) in batch tests were acetate (3.4-24.1%), butyrate (6.4-29.4%), propionate (0.3-12.8%), ethanol (15.4-28.8%), and hydrogen (4.0-8.1%), with lesser amounts of acetone, propanol, and butanol (COD basis). Hydrogen gas phase concentrations in all batch cultures reached a maximum of 57-72% after 30 h but thereafter rapidly declined to nondetectable levels within 80 h. Separate experiments showed substantial hydrogen losses could occur via acetogenesis and that heat treatment did not prevent acetogenesis. Heat treatment consistently eliminated the production of measurable concentrations of methane. The disappearance of ethanol produced during hydrogen production was likely due to acetic acid production as thermodynamic calculations show that this reaction is spontaneous once hydrogen is depleted. Overall, these results show that low pH was, without heat treatment, sufficient to control hydrogen losses to methanogens in mixed batch cultures and suggest that methods will need to be found to limit acetogenesis in order to increase hydrogen gas yields by batch cultures.

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Topics: Hydrogen production (57%), Acetogenesis (56%), Hydrogen (53%) ... read more

479 Citations