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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/02770903.2021.1881967

Montelukast in hospitalized patients diagnosed with COVID-19.

04 Mar 2021-Journal of Asthma (Informa UK Limited)-pp 1-7
Abstract: Several therapeutic agents have been assessed for the treatment of COVID-19, but few approaches have been proven efficacious. Because leukotriene receptor antagonists, such as montelukast have been...

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Topics: Montelukast (71%), Leukotriene (57%)
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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1159/000518359
01 Jan 2021-Pharmacology
Abstract: Background The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic is a serious devastating disease and has posed a global health emergency. So far, there is not any specific therapy approved till date to control the clinical symptoms of the disease. Remdesivir has been approved by the FDA as an emergency clinical therapy. But it may not be effective alone to control the disease as it can only control the viral replication in the host. Summary This article summarizes the possible therapeutic potential and benefits of using montelukast, a cysteinyl leukotriene 1 (CysLT1) receptor antagonist, to control COVID-19 pathophysiology. Montelukast has shown anti-inflammatory effects, reduced cytokine production, improvement in post-infection cough production and other lung complications. Key Messages: Recent reports clearly indicate a distinct role of CysLT-regulated cytokines and immunological signaling in COVID-19. Thus, montelukast may have a clinical potential to control lung pathology during COVID-19.

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Topics: Montelukast (66%), Cytokine storm (51%)

2 Citations


Open accessPosted ContentDOI: 10.1101/2021.07.05.21260012
07 Jul 2021-medRxiv
Abstract: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (SARS-Cov-2) has caused a worldwide, sudden and substantial increase in hospitalizations for pneumonia with multiorgan problems. An important issue is also that there is still no unified standard for the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. Substantial vascular events are significant accompaniments to lung complications in COVID-19 patients. Various papers have now also shown the significance of thromboelastrography (TEG®) as point-of-care technology to determine the levels of coagulopathy (both clotting and bleeding) in COVID-19, in managing COVID-19 patients. Here we present two treatment protocols that may used to treat thrombotic and bleeding or thrombocytopenia pathologies. Both the protocols use clinical parameters like D-dimer and CRP, as well as the TEG®, to closely follow the daily clotting propensity of COVID-19 patients. We conclude by suggesting that the treatment of COVID-19 patients, should be based on a combination of blood biomarkers, and results from point-of-care analyses like the TEG®. Such a combination approach closely follow the physiological responses of the immune system, the haematological, as well as the coagulation system, in real-time.

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Topics: Coagulopathy (51%)

1 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.12968/JPRP.2021.3.9.362
Deborah Duncan1Institutions (1)
02 Sep 2021-Practice Nursing
Abstract: One in five people have symptoms that persist after 5 weeks, and one in ten have symptoms for 12 weeks or longer after an acute COVID-19 infection (Office for National Statistics [ONS], 2020). NICE...

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1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.XJIDI.2021.100052
Darrell O. Ricke1Institutions (1)
23 Aug 2021-

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.IJID.2021.09.052
Abstract: Objectives The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 associated cardiac complications are heterogeneous, ranging from asymptomatic to severe symptoms, including arrhythmias and cardiogenic shock. For COVID-19 patients with cardiac sequela, only a small subset of patients have myocarditis; the pathogenesis of cardiac sequela caused by SARS-CoV-2 other than microthrombi associated sequela remains to be determined. Methods Retrospective analysis of 71 heart autopsy specimens from COVID-19 and putative COVID-19 in the NIH COVID Digital Pathology Repository. Results The most consistent observation was localized myocardial cell death not associated with either myocarditis or microthrombi. Red blood cells were typically absent from capillaries but, when observed, were predominately in linear clusters (stacks) of adjacent cells. Conclusions Based on our retrospective analysis, we propose that localized ischemia and subsequent cell death by anoxia contributes to the cardiac pathogenesis in some COVID-19 patients. We propose two new models predicting vasoconstriction of cardiac pericyte cells induced by elevated histamine from hyper-activated mast cells or direct infection. We propose that impeded blood flow and cell death by anoxia are initial steps in the development of SARS-CoV-2 induced cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients independent of microthrombi or myocarditis.

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Topics: Myocarditis (57%), Sequela (54%), Cardiogenic shock (53%) ... read more

1 Citations


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21 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1056/NEJMOA2002032
Wei-jie Guan1, Zhengyi Ni1, Yu Hu1, Wenhua Liang1  +33 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Background Since December 2019, when coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) emerged in Wuhan city and rapidly spread throughout China, data have been needed on the clinical characteristics of...

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16,855 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30628-0
Puja Mehta1, Daniel F. McAuley2, Michael Brown3, Emilie Sanchez3  +3 moreInstitutions (5)
28 Mar 2020-The Lancet
Abstract: www.thelancet.com Published online March 13, 2020 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30628-0 1 Submissions should be made via our electronic submission system at http://ees.elsevier.com/ thelancet/ However, in hyperinflammation, immunosuppression is likely to be beneficial. Re-analysis of data from a phase 3 randomised controlled trial of IL-1 blockade (anakinra) in sepsis, showed significant survival benefit in patients with hyperinflammation, without increased adverse events. A multicentre, randomised con trolled trial of tocilizumab (IL-6 receptor blockade, licensed for cytokine release syndrome), has been approved in patients with COVID-19: consider cytokine storm syndromes and immunosuppression

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5,489 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1172/JCI137244
Guang Chen, Di Wu, Wei Guo, Yong Cao  +16 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: BACKGROUNDSince December 2019, an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, and is now becoming a global threat. We aimed to delineate and compare the immunological features of severe and moderate COVID-19.METHODSIn this retrospective study, the clinical and immunological characteristics of 21 patients (17 male and 4 female) with COVID-19 were analyzed. These patients were classified as severe (11 cases) and moderate (10 cases) according to the guidelines released by the National Health Commission of China.RESULTSThe median age of severe and moderate cases was 61.0 and 52.0 years, respectively. Common clinical manifestations included fever, cough, and fatigue. Compared with moderate cases, severe cases more frequently had dyspnea, lymphopenia, and hypoalbuminemia, with higher levels of alanine aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, ferritin, and D-dimer as well as markedly higher levels of IL-2R, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α. Absolute numbers of T lymphocytes, CD4+ T cells, and CD8+ T cells decreased in nearly all the patients, and were markedly lower in severe cases (294.0, 177.5, and 89.0 × 106/L, respectively) than moderate cases (640.5, 381.5, and 254.0 × 106/L, respectively). The expression of IFN-γ by CD4+ T cells tended to be lower in severe cases (14.1%) than in moderate cases (22.8%).CONCLUSIONThe SARS-CoV-2 infection may affect primarily T lymphocytes, particularly CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, resulting in a decrease in numbers as well as IFN-γ production by CD4+ T cells. These potential immunological markers may be of importance because of their correlation with disease severity in COVID-19.TRIAL REGISTRATIONThis is a retrospective observational study without a trial registration number.FUNDINGThis work is funded by grants from Tongji Hospital for the Pilot Scheme Project, and partly supported by the Chinese National Thirteenth Five Years Project in Science and Technology for Infectious Disease (2017ZX10202201).

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2,445 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1172/JCI137647
Abstract: The pandemic coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is rapidly spreading across the globe. In this issue of the JCI, Chen and colleagues compared the clinical and immunological characteristics between moderate and severe COVID-19. The authors found that respiratory distress on admission is associated with unfavorable outcomes. Increased cytokine levels (IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α), lymphopenia (in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells), and decreased IFN-γ expression in CD4+ T cells are associated with severe COVID-19. Overall, this study characterized the cytokine storm in severe COVID-19 and provides insights into immune therapeutics and vaccine design.

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Topics: Cytokine storm (58%), Coronavirus (57%), Respiratory distress (51%)

681 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1183/13993003.00607-2020
Abstract: COVID-19 can be understood by the region of the lung that is infected. Mild disease will be confined to the conducting airways and severe disease will involve the gas exchange portion of the lung.

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412 Citations