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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/01442872.2019.1618808

Multi-stakeholder initiatives, policy learning and institutionalization: the surprising failure of open government in Norway

04 Mar 2021-Policy Studies (Routledge)-Vol. 42, Iss: 2, pp 173-192
Abstract: Global multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs) promote policy to national governments according to a voluntary model that is often criticized for failing to produce formal policy outputs. This...

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Topics: Policy transfer (59%), Open government (54%)
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6 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/PUAR.13298
Abstract: The open government paradigm implies public processes are becoming more transparent, public information is available online, and citizens and non‐governmental organizations are encouraged to interact with public administration through new platform‐based forms of participation and collaboration. Though these governmental efforts to open up organizational procedures to the public are meant to strengthen the relationship between citizens and the government, empirical evidence is currently sparse and mixed. This article argues that positive impacts of openness depend on citizens' democratic capacity defined as individual sense of empowerment to influence governmental systems. By matching individual survey data from the European Social Survey with secondary institutional data the authors investigate the relationship between individual and structural level variables. Findings indicate that structural openness is, in general, positively associated with higher trust. Further, the effect of openness on public trust is partially mediated by an individual's perception that they have meaningful opportunities for political participation.

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Topics: Public trust (64%), Open government (58%), Openness to experience (54%) ... read more

13 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ES032638R
Abstract: Interestingly, let the sunshine in that you really wait for now is coming. It's significant to wait for the representative and beneficial books to read. Every book that is provided in better way and utterance will be expected by many peoples. Even you are a good reader or not, feeling to read this book will always appear when you find it. But, when you feel hard to find it as yours, what to do? Borrow to your friends and don't know when to give back it to her or him.

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Topics: Solar energy (58%), Greenhouse effect (56%), Carbon (53%)

6 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/01900692.2020.1724142
Carter B. Casady1, Julián D. Parra2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Although learning is the foundation of improved policymaking, little is known about policy learning in transportation programs. To address this knowledge gap, this article explores how two structur...

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3 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.RESOURPOL.2021.102084
01 Aug 2021-Resources Policy
Abstract: The EITI leverages a multi-stakeholder model in which government, civil society and business collaborate to improve the quality of resource governance in participating countries. Like other multi-stakeholder initiatives that aim to improve public governance through information disclosure and civic participation, this model relies on an assumption that civil society participation in the process improves EITI outcomes. This assumption is tested through comparative analysis of data from 63 EITI Validation processes. The results indicate that civil society participation has a small but statistically significant correlation with EITI outcomes related to the rules and comprehensiveness of information disclosure, quality assurance processes, public debate, and most clearly in regard to the reforms that follow from the recommendations in Validations. There are, however, important differences between civil society's contributions to different outcomes, and whether or not civil society participation takes place within the multi-stakeholder group (MSG). Notably, restrictions on MSG participation are found to have a strong moderating effect on civil society's contributions to EITI outcomes, but restrictions on national civic space do not. The results suggest that the discourse surrounding the EITI has been overly simplistic in how it has considered the role of civil society and civic space, and would benefit from more precise consideration of different types of civil society engagement with national EITI processes.

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Topics: Civil society (58%)

1 Citations


Book ChapterDOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-75329-0_2
Eva Krick1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 2021-
Abstract: This chapter provides methodological, theoretical and contextual background for the book’s case studies. It starts by defining the object of empirical inquiry (multi-level arenas of policy advice and consultation) in more detail and by explaining the case selection approach, research strategy, data base and choice of methods. It then develops a two-dimensional normative assessment framework of democratic legitimacy and epistemic authority, thereby conceptualising ‘democratic participation’ and ‘reliable expertise’ and developing criteria and indicators that operationalise these notions and guide the empirical case studies. The chapter finally discusses the status of participation and expertise in Norway and Germany and embeds the three environmental policy advisory processes into the framework of European multi-level governance.

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Topics: European union (52%)

1 Citations


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Open access
01 Jan 2016-
Abstract: Thank you very much for reading case study research design and methods. As you may know, people have look hundreds times for their chosen readings like this case study research design and methods, but end up in infectious downloads. Rather than enjoying a good book with a cup of tea in the afternoon, instead they juggled with some malicious bugs inside their computer. case study research design and methods is available in our book collection an online access to it is set as public so you can download it instantly. Our book servers spans in multiple locations, allowing you to get the most less latency time to download any of our books like this one. Kindly say, the case study research design and methods is universally compatible with any devices to read.

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18,712 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1162/002081898550789
Abstract: Norms have never been absent from the study of international politics, but the sweeping “ideational turn” in the 1980s and 1990s brought them back as a central theoretical concern in the field. Much theorizing about norms has focused on how they create social structure, standards of appropriateness, and stability in international politics. Recent empirical research on norms, in contrast, has examined their role in creating political change, but change processes have been less well-theorized. We induce from this research a variety of theoretical arguments and testable hypotheses about the role of norms in political change. We argue that norms evolve in a three-stage “life cycle” of emergence, “norm cascades,” and internalization, and that each stage is governed by different motives, mechanisms, and behavioral logics. We also highlight the rational and strategic nature of many social construction processes and argue that theoretical progress will only be made by placing attention on the connections between norms and rationality rather than by opposing the two.

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Topics: Norm (social) (59%), Rationality (52%)

5,313 Citations


01 Jan 1999-Foreign Affairs
Abstract: List of contributors Preface 1. The socialization of international human rights norms into domestic practices: introduction Thomas Risse and Kathryn Sikkink 2. Transnational activism and political change in Kenya and Uganda Hans Peter Schmitz 3. The long and winding road: international norms and domestic political change in South Africa David Black 4. Changing discourse: transnational advocacy networks in Tunisia and Morocco Sieglinde Granzer 5. Linking the unlinkable? International norms and nationalism in Indonesia and the Philippines Anja Jetschke 6. International norms and domestic politics in Chile and Guatemala Stephen C. Ropp and Kathryn Sikkink 7. The Helsinki accords and political change in Eastern Europe Daniel C. Thomas 8. International human rights norms and domestic change: conclusions Thomas Risse and Stephen C. Ropp List of references Index.

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Topics: Human rights (60%), Politics (54%), Nationalism (52%)

2,383 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1017/S0020818304582024
Amitav Acharya1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Questions about norm diffusion in world politics are not simply about whether and how ideas matter, but also which and whose ideas matter. Constructivist scholarship on norms tends to focus on “hard” cases of moral transformation in which “good” global norms prevail over the “bad” local beliefs and practices. But many local beliefs are themselves part of a legitimate normative order, which conditions the acceptance of foreign norms. Going beyond an existential notion of congruence, this article proposes a dynamic explanation of norm diffusion that describes how local agents reconstruct foreign norms to ensure the norms fit with the agents' cognitive priors and identities. Congruence building thus becomes key to acceptance. Localization, not wholesale acceptance or rejection, settles most cases of normative contestation. Comparing the impact of two transnational norms on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), this article shows that the variation in the norms' acceptance, indicated by the changes they produced in the goals and institutional apparatuses of the regional group, could be explained by the differential ability of local agents to reconstruct the norms to ensure a better fit with prior local norms, and the potential of the localized norm to enhance the appeal of some of their prior beliefs and institutions.I thank Peter Katzenstein, Jack Snyder, Chris Reus-Smit, Brian Job, Paul Evans, Iain Johnston, David Capie, Helen Nesadurai, Jeffrey Checkel, Kwa Chong Guan, Khong Yuen Foong, Anthony Milner, John Hobson, Etel Solingen, Michael Barnett, Richard Price, Martha Finnemore, and Frank Schimmelfennig for their comments on various earlier drafts of the article. This article is a revised version of a draft prepared for the American Political Science Association annual convention, San Francisco, 29 August–2 September 2001. Seminars on the article were offered at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, in April 2001; the Modern Asia Seminar Series at Harvard University's Asia Center, in May 2001; the Department of International Relations, Australian National University, in September 2001; and the Institute of International Relations, University of British Columbia, in April 2002. I thank these institutions for their lively seminars offering invaluable feedback. I gratefully acknowledge valuable research assistance provided by Tan Ban Seng, Deborah Lee, and Karyn Wang at the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies. I am also grateful to Harvard University Asia Centre and the Kennedy School's Asia Pacific Policy Program for fellowships to facilitate my research during 2000–2001.

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Topics: Convention (57%), Norm (social) (56%), Southeast asian (53%) ... read more

1,341 Citations


Open accessPosted Content
Robert Adcock1, David Collier2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Scholars routinely make claims that presuppose the validity of the observations and measurements that operationalize their concepts. Yet, despite recent advances in political science methods, surprisingly little attention has been devoted to measurement validity. We address this gap by exploring four themes. First, we seek to establish a shared framework that allows quantitative and qualitative scholars to assess more effectively, and communicate about, issues of valid measurement. Second, we underscore the need to draw a clear distinction between measurement issues and disputes about concepts. Third, we discuss the contextual specificity of measurement claims, exploring a variety of measurement strategies that seek to combine generality and validity by devoting greater attention to context. Fourth, we address the proliferation of terms for alternative measurement validation procedures and offer an account of the three main types of validation most relevant to political scientists.

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Topics: Generality (53%), Operationalization (53%), Context (language use) (52%)

1,093 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of citations received by the Paper in previous years
YearCitations
20214
20191
20031