# Multiobjective Optimization of FPGA-Based Medical Image Registration

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...ABC, [1070, 428] ACO, [1120] acoustics, [561] actuators piezo-electric, [631, 655, 662] acupuncture, [449] agents, [273] AIS, [1126] analysing GA selection, [393] analytical chemistry markers, [316] aneurysm aortic, [698] angiogenesis cancer, [732] angiography 3D, [377, 382] fluorescein, [1035] ICG, [311] retina, [358] retinal, [254] ant systems, [311, 311] antennas MRI, [279] antibodies, [183] application, [1141] medical imaging, [226] applications medical, [346] medicine, [566] medicine?, [922] arterial stenosis, [632] arteries modeling, [1054] artificial life, [1085, 273] ASPARAGOS, [154, 155] atrial fibrillation, [657] automation classification, [1037] Baldwin effect, [183] Bayesian networks, [945] bibliography medicine, [1018] special, [1018] biochemistry, [136] microarrays, [208] peptides, [135] proteins, [438] UV, [619] bioinformatics, [181, 1152] disease genes, [864] DNA, [214] signatures, [789] biology D. Melanogaster, [161, 162] fitness, [167] genetics, [1142, 188, 1027] phylogeny, [163] biomechanics, [1076] liver, [1071] biophysics brain activity, [936, 1086, 1157] bioprocesses parameter estimation, [1137] biotechnology, [136] blood serum, [768] blood circulation, [194] blood vessels, [1041] bone texture, [624] bones degradation, [804] prosthesis, [599] remodelling, [778] book review [1005], [1143] brachytherapy implant, [1140] brain corpus callosum, [435] hematoma, [341] hemodynamics, [287] MR imaging, [465] MRI imaging, [266] brain anatomy, [958] brain-computer-interface, [736] brainstem auditory evoked potentials, [361] breast cancer relapse time, [793] breeding, [931] building blocks chemical, [18, 19] CAD, [953, 625] face, [691] mechanism, [617] medicine, [919] shape design, [663] CADD, [22] calibration NIRS, [597] cancer biomarkers, [835] bladder, [638] brachytherapy, [704] breast, [469, 947, 979, 981, 518, 988, 1006, 535, 1011, 542, 233, 205, 587, 255, 609, 210, 293, 1037, 193, 323, 328, 1042, 720, 1102, 737, 397, 398, 793, 1063, 1120, 415, 178, 851, 426, 889] brest, [445, 242, 263] cervical, [719, 757] chemotherapy, [635] chemotherapy control, [1110] colon, [331, 799, 830] Subject index 45 decision support, [749] detection, [926] drug design, [51, 75] genetics, [755] leucemia, [428] leukemia, [110] liver, [803, 425, 433] lung, [278, 408, 1119] mammograpgy, [262] mammography, [533, 206, 239, 243, 245, 247, 265] markers, [846] melanoma, [945, 960, 965, 588, 280, 283, 289, 627, 548, 549, 351, 747] nasopharyngeal, [1065, 835] oral, [166, 758, 1125] ovarian, [713, 908] prostate, [325, 732, 784, 414] radiotherapy, [572, 574, 602, 1044, 1099, 1049, 1050] sarcoma, [569] screening, [784] skin tumor, [525] spectral imaging, [426] survival, [1063] treatment, [954] cancer classification, [756] cancer radiotherapy, [971] CANFIS, [550] cardiology, [520, 292] acute coronary syndromes, [675] arrhythmia, [970] atherosclerotic plaque, [660, 348] beats, [1052] diagnosis, [573] Doppler, [1053] ECG, [671, 824] echo cardiography, [259] elastography, [348] heartbeat, [1107] heartbeat recognition, [760] hospital stay, [859] imaging, [496, 305, 362] infarction, [1008] risk model, [1057] stents, [754] CAT, [677] cDNA, [213] cellular automata, [201] cephalogram, [540] chemical shift lipid-water, [297] chemistry analytical, [973, 1024, 804, 863] combinatorial, [139] drug design, [120, 121, 128, 131, 133, 134, 138, 99] macromolecule, [141] medical, [438, 409] medicinal, [132] organic, [127, 634] physical, [117, 119] structural, [942, 955, 130, 137, 140, 18, 19, 22, 25, 30, 772, 55, 64, 65, 71, 76, 78, 79, 84, 847, 852, 101, 103, 109] chemometrics, [816, 92] drug design, [71] human serum, [905] QSAR, [707] chemometry infrared spectroscopy, [596] wavelength selection, [642] chemotherapy, [527] CHN, [128] chromatography, [1024, 92] gas-, [767] classification, [563, 918, 457, 952, 481, 505, 541, 575, 234, 578, 595, 598, 622, 1037, 1053] classification Bacillus, [725] biomedical information, [420] biopsy, [429] breast tumors, [415] cancer, [210, 331, 755, 856] EEG, [146, 801, 898, 899] feature selection, [887] fuzzy, [292] heartbeat, [1107] heartbeats, [1052] medical diagnosis, [339] medical images, [362] noun, [796] RNA, [171] rules, [944, 961] soft tissue, [1111] swallow, [735] tachycardia, [906] tissue, [940] tumors, [456] classifier fuzzy, [951, 1070] classifier systems, [553, 562, 929, 576] emergency, [1166] classifiers, [560, 962, 1161] cancer, [908] feature selection, [478] features, [1145] fuzzy, [1108] heartbeat, [760] lymph diseases, [1074] mammography, [733] medical, [383] spectral, [1145] SVM, [876] clinic scheduling, [892] cluster analysis evolutionary, [697] clustering, [588, 262, 265, 623, 652, 669, 336] clinical data, [943] DNA, [209] feature selection, [623] fuzzy, [1083] gene expression, [819] 46 Genetic algorithms in medicine initialization, [365] k-means, [888] protein interaction, [886] toxicity, [586] clusters rare disease, [762] co-evolution cooperative, [598] cochlea implant, [375] coding real, [584, 896] coevolution, [629] fuzzy, [587] cognition testing, [287] visual, [1163] color medical image visualisation, [312] colors visualization, [344] comparison classification methods, [1000] cost-sensitive classification, [921] GA worse, [1156] human, [688] image registration, [352] in classification, [1035] in CT reconstruction, [497] in diagnosis, [985, 1013] in docking, [142] in image registration, [349, 381, 384, 386, 388, 395] in image thresholding, [428] in machine learning, [918, 805] in medical data mining, [258] in melanoma prediction, [960] in protein folding, [129] in regression, [950] in tomography reconstruction, [340] in wavelength selection, [1059] logistic regression, [647] Maxent, [706] Nelder-Mead, [557, 1079] neural networks, [945, 1035, 1035] particle swarm, [381, 388] SA in image registration, [333] simple stochastic algorithm, [1156] simulated annealing, [226, 129, 1088, 340] stepwise linear regression, [968] vector quantisation, [913] Very Fast Simulated ReAnnealing, [557] compression selective, [508] computational geometry, [137] computer graphics color, [344] polygonal approximation, [1147] conotoxin Conus geographicus, [942] control, [1080, 610] blood pressure, [920] glucose, [809] motion, [339] prosthesis, [667] protheses, [554] wheelchair, [1109] controller fuzzy, [932] controllers fuzzy, [1104] prosthetic hand, [593] criminology, [1167] crossover real, [584] CT angiography, [382] brain, [341] cancer, [403] lung, [372, 399, 1061] micro-, [412] reconstruction, [497] ROI, [372] cytology axonal outgrowth, [1105] image processing, [1037] imaging, [210] data analysis medical, [236] data mining, [968, 238, 674, 420] medical, [236, 258, 392] microarrays, [208] databases, [566] data mining, [244] medical, [238, 244, 288] retrieval, [288] datamaining, [698] decision support medical, [527] decision support systems medical, [1038] decision trees, [921, 166] decisions diagnostics, [629] medical, [484] dentistry imaging, [511] periodontal, [862] depression EEG, [1068] dermatology chemical penetration, [659] dermatoscope, [351] erythema, [693] lesions, [401] skin lesions, [400] urticaria, [868] wound healing, [673] design by human, [890] implant, [640, 664] detistry periodontitis, [207] Subject index 47 diabetes diagnosis, [840] fuzzy reasoning, [1058] glucose control, [1104] glucose sensing, [650, 651] leg ulcers, [368, 195, 1048, 390] retinal images, [1035] retinopathy, [1035] retipathy, [547] sensoring, [649] diagnosis, [1090] breast cancer, [598, 328] cancer, [951, 1011, 1015] cardiac disease, [550] cardiology, [573] diabetes, [1035, 1035] failure, [578] fault, [253] mammography, [986] medical, [485, 486, 489, 240, 253, 261] melanoma, [965] myocardial heart disease, [990] variable selection, [644] diagnostics caries, [17] confidence measure, [1051] hypovolemia, [730] tuberculosis, [1103] dietary menu planning, [1146] differential evolution, [428] image registration, [192] regression, [380] digital logic, [593] discussion [602], [594, 606] DNA, [135, 136] analysis, [197] microarray, [741] motifs, [1150] sequence alignment, [1156, 727] transposable elements, [160] docking, [125, 126] drug design, [20, 117, 118, 119, 122, 123, 125, 126, 127, 130, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 139, 140, 141, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 60, 106] drug design antibiotics, [56] cancer, [42] computational, [30, 75] de novo, [87] DNA breeding, [29] docking, [74] HIV-1, [49] in silico, [63] MMP-12 inhibitors, [31] pharmacokinetics, [57] QSAR, [124, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 47, 48, 52, 54, 69, 81, 82, 90, 91, 94, 96, 98] renal anion transporter inhibitors, [89] screening, [61] SVM, [53] thrombin inhibitor, [35] virtual screening, [67] ECG, [956, 996] P wave, [538] echocardiography, [223, 224] ecology antrax, [681] distribution, [1097] GARP, [706, 710, 1101] hemorrhagic fever, [855] modeling, [628] niche modeling, [636, 681] species distribution, [674, 686, 1098, 699, 700, 711] species distriution, [702] economics heathcare, [643] edge detection, [498] EEE source modeling, [150] EEG, [930] classification, [144] epilepsy, [145, 146] electrical impedance tomography reconstruction, [1036] electromagnetics, [452, 461, 473, 976, 1157] antennas, [279] brain stimulation, [1160] Kirlian imaging, [234] microwaves, [314] MRI, [302, 313] tissue, [798] electromagnetism coils, [506] electromyogram, [493] elitism, [1138, 506] EMG, [563, 500] endocrinology neural, [662] engineering aerospace, [253] civil, [314] mechanical, [663, 1076] medical, [228, 314] nano-, [649] process, [728, 731, 110] radio, [461] entomology flea, [310] medical, [310] environment pollution, [888] epidemiology malaria, [949] vectors, [636] epilepsy prediction, [1034] ergonomy back, [962] erythema UV induced, [693] evolution, [153, 1020] incremental, [593] 48 Genetic algorithms in medicine interactive, [687] recombination, [161, 162] simulation, [167] evolution strategies, [564, 561, 1019, 912, 605] medicine, [1021, 568] tomography, [270] evolutionary programming, [558] evolutionary strategies 1+1, [191] evolvable hardware FPGA, [667] experimental design, [287] Taguchi, [663] expert systems, [952, 489, 982, 1000, 591, 253] fuzzy, [261] medical, [449, 257] feature extraction, [540, 575] microarray, [1148] feature selection, [944, 961, 542, 26, 1055, 171, 1115, 846, 877, 113] feature selection DNA microarray, [741] drug design, [27] oral cancer, [758] QSAR, [38] features extraction, [233, 255] FEM, [663, 677] Bezier surface, [640, 664] brain stem, [1078] elastography, [348] injury, [729] fermentation drug production, [731] Gibberella fujikuroi, [207] figure copying task, [339] filters Gabor, [411] matched, [1041] median, [454] morphological, [451, 293, 413, 422] optical, [280] stack, [454] texture, [477] wavelet, [1108, 1154] finite element mesh, [660] fish oil, [815] fitness aesthetics, [691] in tomography, [317] interactive, [645, 676, 691] fluorescence imaging ICG, [380] forensics dental images, [15] Fourier series, [224] FPGA image processing, [411] fractals IFS, [1138] image analysis, [1035] fuzzy logic reasoning, [963, 517, 984] fuzzy reasoning, [609] fuzzy reasoningmachine learning fuzzy, [1119] fuzzy rules, [185] fuzzy sets, [446] fuzzy systems, [449, 1006, 1015, 598, 210, 286, 629, 70] ARTMAP, [46] classification, [730] decision support, [1113] finite state machine, [1037] image analysis, [912] image segmentation, [419] neural network, [550] neural networks, [830] prediction, [793] FuzzyCoCo, [609, 629] GA interactive, [890] GADELO, [557, 1079] games golf, [826] gamma knife, [718] GAP, [129] GARP, [1097, 310, 681, 686] climate change, [711] DesktopGARP, [674] GIS, [668, 679, 684] influenca, [696] influenza, [699] malaria, [1098] medicinal plant, [751] monkeybox, [700] niche modeling, [636, 710] plague, [695] West Nile virus, [702] gastronomy diet, [637] Gaussian mixture model image segmentation, [382] gene regulatory network modeling, [817] genetic gene regulation, [761] human, [658] genetic algorithm classification, [548] genetic code, [188] genetic programming, [915, 444, 471, 238, 620, 164, 283, 289, 657, 673, 678, 339] genetic programming classification, [456] image processing, [282] in biochemistry, [207] interactive, [288] linear, [258] regression, [647] genetics, [153, 151, 152, 156, 154, 155, 183, 184, 158, 160, 166, 174, 181, 182] genetics bacterial, [185] breast cancer, [178] D. melanogaster, [161, 162] Subject index 49 DNA, [159] essential genes, [180] gene expression, [175] gene order, [177] gene regulation, [172] gene regulatory networks, [173] gene-gene interaction, [164] mapping, [186] phylogeny, [163] promoter prediction, [170] proteins, [157] proteome, [176] RNA, [171] salmon, [167] selection, [188, 168] sequence alignment, [187] SNP, [165, 179] virus, [169] GENIE, [638] genome microRNA precursors, [769] geometric modeling, [958] 3D, [488] GFA, [968] GIS GARP, [310] glucose, [973, 642] Gnets, [231] GP parallel, [362] grammars, [238] grippers design, [631] GRNN, [242, 263] hardware evolvable, [998] health monitoring, [228] hearing aid, [610] hematology chromatography, [767] glycans, [813] tacrolimus, [833] hemodynamics anastomosis, [808] brain, [776] hepatitis therapy, [744] hepatology fibrosis, [753] hip arthroplasty, [599] histology, [481] cancer, [518, 210] lung, [429] tissue classification, [940] HIV, [115] drug design, [45] therapy planning, [759] HIV-1, [46] human plasma triglycerides, [597] hybrid Bayesian network, [725] downhill simplex, [373] FEM, [660] fuzzy logic, [1025, 790] GP and logic programming, [238] gradient, [931] gradient based method, [446] local gradient, [308] local search, [117, 322, 56] maximum likelihood method, [294] neural network, [103] neural networks, [935, 493, 995, 1025, 54, 56, 875, 880] perceptron, [1128] QSAR, [90] simulated annealing, [130, 1093, 211, 626] SVM, [43, 44, 1111, 407, 415, 179] tabu-search, [300] image analysis, [308] image correction deformation, [332] image fusion medical, [359] image processing, [204, 226, 556, 200, 440, 468, 469, 476, 477, 480, 498, 533, 346, 422] image processing 3D, [227] automatic, [282] border detector, [915] classification, [516] compression, [508, 1026] CT, [543] edge detection, [475] enhancement, [218] feature extraction, [463, 1083] feature selection, [458, 408] filters, [293, 413] high-speed video, [1040] image registration, [225, 284, 335, 1064] magnetic resonance, [915] matching, [453] medical, [223, 224, 227, 229, 230, 231, 441, 443, 446, 447, 448, 455, 464, 470, 471, 507, 518, 234, 256, 1073] morphological, [439] motion estimation, [305] pattern recognition, [249] reconstruction, [466, 472, 487, 490, 543] registration, [501, 1088, 254, 277, 371, 379, 421, 423, 432, 435] restoration, [454] segmentation, [910, 437, 448, 471, 502, 505, 220, 523, 534, 544, 232, 588, 266, 212, 273, 275, 276, 278, 280, 624, 283, 289, 296, 638, 652, 324, 343, 1118, 417, 1073] shape, [216, 326] stereo, [692] symmetry, [368, 195, 1048, 390] texture, [233, 255, 425, 433] thresholding, [428] tomography, [1036] ultra sound, [274] wavelets, [458] image processing?, [460] 50 Genetic algorithms in medicine image registration, [446, 511, 539, 1022, 191, 15, 311, 322, 328, 342, 355, 358, 370, 379, 381, 386, 388, 395, 403, 902] image registration 3D, [227, 439, 501, 522, 252, 271, 300, 301, 304, 321, 356] CT and ultrasound, [352] dental, [16] fiducial configuration, [1100] landmark, [319] local, [319] MRI, [528] multimodal, [333] multiresolution, [423] mutual information, [271, 192, 299, 330, 349, 373, 393, 405, 410] non rigid, [1047] non-rigid, [303] optic nerve, [384] PSO, [1064] retina, [359] retinal angiograms, [364] voxel, [421, 432] image segmentation, [14, 669] Gaussian mixture model, [377] thresholding, [428] imaging 3D, [488, 305] brain, [442, 306] color design, [737] CT, [303, 1111] electrical impedance, [459] eye, [1041] fusion, [737] hyperspectral, [207, 196] Kirlian, [234] magnetic resonance, [329, 1043] medical, [440, 442, 453, 459, 460, 464, 468, 469, 473, 474, 479, 480, 483, 488, 491, 494, 495, 496, 498, 507, 509, 511, 512, 514, 516, 517, 520, 525, 532, 543, 546, 547, 237, 249, 256, 259, 273, 280, 282, 283, 289, 292, 293, 296, 1041, 426] MRI, [303] multispectral, [526, 335, 351, 799] NMR, [509, 524, 539, 237] ultrasonic, [496, 517, 251] ultrasound, [1030, 1031, 303, 425, 433, 908] imaging skin, [283, 289] immune system simulator, [1144] immunology, [967] simulator, [1144] implant FEM, [641, 672] implants, [499] cochlear, [639, 645, 676] design, [640] prostate, [992] titanium, [664] implementation bacteria, [136] Fortran 77, [135] FPGA, [667, 692] LabView, [1080] MIMD, [117] IMRT, [1106] indocyanine green angiography, [311] tissue perfusion, [380] infection influenza, [696] malaria, [1098, 706] plague, [695] infections classification, [712] Helicobacter pylori, [724] inflammation intracellular signaling, [722] influenza avian, [696] injury pulmonary, [729] insects mosquitoes, [674] integer programming, [992] interactive GA, [375, 884] inverse problems, [229, 671] CT, [1061] ECG, [873] EEG, [143] electrocardiography, [1132] electromagnetics, [314] medical, [1086] MEG, [1086] neuromagnetism, [1165] optical, [203] radiotherapy, [581] scattering, [774] thermal, [1082] tomography, [353] knee arthroplasty, [592] knowledge based systems, [257] Kohonen nets, [552] laparoscopy artery cross-clamping, [879] laryngology swallow, [735] layout ambulance locations, [708] learning evolution, [189] learning classifier systems, [166] ligands, [142] LINKERS, [1142] liver, [436] angiography, [382] diagnosis, [1126] texture, [212] transplantation, [833] logic programming, [238] LVQ, [913] machine learning, [562, 449, 935, 480, 959, 489, 1084, 981, 982, 548, 316, 698] machine learning classification, [1035] Subject index 51 clustering, [697] Gaussian mixture model, [14] genetic programming, [653] image features, [408] kernel-based, [669] medicine, [553] machine vision registration, [969] macromolecules, [122, 139, 141] DNA, [160, 214] docking, [21] peptides, [135] RNA, [955] macrosomia, [812] magnetoencephalography, [229] malari vectors, [674] malaria vector invasion risk, [686] vectors, [1097] mammography, [445, 457, 940, 476, 988, 233, 255, 629, 292] asymmetry, [397] diagnosis, [1012] microcalcification, [507, 249] mamography, [535] maps, [588] mass spectroscopy clinical, [834] matching, [274] mechanics fluid dynamics, [194] fluidics, [632] medical imaging, [225, 437, 441, 445, 451, 454, 455, 457, 459, 463, 476, 477, 478, 481, 482, 502, 505, 518, 523, 526, 531, 533, 534, 537, 540, 544, 545, 232, 233, 235, 239, 243, 245, 247, 191, 255, 1030, 260, 262, 265, 277, 298, 348, 352, 370, 381, 384, 386, 388, 395, 429] medical imaging 3D, [1022] angiography, [286] arteries, [1031] blood vessels, [447, 467, 475] brain, [439, 465, 501, 528, 268, 275, 299, 301, 307, 330, 332, 333, 343, 357, 419, 430, 435] breast cancer, [422] cancer, [203, 535, 242, 263, 193, 323] cardiology, [503, 508, 362] chest, [485] coloring, [328] compression, [1026] CT, [466, 487, 497, 267, 268, 326, 341, 372, 377, 378, 399, 1061, 406, 412, 423, 430] CT scans, [278] dental, [14, 15, 16, 17] dermatology, [391] diabetes, [530] drug discovery, [335] ECG, [541] EMRI, [367] endoscopy, [331] fluorescence, [380] fMR, [389] fMRI, [287, 404] fusion, [328] heart, [305] histology, [1037, 355] image quality, [402] image registration, [522, 252, 268, 271, 272, 284, 192, 299, 303, 304, 318, 319, 321, 322, 345, 349, 360, 373, 393, 405, 410, 421, 432] image segmentation, [306] impedance tomography, [510] ITK, [191] leucemia, [428] liver, [425, 433] lung, [403, 408, 416, 417] MALDI, [387] mammography, [542, 1042, 397, 398] melanoma, [548, 549] microwave, [246] monitoring, [294] MR, [286, 379, 435] MRI, [529, 266, 271, 279, 291, 295, 354, 297, 302, 306, 313, 329, 332, 337, 1043, 366, 371, 407, 413, 414, 418] multi-modal, [522] neurology, [356] neutron, [472] NMR, [452, 506, 524, 539, 343] online, [411] optical, [351, 368, 195, 1048, 390] optical tomography, [325, 1067] PET, [327, 357] pulmonary embolisms, [394] radiographs, [462] registration, [254] retina, [1035, 290, 294, 308, 311, 324, 336, 342, 358, 359, 364] segmentation, [251, 281, 315, 1046, 376, 382] skin, [401] skin lesions, [400] sonar, [458] SPECT, [268, 270] surgery, [356] thermography, [385] thresholding, [434] tomography, [436, 198, 490, 241, 248, 285, 300, 314, 317, 334, 334, 338, 340, 350, 353, 363, 365, 369, 374, 396] tumors, [456] ultrasonic, [470] ultrasound, [513, 274, 276, 415, 427] videofluoroscopy, [1047] visual, [347] visualisation, [312] visualization, [344] X-ray, [504] x-ray, [309] X-ray, [1042] medical imaging?, [461] medical signal processing ECG, [431] EEG, [320] genetic programming, [149] 52 Genetic algorithms in medicine medicien Alzheimer’s disease, [177] medicin oncology, [1050] medicinal plant distribution, [751] medicine, [564, 558, 1019, 555, 557, 565, 1004, 583, 589, 608] medicine , [791, 806] accident resource allocation, [869] administration, [643, 1112, 1129, 892] alcoholics, [930] anaesthesia, [932, 590] anaesthesiology, [975] anatomy, [958, 624] andrology, [933] anesthesia, [578] anthrax, [668, 681] antibiotics, [56] arteries, [1054] arteriology, [656] Bacillus anthracis, [711] bacteriology, [863] behavior dynamics, [857] bibliography, [1018] biomarkers, [794, 812] blood, [642, 768, 1059] blood circulation, [808] brachyotherapy, [993] brachytherapy, [612, 614, 1002] brain interface, [736] brains, [446, 448] breast, [841] cancer, [445, 464, 940, 945, 947, 125, 950, 951, 954, 957, 960, 964, 965, 968, 979, 981, 518, 986, 988, 992, 525, 527, 1011, 1012, 1015, 569, 574, 205, 206, 1028, 587, 588, 598, 603, 1095, 615, 280, 627, 629, 634, 648, 548, 549, 1099, 704, 713, 719, 720, 1102, 747, 749, 1110, 755, 756, 757, 758, 51, 763, 397, 398, 784, 793, 803, 1063, 813, 1119, 1120, 1065, 830, 414, 415, 835, 1125, 846, 178, 851, 856, 425, 889, 433, 908] cardiology, [607, 223, 224, 231, 915, 920, 927, 931, 956, 217, 963, 1139, 503, 970, 517, 983, 984, 990, 532, 1008, 1030, 1033, 618, 657, 660, 671, 550, 675, 703, 709, 1052, 1053, 1107, 754, 1057, 760, 1113, 820, 824, 829, 859, 873, 1132, 906] cellular, [854] chemotherapy, [24] Chinese, [891] classification, [560] clinical classification, [1075] clinical trials, [559] consultation system, [914] critical care, [867] Crohn’s disease, [903] CT, [326] cynegology, [1117] cytology, [638, 1105] data processing, [916] decision support, [1010, 635, 1130] decision tree, [972] dengue, [636] dentisry, [1025] dentistry, [953, 828] dermatology, [1039, 659, 673, 693, 774, 401, 868] diabetes, [973, 649, 650, 651, 1104, 1058, 825, 840, 1070] diagnosis, [567, 921, 952, 959, 963, 1084, 219, 517, 982, 984, 985, 991, 1000, 531, 1006, 1013, 545, 573, 205, 206, 582, 595, 620, 622, 1035, 629, 647, 357, 1126] diagnostics, [246, 1094, 609, 680, 1051, 383, 1103, 730, 770, 1074] dianostics, [449] diet planning, [637] DNA, [741] drug design, [121, 122, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 140, 142, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 97, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116] drug development, [848] drug production, [731] drug testing, [816, 870, 897] ECG, [521] editorial, [689] EEG, [913, 1138, 736, 147, 887, 898, 899] electromyography, [562] EMG, [563, 935] endoscopy, [269] environmental, [613, 852, 888] epidemiology, [929, 576, 628, 636, 1097, 668, 674, 679, 684, 686, 738, 855, 885] ergonomy, [962] estimation, [723] fungi, [787] gait, [1089] gastroenterology, [644] gastrology, [486, 1090] genetic, [761, 842] genetic maps, [658] genetics, [580, 164, 727, 734, 172, 777, 781, 1116, 786, 788, 789, 792, 807, 810, 811, 173, 814, 817, 819, 175, 1066, 176, 839, 1127, 864, 876, 896] genome, [601, 769] geographics, [762] geriatry, [595] gerontology, [577] glaucoma, [616] glomerular filtration, [893] hearing, [645, 676, 687, 845, 872] hearing aid, [600] hematology, [597, 767, 1060, 813, 76] hemodynamics, [632, 194] hemorrhagic blood loss, [966] hepatitis, [744] hepatology, [995, 753] histology, [926, 575, 881] HIV, [923, 1009, 707, 45, 759, 886] HIV-1, [937] hospital mortality, [1001] human genetics, [918] Subject index 53 imaging, [227, 230, 910, 200, 442, 494, 370, 737, 1111] immunology, [728] implantable lung, [630, 646, 670] infection, [1098, 695, 696, 699, 700, 702, 706, 711] infections, [710, 712, 724, 1121] inflammation, [722] infrastructure, [1124] injury, [729] instrumentation, [561] K, [942] laparoscopic intruments, [617] laryngology, [735] learning, [948] liver, [833, 1071] lung, [416, 429] malaria, [949, 679, 684, 686] malaria medicine, [877] mammography, [925, 455, 460, 478, 492, 507, 985, 1013, 249, 604] management, [708] medicinal plant, [751] MEG, [229] metabolism, [716, 765, 797] metabolomics, [725] microbes, [837, 847, 1072] mobile service, [682] monitoring, [743] MR-imaging, [912] mutations, [658] neurology, [909, 935, 936, 944, 149, 961, 505, 976, 977, 980, 991, 150, 570, 143, 591, 1029, 605, 275, 1034, 286, 287, 639, 662, 307, 320, 685, 687, 688, 339, 705, 721, 1056, 389, 750, 144, 145, 779, 782, 404, 146, 407, 800, 801, 805, 822, 838, 418, 843, 1068, 866, 884, 148, 895, 901, 904, 1078, 1017] neurology?, [1062] neurosurgery, [1100] nuclear, [999] nutrition, [795] obstetrics, [236] odantology, [537] odontology, [862] oncology, [1014, 1092, 1093, 621, 626, 1096, 633, 166, 665, 1044, 694, 1045, 701, 1106, 773, 799, 426] ophthalmology, [969, 1088, 547, 1029, 1035, 290, 294, 652, 308, 669, 324, 1041, 336, 342, 780] oral, [511] orthopaedics, [804, 832, 834] orthopaedy, [663] orthopediatry, [688] orthopedics, [766, 778, 849, 894, 1076] orthopedy, [989, 1032, 641, 672] osteoporosis, [989, 853] oto-laryngologia, [726] paraplegia, [1007] pattern recognition, [623] peptides, [732] pharmacokinetics, [678] pharmacology, [586] pharmacy, [619] physiology, [939, 202, 946, 715, 746, 1108, 776, 783, 1115, 790, 406, 798, 809, 827, 890, 900] planning, [775] plastic surgery, [683, 691] pre-eclampsia, [653] prediction, [928] pregnancy, [752] prions, [116] prostate, [987, 237, 585] prostehesis, [667] prosthese, [1136, 998] prosthetic hand, [593] prosthetics, [274] proteins, [764, 844] proteome, [1122] protheses, [554] psychiatry, [978] psychitry, [571] psychology, [943, 997, 880, 882] radiation therapy, [199, 917, 1133] radio therapy, [572] radiology, [453, 941, 698, 717, 718, 733, 823, 1123, 865] radiotherapy, [612, 614, 911, 919, 1134, 934, 1135, 938, 941, 484, 971, 992, 1140, 1005, 581, 584, 1091, 585, 594, 602, 606, 654, 1049] report on activities, [590] review, [924] scoliosis, [871] sensing, [610] sensoring, [1081] sepsis, [867] serum, [905] signal processing, [996, 1003, 687] sleep apnea, [739] sleeping, [552] smoking cessation, [1079] sport, [745, 826] sports, [831] statistics, [785] stem cells, [740, 821] surgery, [920, 974, 578, 592, 599, 269, 611, 625, 631, 640, 655, 661, 664, 666, 677, 690, 697, 802, 878, 879, 902] TCM, [874] thermotherapy, [1082] tomography, [556] toxicology, [994, 714, 771, 772, 875] traffic injury, [883] triage, [1131] urology, [933, 952, 1084, 982, 1000, 257] vaccination, [1114] vaccines, [818, 850, 861] vectors, [1101] virology, [967, 742, 836, 860, 907] vision, [551] vision impairment, [692] vitamins, [815] vocal fold, [1040] voice, [748, 796] walking, [1077] would healing, [673] 54 Genetic algorithms in medicine yellow fever, [955] medine cardiology, [211] oncology, [210] melanoma, [957] metabolic profiling, [752] metabolism tracing, [797] metabolomics spectroscopy, [725] micro-arrays, [648] microarrays, [761] classification, [842] image processing, [213] microbes tuberculosis, [786] microbiology, [136] microscopy endoscopy, [331] modeling, [871] biochemistry, [1159] hemodynamics, [632] membrane potential, [662] polyominos, [683] MOGA, [630] molecular dynamics, [942] MRI chemical shift, [297] Dixon acquisition, [297] excitation pulse design, [313, 337] excitation trajectory design, [291, 295] experimental design, [366] monohedral, [354] open magnet, [302] random trajectories, [1043] RF coil design, [279] multi-objective optimisation, [316] nerve fibre activity, [946] neural network, [1056] drug design, [100] drug testing, [897] fuzzy, [996] neural networks, [551, 563, 228, 565, 198, 460, 476, 966, 985, 1013, 570, 23, 45, 779, 85, 828, 1153, 893] neural networks Bayesian, [1011] cellular, [256] classification, [944, 215, 956, 961, 496, 517, 518, 1012, 578, 263, 1033, 634] control, [688] data mining, [258, 392] diagnosis, [205] drug design, [112] electronic nose, [1087] feature extraction, [575] fuzzy, [538, 240] hybrid, [135, 1032] image segmentation, [529] knowledge, [914] Kohonen, [552, 232] learning, [957] machine learning, [959] medical applications, [450] optimisation, [883] pattern recognition, [481, 595] perceptron, [1128] prediction, [930, 833] RBF, [1151] simulation, [605] SOM, [261] structure, [928, 164] taining, [947] training, [926, 462, 276, 1103, 858] traning, [496] walking, [1089] weights, [117] neural stimulation waveform, [705] neuroimaging MRI, [327] neurology, [1165] Alzheimer’s disease, [779, 805, 418] amyloid fibrils, [1158] BAEPS, [361] brain activity, [1086, 1157] brain imaging, [509, 266] brain oscillation, [866] brain oscillations, [904] brain stimulation, [1160] brainwaves, [1162] cancer, [773] dementia, [357] EEG, [145, 801, 1068] electrodes, [843] epilepsy, [149, 150, 143, 1034, 144, 146, 147, 148] fMRI, [404] hypoxia, [1056] ion chennel conductance modeling, [1159] lateral sclerosis, [854] lesions, [407] motoneurons, [977] nerve activity, [946] neural oscillations, [838] neuronal paths, [721] Parkinson’s disease, [339, 782] Parkinsonian oscillations, [900] prosthesis control, [667] rehabilitation, [1017] sclerosis, [800] sleep, [944, 961, 570] transcranial DC stimulation, [895] transcranial stimulation, [901] vestibulo-ocular reflex, [1029] vision, [1163, 1164] visual attention, [1161] neurons io channel modeling, [685] niche, [931] niche GA, [319] NIRS blood, [1060] microbes, [837] wavelength selection, [768, 1059] Subject index 55 NMR, [473, 506] brain imaging, [343] excitation pulse, [329] imaging, [529] NMR imaging, [442, 260] NOC, [803] nutrition variable selection, [795] oncology chemotherapy, [635] radiotherapy, [1092, 1093, 621, 626, 1096, 633, 665, 1045, 701] operating room scheduling, [661, 666] ophthalmology diabetes, [290] glaucoma, [652, 669] retinal imaging, [969] tumours, [780] opthalmology retinal imaging, [384] optical coherence tomography, [348] optics, [1069] skin, [774] skin imaging, [280] spectroscopy, [1065] optimisation diet, [637] multi-objective, [291, 630, 295, 646, 670, 214, 345, 360] multiobjective, [682] Pareto, [196, 718] optimization, [1141] global, [117] multi-objective, [531] Pareto, [931] oral cancer risk, [1125] orthopaedics arthritis, [834] bones, [804] orthopaedy implants, [663] paralled GA, [727] parallel GA, [155, 560, 566, 117, 1137, 967, 604, 163, 272, 275, 277, 822, 431] parallel GA grid, [309] PVM, [454] workstations, [249] parameter estimation, [1137] Pareto, [663, 345, 360] MRI, [291, 295, 297, 297] Parkinson’s disease, [619, 58] particle swarm, [688, 376] patent, [533, 572, 239, 243, 245, 247, 262, 600, 603, 265, 680] pattern recognition, [226, 507, 526, 578, 259, 1032] blood cells, [298] EEG, [320] FFT, [331] medical, [488] melanoma, [965] optic disc, [308] phoneme, [1155] tumor, [525] PBGA, [185] PCA, [357, 736, 746] classification, [709] penicillins, [36] peptides surfactants, [852] peptidome, [724] perceptrons, [578] pharmacokinetics model selection, [105] pharmacology, [135, 848] drug design, [21] toxicity, [586] pharmasy, [23] pharmocology, [50] physics bio-, [660] medical, [492, 499] molecular, [119] optics, [649] physiology, [966] brain hemodynamics, [776] cardiac transmembrane potentials, [746] cardiomyocytes, [783] eye movements, [1029] fatique, [890] glucose, [809] heart, [820] muscle fatigue, [1108] nutrition, [202] oximetry, [1115] Parkinsonian oscillations, [900] respiration, [406] thermoregulation, [715] vision, [221, 1088] voice, [1040] walking, [827] planning layout, [708] medical center location, [424] menu, [637] operating room, [666] plastic surgery, [683] therapy, [569] planning radiotherapy, [378] PLS, [719] pollution, [613] popular, [136] DNA breeding, [29] population multiple, [1079] population size, [168] 100, [226] post mortem dental identification, [15] prediction, [1038] breast cancer, [964] survival, [620] process fermentation, [728, 731, 110] 56 Genetic algorithms in medicine prostate implants, [1095, 615] protein docking, [142] protein engineering DNA breeding, [29] protein folding, [123, 129] amyloid fibrils, [1158] structure prediction, [844] protein folding?, [118] proteins, [119, 130, 136] 17-residue, [942] albumin, [642] apicoplast, [792] apolipoprotein epsilon4, [595] directed evolution, [24] docking, [923, 937, 967, 139, 140, 1023, 28, 764, 58, 83, 95] drug design, [125, 126] HIV-1 protease, [937] homology, [124] interactions, [1151] ligands, [438] proteome, [787, 836] purification, [97] QSAR, [968] recognition, [923] sequences, [777] signature, [1121] similarity, [1149] proteins folding, [1009] proteome hepatitis B virus, [763] proteomics cardiology, [703] PSO, [1120, 179, 428, 898] image registration, [1064] source location, [148] psychiatry dementia, [595] diagnosis, [571] psychology, [1167] biological, [645, 676] physiological, [287] psychotherapy, [978] pulmonary embolism, [647] puuttuu (ISI), [732] QSAR, [120, 1009, 141, 26, 634, 55, 64, 65, 70, 71, 76, 78, 89, 852, 101, 103, 877, 115, 116] QSAR drug design, [40, 96, 98] QSPR, [120, 114] QSRR blood, [767] QSSR, [897] quantum computing DNA, [159] radiation shielding, [823] radiation therapy geometry, [1133] radiography subtraction, [309] radiology, [941, 992, 999] beam angle, [1123] impedance, [717] implants, [1135] mammography, [733] planning, [718] thorax, [370] radiosurgery, [484] radiotherapy, [911] beam optimization, [654] images for, [453] implant, [603] IMRT, [1096, 633, 1044, 1045] intensity-modulated, [621, 665, 701, 1050] intesity-modulated, [1099] optimisation, [1106] planning, [1134, 584, 602, 1095, 615] reasoning case based, [743, 770] fuzzy, [990] recombination recursive, [24] registration retinal image, [969] regression, [120, 950, 1058] exponential, [704] linear, [860] logistics, [694] piecewise linear, [1145] PLS, [642, 51] radiation dose, [704] SVM, [66] regressions, [968] reliablility, [253] REM, [552] report on activities medicine, [590] retina, [1088] ICGA, [364] retinal imaging indocyanine green, [254] review biomedical applications, [515] computational intelligence, [222] Computer-aided molecular design, [131] GA in drug design, [128] image registration, [254] medical image registration, [432] medicine, [579] molecular design, [138] neuro-fuzzy rule generation, [240] of [162], [161] operating room scheduling, [690] urology, [933] robotics control, [320] grippers, [631] medical, [269] mobile, [185] routing, [682] rule based system, [489] Subject index 57 rule based systems, [449, 1084, 982, 991, 240, 609] medicine, [571] scattering, [1069] inverse, [774] scheduling chemotherapy unit, [1112] clinical pathways, [1129] operating room, [661, 666] vaccination, [1114] scheduling ¿/operating room, [690] screening diabetic retinopathy, [290] in silico, [32, 33, 47, 52, 61] virtual, [59] segmentation, [916, 529, 546, 239, 243, 245, 247] 3D, [327] CT, [365, 372] segmentation?, [490] selection biomarkers, [821] feature, [407] wavelength, [1060] sensing hearing, [610] tactile, [879] sensoring, [1087, 578] sensors tactile, [802] serum triglyseride, [768] shape design FEM, [808] shape model B-spline, [266] signal procesing medical, [538] signal processing, [555, 1080, 1139, 996, 346] brain, [866] classifiers, [500] compression, [1138] ECG, [956, 824, 431] EEG, [736, 801, 1068, 147, 148] electrocardiographs, [927] feature selection, [529] finger movements, [782] FPGA, [431] heart rate, [829] medical, [444, 493, 521, 536, 1034, 361, 375] multidimensional, [221] sEMG, [1108] speech, [645, 676] ultrasound, [427] visual to audio, [884] voice, [796, 845, 872, 1154, 1155] wavelets, [1033] signal processsig medical, [500] simulation, [1142, 557] catheter, [656] diffuse optical tomography, [325] NIR spectroscopy, [1158] surgery, [611] skin melanin, [774] skin modeling optical, [391] skull, [267] sleep apnoea, [1115] snakes, [502, 544, 546] SNP, [165] solid modeling, [958] SOM, [261] spectroscopy, [66] 2D correlation, [1158] biomedical, [519, 250] blood, [780] classification, [653] feature selection, [825] fitting, [1145] FT-IR, [207] gingival crevicular fluid, [862] impedance, [1102] infrared, [596] mass, [653, 813, 1121, 862, 863] mass-, [716] melanoma, [627] metabolomics, [725] NIR, [973, 597, 642, 650, 651, 548, 549, 693, 347, 1060, 825, 837] NIRS, [768] NMR, [519, 765] Raman, [207, 757, 1065] skin, [1039] wavelength selection, [596, 548, 549, 693, 1059, 773] splines, [692] sport muscle fatigue, [1108] sports clenbuterol, [831] SQUID, [618] Staphylococcus aureus Sortase A inhibitors, [82] statistics medicine, [858] stem cells biomarkers, [740, 821] stereo vision on-line, [692] strain testing arteries, [1030] implant, [641] structure molecular, [659] support vector machine, [355] surafaces superquadrics, [503] surgery, [352] liver, [1153] MRI, [302] operating room scheduling, [690] 58 Genetic algorithms in medicine planning, [592, 599, 382] plastic, [878] protatate, [625] radio-, [902] robotic, [879] sensoring, [802] simulation, [677] spinal, [356] vascular, [808] survey microarray data analysis, [208] pattern recognition, [208] SVM, [719, 37, 748, 753, 769, 65, 810, 416, 846, 1130, 856, 425, 864, 433, 898, 899] SVM classifier, [1161] feature selection, [1077] regression, [746, 873] synovial fluid, [834] system estimation, [975] telecommunications in hospitals, [1124] therapy UV, [619] thermography ocular, [385] ulcers, [368, 195, 1048, 390] thomography cancer, [365] time series Mackey-Glass, [959] medical, [316] tissue skin, [280] tissue perfusion ICG, [380] tomography, [198, 512, 523] brain, [275] CT, [315, 365] EIT, [1036] EMRI, [367] impedance, [459, 510] lung, [326] medical, [485] MR, [508, 344] NIR, [353] NMR, [958] OCT, [348] optical, [351, 353, 400] PET, [327, 344, 363, 374] reconstruction, [248, 270, 285, 317, 323, 334, 334, 338, 340, 350, 363, 374] SPECT, [270] Tikhonov regularization, [671] ultrasonic, [494] X-ray, [504] x-ray, [285] tomography elasto-mechanical, [323] TOPAS, [18, 19] toxicology environmental, [771] QSAR, [714] training surgery, [625] transplantation liver, [995] transportaion traffic, [883] tress, [880] TSP, [443] tutorial GA in drug design, [122] QSAR, [133] QSPR, [134] ultrasound, [561] bone, [267] urology, [489] USA, [1029, 1095, 615] vaccines allocation, [861] filoviral, [818] variable selection, [767, 68] regression, [694] vascular tree lung, [417] vectors mosquito, [1101] Yersinia pestis, [310] venoms snail, [942] virology influenza A, [836] virus, [885] dengue, [742] yellow fever, [955] vision early, [605] evoked potentials, [221] visualization palette design, [344] vitamin K, [942] VLSI FPGA, [345, 360] VLSI design, [593] voice assessment, [748] wavelength selection image, [196] NIR, [642, 651] NIRS, [973] wavelets, [470, 541, 318] voice, [748] Annual index 59 4.8 Annual index The following table gives references to the contributions by the year of publishing....

[...]

..., [291, 295] D’Alessandro, Brian, [400, 401] D’Alessandro, Maryann, [1034] Daliri, Mohammad Reza, [1119, 418] da Silva, Fernando Jose Mateus, [727] Damas, Sergio, [304, 321, 322, 386, 395, 421, 432] Dandekar, Omkar, [345, 360]...

[...]

...Abbotts, R., [747] Abdelwahab, Nada S., [816] Abdula, Ahmed Mutanabbi, [33, 47] Abdullah, Wan Ahmed K. Wan, [1064] Abdullah-Al-Mamun, Khondaker, [904] Abdul-Wahid, Christopher Badi’, [46] Abdul-Wahid, Sarah, [46] Abel, David L., [1116] Abolfath, R. M., [701] Abraham, Mannil Thomas, [758] Abramavicius, D., [1158] Abu Khalaf, Reema, [47] Accornero, N., [551] Acharya, R. S., [199, 917] Acharya, U. R., [908] Achim, Moise, [613] Acree, William E. Jr, [65] Adamec, J., [194] Adamopoulos, A. V., [607, 618] Adamopoulos, Adam, [723, 853] Adankon, Mathias M., [871] Adhikari, D., [696] Adhikari, Nilanjan, [877] Adiamah, Delali A., [786] Adjemian, J. C. Z., [310] Adjeroh, Donald, [16] Adler, Dorit D., [464, 940, 507] Afarideh, Hossein, [823] Afifi, Ahmed, [376] Afrasiabi, Mahlagha, [407] Afshari, Elnaz, [879] Agarwal, Shilpi, [767] Aghamohammadi, Hasan, [424] Aghamohammadi, Hossein, [424] Aghbashlo, Mortaza, [815] Aguilar, Guillermo, [1039] Aguilar, J., [520] Aguilar, R., [210, 1037] Ahmad, Fadzil, [1128] Ahmad, Sabbir U., [581, 1049] Ahmadi, T., [100, 113] Ahmadi-Roudi, Behzad, [767] Ahmad Noruddin, Nur Adelina, [34] Ahmed, M. N., [953] Ahmed, Mohamed N., [479] Ahmed, S., [479] Ahmed, Z., [1112] Ahrabian, H., [814] Aikimbayev, Alim, [711] Ainon, Raja Noor, [1113] Ait-Aoudia, Samy, [333, 349] Aizenberg, I., [256] Aizenberg, N., [256] Akhtari, M., [461] Akyuz, Lalehan, [101] Alam, M. S., [1110] Alander, Jarmo T., [693, 347, 548, 549, 1016, 1017, 1018] Alavikia, Zahra, [1124] Alayón, S., [210, 1037] Al-Azzawi, Nemir, [1064] Albani, C., [943, 978] Albertelli, L., [979] Alderliesten, Tanja, [656] Alektiar, K. M., [569] Alghisi, Federico, [787] Algoul, S., [1110] Al-Horani, Rami A., [79] Ali, Fath El Alem Fadlallah, [487, 543] Ali, Fath El Alem F., [497] Ali, Hamed I., [58] Al-Ijel, Hebah, [61] Alkhalifa, A. Y., [202] Allen, S. J., [827] Almasganj, Farshad, [748, 1154] Al-Mulla, Mohamed R., [1108] Al-Nadaf, Afaf H., [32] Al-Najjar, Belal O., [34] Alolfe, Mohamed A., [313] Alolfe, Mohammed A., [329] Alqtaishat, Saja, [93] Al-Rawi, Mohammed, [1041] Alvarez, Daniel, [1115] Alves Honório, Nildimar,[679] Aly, Nabil M., [339] Amari, Sun-ichi, [552] Amaritsakul, Yongyut, [894] Amaro, Ana, [1076] Amburn, Philip, [239, 243, 247, 262, 533] Ames, Forrest, [368, 195, 1048] Amin, H., [326] Amirzadi, Azardokht, [422] Ammar, Hany, [16] Amols, Howard I., [1095] Analoui, Mostafa, [17] Anand, Christopher Kumar, [1043] Anastasio, M. A., [492, 531] Anastasio, Mark A., [206] Anastassopoulos, George, [723, 853] Anbarasu, L. A., [187] Andalib, Elham, [880] Anderson, Jonathan D., [692] Anderson, Julie, [368, 195, 1048] Anderson, R. W., [183] Anderson, William S., [866] Andersson, L., [158] Andersson-Engels, Stefan, [780] Andonie, Razvan, [46] Andrews, B. J., [1007] Andris, Peter, [506] Anekboon, Khantharat, [903] Angel, Pedro L. de, [260] 18 Genetic algorithms in medicine Angeles, Jorge, [802] Angeletti, Cesar, [638] Angeline, Peter J., [981, 988] Anger, Lennart T., [63] Ankley, Gerald T., [174] Annane, Djillali, [867] Anninos, P. A., [607, 618] Anon., [120, 136] Antonets, Denis V., [850] António, Carlos Conceição, [808] Anxolabéhère, Dominique, [160] Ao, Lu, [889] Aoki, Mikio, [794] Aoki, Shunsuke, [109] Arafuka, M., [914] Arakaki, Kouichi, [472, 483] Arámbula Cośıo, F., [625] Archetti, Francesco, [678] Archibald, James K., [692] Arciniegas, Fabio, [26] Arif, M., [317, 334, 334, 338, 340, 350] Arif, Muhammad, [396] Arnardottir, Helga Bjork, [788] Arnold, Mark A., [973] Arslanian-Engoren, Cynthia, [675] Arus, C., [456] Asadabadi, Ebrahim Barzegari, [883] Asadollahi, Tahereh, [52] Asadollahi-Baboli, M., [70] Ashayer, Sahar, [823] Askari, Mansur, [823] Asvestas, P. A., [268] Ataullakhanov, Fazoyl I., [35] Aukee, Pauliina, [982] Aung, Min S. H., [1047] Auramo, Yrjö, [591] Austin, E. M., [655] Autere, Antti, [693] Aviv, Amit, [822] Aylward, S., [191] Azam, Faizul, [58] Azar, Ahmad Taher, [1074] Aze, Jerome, [764] Azmi, Reza, [422] Azok, Joseph, [703] Baba, Roshidad, [774] Babu, Sainath, [84] Badea, Radu, [753] Bael, P. Van, [586] Bagchi, Manish C., [51] Bai, Baodong, [354] Bai, Li, [835] Bai, Lihua, [864] Bajcsy, Ruzena, [773] Baker, J. A., [469] Baker, Philip N., [653, 752] Bakhshali, Mohamad Amin, [1118] Bakhtiari, Mohammad, [1099] Bakken, Russell R., [818] Baldi, Fabio, [644] Baleja, James D., [942] Balestra, Gabriella, [825] Ballerini, Lucia, [212, 624, 293, 296, 502, 530, 544, 546, 547] Baltas, D., [612, 614, 1140, 1002] Baltazar, Rosario, [806] Baluja, S., [974] Bamer Natavan, Zahra, [875] Band, Beatriz Fernande, [870] Bandaru, Sunith, [369] Bandholtz, Sebastian, [85] Bandyopadhyay, Sanghamitra, [87, 886] Bandyopadhyay, Somnath, [789] Banghua, Yang, [320] Bansal, A., [1156] Banzhaf, Wolfgang, [258] Bardossy, Gergely, [730] Barik, S. K., [696] Baringhaus, Karl-Heinz, [63] Barker, Grant I., [46] Baroni, Guido, [878] Baronti, Flavio, [166] Barrios, Victor, [223, 224] Barros de Aguiar, Ducinéia, [679, 684] Barry, A. M., [1166] Bartenstein, P., [446] Bartholomay, Lyric C., [702] Bartlett, Karen, [710] Baskar, Gurunathan, [731] Baskent, Deniz, [676] Bast, T., [1003] Bast, Thomas, [150] Bates, Paul A., [42] Bates, S., [1112] Bath, P. A., [577] Bathen, Tone F., [1063] Battezzato, Alessandro, [1100] Bauer, J. T., [1097] Baum, K. G., [737] Baum, Karl G., [312, 328, 344] Baumgart-Schmitt, R., [944, 961] Bavilacqua, A., [249] Baylink, D. J., [989] Bazhan, Sergei I., [850] Beatty, P. C. W., [578] Becker, Kay, [912] Beckerman, Barbara G., [698] Beckett, L., [310] Beebe, N. W., [1097, 674] Belani, Chandra P., [57] Beliën, Jeroen, [690] Beligiannis, G. N., [607, 618] Beloufa, Fayssal, [1070] Benavent, Antonio Penalve, [419] Benche, I., [290] Bencic, David, [174] Bendahl, Par-Ola, [858] Benedetti, Manuel, [314] Benedict, Mark Q., [686] Benezeth, Y., [799] Ben-Jacob, Eshel, [809] Bennett, Kristin P., [26] Bennett, Kristin, [27] Ben-Shalom, Roy, [822] Berg, Patrick, [150] Authors 19 Berg, P., [1003] Bergen, Stuart W. A., [1049] Berger, Martijn P. F., [776] Berkey, Telford S., [239, 243, 247, 262, 533] Bernardes, Joao, [1127] Bernardo, Marcelino, [414] Bernaschi, Massimo, [1144] Bernauer, Julie, [764] Bertrand, Louise, [301] Bes, F., [944] Best, J. A., [662] Bevilacqua, A., [604] Bevilacqua, V., [294] Bevilacqua, Vitoantonia, [378] Bezerianos, A., [221] Bhat, Ajita Atul, [124] Bhat, Shekara, C. Chandr, [830] Bhatia, Manish S., [76] Bhatt, Hardik G., [64] Bhattacharya, Mahua, [330, 381, 388, 398] Bhattacharyya, Malay, [886] Bhattacharyya, Shuvra S., [345, 360] Bhhatarai, Barun, [714, 771] Bi, Chengpeng, [1150] Biales, Adam, [174] Bickel, Arthur S., [1141] Bickel, Riva Wenig, [1141] Bidaud, Philippe, [269] Bies, Robert R., [57] Bigdeli, H., [970, 983] Bijar, Ahmad, [419] Bindl, G., [1020] Bini, M., [510] Blackburn, Jason K., [681, 711] Blackburn, Jason Kenna, [668] Bladen, K. R., [253] Blanchet, Max, [552] Blazewicz, Jacek, [907] Bloy, Luke, [335] Bocchi, L., [212, 624, 296] Bodén, Ida, [548, 549] Bofin, Anna, [1063] Bogacz, Rafal, [900] Bogdan, Malgorzata, [788] Boggs, Sarah R., [1121] Bogolyubov, Alexey A., [35] Bohle, Kathrin, [728] Boisvert, Michel R., [812, 840] Bojan, Vinoth Kumar, [146] Bojarczuk, Celia C., [620] Bolboaca, Sorana D., [102] Bonelli, Pierre, [553] Bong, Chin Wei, [403] Bonnet, A. S., [1073] Booth, V., [977] Borovskaia, A. D., [712] Bosman, Peter A. N., [656] Bot, Corina T., [783] Boughton, Edward M., [926, 947, 981, 988] Bouma, Brett E., [660, 348] Bourgeois-Republique, C., [639] Bourgeois-Republique, Claire, [687] Bourgeois-République, Claire, [375] Bourquard, Thomas, [764] Bower, M., [1004] Braaten, Øivind, [157] Braaten, O., [1027] Brameier, Markus, [258] Brandt, Carlos A., [39] Brasacchio, J. B., [1014] Brasacchio, R. A., [993] Brauer, Matthew J., [163] Bredno, Joerg, [235] Breinig, M., [665] Brendel, Bernhard, [352] Breneman, Curt M., [26] Breneman, Curt, [23, 27] Brener, Nathan, [384] Brennan, Marie-Luise, [703] Bressloff, Neil W., [754] Brest, J., [583, 1010] Breuer, Arnon, [1145] Brezocnik, Miran, [657] Brezovich, Ivan A., [704] Briceno, Javier, [1153] Broadhurst, David I., [752] Brooijmans, Natasha, [28] Brors, Benedikt, [886] Broschat, Shira L., [792] Broussard, Randy P., [239, 243, 245, 247, 262, 265, 533] Browder, Kathy, [688] Brown, J. Q., [649] Brown, J. Quincy, [426] Brown, Marie, [752] Brown, Richard, [1134] Brown, T., [706] Brudermann, U., [554] Brueckner, Adrian, [652] Brugger, S., [1071] Brunauer, Leonhard, [331] Brunner, Stephen, [1099] Brunsdon, Chris, [708] Brusic, Vladimir, [135] Bulgiba, Awang, [1113] Burlinson, S., [595] Burman, Jerry A., [526] Burnham, K. J., [919, 934, 954, 971] Burns, A., [595] Burns, David H., [812, 840] Burrezo, S., [592, 599] Bursell, E. S., [290] Burton, Dean, [743] Buscema, Massimo, [644] Butte, Atul J., [1152] Butylin, Andrey A., [35] Caballero, Julio, [43] Caballero-Morales, Santiago-Omar, [1155] Cabrera-Perez, Miguel Angel, [90] Cadieux, S., [474] Cagnoni, Stefano, [689, 916, 1081, 523] Cai, Hai-yan, [53] Cai, H., [559] Cai, Jian-Fang, [716] 20 Genetic algorithms in medicine Cai, Wenli, [1111, 416] Cai, Xi, [868] Cajko, Frantishek, [1160] Calafate, Carlos T., [869] Caldwell, Craig, [1167] Callaghan, Vic, [806] Calonaci, Cristiano, [1114] Cameron, George G., [454, 468, 477, 958, 488] Campanini, R., [249, 604] Campbell, J. A., [536] Campo, Felix De, [1115] Canal, M. Rahmi, [144] Candavelou, Manimozhi, [844] Cannings, C., [1156] Cano, Juan-Carlos, [869] Canseven, A. G., [673] Cao, Hua, [342, 359, 384] Cao, Maria D., [1063] Cao, Wenhua, [1123] Caorsi, Salvatore, [246] Capozza, M., [551] Cardoen, Brecht, [690] Carlborg, O., [158] Carlsson, Lova, [654] Carmack, Patrick S., [785] Carnahan, B. J., [962] Carpaneto, Jacopo, [1105] Carpenter, T. A., [442, 452, 473, 524] Carroll, D. L., [499] Carvalho, P. d, [1057] Carvalho Filho, Antonio Oseas, [434] Castañeda, Miguel A. Padilla, [611] Castellano, Pilar, [260] Castellanos, N. P., [284] Castiglione, Filippo, [1144] Castro, Catarina F., [808] Castro, Jesus Silva, [927] Catalogna, Merav, [809] Cazares, Lisa H., [1121] Celi, Leo A., [859] Celi, Leo Anthony, [867] Cerdan, S., [456] Ceres, Ramon, [1077] Cestari, Renzo, [644] Cevik, A., [673] Cha, Kyung-Joon, [1117] Cha, Soonmee, [773] Champion, H., [1106] Chan, Christina, [856] Chan, Heang-Ping, [457, 464, 940] Chan, Kelvin, [1072] Chan, Yung-Kuan, [402] Chanda, B., [332] Chandy, D. Abraham, [308] Chang, Hsueh-Wei, [720, 1125, 178] Chang, R., [928] Chang, Shih-Fu, [703] Chang, Siow-Wee, [758] Chang, Susan M., [773] Chang, Yuan-Hsiang, [985, 986, 1011, 1013, 542, 545] Chao, C. L., [655] Chao, Ching-Kong, [663, 894] Chao, Chun Cheih, [722] Chao, Yuyan, [370] Chapman, Brian E., [394, 417] Chapman, Christopher Neal, [571] Chaturvedula, Ayyappa, [848] Chau, Tom, [735] Chaves, Rui, [808] Chen, Ai-ting, [726] Chen, Bae-Horng, [459] Chen, Beibei, [889] Chen, Biyun, [855] Chen, Chien-Cheng, [130] Chen, Chuchu, [768] Chen, Ding-Horng, [217] Chen, Gongxing, [1152] Chen, Hongmei, [864] Chen, Houjin, [324] Chen, Hsiang-Yin, [995] Chen, Hui, [719, 99] Chen, J. D. Z., [486] Chen, Jiakai, [834] Chen, Jiann-Jone, [436] Chen, Jianquan, [140] Chen, Jiejing, [1122] Chen, Jinxia, [893] Chen, Kaixian, [128] Chen, L. Leon, [866] Chen, Liangbiao, [648] Chen, Li-Li, [836] Chen, Mingyang, [430] Chen, Peiqi, [874] Chen, Qiu-Yan, [1065] Chen, Ran, [768] Chen, Rong-Tai, [402] Chen, Shanshan, [890] Chen, Ta-Cheng, [995] Chen, Wei, [147] Chen, Wen-Chin, [130] Chen, Wen-Pin, [691] Chen, Xiao Yu, [891] Chen, Xiaofen, [834] Chen, Xiao-Lu, [833] Chen, Xiaowen, [769] Chen, Yazhu, [303] Chen, Y., [589, 1096, 938, 941] Chen, Yen-Hung, [218] Chen, Yen-ting, [514, 540] Chen, Yen-Wei, [466, 472, 483, 487, 490, 497, 543] Chen, Yi, [368, 195, 1048, 390] Chen, Yihan, [864] Chen, Yuehui, [1151] Chen, Yuelei, [62] Chen, Yu-Jung, [720] Chen, Zhongxue, [177] Cheng, G., [585] Cheng, Heng-Da, [218] Cheng, J. C. Y., [244] Cheng, Jian, [180] Cheng, Kuo-Sheng, [459] Cheng, Kuo-sheng, [514, 540] Cheng, Shu-Chen, [1035] Authors 21 Cheng, Yuh-Min, [1032] Cheng, Yu-Huei, [781, 1125, 839, 181] Cheng, Zhi-Bin, [835] Cheriet, Farida, [871] Chettri, A., [696] Chetty, Madhu, [172, 817] Cheu, Wen-Chin, [119] Cheung, R., [325] Chew, Lita, [749] Chi, Hanlin, [140] Chiacchio, Ferdinando, [1114] Chiang, Cheng-Yu, [1162] Chihab, Najat, [871] Chikh, M. A., [1070] Chikh, Mohamed Amine, [1107] Chilov, Ghermes G., [59] Chippindale, Adam K., [162] Chitre, Yateen, [455] Chiu, Hung-Wen, [739] Chiu, Ming-Jang, [147] Cho, Sung Jin, [123] Choi, Bernard, [1039] Choi, Chulhee, [380] Choi, H., [325] Choi, Tae-Sun, [413] Chong, Chiet Sing, [664] Chongstitvatana, Prabhas, [431] Choonara, Yahya E., [106] Chou, You-Li, [1032] Choudhari, Prafulla B., [76] Chow, Chi Kin, [252] Choyke, Peter L., [414] Christini, David J., [783] Chu, C., [666] Chu, Na, [891] Chuang, Chih Yuan, [739] Chuang, Li-Yeh, [720, 741, 781, 807, 1125, 839, 842, 178, 181] Chuang, Yung Jen, [722] Chui, Chee-Kong, [865] Chun, Se-Hak, [770] Chung, Bevan Kai-Sheng, [777] Chung, Hyun-Tai, [902] Cilingir, Gokcen, [792] Cinsdikici, Muhammed G., [435] Ciofani, Gianni, [1105] Ciuca, I., [215] Clague, J. E., [577] Claridge, Ela, [280, 282, 283, 289] Clark, David E., [131, 138] Clark, Kevin Patrick, [126] Clark, Taane G., [658] Clarke, L. P., [1083, 534] Clarke, Laurence P., [463] Clavel, Jacqueline, [762] Clegg, J., [798] Clement, Greg T., [267] Clemmer, D. E., [813] Clifford, Gari D., [867, 906] Coen, Muireann, [765] Cohen, A., [521] Cohen, Eyal, [809] Cohen, G., [237] Colaninno, A., [294] Coley, D. A., [539] Collet, Pierre, [288, 639, 687, 375] Colley, M., [1108] Collins, Matthew J., [804] Collins, Steve M., [448, 465, 230] Colombetti, Marco, [201] Comber, Alexis J., [708] Comely, Richard, [910, 437] Congdon, Clare Bates, [918] Connor, Christopher W.,[267] Constantin, Alexandra, [773] Cook, Robert G., [1163, 1164] Cooper, R. D., [1097, 674] Coppel, Ross, [817] Copur, Fatih, [36] Cordes, Dietmar, [404] Cordón, Oscar, [304, 321, 386] Cornett, Ben, [789] Correa, Elon, [725] Correa, Esteban M., [736] Correia, Mauro M., [382] Cosio, C. F., [987] Coşkun, Aysun, [659] Cośıo, Fernando Arámbula, [611] Costa, Lino, [1077] Costard, Anne D., [168] Cotrutz, C., [621] Coutinho, M.S., [948] Crampton, Jason, [336] Craw, Susan, [743] Crilly, Paul B., [555] Cristea, A., [215] Crozier, Stuart, [746] Cruz-Ramirez, Manuel, [1153] Cui, Lizhi, [874] Cui, Yaoyao, [1031, 980] Cull, A., [1106] Cunxi, Chang, [372] Curran, Tim, [404] Curtis, Andrew Thomas, [1043] Curtis, Andrew, [681] Curzen, Nick P., [754] Cutler, Gene, [648] Cytowski, Jerzy, [475] Czarnecki, C. A., [453] D’Addabbo, A., [294] Dadfarnia, Shayessteh, [52] Dagdeviren, Zuleyha Akusta, [435] Dai, Chunni, [196] Dai, Jianrong, [584] Dai, Yong, [1122, 834] Dai, Zong, [836] da Costa Filho, Paulo A., [597] da Costa Gurgel, Helen, [679, 684] Dale, Brian M., [291, 295] D’Alessandro, Brian, [400, 401] D’Alessandro, Maryann, [1034] Daliri, Mohammad Reza, [1119, 418] da Silva, Fernando Jose Mateus, [727] Damas, Sergio, [304, 321, 322, 386, 395, 421, 432] Dandekar, Omkar, [345, 360] 22 Genetic algorithms in medicine Dandekar, Thomas, [601] Dansereau, Jean, [871] Darbandi, Mohammad Ali, [104] Darby, I. B., [862] Darenfed, Salah, [198] Dargahi, Javad, [802] Darwish, Hany W., [66] Das, Arpita, [330, 381, 388, 398] Das, Shiva K., [694] Dasgupta, Suman, [332] Dashtbozorgi, Zahra, [65] Datz, F. L., [925] David, E., [567] David, Florian, [728] Davies, B. L., [987] Davoodi, R., [1007] Dean, David, [1093, 626] Deb, Kalyanmoy, [369] Deckers, Jozef, [695] DeGroote, John P., [702] Dehmeshki, Jamshid, [326] Dekker, L. V., [747] de Araújo, Aurigena Antunes, [1059, 1060] de Arruda, Mércia Eliane, [679, 684] De Chierico, Federica, [787] Delgado Atencio, Jose Alberto, [1069] Delibasis, Konstantinos K., [254, 268, 440, 454, 468, 477, 958, 488, 969, 1088] De Iorio, Maria, [658] Del Angel, P. L., [284] de Lima, Kassio Michell Gomes, [1060] de Moya, Marc, [416] de Oliveira Neves, Ana Carolina, [1059, 1060] Delp, Edward J., [17] de Paiva, Anselmo Cardoso, [434] de Sampaio, Wener Borges, [434] Delsanto, P. P., [494] Delzell, Darcie A. P., [785] Demeulemeester, Erik, [690] Demiris, E. N., [607, 618] Demoury, Claire, [762] Deng, Youping, [177] Denton, Brian T., [784] Desai, D., [665] Desai, Umesh R., [79, 107] Deshmukh, A. Y., [411] Deshmukh, C. N., [371] Deshpande, Shreekant, [49] Desimo, Martin P., [239, 243, 247, 262, 533] Devcic, Zlatko, [691] Devogelaere, D., [586] Devogelaere, Dirk, [27] Dexter, Tim, [851] Dhaenens-Flipo, Clarisse, [623] Dhar, Sulochana, [426] Dhawan, Atam P., [351, 400, 401, 439, 455, 556, 228] Diao, Xiaodi, [1129] Dias Vasconcelos, Simão,[679, 684] Dillon, N., [442, 452, 473] Di Martinelly, C., [661] Dimarki, T., [578] Dimiziani, Leopoldo, [787] Dinevski, D., [383] Ding, Qing, [973] Dinov, Ivo D., [327] Diong, B., [632] Distefano, G., [551] Dixit, Swati R., [411] Dobrzeniecki, A. B., [916, 523] Doerner, Karl, [682] Dogrusoz, Yesim Serinagaoglu, [1132] Doi, K., [460, 492] Dokur, Z., [516, 541] Dokur, Zümray, [1033, 276] Dominici, Patrizia, [644] Donelli, Massimo, [314] Dong, Huiqing, [800] Dong, Jinxiang, [319] Dong, Ling, [763] D’Onofrio, David J., [1116] Dony, Robert D., [192] Doorn, Nienke L. va, [804] Dorado, Julian, [462] Douglas, T. S., [274, 495] Douglas, Tania S., [513] Douguet, Dominique, [18] Doyle 3rd, Francis J., [715] Doytchinova, Irini, [91, 94] Drake, Richard, [1121] Dréo, Johann, [311, 364] Dries, Laurie A., [163] Drosos, Georgios, [853] Du, Fuli, [601] Du, Gang, [1129] Du, Jiang, [885] Du, Juan, [40] Duan, Huilong, [505] Dubel, Stefan, [728] Duca, J. S., [994] Duerk, Jeffrey L., [291] Dumont, Georges, [269] Dunn, Warwick B., [653, 752] Duraipandian, Shiyamala, [757] Durant, E. A., [610] Durant, Eric A., [610] Durbin, Dennis R., [576] Dutta, P. K., [305] Dutta, Pranab K., [755] Duvic, Madeleine, [627] Dwayne, Harlan J., [84] Dybowski, R., [928] Dye, John M., [818] Dyke, J., [237] Ebadi, Ahmad, [74] Ebbels, Timothy M. D., [765] Eberhart, Russell C., [222, 515] Eberl, Stefan, [357] Echauz, Javier, [1034] Edelvik, Fredrik, [148] Eden, Patrik, [858] Edirisinghe, C. D., [199, 917] Edraki, Najmeh, [71, 74] Edwards, Brent, [676] Authors 23 Egorin, Merrill J., [57] Eiler, Cheryl L., [676] Eilers, R., [944, 961] Eils, Roland, [886] Ekbal, Asif, [420] El-Baz, Ayman, [278] Eldeib, Ayman M., [522] Elketroussi, Mehdi, [1079, 557] Elkhaled, Adam, [773] Elkorany, Abeer Mohamed, [1074] El-Kwae, Essam A., [498] Ellis, David I., [653] Elmekkawy, Ty, [1112] Elsen, Jean-Michel, [168] Elshazly, Hanaa Ismail, [1074] Elveren, Erhan, [1103] Embrechts, Mark J., [26, 27] Embrecths, Mark J., [23] Emile, J. F., [799] Endo, Tokiko, [445] Engoren, Milo C., [675, 1001] Erfania Saeedi, Nafise, [1154] Ergun, Ucman, [1053] Esteller, Rosana, [1034] Estévez, J., [210, 1037] Evans, D. J., [248] Evans, David J., [275, 277] Ezzell, G. A., [574] Ezzell, Gary Allen, [911, 1133] Fabregas, Carmen De Sola, [508] Fabry-Asztalos, Levente, [46] Fagan, Michael J., [778] Falgout, Barry, [742] Falk, Robert, [278] Fallah, Ali, [790] Fan, David P., [1079] Fan, Xiao-Hong, [716] Fan, Yi, [968] Fan, Yong, [272, 275, 277] Fang, Guanghua, [62] Fang, Jianwen, [38] Fang, Kuang-nan, [744] Fang, Liang, [423] Fang, Yuotong, [302] Farag, Aly A., [278, 479, 953, 481, 511, 537] Farag, Aly, [522] Farfán, J., [592, 599] Farman, Allan G., [537] Farmany, Abbas, [92, 897, 112, 114, 115] Farrall, Martin, [658] Fasinu, Pius, [106] Fassihi, A., [103] Fassihi, Afshin, [41, 81] Fatemi, Mohammad H., [772] Fathi, Madjid, [912] Faulkner, Graeme, [443] Fei, H., [666] Feiglin, Ariel, [316] Feiglin, David H., [328] Feitosa, Raul Q., [382] Felton, Michael J., [25] Fen, Ping, [197] Feng, Dagan, [357] Fenimore, Paul W., [818] Fereydouneyan, F., [1104] Fereyduni, Ehsan, [767] Ferguson, Allan M., [141] Fernandes, Joao Paulo S., [39] Fernandez, Jaime J., [444] Fernandez, Juan Carlos, [1153] Fernandez, Leyden, [43] Fernandez, Michael, [43, 810] Fernando, Chrisantha, [721] Ferno, Marten, [858] Ferreira, Elizabeth I., [39] Feyaerts, Maxim, [860] Fiege, J., [1106] Figlerowicz, Marek, [907] Fikry, Karim, [416] Filipič, Bogdan, [250] Fiorini, Paolo, [677] Firoozabadi, Mohammad, [824] Fiscarelli, Ersilia, [787] Fischer, Andrew H., [638] Fischer, Gary W., [995] Fischer, P. M., [747] Fischer, William M., [818] Fisher, B. J., [442, 452, 473, 524] Fisher, M. H., [919, 934] Fishman, Sigal, [809] Fitzgerald, Matthew B., [872] Fitzpatrick, J. Michael, [225, 204] Fiveash, John B., [704] Flask, Christopher Alan, [297] Flick, Robert, [174] Flotzinger, D., [913] Floyd, C. E., [469, 964] Focke, Axel, [682] Fogel, David B., [920, 923, 926, 947, 981, 988, 558] Fogel, Lawrence J., [923] Fogue, Manuel, [869] Foley, Brian T., [818] Foley, D. H., [706] Foley, Desmonf H., [1098] Foley, J. E., [310] Fonseca de Camargo Neves, Vera, [628] Fontana, Carolina, [847] Foroumadi, Alireza, [71] Forster, Carola, [108] Foster, James A., [20] Fotopoulos, S., [221] Fox, Michael D., [901] Frachet, Bruno, [639, 687, 375] Franco-Lara, Ezequiel, [728] Franzén, L., [293] Fraser, A. S., [151, 152] Frederick, E. D., [964] Freedman, M. T., [476] Freer, Stephan T., [923, 937] Freitas, Alex A., [620] Friedman, G. J., [153] Friend, Stephen H., [968] Frizera, Anselmo, [1077] Froeyen, Mathy, [90] 24 Genetic algorithms in medicine Frollo, Ivan, [506] Frolund, Sidsel, [50] Frommlet, Florian, [788] Fu, J. C., [343] Fu, Kuang, [405] Fu, Xiao-Hua, [833] Fu, Yanhua, [868] Fucharoen, Suthat, [903] Fuellen, Georg, [740, 805, 821] Fujita, Atsuto, [60] Fujita, H., [264, 485, 504, 512] Fujita, Hiroshi, [445] Fukui, Yasuhiro, [630, 646, 670] Fulham, Michael, [357] Funakubo, Akio, [630, 646, 670] Fung, Albert Y. C., [569, 1095, 615] Furie, Barbara C., [942] Furie, Bruce, [942] Furst, Jacob, [408] Furuhashi, Takeshi, [185] Fuss, R., [234] Fyfe, Murray, [710] Gaál, B., [1146] Gal, B., [637] Galeano, J., [799] Galiatsatos, Dimitrios, [853] Gallagher, R. J., [992] Gallego, M. J., [957] Galvan, Stefano, [677] Galvin, J. M., [1096] Gammerman, Alex, [1051] Gandy, S., [539] Gangl, Alfred, [331] Ganjali, Mohammad Reza, [37] Ganjtabesh, Mohammad, [814] Gant, V., [928] Gao, Bi-Xia, [716] Gao, Jin, [835] Gao, Lidong, [855] Gao, Nan, [182] Gao, Qinghui, [819] Gao, Yang, [429] Garćıa, A., [599] Garcia-Uribe, Alejandro, [627] Garg, Rajni, [707] Garǵıa-Armengol, Juan, [697] Garǵıa-Herrera, G., [592, 599] Garrido, J., [599] Garrido, Mariano, [870] Garrido, Piedad, [869] Garway-Heath, David, [336] Gasem, Khaled A. M., [86] Gaspar, L., [574] Gaspin, Christine, [186] Gastaldi, Laura, [1100] Gasteiger, Johann, [21] Gattass, Marcelo, [434] Gaughan, Patrick, [339] Gaunt, M. W., [955] Gavgani, Alireza Mazloumi, [1132] Gaye, M. M., [813] Gayou, Olivier, [694] Gayzik, F. Scott, [729] Ge, Xinna, [169] Gecen, Nazmiye, [36, 73] Gee, J., [191] Gefen, Smadar, [301] Gehlhaar, Daniel K., [923, 937] Geladi, Paul, [548, 549] Genever, Paul G., [778] Ghasemi, Jahan B., [52, 68] Gholami, Maryam, [81] Gholivand, Mohammad B., [41] Gholivand, Mohammad-Bagher, [905] Ghorai, Santanu, [755] Ghosh, Payel, [315] Ghosh, S., [580] Ghost, M. K., [305] Giegerich, Clemens, [63] Giger, M. L., [460] Giger, Maryellen L., [206, 478] Gilbert, F., [922] Giller, C. A., [718] Girault, Jean-Marc, [427] Girvetz, E....

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...Shehadehh, Mayyada, [61] Shekhar, Raj, [345, 360]...

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...H:, [310] Giuca, Anne-Marie, [408] Glen, Robert C., [139] Glendening, C. D., [994] Goebel, Rainer, [776] Goh, Carolyn, [1075] Goh, Gerard Kian-Meng,[20] Goicoechea, Hector C., [905] Goldammer, E. von, [567] Goldfarb, Lev, [22] Golla, Sharath, [86] Gollapalli, Sowjanya, [844] Golmohammadi, Hassan,[65] Golpayegani, Mohammad Reza Hashemi, [824] Golubitsky, Oleg, [22] Gomes de Lima, Kássio Michell, [1059] Gomez, Juan D., [736] Gomez, Luis, [1160] Gondos, Tibor, [730] Gong, Dunwei, [890] González, Fabio, [309] Good, Walter F., [985, 986, 1011, 1013, 542, 545] Goodacre, Rouston, [207] Goodacre, Royston, [725] Goodarzi, Mohammad, [49] Goodsitt, Michell M., [464, 940, 507] Gopal, Jeyakodi, [844] Gorbatenko, Aleksander S., [35] Gordón, Oscar, [322, 395] Goreti Rosa-Freitas, Maria, [679, 684] Gorges-Schleuter, Martina, [154, 155] Gotshall, Stanley, [688] Gottvald, A., [519] Goujon-Bellec, Stephanie, [762] Gould, E. A., [955] Goulermas, John Y., [1047] Gourinath, Samudrala, [67] Govindan, Sapna, [859] Govindarajan, Sridhar, [24] Authors 25 Govorun, V. M., [712] Graham, Allan MacKenzie, [327] Gramatica, Paola, [714, 771] Grassy, Gérard, [18] Gray, H. F., [456] Grbic, Anthony, [1160] Grebe, Reinhard, [220] Green, Darren V. S., [31] Grefenstette, John J., [204] Gribbestad, Ingrid S., [1063] Gribkova, Irina V., [35] Griffiths, Robert C., [658] Grill, Warren M., [705, 843] Grosman, Benyamin, [715] Grossi, Enzo, [644] Grotzinger, Carsten, [85] Grozier, S., [279] Grudinina, S. A., [712] Grujicic, M., [655] Grunhut, Marcos, [870] Gruss, Michelle Z., [717] Gu, Yi-Xin, [724] Gu, Yunyan, [889] Guan, Qiu, [820] Guanghua, Chunyan Li, [143] Gu∂mundsson, Markús, [498] Gubernator, Klaus, [132] Güç, Melikali, [214] Guerriero, S., [908] Gui, Gerald P. H., [851] Gulinck, Hubert, [695] Gulten, Gulcin, [109] Gunst, Richard F., [785] Guo, M. Z., [171] Guo, T., [852] Guo, Xiaoying, [768] Guo, Xin, [169] Guo, Zheng, [889] Guo, Zhou-Yi, [1065] Guojun, Bao, [528] Guozheng, Yan, [320] Gupta, Vinod Kumar, [767] Gur, David, [717, 1102, 542, 545] Guraksin, Gur Emre, [1053] Gurkiewicz, Meron, [685] Gururaja, K. V., [751] Gussregen, Stefan, [63] Gutjahr, Walter J., [682] Guyot-Goubin, Aurelie, [762] Haas, O. C. L., [919, 934, 954, 971, 1005] Hadaya, Nir, [316] Hadizadeh, Farzin, [98, 104] Häfner, Michael, [331] Haghjoo, Majid, [824] Hahn, Lance W., [164] Halasz, Gabor, [730] Halder, Amit Kumar, [96, 877] Haley, Robert W., [785] Hall, L. D., [442, 452, 473, 524] Hall, L. O., [1083, 534] Hall, Lawrence O., [463] Halliday, David M., [339] Halloran, M. Elizabeth, [861] Halpern, Zamir, [809] Hämäläinen, Matti, [1157, 936, 1086] Hamarneh, Ghassan, [273, 306] Hamdy, Shaheen, [1047] Hammer, Jürgen, [135] Hammoud, Z. T., [813] Han, Chao, [863] Han, Jung Ho, [902] Handels, H., [965, 525] Handschuh, Sandra, [21] Hani, Ahmad Fadzil M., [774] Hao, Ming, [44] Haque, M. Ehtashamoul, [393] Hara, Takeshi, [445] Hara, T., [264, 485, 504, 512] Harada, H., [975] Harboun-Cohen, Esther, [687] Härkonen, Henna H., [732] Harris, M., [1057] Harrison, Leonard C., [135] Hart, Mary Kate, [818] Hart, William E., [142] Hart, William Eugene, [117] Harvey, Neal R., [638] Hasegawa, Mitsuhiko, [939] Hasegawa, Y., [914] Hashemi, Masoud Reza, [1124] Hashida, Mitsuru, [60] Hassanien, Aboul Ella, [1074] Hata, Yutaka, [286, 641, 672] Hattori, Yuya, [838] Hauke, S., [389] Hawley, William A., [686] Hayashi, Yoichi, [240] Hayaska, Satoru, [1062] Haydon, Daniel, [188] Hayenga, Heather N., [1054] Hazen, Stanley L., [703] He, Langchong, [69] He, Lifeng, [370] He, Li-Hua, [724] He, Renjie, [271] He, Sailing, [203] He, Wenxing, [1151] He, Xining, [1056] He, Ying, [854] Heang, Ping Chan, [507] Hedström, Anders, [148] Heider, D., [389] Heinrichs, Volker, [24] Helguera, Maŕıa, [344] Helguera, Maria, [312, 328, 737] Helvie, Mark A., [457, 464, 940, 507] Helwig, Bryan G., [715] Hemayed, E., [479] Hemayed, Elsayed E., [953] Hemmateenejad, Bahram, [634, 71, 81] Hemon, Denis, [762] Heng, Pheng-Ann, [241] Hennig, Carsten, [608] 26 Genetic algorithms in medicine Henriques, J., [1057] Heris, S. Mostapha Kalami, [759] Heritage, Trevor W., [141] Hernandez-Garcia, Luis, [1160] Herrera, Manuel, [697] Herrmann, W. M., [944, 961] Hervas-Martinez, Cesar, [1153] Herzmann, Grit, [404] Hess, A. J., [253] Hessler, Gerhard, [63] Hickson, I. D., [747] Higa, Masaru, [766] Higami, T., [630] Higuchi, Tetsuya, [667, 998] Hijazi, Hussein, [856] Hiley, M. J., [745] Hill, A., [226] Hillis, David M., [163] Hiltner, Jens, [912] Hiltner, J., [256] Hinds, R. Michael, [438] Hines, Evor L., [801] Hinson, Arthur, [1034] Hirako, Kenichi, [445] Ho, Christine, [819] Hoehn, Gerard, [703] Hoey, Tim, [648] Hoffmeister, Jeffrey W., [239, 243, 247, 262, 533] Hoh, Jeong-Kyu, [1117] Holder, Mark T., [163] Holland, Brett, [29] Holls, William, [555] Holmes, E. C., [955] Holmes, John H., [576, 929] Honeyman, Marco, [135] Hong, Mei-zhu, [744] Hong, Seunghong, [493, 500] Hong, Wenxue, [1055] Hong, Xiao-Dan, [833] Honørio, Nildimar Alves,[684] Hopfinger, A. J., [994] Horan, M. A., [577, 595, 966] Horan, Michael A., [950] Horgan, Richard P., [752] Horita, Katsuhei, [445] Horner, Steven L., [555] Hornero, Roberto, [1115] Hossain, M. A., [1110] Hosseini, Z. S., [970, 983] Hosseinifard, Behshad, [1068] Hoth, J. Jason, [729] Hou, Q., [1096] Hou, Tingjun, [1009] Hou, Weidong, [1036] Hricak, H., [237] Hsu, Ching-Chi, [663, 849] Hsu, Hsiang-Ming, [1162] Hsu, Wei-Yen, [887, 898, 899] Hu, Benqiong, [177] Hu, Dingyu, [62] Hu, Qingmao, [430] Hu, Wen-Chen, [195, 1048, 390] Hu, Y., [813] Hu, Yiyang, [891] Hua, Jing, [307] Huang, C. L., [524] Huang, Chung-Hsien, [300] Huang, Cunrui, [855] Huang, Guanghui, [99] Huang, Haiyan, [819] Huang, He, [1122] Huang, Jau-Hua, [300] Huang, Liling, [834] Huang, N., [852] Huang, Shuying, [358] Huang, Wenhua, [430] Huang, Wen-qi, [744] Huang, Wenqing, [873] Huang, Xiaosheng, [379] Huang, Xiaowu, [763] Huang, Xudong, [177] Huang, Yan-xin, [173] Huang, Yueh-Min, [1035] Huang, Zhiwei, [757] Hubley, Robert M., [165] Hughes, Ian, [31] Hugh-Jones, Martin E., [681, 711] Humphrey, Jay D., [1054] Hung, Chih-Cheng, [733] Hunt, David L., [31] Huo, Liqin, [1056] Husbands, Phil, [721] Hussain, Zakaria, [1128] Hust, Michael, [728] Hutz, Janna, [789] Hwa, Er Meng, [581] Hynynen, Kullervo, [267] Ibáñez, L., [191] Idicula, Sumam Mary, [830] Igel, Christian, [605, 352] Ikenberg, Hans, [387] Ikezoe, J., [999] Ikuta, Kunihiko, [896] Ilancheran, A., [757] Ileanǎ, Ioan, [613] Ilhan, Ilhan, [179] Iliescu, Daciana D., [801] Il’ina, E. N., [712] Im, Chang-Hwan, [895] Imberty, Anne, [847] Impedovo, Donato, [791] Inaba, Takeshi, [370] Ingole, V. T., [371] Inman, Brant A., [784] Intraligi, Marco, [644] Isa, Nor Ashidi Mat, [1128] Isacke, Clare M., [851] Ishida, Toshimasa, [766] Ishigaki, Takeo, [445] Ishigaki, T., [264, 485] Ito, Hiroshi, [766] Ito, Masahiro, [896] Itoh, H., [449] Itoh, S., [264, 485] Ivy, Percy S., [57] Iwata, Masaya, [667, 998] Authors 27 Iyengar, S. Sitharama, [384] Iyengar, S. S., [359] Izadiyan, Parisa, [772] Izquierdo, Joaqúın, [697] Jackowiak, Paulina, [907] Jackson, M. I., [745] Jacq, Jean-José, [1022, 501, 227] Jadhav, Swapnil D., [76] Jafari, Amir Homayoun, [790] Jafari, Seyed Ali, [883] Jafarpour, Mehrnaz, [98] Jaffar, M. Arfan, [413] Jahandideh, Mina, [883] Jahandideh, Sepideh, [883] Jahromi, P. Eftekhar, [45] Jain, Sunil K., [713] Jakobsson, Stefan, [148] Jalali-Heravi, M., [45, 54] Jalalvand, Ali R., [905] Jalbert, Llewellyn, [773] Janc, K., [1073] Jang, Younggun, [493, 500] Janikow, Cezary Z., [559] Jansen, A., [389] Janssen, M. A., [949] Jantschi, Lorentz, [102] Javid, Samad, [1078] Jefferson, M. F., [595, 966] Jefferson, Miles F., [950] Jen, Lim Chong, [581] Jenkins, Jeremy L., [789] Jenssen, Havard, [55] Jewajinda, Yutana, [431] Jha, Tarun, [96, 877] Ji, Bingbing, [778] Ji, Fei, [726] Ji, Jun, [1152] Jia, Chunguang, [505] Jia, Jianping, [800] Jia, Yingmin, [819] Jian, Hualing, [128] Jiang, Chang-Bin, [835] Jiang, Ching-Fen, [251] Jiang, Gang, [177] Jiang, Jack J., [1040] Jiang, Jingying, [651] Jiang, Mingfeng, [671, 746, 873] Jiang, Ouyang Guotai, [143] Jiang, Qiuyue, [169] Jiang, Shanshan, [873] Jiang, Tianzi, [248, 272, 275, 277] Jiang, Wei, [769] Jiang, Xiaoqian, [180] Jiang, Zhibin, [1129] Jiao, Lijing, [874] Jin, Albert Yongwon, [129] Jin, Bo, [1152] Jin, Qi, [885] Jin, Yaochu, [890] Jitaru, Maria, [613] Johansson, C. B., [296] Johnson, Donald E., [1116] Johnson, Mark S., [30] Johnston, Victor, [1167] Jokerst, Nan M., [426] Jolivot, R., [799] Jones, Gareth, [139] Jones, Jennifer T., [24] Jones, Matthew D., [1099] Joshi, Anjali, [371] Jourdan, Laetitia, [623] Joyce, Karen E., [1062] Joyner, Timothy Andrew, [711] Jr, V. Pilla, [538] Ju, Quan, [339] Ju, Wenbin, [876] Judson, Olivia P., [188] Juhola, Martti, [591, 489, 1084, 982, 991, 1000] Jung, Byungjo, [1039] Jung, Hsuan, [734] Jung, Young-Jin, [895] Jurs, Peter C., [134] Kaabouch, Naima, [368, 195, 1048, 390] Kabuka, Mansur R., [498] Kachelriess, Marc, [412] Kacprzynski, G. J., [253] Kadah, Yasser M., [313, 329] Kaderali, Lars, [886] Kagadis, G. C., [268] Kai, Toshihiro, [794] Kaiser-Bonasso, Christine, [455] Kajihara, N., [998] Kajitani, I., [998] Kajitani, Isamu, [667] Kakar, Manish, [365] Kalantari, Masoud, [802] Kalderstam, Jonas, [858] Kalganova, Tatiana, [622] Kallarakkal, Thomas George, [758] Kalra, Naveen, [425, 433] Kaltsatis, P., [979] Kam, A., [521] Kamano, T., [975] Kamarulzaman, Hamzah, [403] Kan, Jichang, [197] Kang, Chu Chun, [722] Kang, Yujung, [380] Kanniainen, Olli, [693] Kao, Ceng-Yan, [130] Kao, Cheng-Yan, [1023, 119] Kao, Jui-Hung, [147] Kao, Ming-Hung, [366] Karajeh, Huda, [1041] Karami, Ghodrat, [1078] Karbakhsh, R., [48] Kareem, Sameem Abdul,[758] Karimi, Koohyar, [691] Karimi, Reza, [348] Karkavitsas, George, [298] Karnan, M., [1042] Karouzakis, K., [612, 614] Karthikeyan, Kayathri, [844] Kashanian, Mehdi, [193] Kasibotla, Agasthya V., [84] 28 Genetic algorithms in medicine Kasprzak, Wojciech, [742] Katkova, Ekaterina V., [95] Katti, Seturam B., [49] Kawamura, T., [630] Kaya, Mehmet, [214] Ke, J. Y., [951] Kehtamavaz, Nasser, [627] Keijzer, Maarten, [647] Kell, Douglas B., [207, 653, 752] Kemsley, E. Kate, [795] Kendell, D., [1101] Kenny, Bob, [270] Kenny, Louise C., [653, 752] Kent, Alexander R., [843] Kentala, Erna L., [591, 991] Kermani, Bahram Ghaffarzadeh, [1087] Kewley, Robert H., [23] Keymeulen, Didier, [998] Khabbaz, Kamal R., [859] Khader, Ahamad Tajudin, [403] Khadivi, Pejman, [1124] Khajeh, Mostafa, [875] Khalaf, Reema Abu, [33] Khalil, Ahmad S., [660] Khaloozadeh, Hamid, [759] Khan, Mahvish, [56] Khan, Riaz A., [106] Khan, Saif, [56] Khandelwal, Niranjan, [425, 433] Khani, Hadi, [767] Khatchikian, C., [1101] Khayati, Rasoul, [419] Khazaee, Ali, [1052] Kherlopian, Armen R., [783] Khiani, K. J., [481] Khomitch, Vitali, [638] Khoo, V. S., [1092] Khoobehi, Bahram, [359, 384] Khoshneviszadeh, Mehdi, [71] Khotanlou, Hassan, [407] Kido, Choichiro, [445] Kikuchi, T., [999] Kim, B. Y., [570] Kim, Byung-Chun, [770] Kim, Chae-Yong, [902] Kim, Daejeong, [895] Kim, Dong Gyu, [902] Kim, H. C., [706] Kim, Jung-Hoon, [895] Kim, Soo Hyung, [399] Kim, Young-Hoon, [902] Kimura, Toru, [794] King, M. A., [827] Kinghorn, B., [158] Kini, P., [556] Kinjo, Tomohiro, [109] Kinoshita, Kengo, [175] Kircher, T., [389] Kirkman, E., [966] Kiryati, Nahum, [301] Kishi, S., [914] Kishore, N. N., [369] Kitamura, Mitsuru, [109] Kitney, Richard I., [1075] Klein, T. A., [706] Klema, Jiri, [211] Kléma, Jǐŕı, [1038] Klinkenberg, Brian, [710] Kloppel, B., [930] Knaup, Michael, [412] Knoll, Peter, [270, 285] Kobashi, Syoji, [286, 641, 672] Kobayashi, Maiko, [109] Kobayashi, Yasuhiko, [838] Koçer, Sabri, [144] Kodali, Shyam P., [369] Koh, Chan G., [589] Koh, Chang Seop, [302, 354] Köhler, Bert-Uwe, [608] Khn, Horst, [270] Kohzadi, M., [114] Koistinen, Hannu, [732] Kokol, Peter, [1094] Kokol, P., [583, 383, 219, 972, 1010] Kokot, Serge, [837] Koljonen, Janne, [693, 548, 549] Komatsu, Hideyuki, [109] Kondakova, Olga A., [35] Kondo, Katsuya, [286, 641, 672] Kong, Nan, [892] Kong, Xiangzhen, [768] Koppen, M., [234] Koralewski, Hans-Eberhard, [564, 1019] Korber, Bette, [818] Koriska, Karl, [270] Korkin, Dmitry, [22] Korner, A., [978] Korngreen, Alon, [685, 822] Kos, Bor, [775] Koseki, Yuji, [109] Koski, Kristine G., [812, 840] Kosugi, Y., [200, 441] Kosugi, Yukio, [529] Kotcheff, A. C. W., [216] Kotcheff, A. C., [491] Koutcher, J. A., [237] Kovačič, Miha, [657] Kovecses, Jozsef, [802] Kozmann, G., [1146, 637] Kramer, Kirsten Elisabeth, [650] Krantz, Lena, [654] Krestyannikov, Evgeny, [327] Kreusch, J., [965, 525] Krieg, Rene C., [387] Krishna, Murali C., [367] Krishnan, Shekhar, [42] Krogh-Madsen, Trine, [783] Krohn, Jorgen, [780] Krol, A., [737] Krol, Andrzej, [312, 328, 344] Krol, Marcin, [42] Krone, Joerg, [220] Kruggel, F., [446] Kubalik, Jiri, [211] Kubaĺık, Jǐŕı, [1038] Authors 29 Kubinyi, Hugo, [133] Kudaka, M., [518] Kühl, Christofer, [269] Kuhne, Ronald, [85] Kuiken, Carla, [818] Kuklinski, Walter S., [910, 437] Kula, M. R., [1024] Kulandaivelu, Umasankar, [75] Kulkov, Val, [59] Kulubekova, Saule, [882] Kumar, A. Senthil, [640, 664] Kumar, M. Aswath, [779] Kumar, Pradeep, [106] Kumar, Praveen, [750, 409, 77] Kumar, Sumit, [78] Kumar, Sunil, [707] Kumar, Vinod, [425, 433] Kumaravel, N., [1026, 1139] Kumari, V. Vijaya, [308] Kuncheva, Ludmila I., [560] Kundu, M. K., [332] Kuntz, Irwin D., [28] Kunwar, Rakesh Singh, [393] Kupinski, M. A., [531] Kupinski, Matthew A., [206, 478] Kupinski, M., [460] Kurnaz, Mehmet Nadir, [276] Kuroda, K., [1082] Kurosaka, M., [672] Kurtzman, Aaron L., [24] Kurzydlowski, Krzysztof J., [832] Kutics, A., [447] Kutics, Andrea, [451, 467] Kutov, Danil C., [95] Kuznetsov, Yuryi V., [35] Kwok, James T., [318] Kwok, Leung Lam, [507] Kwon, Jangwoo, [493, 500] Kwon, Kihwan, [380] Kyani, Anahita, [55] Labelle, Hubert, [871] Lago, M. A., [1071] Lahanas, M., [612, 614, 1140, 1002] Lahiri, Tapobrata, [170] Lahsasna, Adel, [1113] Lahtela-Kakkonen, Maija, [732] Lai, Feipei, [147] Lai, Peggy S., [867] Lai, Yan-Hua, [836] Lainscsek, C., [782] La Rocca, Renato, [278] Lam, Andy Yan-Yu, [147] Lam, Hong Yoong, [403] Lam, Kwok L., [457] Lam, W., [244] Lamarque, D., [799] Lambrou, Antonis, [1051] Lammi, S., [1000] Lan, Yihua, [733] Lanconelli, N., [249, 604] Land, W. H., [979] Land, Walker H., [205, 242, 263] Landini, Luigi, [410] Landrin-Schweitzer, Yann, [288] Lane, R., [1134] Langenberger, Thierry, [509] Langer, Mark, [1134] Lanzeni, Stefano, [678] Larrañaga, Pedro, [945] Larra naga, Pedro, [957] Larrañaga, Pedro, [960] Larson, Scott R., [702] Laskaris, N., [221] Lau, Audrey O. T., [792] Lau, Tze Kin, [252] Laughton, C. A., [747] Laurienti, Paul J., [1062] Laurikkala, Jorma, [591, 257, 952, 489, 1084, 982, 991, 1000] Lavine, B. K., [813] Law, Tsui-Ying, [241] Lazar, Cosmin, [90] Lazaro-Ponthus, Delphine, [363, 374] Lazorchak, Jim, [174] Leach, Andrew R., [139] Leader, Joseph K., [399] Leal, Rogerio P., [1076] Lederman, Dror, [717, 1102, 397, 399, 841] Lee, Andrew, [1123] Lee, Dah-Jye, [692] Lee, D., [782] Lee, Dong-Yup, [777] Lee, E. K., [992] Lee, Eunsil, [493] Lee, HeowPueh, [664] Lee, Howard, [848] Lee, Jiann-Der, [300, 458, 470] Lee, Joon, [735, 859] Lee, June-Goo, [1111, 416] Lee, Jungsul, [380] Lee, Man-Ling, [19] Lee, Mei-Ling Tin, [1117] Lee, Ming-Yuan, [829] Lee, O., [1134] Lee, P. V., [495] Lee, Peter V., [513] Lee, Sangjean, [500] Lee, Sangmin, [493] Lee, T., [1137] Lee, Tong, [252] Lee, Yongbum, [264, 292, 485, 512] Leendert, R. van, [567] Leeson, Mark S., [801] LeFevre, J., [931] Legoupil, Samuel, [363, 374] Legrand, Pierrick, [687, 375] Lehmann, Thomas M., [235] Lehndert, R. van, [566] Lei, Beilei, [40] Lei, Jie, [1044, 1045, 1050] Leirs, Herwig, [695] Lenski, Richard E., [161] Leon, Lisa R., [715] Lerch, R., [561] Leren, T. P., [1027] 30 Genetic algorithms in medicine Leren, Troud P., [157] Letellier, C., [782] Leung, Kwong Sak, [238, 244] Levenson, Richard M., [638] Levin, Michael, [924] Levine, Rebecca S., [686, 700] Levy-Drummer, Rachel S., [316] Levy-Vehel, Jacques, [687] Lewin, Jonathan S., [291] Lewis, Paul O., [163] Lewis, Paul S., [1165, 229] Leyman, A. Rahim, [581] Lhotská, Lenka, [1038] Li, Bailiang, [889] Li, C., [325] Li, George Q., [1072] Li, Guo, [835] Li, Jia, [62] Li, Jiazhong, [89] Li, Jing, [1055, 835] Li, Jingya, [62] Li, Jingyi Jessica, [819] Li, Junbo, [1030, 1031, 980] Li, Jung-Chike, [842] Li, Jupeng, [324] Li, King C. P., [854] Li, King, [703] Li, Kong M., [1072] Li, Leling, [942] Li, Lihua, [841] Li, Li, [769, 864] Li, Lin, [800] Li, Ming-Xi, [716] Li, Na, [855] Li, Ningshan, [893] Li, Pengfei, [69, 889] Li, Qiao, [906] Li, Qingli, [196] Li, Shan, [889] Li, Shao-Xin, [1065] Li, Shiyong, [373] Li, Shutao, [318] Li, Temei, [617] Li, Wei, [769] Li, W., [353] Li, Wuxiong, [648] Li, Xia, [769] Li, Xiangchen, [180] Li, Xiangyan, [768] Li, Xiaodong, [248] Li, Xiaomei, [341] Li, Xue-Mei, [716] Li, Xue-Wang, [716] Li, Yangmei, [1030, 1031] Li, Yan, [44, 835] Li, Yanlian, [62] Li, Yongjie, [633, 1044, 1045, 1050] Li, Yupeng, [1123] Li, Zhan-Chao, [836] Li, Zhi-Qiang, [835] Lian, Baofeng, [769] Liang, Chunlin, [1126] Liang, David, [83] Liang, Hualou, [1090, 486] Liang, Xuwei, [307] Liao, Mingzhi, [769] Liaw, C. Y., [589] Lieberman, Jeffrey A., [57] Liengsawangwong, R., [325] Likotjannasis, S. D., [607, 618] Lim, Gino J., [1123] Lima, W. C. de, [948] Limbert, Georges, [754] Lin, Cui, [307] Lin, Feng-Seng, [147] Lin, Jeng-Wei, [147] Lin, Jinn, [663, 894] Lin, Ming-Cheng, [807] Lin, Qihua, [785] Lin, Shih-Wei, [415] Lin, Xiaoling, [855] Lin, Xi-Zhang, [436] Lin, X., [326] Lin, Yu-Da, [1125, 178] Lin, Zhiyue, [1090] Linares, P., [503] Lindholm-Sethson, Britta, [548, 549] Lindon, John C., [765] Lineaweaver, Sean, [645] Ling, Steve S. H., [1058] Ling, Xuefeng B., [1152] Ling, Xuefeng Bruce, [648] Linkens, D. A., [590] Linkens, Derek A., [932] Lipinski, P., [1073] Litt, Brian, [1034] Little, R. A., [966] Liu, Boqiang, [341] Liu, Chang, [864] Liu, Chunyang, [889] Liu, Dan, [169] Liu, Dongxiang, [128] Liu, Feng, [746] Liu, Gui-xia, [173] Liu, Hong, [733] Liu, Huanxiang, [40] Liu, Huaying, [1122] Liu, Jane Jijun, [648] Liu, Jia-kuang, [514, 540] Liu, Jianghong, [800] Liu, Jingao, [196] Liu, JiZhong, [42] Liu, Kun-Hong, [876] Liu, Li-Chang, [300] Liu, Li, [739, 1056] Liu, Linda Y., [1152] Liu, Ning-Han, [1162] Liu, Qiao-Dan, [835] Liu, Qingzhong, [177] Liu, Renyu, [83] Liu, Shih-Ting, [147] Liu, Song-Hao, [1065] Liu, Taotao, [763] Liu, Wei, [1123, 841] Liu, X. Y., [171] Liu, Xiaohui, [616] Authors 31 Liu, Xue-Jiao, [716] Liu, Xun, [893] Liu, Y., [171] Liu, Yong, [450, 959, 1012] Liu, Yuan, [800] Liu, Zhi-Gang, [835] Liu, Zhi-Ming, [1065] Liu, Zhiyue, [486] Liu, Zhongguo, [341] Livdahl, T., [1101] Ljubic, Ivana, [788] Lo, Joseph Y., [205, 242, 263] Lo, Justin Y., [426] Locke, A. G., [862] Lockwood, Larry, [26, 27] Lodhi, Mazhar U., [82] Loke, Pei Yi, [749] Lončarić, Sven, [439] Longini, Ira M. Jr, [861] Lonning, Per E., [1063] Lopes, H. S., [996, 538] Lopes, Heitor S., [620, 948] Lopez, Heitor Silvério, [149] Lopez-Andujar, R., [1071] Lou, Tanqi, [893] Louchet, Jean, [363, 374] Lounibos, L. Philip, [686] Loureiro, Joseph, [789] Lovy, Linda S., [717] Low, Jeffrey J. H., [757] Lu, Hengyun, [1149] Lu, Shiyong, [307] Lu, Weixue, [505] Lu, Xinxin, [863] Lucas, S. B., [577, 966, 565] Lucas, Sam B., [950] Luitgards-Moura, José Francisco, [679, 684] Lukhnova, Larissa, [711] Lundgren, Steinar, [1063] Luo, Mei-Juan, [833] Luo, X., [559] Lupsor, Monica, [753] Lursinsap, Chidchanok, [903] Lustrek, Mitja, [740, 805, 821] Lutton, Evelyne, [288, 687] Lutton, Évelyne, [363, 374, 1061] Lutton, Evelyne, [406] Lv, Linsheng, [893] Lv, Yingli, [769] Lyell, Deirdre J., [1152] Ma, Huijuan, [893] Ma, Lanping, [62] Ma, Li Zhuang, [891] Määttä, Juha A. E., [732] Mace, Michael, [904] Maciunas, Robert, [626] MacKenzie, Sasho J., [826] Madadkar-Sobhani, Armin, [41] Madadlou, Ashkan, [815] Maddalena, D. J., [127] Madhavan, Radhika, [866] Madheswaran, Muthusamy, [1120] Madhusudan, S., [747] Madi, Arwa M., [58] Madihally, Sundar, [86] Maeda, Chika, [641] Maggini, Valentina, [166] Magill, Lukas C., [46] Magill, Peter J., [900] Mahan, S. L., [665] Mahanand, B. S., [779] Mahendar, Porika, [75] Mahfouf, M., [590] Mahiou, Ramdane, [333, 349] Mahmoodi, M. Mohsen, [45] Mahmoodian, Hamid, [793] Mai, Hai-Qiang, [1065] Mainardi, Luca, [1161] Majdi-Nasab, Nariman, [17] Maji, Pradipta, [332] Majumder, M. A. A., [1110] Majumder, P. P., [580] Mak, Sunny, [710] Makrogiannis, Sokratis, [335] Malcic, I., [219] Malhotra, Harish K., [1099] Malik, Sarfraz Ahmed, [393] Mallet, Nicolas, [900] Man, K. F., [951] Mancinelli, Livia, [787] Mandal, Abhyuday, [366] Mandava, Venkat R., [225, 204] Manetta, S., [510] Manetti, Cesare, [787] Mani, Haresh, [414] Maniadakis, M., [575] Mani-Varnosfaderani, A., [45, 54] Mann, D., [595] Mantzaris, Dimitrios, [723] Manuck, Stephen B., [57] Manzano, Mark, [742] Manzoni, Pietro, [869] Mao, Chi-Wu, [436] Mao, C., [852] Mao, Qian-guo, [744] Marchesi, Bruno, [149] Marchetti, Mauro, [1161] Marchi, Alessandra, [878] Março, Paulo Henrique, [1059, 1060] Marcos, J. Victor, [1115] Marcus, Emil, [125] Marder, Stephen R., [57] Marinelli, Martina, [410] Marjoram, Paul, [734] Marks, Lawrence B., [694] Maroulis, D., [213] Marq, Benoit M., [508] Marquez, Guillermo, [627] Marrakchi-Kacem, Linda, [421] Marten, Frank, [145] Martens, J. M., [949] Martinez, Francisco J., [869] Martinez-Martinez, F., [1071] Martinez-Perez, I., [456] Martin-Guerrero, J. D., [1071] 32 Genetic algorithms in medicine Martini, Anna, [314] Martins, Maria, [1077] Martis, R. J., [908] Mart́ınez-Campos, Carmen, [636] Mart́ınez-Meyer, Enrique, [636] Marvin, N., [1004] Marzani, F., [799] Masotti, Andrea, [787] Massa, Andrea, [246, 314] Massad, E., [1085] Masters, G., [922] Masters, Timothy D., [242, 263] Mastronardi, G., [294] Mastronardi, Guiseppe, [378] Mata, la, Manuel d, [1153] Matecha, J., [194] Matero, Sanni, [732] Matrajt, Laura, [861] Matsopoulos, George K., [254, 268, 969, 1088] Matsubara, Tomoko, [445] Matsui, Kazuhiro, [529] Matsui, K., [200, 441] Matsumoto, Hiroyuki, [939] Matter, Hans, [63] Matteucci, Matteo, [1161] Mattsson, Johanna M., [732] Maulik, Ujjwal, [1046, 846, 886] Maus, Bärbel, [776] Maxwell, R. J., [456] Mayaud, Louis, [867] Mazaki, Yusaku, [896] McAllister, Gregory, [789] Mccall, J. A. W., [527] McCall, John, [635] McCallum, R. W., [486] McCallum, Richard W., [1090] McCowan, Lesley M., [752] McCurdy, B., [1106] McDonnell, John R., [925] McDowell, J. J., [857, 882] McInerney, Tim, [273] McIntosh, Chris, [306] McKee, Dan, [263] McLaren, CVhristine E., [691] McNay, D., [461] McNyset, Kristina M., [681] McTavish, Thomas, [1159] McWeeney, Shannon, [811] Mechref, Y., [813] Medina, Veronica, [260] Medina, V., [284] Meesad, P., [261] Mehdipour, Ahmadreza, [74] Mehrabian, Mohadeseh, [55] Mehrshad, N., [1104] Mehta, Akul Y., [79] Meng, Fan-Liang, [724] Meng, Tao, [62] Menigot, Sebastien, [427] Merican, Amir Feisal Merican Aljunid, [758] Merino, Maria J., [414] Mertik, M., [383] Mesgari, Mohammad Saad, [424] Meskens, N., [666] Messina, Enza, [678] Messing, E. M., [993, 1014] Metallo, Christian M., [797] Metzger, A., [1093] Metzler, Volker, [220] Meuli, Reto, [509] Meunier, Jean, [259] Meunier, J., [532] Meyer, Claudia M., [228] Meyer zu Bexten, E., [256] Mezura, Efren, [806] Micera, Silvestro, [1105] Michelena, M. J., [957] Michielssen, Eric, [1160, 461] Middleton, L. T., [562, 563] Miften, Moyed, [694] Mignotte, Max, [259] Mignotte, M., [532] Mihara, Kiyoshi, [60] Miklavcic, Damijan, [775] Miliani, L., [223] Milickovic, N., [612, 614] Mills, J. A., [919, 934, 954, 971] Min, David I., [995] Minowa, Yohsuke, [794] Minster, J. B., [922] Mirakhorli, Shima, [767] Miranda, Dinis Reis, [1001] Miranda, Pedro Cavaleiro, [901] Miranda, P., [520] Miranda-Saavedra, Diego, [810] Miri, Ramin, [71, 74, 81] Mirjankar, N., [813] Mirza, Sikander M., [317, 334, 334, 338, 340, 350, 396] Mirzaei, Siroos, [270] Mirzaei, S., [285] Mishra, A., [305] Mishra, Hrishikesh, [170] Mishra, Vijay, [713] Misra, Krishna, [170] Mitamura, Yoshinori, [766] Mitchell, Melanie, [315] Mitra, Pabitra, [1028] Mitra, Suman K., [1138] Mitra, Sushmita, [1028, 240] Miyake, Yoichi, [376] Miyata, Yujiro, [185] Miyokawa, T., [976] Mo, Yulong, [1036] Mobli, Hossien, [815] Mochizuki, T., [999] Mofrad, Mohammad R. Kaazempur, [660] Mofrad, Mohammed R. Kaazempur, [348] Moghadam, Z. Razaghi Kashan, [814] Moghimi, S., [828] Mohamed, S., [966] Mohammed, M. Z., [747] Mohan, S., [989] Mohri, K., [88] Authors 33 Moini, Majid, [879] Molaei, Damoon, [424] Moldoveanu, F., [494] Molinari, Filippo, [825] Molinari, F., [908] Monakov, Mikhail Yu, [35] Mondal, Chanchal, [877] Monserrat, C., [1071] Montalvo, Idel, [697] Monteiro de Barros, Fábio Saito, [679, 684] Montilla, G., [503] Montilla, Guillermo, [223, 224] Mookiah, M. R. K., [908] Moon, Woo Kyung, [415] Mooney, Michael, [811] Moore, Jason H., [164, 1080] Moradi, Mohammad Hassan, [1068] Moraga, C., [256] Morais, J., [1057] Morales Cruzado, Beatriz, [1069] Morbiwala, Tasnim A., [872] Moreno, L., [210, 1037] Moreno, Rui, [1001] Morgan, Alexander A., [1152] Morgan, K., [577] Morgera, Andrea, [1147] Morita, Koji, [109] Morrill, S., [1134] Morrison, Clayton T., [205] Mortazavi, S. S., [100, 113] Mosher, John C., [1165, 229] Mosier, Philip D., [107] Moskowitz, Myron, [455] Motokawa, Wataru, [1025] Mouravliansky, Nicolaos A., [254, 268, 969, 1088] Mubarak, Mohammad S., [33, 47] Muge, Fernando, [588] Muhammad, Majidat A.,[818] Mukamel, S., [1158] Mukherjee, Anirban, [755] Mukhopadhyay, Anirban, [846, 886] Muldoon, Matthew F., [57] Mun, S. K., [476] Munshi, Prabhat, [369] Muraca, Maurizio, [787] Murakami, Kazuhito, [370] Murakami, M., [998] Murase, K., [999] Murugan, S., [709] Murugesan, R., [367] Musolino, Nicholas, [97] Myers, Jenny, [653] Myers, Timothy G., [968] Nagayama, I., [518] Nagel, R., [492] Nagle, H. Troy, [1087] Nagpal, Isha, [67] Naguib, Ibrahim A., [66] Najarian, Siamak, [879] Nakaguchi, Toshiya, [376] Nakamura, Ikuo, [472] Nakano, Manami, [670] Nakao, Zensho, [466, 472, 483, 487, 490, 497, 543] Nakazawa, Yoshinori, [636] n, [?] na, Gabriel Ma}ga06aGManana Nandi, Dipankar, [904] Nandi, Sisir, [51] Nandy, Rajesh, [404] Narayana, Ponnada A., [271] Narayanan, M. N., [565] Narayanasamy, P., [187] Narimani, Hojat, [897] Narita, M., [938, 941] Nasab, Nariman Majdi, [14] Nassar, Diaa Eldin, [16] Näıt-Ali, Amine, [361] Naushahi, Mohammad, [904] Nayebzadeh, M., [970, 983] Nazareth, Daryl P., [1099] Nazem-Bokaee, Hadi, [881] Ndesendo, Valence M. K., [106] Neely, Brian J., [86] Neerinckx, Simon B., [695] Neff, Bryan D., [167] Neglia, Danilo, [410] Nellen, F., [1024] Nelson, J. Stuart, [1039] Nelson, Sarah J., [773] Nemeth, S. C., [290] Nerurkar, Ashutosh, [851] Neto, M. Augusta, [1076] Neumann, Avidan U., [316] Neumann, Martin, [270] Nevado-Holgado, Alejo J., [145, 900] Nevo, Uri, [809] Ng, E. Y. K., [385] Ng, Joseph, [757] Ng, L., [191] Ngan, P. S., [244] Ngo, L. H., [862] Nguyen, Hung T., [1058] Ni, Guangzheng, [302] Ni, Yan-fei, [726] Ni, Yongnian, [837] Nian, Wen, [482] Niccolai, M. J., [202] Nicholis, Thomas E., [287] Nickolay, B., [234] Niederberger, Craig, [933] Nielsen, Carsten Uhd, [50] Nigsch, Florian, [789] Nikiforidis, G. C., [268] Nikita, Konstantina S., [969, 1088] Nilsen-Hamilton, Marit, [756] Nishikawa, D., [998] Nishikawa, R. M., [492] Nishimura, Ikuya, [766] Nishimura, Y., [976] Nissanov, Jonathan, [301] Nithiyanandam, N., [1139] Niu, Dao-Li, [835] Noorizadeh, Hadi, [92, 100, 897, 112, 113, 114, 115] Noorizadeh, Mehrab, [897] 34 Genetic algorithms in medicine Noorizadeh, Mehrad, [100, 112, 113, 114] Nordal, Inger, [157] Nordal, I., [1027] Nordling, Torbjörn E. M., [693, 548, 549] Norouzi, Parviz, [37] North, Robyn A., [752] Novelline, Robert, [416] Novic, Marjana, [116] Novikov, Fedor N., [59] Nowack, W. J., [202] Nowe, Ann, [90] Nowshirava Rahatabad, Fereidoun, [790] Nowzari-Dalini, A., [814] Nugroho, Hermawan, [774] Nunes, Jean-Claude, [311, 364] Nunes, Rodolfo Acatauassu, [434] Nürnberg, H. G., [1021, 568] Nyongesa, H. Okola, [932] Nyström, Josefina, [548, 549] Ocak, Hasan, [1130] Ochoa, Edward M., [239, 243, 247, 262, 265, 533] O’Connor, Patrick M., [968] Oechtering, Peter, [480] Oferkin, Igor V., [95] Offman, Marc N., [42] Ogirala, Mythili, [15, 16] Oguz, Kaya, [435] Oh, Chang Wan, [902] Ohkubo, Masaki, [292] Ohlsson, Mattias, [858] Ohno, Yasuo, [794] Ohno-Machado, L., [582, 1008] Ohta, Hiroyuki, [175] Okamura, T., [474] Okazaki, K., [482] Okunieff, P. G., [993, 1014] Okunieff, P., [585] Oliveira, Dário A. B., [377] Oliveira, Dario A. B., [382] Ölmez, Tamer, [1033, 276] Olmez, T., [956, 516] Ölmez, T., [541] Olmi, R., [510] Olsen, Dag Rune, [365] Ong, Kok Meng, [642] Ono, Atsushi, [794] Onorati, Francesco, [1161] Onori, Manuela, [787] Onuki, T., [976] Orglmeister, Reinhold, [608] Ortega, Francis A., [783] Osin, Peter, [851] Osman, Muhammad Khusairi, [1128] Osowski, Stanislaw, [760] Osuna-Enciso, Valent́ın, [428] Ota, Motonori, [175] Ouh-Young, Ming, [119] Ouhyoung, Ming, [130] Owen, F., [595] Ozaki, Masao, [1025] Ozdemir, Muhsin, [26, 27] Ozyurt, Ibrahim Burak, [796] Pace, Fabio, [644] Padilla Castañeda, M. A., [625] Padmanabhan, Radhakrishnan, [742] Pahlavan, Pedram, [879] Pai, S., [499] Pal, Sankar K., [1028] Palafox, G., [632] Palmer, Gregory M., [426] Palous, Jiri, [211] Pan, Jin-shui, [744] Pan, Ming-Kai, [147] Pan, Xiaohua, [834] Pan, Xiaoyan, [69] Pan, Zheng, [648] Panayides, N., [562] Pandeya, Surendra N., [750] Pang, Chaoyang, [177] Pang, Yong, [337] Pang, Yuxi, [414] Pant, Sanjay, [754] Papadopoulos, Harris, [1051] Papagiannopoulou, M., [612, 614] Papathanasopoulos, P., [221] Papiez, L., [701] Pappalardo, Francesco, [1114] Parda, David S., [694] Pardoe, David A., [31] Paredes, S., [1057] Pareja, E., [1071] Parisay, I., [828] Park, C. H., [1137] Park, C., [1137] Park, Jeong-Hoon, [902] Park, K. S., [570] Park, L. J., [1137] Park, Moon-Il, [1117] Park, Sang Cheol, [394, 399] Park, Yoon-Joo, [770] Park, Young-Sun, [1117] Parker, Joel S., [164] Parker, Michael, [818] Parkinson, Wendy, [645] Parodi, Alexandre, [553] Parrill, A., [122] Parsons, M. D., [925] Parthiban, Latha, [550] Parvaneh, Saman, [824] Pascual-Leone, Alvaro, [901] Pasqualoto, Kerly Fernanda M., [39] Passaretti, Sandro, [644] Passaro, Alessandro, [166] Pastorelli, Stefano, [1100] Pastorino, Matteo, [246, 314] Patel, Apoorva, [159] Patel, H. C., [994] Patel, Naina, [42] Patel, P. M., [747] Patel, Paresh K., [64] Patete, Paolo, [878] Patten, Philip A., [24] Pattichis, C. S., [562, 563] Pattichis, Constantinos S., [935] Authors 35 Patton, Robert M., [698] Patton, Ronald J., [778] Paul, Jochen, [566, 567] Paull, Kenneth D., [968] Paulson, Rolf, [368, 195, 1048] Pavlidis, Stelios P., [761] Payandeh, Shahram, [617] Payer, Hannes, [331] Payne, Annette M., [761] Pazilov, Yerlan, [711] Pazos, Alejandro, [462] Péan, Vincent, [687, 375] Pechlivanis, Ioannis, [352] Peck, Charles C., [556, 228] Pedersen, Lee G., [942] Pedrycz, Witold, [1145] Pei, Xiaohua, [893] Peirce, Shayn M., [1054] Peña-Reyes, Carlos Andrés, [579, 587, 598, 609, 629, 1006, 1015] Pendleton, Neil, [950] Pendleton, N., [577, 595, 966] Peng, Jinglin, [318] Peng, Lingxi, [1126] Peng, Luying, [864] Peng, Shih Chi, [722] Peng, Sihua, [648] Peng, Wen, [319] Peng, Yidong, [892] Peng, Zhengwei, [111] Penttinen, Jorma, [982] Perez, Juan Manuel Sanchez, [727] Perez, Serge, [847] Perez-Aguilar, Jose Manuel, [83] Perez-Castillo, Yunierkis, [90] Persson, Mikael, [148] Peters, Ashton, [323] Peters, Tim K., [564, 1019] Peterson, A. Townsend, [628, 636, 1097, 684, 1098, 699] Peterson, Andrew T., [695] Petrick, Nicholas, [457, 464, 940, 507] Petrovski, Andrei, [635] Petrovski, A., [527] Pfeiffer, Dirk U., [738] Pfotenhauer, M., [567] Pfurtscheller, G., [913] Pham, Tuan D., [362] Phimoltares, Suphakant, [903] Piazzolla, Alessandro, [378] Picaza, J. M., [957] Piccione, Francesco, [1161] Pickens, III, David R., [225, 204] Pickering-Brown, S., [595] Pickett, Stephen D., [31] Picton, P. D., [536] Picu, Dorin, [566, 567] Pilla, Jr V., [996] Pillay, Viness, [106] Pinto, Peter A., [414] Pirlo, Giuseppe, [791] Piscaglia, Patrick, [508] Pitcher, Trevor E., [167] Pitiot, Alain, [266] Pizzi, Nicolino J., [1145] Playfer, Jeremy R., [339] Plishker, William, [345, 360] Podbregar, Matej, [657] Podforelec, V., [972] Podgorelec, Vili, [1094] Podgorelec, V., [583, 219, 1010] Poh, Chueh Loo, [1075] Pohida, Thomas, [414] Pohlmann, A., [578] Poizner, H., [782] Poli, Riccardo, [282, 916, 1081, 471, 523, 231] Polifeme, C., [592] Pollock, Bruce G., [57] Polo, Stephanie, [742] Pont, M. J., [946] Poon, Josiah, [874] Poon, Simon, [874] Popa, Maria, [613] Poppi, Ronei J., [597] Poppl, S. J., [965, 525] Porro, Gabriele Bianchi, [644] Porto, V. W., [947, 981, 988] Poshtan, Javad, [1109] Positano, Vincenzo, [410] Poso, Antti, [732] Potok, Thomas E., [698] Potrebko, P., [1106] Poupon, Anne, [764] Pour-Abdollah, Syamak, [535] Pourabdollah-Nezhad, Siamak, [233, 255] Pourbasheer, Eslam, [37] Pourhossein, Alireza, [41] Pournajafi, K., [100] Power, Maxine, [1047] Prabhakar, Yenamandra S., [49] Prather, Jonathan Charles, [236] Praveen, Vandana, [56] Preece, Steve J., [280] Preema, N., [683] Pregenzer, M., [913] Prieto, Victor, [627] Priftis, Konstantinos, [1161] Priori, S., [510] Proutski, V., [955] Pu, Yuepu, [803] Pueh, Lee Heow, [640] Pulido, Juan Antonio Gomez, [727] Puranen, J. Santeri, [30] Putignani, Lorenza, [787] Putra, Devi, [778] Pyka, M., [389] Pyykkö, Ilmari V., [591, 991] Qadri, Muhammad A. J., [1163, 1164] Qian, Guipeng, [319] Qian, Z., [353] Qiao, Yuchen, [800] Qin, Jianxin, [855] Qiu, Qingjun, [651] Qu, Xiuli, [892] Quesneville, Hadi, [160] 36 Genetic algorithms in medicine Quintana, M. I., [282] Qureshi, Shahzad Ahmad, [317, 334, 334, 338, 340, 350, 396] Rabani, Yuval, [184] Rabinovich, Yuri, [184] Rad, Farshid Rafiee, [233, 255] Rad, Gholam Ali Rezaei,[193] Rad, Michael von, [909] Radhakrishnan, S., [709] Radhika, Tippani, [75] Radonjic, Marijana, [795] Rafferty, Kimberly, [328, 344] Rafferty, K., [737] Rafiee, Rad, [535] Rafiee, Shahin, [815] Rahmati, Mohammad, [535] Raicu, Daniela, [408] Raj, Isha, [67] Rajagopalan, Cadathur, [906] Rajaguru, Harikumar, [146] Rajapakse, Jagath C., [528] Rajpoot, Nasir M., [396] Ram, Ramesh, [172] Raman, B., [290] Ramanujam, Nirmala, [426] Ramchandra, T. V., [751] Ramos, Vitorino, [588] Ramsey, C. R., [665] Rangel, Naykiavick, [223, 224] Rangoussi, Maria, [298] Raoofi, F., [100] Rapin, Nicolas, [50] Rapoport, Benjamin I., [866] Rathbun, Thomas F., [239, 243, 245, 247, 265] Rathbun, Thomas P., [262, 533] Rautenbach, R., [1020] Raveendran, P., [642] Ray, Rajasri, [751] Razjouyan, Javad, [790] Razmovski-Naumovski, Valentina, [1072] Razon, Benjamin, [822] Razuc, Mariela F., [870] Razzaghi-Asl, Nima, [74] Rødningen, Olaug K., [157] Rebelo, Irene, [1127] Reddy, A. Srinivas, [707] Redfern, M. S., [962] Reeves, C. R., [934] Reichert, Erin D., [742] Reinstein, L. E., [499] Rejto, Paul A., [923, 937] Ren, Bin, [833] Repsilber, Dirk, [740, 805, 821] Resch, Robert, [331] Resenstengel, John E., [265] Restrepo, Diego, [1159] Reynolds, E. C., [862] Reynolds, Mary G., [700] Rezaei, Asghar, [1078] Riahi, Siavash, [37] Riane, F., [661] Ricciotti, Gabriella, [787] Rice, William R., [162] Rich, S. S., [1142] Richardson, Mark P., [145] Rigby, Alan C., [942] Rigotti, Gino, [878] Rijckaert, Marcel, [27] Rijckaert, M., [586] Rimm, David L., [638] Ripolles, Oscar, [901] Ritchie, Marylyn D., [164] Riyahi-Alam, Nader, [445] Roach, Jared C., [165] Roberts, C. B., [662] Roberts, Claire T., [752] Roberts, J., [118] Roberts, M., [283, 289] Roberts, S., [479] Robinson, M. P., [798] Robinson, Robert L. Jr, [86] Rocchisani, Jean-Marie, [363, 374] Rocha, T., [1057] Rodningen, O. K., [1027] Rodriguez, L., [503] Rodriguez, Miguel A. Vega, [727] Roemer, M. J., [253] Rogers, Jack T., [177] Rogers, R. L., [461] Rogers, Steven K., [239, 243, 245, 247, 262, 533] Rogers, Steven, [265] Roig, José V., [697] Roland, B., [661] Romano, A., [494] Romanov, Alexey N., [35] Romero, Eduardo, [309] Romero, Leoncio A., [806] Rong, Ying-Ci, [833] Rongguo, Yan, [320] Roohafza, Hamidreza, [880] Rosani, Andrea, [314] Rosati, Samanta, [825] Roseiro, Luis M., [1076] Rosenberg, R. S., [156] Rosenman, M. A., [683] Rosenstengel, John E., [239, 243, 247] Rosentengel, John E., [262, 533] Ross, Anton, [728] Ross, T., [965, 525] Rost, Ursula, [480] Rostami, Reza, [1068] Rouet, Jean-Michel, [1022, 501] Routen, T., [453] Roux, Christian, [1022, 501, 223, 227] Rovithakis, G., [575] Rowat, P., [782] Rowbottom, C. G., [1092] Rowe, Jonathan E., [1004] Rubens, D. J., [993, 1014] Ruberto, Cecilia Di, [1147] Rudy, George, [135] Rueda, L. M., [706] Rueda, Leopoldo M., [1098] Ruffini, Giulio, [901] Ruotsalainen, Ulla, [327] Authors 37 Ruperez, M. J., [1071] Ruspini, E. H., [209] Sa, S. D., [938] Sa, S., [941] Saadatzi, Mohammad Nasser, [1109] Saadatzi, Mohammad Sadegh, [1109] Saba, L., [908] Sabet, Razieh, [81] Sabet, R., [48] Sabin, Andrew T., [845] Sacchettini, James C., [109] Sadanandam, Abbagani, [75] Sadeghi, Masoumeh, [880] Saeedi, Nafise Erfanian, [748] Saghaei, Lotfollah, [81] Saghaie, Lotfollah, [41] Saghaie, L., [103] Sagi, Elad, [872] Saha, Achintya, [96] Saha, Sriparna, [420] Saha, Vaskar, [42] Sahin, Kader, [36, 73] Sahiner, Berkman, [457, 464, 940, 507] Saidman, Elbio, [870] Sajjadifar, Sami, [115] Sakamoto, Hiroshi, [109] Sakamoto, Shinchi, [600] Sakanashi, H., [998] Sale, Mark E., [57, 848] Sale, Mark, [105] Sali, Rasoul, [880] Salmelin, Riitta, [1157, 936, 1086] Samarra, Miguel C., [1076] Sampson, Jessica, [688] Sandham, W. A., [274] Sangermano, F., [1101] Santamaŕıa, José, [304, 321, 386, 395, 421, 432] Santibáñez-Koref, Ivan, [190] Santiso, Erik E., [97] Santos, Antonino, [462] Santos, Cristina, [1077] Santvoort, J. P. C. van, [1143] Saracoglu, Ridvan, [1053] Sarafraz-Yazdi, Ali, [875] Sarai, Akinori, [43] Saraswathi, Saras, [756] Sarbadhikari, S. N., [1138] Saripinar, Emin, [36, 73, 101] Sarkar, Anita, [847] Sarkar, Susanta K., [335] Sarkhosh, Maryam, [52] Sarrafzadegan, Nizal, [880] Sasa, Yukako, [60] Sasaki, Satoshi, [708] Sase, M., [200, 441] Sasikala, M., [1026] Satake, H., [975] Sathya, Shree Rajesh K.,[731] Saven, Jeffery G., [83] Savinova, T. A., [712] Sawall, Stefan, [412] Scachetti Pereira, Ricardo, [628] Scalerandi, M., [494] Schaffer, J. David, [680] Schell, M. C., [585, 1135, 1136, 484, 993] Scher, Howard I., [57] Scherg, Michael, [150] Scherg, M., [1003] Schettino, L., [782] Scheubert, Lena, [740, 805, 821] Schierz, Amanda C., [1148] Schiex, Thomas, [186] Schiffman, Susan S., [1087] Schirmer, R. Heiner, [601] Schizas, C. N., [562, 563] Schizas, Christos N., [935] Schlaghecken, Friederike, [801] Schmid, P., [234] Schmidt, E., [737] Schmidt, Evan, [328, 344] Schmidt, Rainer, [740, 805, 821] Schmidt, Steffen, [601] Schmieder, Kirsten, [352] Schneider, Gisbert, [19] Schneider, Petra, [19] Schroeter, Philippe, [509] Schucany, William R., [785] Schultheis, R., [1020] Schwamborn, Kristina, [387] Schwartz, Jean-Marc, [786] Schwartz, L., [237] Schwefel, Hans-Paul, [189] Sebald, A. V., [920, 558] Seburyano, G., [979] Sedykh, Aleksandr Y., [619] Seitz, Jr., Kerry A., [408] Seki, H., [449] Sekiya, Masaru, [292] Sekkal, Mansouria, [1107] Selber, K., [1024] Selinger, Douglas W., [789] Senger, Ryan S., [881] Sengupta, Sanghamitra, [755] Sengupta, Soumi, [87] Sepulveda, Francisco, [1108] Sergi, Pier Nicola, [1105] Settouti, Nesma, [1107] Seyhan, N., [673] Shabani, Ali Mohammad Haji, [52] Shafiei, Mohammad, [104] Shah, Nilay D., [784] Shah, Priyanka, [78] Shah, S., [747] Shah, Vijay, [414] Shahabipour, Sara, [74] Shahin, Rand, [80, 93] Shahlaei, Mohsen, [41] Shahlaei, M., [103] Shaik, Osman S., [715] Shalom, David H., [316] Shamsi, Mousa, [1118] Shamsudin, Norashikin, [774] Shane, M. J., [649] Shankar, Prakhya Laxmi Jaya, [75] 38 Genetic algorithms in medicine Shao, Hongwei, [854] Shapiro, Bruce A., [742] Shattuck, David W., [327] Shavandi, Hassan, [880] Sheehan, N., [1156] Shehadehh, Mayyada, [61] Shekhar, Raj, [345, 360] Shelhamer, Mark, [1029] Shen, Chia-Ping, [147] Shen, Gary X., [337] Shen, Jing Jin, [802] Shen, Jingkang, [62] Shen, Lansun, [232] Shen, Xizhong, [763] Shen, Yi, [373] Shenton, Martha, [273] Sherer, Eric A., [57, 105] Sherman, Christopher J., [923] Shete, Deepak, [371] Shi, Haiying, [1056] Shi, Jing, [892] Shi, Leming M., [968] Shi, Tongwei, [889] Shi, Weifang, [888] Shi, Yinghuan, [429] Shi, Yuhui, [515] Shibanuma, Nao, [641] Shibanuma, N., [672] Shin, Chulkyu, [493, 500] Shionoya, Akira, [939] Shionoya, Akitaka, [896] Shirvany, Yazdan, [148] Shityakov, Sergey, [108] Shively, J. W., [947] Shou, Guofa, [671, 746] Shrivastava, Birendra, [750] Shu-Chien, Alexander Chong, [34] Shuo, Chen, [320] Siarry, Patrick, [311, 361, 364] Sibata, Claudio, [1093, 626] Sibata, C., [199, 917] Siccama, Ivar, [647] Siddiqi, Mohammad Imran, [78] Sidhu, Preetpal S., [107] Sidorenko, S. V., [712] Sierra, Basilio, [945, 957, 960] Sigut, J., [210, 1037] Sikdar, Utpal Kumar, [420] Silva, Aristofanes Correa, [434] Silva, Bruna Lais, [1060] Silva, Bruna Láıs, [1059] Silveira, P. S. P., [1085] Silvern, D. A., [569] Silvern, David a., [572] Silvern, D., [992] Silvoni, Stefano, [1161] Simon, Dan, [974] Simpson, Mark R., [680] Sinauridze, Elena I., [35] Sinclair, A., [184] Sing, Chong Chiet, [640] Singh, Harsimrat, [801] Singh, Nitya, [170] Singh, Ranjit, [409] Singh, Rinki, [49] Singh, Yogendra, [110] Sipper, Moshe, [579, 587, 598, 1006, 1015] Sirisha, Kalam, [75] Siroic, Robert, [760] Sitter, Beathe, [1063] Siwek, Krzysztof, [760] Skinner, Cameron D., [812, 840] Skov, Thomas, [905] Small, Gary W., [973] Smith, Stephen L., [689, 339] Snowdon, G. M., [127] Sobhan-Ardakani, S., [100] Sobhan Ardakani, S., [113] Soh, Chit Siang, [642] Soh, Zu, [838] Solit, David B., [57] Soliz, P., [290] Solomonidis, S. E., [274, 495] Solomonidis, Stephan E., [513] Soltanian, J., [970, 983] Soltanian-Zadeh, Hamid,[233, 255, 535] Song, D., [782] Song, Enmin, [733] Song, Jiangning, [176] Song, Min-ning, [744] Song, Rongmei, [837] Song, Xiaofei, [417] Song, Zhijian, [356] Soni, A., [993, 1014] Sonka, Milan, [448, 465, 230] Sotelo, Marco, [806] Soule, Terence, [688] Sousa, Luisa Costa, [808] Souza, Pamela E., [845] Spence, Jeffrey S., [785] Spence, W. D., [274, 495] Spence, William D., [513] Spitzer, Klaus, [235] Sree, S. Vinith, [908] Srinivasan, Radhika, [773] Srivastav, S. K., [110] Srivastava, Akanksha, [56] Srivathsa, P. K., [392] Sriwardhana, C., [595] Stables, James P., [750, 409] Stahl, Martin, [19] Sta̧por, Katarzyna, [652, 669] Steele, Catriona M., [735] Stefanescu, Horia, [753] Steffen, B., [1024] Steinwand, Miriam, [728] Stelle, Álvaro Luis, [149] Stemmer, Willem, [29] Stender, Joachim, [566, 567] Stenman, Ulf-H̊akan, [732] Stephanopoulos, Gregory, [797] Stephens, C. R., [643] Stevens, Kim B., [738] Stevenson, David K., [1152] Stitzel, Joel D., [729] Stocks, Nigel G., [801] Authors 39 Stoean, Catalin, [753] Stoean, Ruxandra, [753] Stout, William, [997] Štrancar, Janez, [250] Strand, Carina, [858] Strang, J. G., [993, 1014] Stroganov, Oleg V., [59] Strong, D. D., [989] Stroylov, Viktor S., [59] Stubblefield, Michael A., [84] Stufken, John, [366] Su, F. C., [1089] Su, Fong-Chin, [1032] Su, Haoxiang, [885] Su, Mingbo, [62] Suaifan, Ghadeer A. R. 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### Cites background from "Multiobjective Optimization of FPGA..."

...In 2008, a multi-objective optimization framework for precision and resource trade off is proposed [6]....

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##### References

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...These performance measures are similar to those reported in [24] and are described below....

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...MI-based image registration has been shown to be robust and effective in multimodality image registration [15]....

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...[15] has been shown to provide smooth changes in the histogram values with small changes in transformation....

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### "Multiobjective Optimization of FPGA..." refers methods in this paper

...An optimum wordlength configuration can be identified by analytically solving the quantization error equation as described in [4-8]....

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...Earlier approaches to optimizing wordlengths used analytical approaches for range and error estimation [4-8]....

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