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Journal ArticleDOI

New Symbols of a New Power in a "Royal" Tomb from 3 000 BC Arslantepe, Malatya (Turkey)

01 Jan 2001-Paleobiology (Persée - Portail des revues scientifiques en SHS)-Vol. 27, Iss: 2, pp 105-139
TL;DR: Cet article rend compte de l'extraordinaire decouverte d'une tombe isolee faite a Arslantepe, en bordure de la grande aire publique (periode VI A), presente des dimensions imposantes, des caracteres de construction qui lui sont propres.
Abstract: Cet article rend compte de l'extraordinaire decouverte d'une tombe isolee faite a Arslantepe, en bordure de la grande aire publique (periode VI A). Cette tombe qui peut etre datee du tout, debut du 3e millenaire (periode VI B) presente des dimensions imposantes, des caracteres de construction qui lui sont propres, le temoignage d 'un rituel complexe, des offrandes funeraires tres riches qui semblent devoir etre faites a un personnage de haut rang. Le statut de l 'homme enterre dans cette tombe est renforce par la presence de quatre adolescents probablement sacrifies sur les dalles en pierre qui couvrent la tombe en ciste ou a. pris place le principal personnage. Divers specialistes donnent ici les resultats de leurs analyses (relations typologiques du materiel, caracteres anthropologiques et paleopathologiques, composition du metal, provenance geologique des dalles de pierre, identification des restes de bois ainsi que datations C14) ; cette recherche interdisciplinaire a permis de lancer le debat sur l 'identite culturelle et ethnique du defunt, les relations exterieures que met en evidence le materiel de la tombe et sa signification tant culturelle qu 'historique dans le developpement que connait le site. Le caractere inhabituel de cette tombe, sa datation qui permet de la situer lors de la, periode qui suit immediatement la chute du systeme palatial de type mesopotamien, la presence dans le materiel a la fois de poterie rouge-noire de Transcaucasie et de poterie claire faite au tour dans la tradition de la poterie locale de la periode VI A, ouvre le debat sur le role qu 'a pu jouer la, composante transcaucasienne et, dans la chute du puissant centre tant, religieux qu'administratif que representait Arslantepe au IVe millenaire et dans les changements radicaux que l'on observe dans les systemes politiques et socio-economiques des communautes ď Anatolie orientale au debut du 3e millenaire.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
Jason Ur1
TL;DR: A review of recent data from excavations and surveys in northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, and southeastern Turkey with particular attention to how they are used to construct models of early urban polities is presented in this paper.
Abstract: The intensification of fieldwork in northern Mesopotamia, the upper region of the Tigris-Euphrates basin, has revealed two cycles of expansion and reduction in social complexity between 4400 and 2000 BC. These cycles include developments in social inequality, political centralization, craft production and economic specialization, agropastoral land use, and urbanization. Contrary to earlier assessments, many of these developments proceeded independently from the polities in southern Mesopotamia, although not in isolation. This review considers recent data from excavations and surveys in northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, and southeastern Turkey with particular attention to how they are used to construct models of early urban polities.

165 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
28 May 2020-Cell
TL;DR: It is found that 6th millennium BCE populations of North/Central Anat Turkey and the Southern Caucasus shared mixed ancestry on a genetic cline that formed during the Neolithic between Western Anatolia and regions in today's Southern Caucasus/Zagros.

66 citations


Cites background from "New Symbols of a New Power in a "Ro..."

  • ...To a period in between the end of VI B1 and the beginning of VI B2 belongs the so-called ‘royal tomb’ (Frangipane et al., 2001), an imposing cist grave built at the bottom of a large pit, which was very atypical for the local culture....

    [...]

  • ...It was an extremely rich tomb containing an adult man with plenty of funerary gifts among which 65 metal objects, and with a complex funerary practice including the possible sacrifice of 4 adolescents (almost all female) on the stone slabs covering the cist (Palumbi, 2011; Frangipane et al., 2001)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Les monuments funeraires megalithiques de Sion-Petit-Chasseur I+III offrent une chance unique de suivre en continu des mutations sociales durant presque tout le 3 e millenaire av. J.-C. as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Les monuments funeraires megalithiques de Sion-«Petit-Chasseur I+III» offrent une chance unique de suivre en continu des mutations sociales durant presque tout le 3 e millenaire av. J.-C. et de demontrer comme une population locale assimile les changements ideologiques contemporains survenus dans toute l'Europe. L'analyse des constructions funeraires, des steles anthropomorphes et des vestiges materiels (a considerer comme trois groupes de sources distincts) revele la lutte entre tradition et innovation ainsi que les adaptations successives de la population du Neolithique tardif aux differents courants de l'ideologie campaniforme, puis de celle du Bronze ancien. Par la suite, Sion est compare au site d'Aoste-«St. Martin-de-Corleans», de structure similaire, et les deux ensembles sont replaces dans le cadre europeen du 3 e millenaire av. J.-C. Cette comparaison debute avec l'immigration en Europe orientale et meridionale de populations jamnaja des steppes situees au nord de la mer Noire et s'acheve avec l'emergence du phenomene campaniforme dans l'ouest de la peninsule iberique. Tout ceci fait partie d'un vaste horizon de transformation situe entre 2900 et 2700 av. J.-C. Des innovations specifiques de cette periode sont decrites et analysees.

59 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Recently, it was shown that the origin of the distinctive Kura Araxes (KA) artifact assemblage lies in the Late Chalcolithic of the late 5th to early 4th millennia b.c as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The beginning of the Bronze Age in the southern Caucasus has been thought to coincide with the appearance of the Kura Araxes (KA) culture around 3500 cal b.c. KA artifacts are known not only from the southern Caucasus but also from sites in Anatolia, Iran, and the Levant. Recent discoveries from Areni-1 Cave in the Vayots Dzor region of Armenia demonstrate that the origin of the distinctive KA artifact assemblage lies in the Late Chalcolithic of the late 5th to early 4th millennia b.c. The cave contains rich assemblages of desiccated botanical remains that allow the site to be precisely dated and that demonstrate that its inhabitants exploited a wide variety of domesticated and wild plants. It would appear that from 4000 cal b.c. onwards, people used Areni-1 Cave for habitation and for keeping goats, storing plant foods, and ritual purposes; unusual for this time period are ceramic vessels containing the skulls of children.

43 citations


Cites background from "New Symbols of a New Power in a "Ro..."

  • ...With the exception of very occasional rich inhumations such as at Arslantepe (Frangipane et al. 2001), most KA burials are individual inhumations in flat graves or in small kurgans lacking any evidence for wealth accumulation (Kohl 2007: 91)....

    [...]

01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: Anderson, Nicole 2017 The Glory of Beads: The Rise and Fall of the Società Veneziana per l’Industria delle Conterie as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Anderson, Nicole 2017 The Glory of Beads: The Rise and Fall of the Società Veneziana per l’Industria delle Conterie. Self published, Dexter, MI. The Conterie was the principal producer of glass seed beads on Murano in the Venetian lagoon from 1898 to 1992. Among other things, this book discusses glass chemistry and the machinery and technology involved in producing drawn beads. There is also a section on the art of lampworked beads.

41 citations