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Journal ArticleDOI

NMDA receptor affinities of 1,2-diphenylethylamine and 1-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperidine enantiomers and of related compounds.

01 May 2009-Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry (Pergamon)-Vol. 17, Iss: 9, pp 3456-3462

TL;DR: The synthesis of the dicyclohexyl analogues of DPEA and related compounds were tested as inhibitors of [(3)H]MK-801 binding to rat brain membranes and exhibited stereospecific sensitivity to the modulator spermine.

AbstractWe resolved 1,2-diphenylethylamine (DPEA) into its (S)- and (R)-enantiomer and used them as precursors for synthesis of (S)- and (R)-1-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperidine, flexible homeomorphs of the NMDA channel blocker MK-801. We also describe the synthesis of the dicyclohexyl analogues of DPEA. These and related compounds were tested as inhibitors of [(3)H]MK-801 binding to rat brain membranes. Stereospecificity ranged between factors of 0.5 and 50. Some blockers exhibited stereospecific sensitivity to the modulator spermine. Our results may help to elucidate in more detail the NMDA channel pharmacophore.

Topics: Channel blocker (50%)

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Citations
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28 Jul 2005
TL;DR: PfPMP1)与感染红细胞、树突状组胞以及胎盘的单个或多个受体作用,在黏附及免疫逃避中起关键的作�ly.
Abstract: 抗原变异可使得多种致病微生物易于逃避宿主免疫应答。表达在感染红细胞表面的恶性疟原虫红细胞表面蛋白1(PfPMP1)与感染红细胞、内皮细胞、树突状细胞以及胎盘的单个或多个受体作用,在黏附及免疫逃避中起关键的作用。每个单倍体基因组var基因家族编码约60种成员,通过启动转录不同的var基因变异体为抗原变异提供了分子基础。

18,940 citations


01 Dec 2007

1,120 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The first complete portrait of this underground market is presented along with the relevant legal, technological, and scientific developments which have driven its evolution.
Abstract: PCP or phencyclidine was discovered in 1956 and soon became a popular street drug. Dissociatives including PCP, ketamine, and dextromethorphan have been used non-medically for their mind-altering effects for over 60 years. Many of these compounds have also been used clinically and in legitimate research. At least 14 derivatives of PCP were sold for non-medical and illict use from the late 1960s until the 1990s. With the advent of the Internet, the drug market underwent a dramatic evolution. While initially gray-market chemical vendors offering dextromethorphan and ketamine thrived, most recently the market has shifted to legal high and online-based research chemical vendors. Starting with the first dissociative research chemical, 4-MeO-PCP in 2008, the dissociative research chemical market has rapidly evolved and currently comprises at least 12 dissociatives, almost half of which were unknown in the scientific literature prior to their introduction. Several of these, including methoxetamine, have reached widespread use internationally. A historical account of non-medical use of over 30 dissociative compounds was compiled from a diverse collection of sources. The first complete portrait of this underground market is presented along with the relevant legal, technological, and scientific developments which have driven its evolution.

172 citations


Cites background from "NMDA receptor affinities of 1,2-dip..."

  • ...[81] Soon after PCPy was detected in a number of hospitalized patients in Ohio with the intoxication said to resemble that of PCP.[82,83] Most recently, a clandestine chemist in Boston MA was arrested in 1991 for operating a PCPy laboratory....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: From November 2013 to May 2014, 19 newly distributed designer drugs were identified in 104 products in our ongoing survey of illegal products in Japan. The identified compounds included 8 synthetic cannabinoids, FUB-PB-22 (1), 5-fluoro-NNEI indazole analog (5-fluoro-MN-18, 2), AM-2201 indazole analog (THJ-2201, 3), XLR-12 (4), 5-fluoro-AB-PINACA (5), 5-chloro-AB-PINACA (6), AB-CHMINACA (7), and 5-fluoro-AMB (8); 5 cathinone derivatives, DL-4662 (9), α-PHP (10), 4-methoxy-α-POP (11), 4-methoxy-α-PHPP (12), and 4-fluoro-α-PHPP (13); and 6 other substances, namely, the benzofuran derivative 2-(2-ethylaminopropyl)benzofuran (2-EAPB, 14), nitracaine (15), diclofensine (16), diphenidine (17), 1-benzylpiperidine (18), and acetylfentanyl (19). To our knowledge, this is the first report on the chemical properties of compounds 9–11 and 14. A total of 33 designer drugs, including compounds 1–19, were detected in the 104 illegal products, in 60 different combination patterns. The numbers of detected compounds per product ranged from 1 to 7. In addition, several products contained three different types of compounds, such as synthetic cannabinoids, cathinone derivatives, and phenethylamine derivatives per product. It is apparent that the types of compounds emerging as illegal products are becoming more diverse, as are their combinations.

95 citations


Cites background from "NMDA receptor affinities of 1,2-dip..."

  • ...Diclofensine (16) has been reported as an inhibitor of monoamine uptake [18], while diphenidine (17) has been reported as an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) channel blocker [19]....

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The adverse effects noted in analytically confirmed cases of NPS intoxication involving diphenidine or MXP were similar to those reported for other dissociative substances such as ketamine and methoxetamine, but the high proportion of polysubstance use might have played a role in the intoxication and clinical features in some cases.
Abstract: Background. Diphenidine (1-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperidine) and its 2-methoxylated derivative methoxphenidine (MXP, 2-MeO-diphenidine) are substances with dissociative effects that were recently introduced for “recreational” purpose through the online-based sale of new psychoactive substances (NPS). A number of analytically confirmed non-fatal intoxications associated with diphenidine or MXP have occurred in Sweden and were included in the STRIDA project. Study design. Observational case series of consecutive patients with admitted or suspected intake of NPS and requiring intensive treatment in an emergency room and hospitalization in Sweden. Patients and methods. Blood and urine samples were collected from intoxicated patients presenting at emergency departments all over the country. NPS analysis was performed by multi-component liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry methods. Data on clinical features were collected during telephone consultations with the Poisons Information Centre and retrieved f...

55 citations


References
More filters

28 Jul 2005
TL;DR: PfPMP1)与感染红细胞、树突状组胞以及胎盘的单个或多个受体作用,在黏附及免疫逃避中起关键的作�ly.
Abstract: 抗原变异可使得多种致病微生物易于逃避宿主免疫应答。表达在感染红细胞表面的恶性疟原虫红细胞表面蛋白1(PfPMP1)与感染红细胞、内皮细胞、树突状细胞以及胎盘的单个或多个受体作用,在黏附及免疫逃避中起关键的作用。每个单倍体基因组var基因家族编码约60种成员,通过启动转录不同的var基因变异体为抗原变异提供了分子基础。

18,940 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The analysis described shows K I does not equal I 50 when competitive inhibition kinetics apply; however, K I is equal to I 50 under conditions of either noncompetitive or uncompetitive kinetics.
Abstract: A theoretical analysis has been made of the relationship between the inhibition constant ( K I ) of a substance and the ( I 50 ) value which expresses the concentration of inhibitor required to produce 50 per cent inhibition of an enzymic reaction at a specific substrate concentration. A comparison has been made of the relationships between K I and I 50 for monosubstrate reactions when noncompetitive or uncompetitive inhibition kinetics apply, as well as for bisubstrate reactions under conditions of competitive, noncompetitive and uncompetitive inhibition kinetics. Precautions have been indicated against the indiscriminate use of I 50 values in agreement with the admonitions previously described in the literature. The analysis described shows K I does not equal I 50 when competitive inhibition kinetics apply; however, K I is equal to I 50 under conditions of either noncompetitive or uncompetitive kinetics.

12,173 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The reagent formed by combining diethyl azodicarboxylate (DEAD) and triphenylphosphine (TPP) could be utilized in the intermolecular dehydration between an alcohol and various acidic components such as carboxylic acids, phosphoric diesters, imides, and active methylene compounds. By the use of DEAD and TPP, diols and hydroxy acids gave cyclic ethers and lactones, respectively. The reaction of nucleosides with DEAD and TPP afforded triphenylphosphoranylnucleosides. Alcohols reacted with 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-nitrophenol in the presence of DEAD and TPP to give aci-nitroesters which converted into the corresponding carbonyl compounds.

3,136 citations


01 Dec 2007

1,120 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The application of (S)-1,10-binaphthyl-2,20-diol as NMR chiral solvating agent (CSA) for omeprazole, and three of its analogs (lanso-, panto-, and rabe-prazole) was investigated. The formation of diastereomeric host–guest complexes in solution between the CSA and the racemic substrates produced sufficient NMR signal splitting for the determination of enantiomeric excesses by Hor F-NMR spectroscopy. Using of hydrophobic deuterated solvents was mandatory for obtaining good enantiodiscrimination, thus suggesting the importance of intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the stabilization of the complexes. The method was applied to the fast quantification of the enantiomeric purity of in-process samples of S-omeprazole. Chirality 00:000–000, 2009. VC 2009

836 citations