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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41534-021-00363-9

Noise-robust exploration of many-body quantum states on near-term quantum devices

02 Mar 2021-npj Quantum Information (Springer Science and Business Media LLC)-Vol. 7, Iss: 1, pp 1-6
Abstract: We describe a resource-efficient approach to studying many-body quantum states on noisy, intermediate-scale quantum devices. We employ a sequential generation model that allows us to bound the range of correlations in the resulting many-body quantum states. From this, we characterize situations where the estimation of local observables does not require the preparation of the entire state. Instead smaller patches of the state can be generated from which the observables can be estimated. This can potentially reduce circuit size and number of qubits for the computation of physical properties of the states. Moreover, we show that the effect of noise decreases along the computation. Our results apply to a broad class of widely studied tensor network states and can be directly applied to near-term implementations of variational quantum algorithms.

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Topics: Quantum algorithm (69%), Qubit (64%), Quantum state (64%) ... show more
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5 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVRESEARCH.3.033083
Abstract: Parameterized quantum circuits are a promising technology for achieving a quantum advantage. An important application is the variational simulation of time evolution of quantum systems. To make the most of quantum hardware, variational algorithms need to be as hardware-efficient as possible. Here we present alternatives to the time-dependent variational principle that are hardware-efficient and do not require matrix inversion. In relation to imaginary time evolution, our approach significantly reduces the hardware requirements. With regards to real time evolution, where high precision can be important, we present algorithms of systematically increasing accuracy and hardware requirements. We numerically analyze the performance of our algorithms using quantum Hamiltonians with local interactions.

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Topics: Quantum algorithm (65%), Imaginary time (56%), Variational principle (54%) ... show more

8 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVA.103.042613
29 Apr 2021-Physical Review A
Abstract: The authors propose a protocol that can unitarily reset or recycle qubits when the circuit has a common convolutional form. This protocol could potentially dramatically reduce the spatial cost for implementing the contraction algorithm on general near-term quantum computers.

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Topics: Quantum computer (61%), Qubit (55%)

5 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.21468/SCIPOSTPHYS.10.6.143
Freek Witteveen1, Michael Walter1Institutions (1)
11 Jun 2021-
Abstract: Entanglement renormalization is a unitary real-space renormalization scheme. The corresponding quantum circuits or tensor networks are known as MERA, and they are particularly well-suited to describing quantum systems at criticality. In this work we show how to construct Gaussian bosonic quantum circuits that implement entanglement renormalization for ground states of arbitrary free bosonic chains. The construction is based on wavelet theory, and the dispersion relation of the Hamiltonian is translated into a filter design problem. We give a general algorithm that approximately solves this design problem and provide an approximation theory that relates the properties of the filters to the accuracy of the corresponding quantum circuits. Finally, we explain how the continuum limit (a free bosonic quantum field) emerges naturally from the wavelet construction.

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Topics: Quantum entanglement (62%), Renormalization (61%), Quantum field theory (57.99%) ... show more

4 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.21468/SCIPOSTPHYS.10.6.143
Freek Witteveen1, Michael Walter1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Entanglement renormalization is a unitary real-space renormalization scheme. The corresponding quantum circuits or tensor networks are known as MERA, and they are particularly well-suited to describing quantum systems at criticality. In this work we show how to construct Gaussian bosonic quantum circuits that implement entanglement renormalization for ground states of arbitrary free bosonic chains. The construction is based on wavelet theory, and the dispersion relation of the Hamiltonian is translated into a filter design problem. We give a general algorithm that approximately solves this design problem and provide an approximation theory that relates the properties of the filters to the accuracy of the corresponding quantum circuits. Finally, we explain how the continuum limit (a free bosonic quantum field) emerges naturally from the wavelet construction.

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Topics: Quantum entanglement (62%), Renormalization (61%), Quantum field theory (57.99%) ... show more

3 Citations


Open accessPosted Content
Troy J. Sewell1, Stephen P. JordanInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) hardware is typically limited to low-depth quantum circuits to limit the number of opportunities for introduction of error by unreliable quantum gates. A less-explored alternative approach is to repeatedly apply a quantum channel with a desired quantum state as a stable fixed point. Increased circuit depth can in this case be beneficial rather than harmful due to dissipative self-correction. The quantum channels constructed from MERA circuits can be interpreted in terms of the renormalization group(RG), and their fixed points are RG fixed points, i.e. scale-invariant systems such as conformal field theories. Here, building upon the theoretical proposal of Kim and Swingle, we numerically and experimentally study the robust preparation of the ground state of the critical Ising model using circuits adapted from the work of Evenbly and White. The experimental implementation exhibits self-correction through renormalization seen in the convergence and stability of local observables, and makes essential use of the ability to measure and reset individual qubits afforded by the "quantum CCD" architecture of the Honeywell ion-trap. We also numerically test error mitigation by zero-noise extrapolation schemes specially adapted for renormalization circuits, which are able to outperform typical extrapolation schemes using lower gate overhead.

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Topics: Quantum gate (62%), Quantum channel (61%), Quantum state (60%) ... show more

1 Citations


References
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43 results found


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.22331/Q-2018-08-06-79
John Preskill1Institutions (1)
06 Aug 2018-
Abstract: Noisy Intermediate-Scale Quantum (NISQ) technology will be available in the near future. Quantum computers with 50-100 qubits may be able to perform tasks which surpass the capabilities of today's classical digital computers, but noise in quantum gates will limit the size of quantum circuits that can be executed reliably. NISQ devices will be useful tools for exploring many-body quantum physics, and may have other useful applications, but the 100-qubit quantum computer will not change the world right away --- we should regard it as a significant step toward the more powerful quantum technologies of the future. Quantum technologists should continue to strive for more accurate quantum gates and, eventually, fully fault-tolerant quantum computing.

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Topics: Quantum technology (78%), Quantum computer (71%), Quantum machine learning (70%) ... show more

2,598 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS5213
Abstract: Quantum computers promise to efficiently solve important problems that are intractable on a conventional computer. For quantum systems, where the physical dimension grows exponentially, finding the eigenvalues of certain operators is one such intractable problem and remains a fundamental challenge. The quantum phase estimation algorithm efficiently finds the eigenvalue of a given eigenvector but requires fully coherent evolution. Here we present an alternative approach that greatly reduces the requirements for coherent evolution and combine this method with a new approach to state preparation based on ansatze and classical optimization. We implement the algorithm by combining a highly reconfigurable photonic quantum processor with a conventional computer. We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of this approach with an example from quantum chemistry--calculating the ground-state molecular energy for He-H(+). The proposed approach drastically reduces the coherence time requirements, enhancing the potential of quantum resources available today and in the near future.

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Topics: Quantum algorithm (69%), Quantum phase estimation algorithm (68%), Quantum computer (66%) ... show more

1,764 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/01621459.1996.10476956
Abstract: A critical issue for users of Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods in applications is how to determine when it is safe to stop sampling and use the samples to estimate characteristics of the distribution of interest. Research into methods of computing theoretical convergence bounds holds promise for the future but to date has yielded relatively little of practical use in applied work. Consequently, most MCMC users address the convergence problem by applying diagnostic tools to the output produced by running their samplers. After giving a brief overview of the area, we provide an expository review of 13 convergence diagnostics, describing the theoretical basis and practical implementation of each. We then compare their performance in two simple models and conclude that all of the methods can fail to detect the sorts of convergence failure that they were designed to identify. We thus recommend a combination of strategies aimed at evaluating and accelerating MCMC sampler convergence, including ap...

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Topics: Markov chain Monte Carlo (60%), Metropolis–Hastings algorithm (54%), Markov chain (54%) ... show more

1,744 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/REVMODPHYS.86.153
Abstract: Simulating quantum mechanics is known to be a difficult computational problem, especially when dealing with large systems However, this difficulty may be overcome by using some controllable quantum system to study another less controllable or accessible quantum system, ie, quantum simulation Quantum simulation promises to have applications in the study of many problems in, eg, condensed-matter physics, high-energy physics, atomic physics, quantum chemistry and cosmology Quantum simulation could be implemented using quantum computers, but also with simpler, analog devices that would require less control, and therefore, would be easier to construct A number of quantum systems such as neutral atoms, ions, polar molecules, electrons in semiconductors, superconducting circuits, nuclear spins and photons have been proposed as quantum simulators This review outlines the main theoretical and experimental aspects of quantum simulation and emphasizes some of the challenges and promises of this fast-growing field

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Topics: Quantum simulator (74%), Quantum computer (73%), Quantum system (66%) ... show more

1,538 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE24622
29 Nov 2017-Nature
Abstract: Controllable, coherent many-body systems can provide insights into the fundamental properties of quantum matter, enable the realization of new quantum phases and could ultimately lead to computational systems that outperform existing computers based on classical approaches. Here we demonstrate a method for creating controlled many-body quantum matter that combines deterministically prepared, reconfigurable arrays of individually trapped cold atoms with strong, coherent interactions enabled by excitation to Rydberg states. We realize a programmable Ising-type quantum spin model with tunable interactions and system sizes of up to 51 qubits. Within this model, we observe phase transitions into spatially ordered states that break various discrete symmetries, verify the high-fidelity preparation of these states and investigate the dynamics across the phase transition in large arrays of atoms. In particular, we observe robust many-body dynamics corresponding to persistent oscillations of the order after a rapid quantum quench that results from a sudden transition across the phase boundary. Our method provides a way of exploring many-body phenomena on a programmable quantum simulator and could enable realizations of new quantum algorithms.

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Topics: Open quantum system (68%), Quantum network (68%), Quantum phases (67%) ... show more

1,316 Citations


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