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Journal ArticleDOI

Numerical investigation of the effect of chevrons in subsonic jets using URANS

11 Feb 2010-Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics (Inderscience Publishers)-Vol. 10, Iss: 2, pp 65-79
TL;DR: In this article, simulations of compressible, turbulent jets at M = 0.75 using the Shear Stress Transport (SST) k-ω model have been carried out for baseline nozzle and chevron nozzles with 4, 6 and 8 lobes and three different penetration angles (0°, 5° and 10°).
Abstract: Numerical simulations of compressible, turbulent jets at M = 0.75 using the Shear Stress Transport (SST) k-ω model have been carried out for baseline nozzle and chevron nozzles with 4, 6 and 8 lobes and three different penetration angles (0°, 5° and 10°). The predicted far field noise level at several observer locations are compared with experimental data. Overall sound pressure levels at far field observer locations have been calculated using Ffowcs Williams-Hawkings equation. Numerical prediction of aerodynamic quantities like centreline velocity, stagnation pressure, turbulent kinetic energy and axial vorticity are compared among the nozzles. The Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (URANS) calculations are able to predict the trends in overall SPL, even though the absolute values are slightly under-predicted.
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TL;DR: In this article, the results from 3D, compressible, unsteady Favre-averaged calculations of transverse injection into a supersonic cross flow are reported.
Abstract: Results from 3D, compressible, unsteady Favre-averaged calculations of transverse injection into a supersonic cross flow are reported. Four injector geometries, namely, circular, wedge, diamond, and chevron, have been investigated. The effectiveness of the chevron injector is demonstrated by comparing performance metrics, such as degree of mixing and total pressure loss, against those of the other injectors. The results show that the chevron injector provides better mixing and spreading compared to other injectors, with almost the same total pressure loss. Furthermore, for the operating conditions studied, the chevron-penetration angle is shown to have a minimal impact on the mixing and the total pressure loss.

19 citations