Abstract: rellis-Coded Modulation (TCM) has evolved over the past decade as a combined coding and modulation technique for digital transmission over band-limited channels. Its main attraction comes from the fact that it allows the achievement of significant coding gains over conventional uncoded multilevel modulation without compromising bandwidth efficiency. T h e first TCM schemes were proposed in 1976 [I]. Following a more detailed publication [2] in 1982, an explosion of research and actual implementations of TCM took place, to the point where today there is a good understanding of the theory and capabilities of TCM methods. In Part 1 of this two-part article, an introduction into TCM is given. T h e reasons for the development of TCM are reviewed, and examples of simple TCM schemes are discussed. Part I1 [I51 provides further insight into code design and performance, and addresses. recent advances in TCM. TCM schemes employ redundant nonbinary modulation in combination with a finite-state encoder which governs the selection of modulation signals to generate coded signal sequences. In the receiver, the noisy signals are decoded by a soft-decision maximum-likelihood sequence decoder. Simple four-state TCM schemes can improve. the robustness of digital transmission against additive noise by 3 dB, compared to conventional , uncoded modulation. With more complex TCM schemes, the coding gain can reach 6 dB or more. These gains are obtained without bandwidth expansion or reduction of the effective information rate as required by traditional error-correction schemes. Shannon's information theory predicted the existence of coded modulation schemes with these characteristics more than three decades ago. T h e development of effective TCM techniques and today's signal-processing technology now allow these ,gains to be obtained in practice. Signal waveforms representing information sequences ~ are most impervious to noise-induced detection errors if they are very different from each other. Mathematically, this translates into therequirement that signal sequences should have large distance in Euclidean signal space. ~ T h e essential new concept of TCM that led to the afore-1 mentioned gains was to use signal-set expansion to I provide redundancy for coding, and to design coding and ' signal-mapping functions jointly so as to maximize ~ directly the \" free distance \" (minimum Euclidean distance) between coded signal sequences. This allowed the construction of modulation codes whose free distance significantly exceeded the minimum distance between uncoded modulation signals, at the same information rate, bandwidth, and signal power. The term \" …