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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.2140/GT.2021.25.445

On the topology and the boundary of N–dimensional RCD(K,N) spaces

02 Mar 2021-Geometry & Topology (Mathematical Sciences Publishers)-Vol. 25, Iss: 1, pp 445-495
Abstract: We establish topological regularity and stability of N-dimensional RCD(K,N) spaces (up to a small singular set), also called non-collapsed RCD(K,N) in the literature. We also introduce the notion of a boundary of such spaces and study its properties, including its behavior under Gromov-Hausdorff convergence.

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19 results found

Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: This note is devoted to the study of sets of finite perimeter over RCD$(K,N)$ metric measure spaces. Its aim is to complete the picture about the generalization of De Giorgi's theorem within this framework. Starting from the results of [2] we obtain uniqueness of tangents and rectifiability for the reduced boundary of sets of finite perimeter. As an intermediate tool, of independent interest, we develop a Gauss-Green integration by parts formula tailored to this setting. These results are new and non-trivial even in the setting of Ricci limits.

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Topics: Boundary (topology) (56%), Measure (mathematics) (55%), Metric (mathematics) (54%) ... read more

13 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1515/AGMS-2019-0008
Abstract: The aim of this note is to generalize to the class of non collapsed RCD(K,N) metric measure spaces the volume bound for the effective singular strata obtained by Cheeger and Naber for non collapsed Ricci limits in \cite{CheegerNaber13a}. The proof, which is based on a quantitative differentiation argument, closely follows the original one. As a simple outcome we provide a volume estimate for the enlargement of Gigli-DePhilippis' boundary (\cite[Remark 3.8]{DePhilippisGigli18}) of ncRCD(K,N) spaces.

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Topics: Measure (mathematics) (50%)

10 Citations

Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: We develop a structure theory for RCD spaces with curvature bounded above in Alexandrov sense. In particular, we show that any such space is a topological manifold with boundary whose interior is equal to the set of regular points. Further the set of regular points is a smooth manifold and is geodesically convex. Around regular points there are DC coordinates and the distance is induced by a continuous BV Riemannian metric.

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Topics: Boundary (topology) (60%), Curvature (59%), Manifold (57%) ... read more

7 Citations

Open accessPosted Content
Cong Hung Mai1, Shin-ichi Ohta2Institutions (2)
Abstract: We establish a quantitative isoperimetric inequality for weighted Riemannian manifolds with $\mathrm{Ric}_{\infty} \ge 1$. Precisely, we give an upper bound of the volume of the symmetric difference between a Borel set and a sub-level (or super-level) set of the associated guiding function (arising from the needle decomposition), in terms of the deficit in Bakry-Ledoux's Gaussian isoperimetric inequality. This is the first quantitative isoperimetric inequality on noncompact spaces besides Euclidean and Gaussian spaces. Our argument makes use of Klartag's needle decomposition (also called localization), and is inspired by a recent work of Cavalletti, Maggi and Mondino on compact spaces. Besides the quantitative isoperimetry, a reverse Poincare inequality for the guiding function that we have as a key step, as well as the way we use it, are of independent interest.

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7 Citations

Open accessPosted Content
Abstract: This paper studies the structure and stability of boundaries in noncollapsed $\text{RCD}(K,N)$ spaces, that is, metric-measure spaces $(X,\mathsf{d},\mathscr{H}^N)$ with lower Ricci curvature bounded below. Our main structural result is that the boundary $\partial X$ is homeomorphic to a manifold away from a set of codimension 2, and is $N-1$ rectifiable. Along the way we show effective measure bounds on the boundary and its tubular neighborhoods. These results are new even for Gromov-Hausdorff limits $(M_i^N,\mathsf{d}_{g_i},p_i) \rightarrow (X,\mathsf{d},p)$ of smooth manifolds with boundary, and require new techniques beyond those needed to prove the analogous statements for the regular set, in particular when it comes to the manifold structure of the boundary $\partial X$. The key local result is an $\epsilon$-regularity theorem, which tells us that if a ball $B_{2}(p)\subset X$ is sufficiently close to a half space $B_{2}(0)\subset \mathbb{R}^N_+$ in the Gromov-Hausdorff sense, then $B_1(p)$ is biHolder to an open set of $\mathbb{R}^N_+$. In particular, $\partial X$ is itself homeomorphic to $B_1(0^{N-1})$ near $B_1(p)$. Further, the boundary $\partial X$ is $N-1$ rectifiable and the boundary measure $\mathscr{H}^{N-1}_{\partial X}$ is Ahlfors regular on $B_1(p)$ with volume close to the Euclidean volume. Our second collection of results involve the stability of the boundary with respect to noncollapsed mGH convergence $X_i\to X$. Specifically, we show a boundary volume convergence which tells us that the $N-1$ Hausdorff measures on the boundaries converge $\mathscr{H}^{N-1}_{\partial X_i}\to \mathscr{H}^{N-1}_{\partial X}$ to the limit Hausdorff measure on $\partial X$. We will see that a consequence of this is that if the $X_i$ are boundary free then so is $X$.

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Topics: Hausdorff measure (51%)

5 Citations


80 results found

Open accessBook
02 Jan 2013-
Abstract: Couplings and changes of variables.- Three examples of coupling techniques.- The founding fathers of optimal transport.- Qualitative description of optimal transport.- Basic properties.- Cyclical monotonicity and Kantorovich duality.- The Wasserstein distances.- Displacement interpolation.- The Monge-Mather shortening principle.- Solution of the Monge problem I: global approach.- Solution of the Monge problem II: Local approach.- The Jacobian equation.- Smoothness.- Qualitative picture.- Optimal transport and Riemannian geometry.- Ricci curvature.- Otto calculus.- Displacement convexity I.- Displacement convexity II.- Volume control.- Density control and local regularity.- Infinitesimal displacement convexity.- Isoperimetric-type inequalities.- Concentration inequalities.- Gradient flows I.- Gradient flows II: Qualitative properties.- Gradient flows III: Functional inequalities.- Synthetic treatment of Ricci curvature.- Analytic and synthetic points of view.- Convergence of metric-measure spaces.- Stability of optimal transport.- Weak Ricci curvature bounds I: Definition and Stability.- Weak Ricci curvature bounds II: Geometric and analytic properties.

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Topics: Ricci curvature (57%), Convexity (55%), Geodesic convexity (55%) ... read more

4,558 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.4007/ANNALS.2009.169.903
John Lott1, Cédric Villani2Institutions (2)
Abstract: We dene a notion of a measured length space X having nonnegative N-Ricci curvature, for N 2 [1;1), or having1-Ricci curvature bounded below byK, forK2 R. The denitions are in terms of the displacement convexity of certain functions on the associated Wasserstein metric space P2(X) of probability measures. We show that these properties are preserved under measured Gromov-Hausdor limits. We give geometric and analytic consequences. This paper has dual goals. One goal is to extend results about optimal transport from the setting of smooth Riemannian manifolds to the setting of length spaces. A second goal is to use optimal transport to give a notion for a measured length space to have Ricci curvature bounded below. We refer to [11] and [44] for background material on length spaces and optimal transport, respectively. Further bibliographic notes on optimal transport are in Appendix F. In the present introduction we motivate the questions that we address and we state the main results. To start on the geometric side, there are various reasons to try to extend notions of curvature from smooth Riemannian manifolds to more general spaces. A fairly general setting is that of length spaces, meaning metric spaces (X;d) in which the distance between two points equals the inmum of the lengths of curves joining the points. In the rest of this introduction we assume that X is a compact length space. Alexandrov gave a good notion of a length space having \curvature bounded below by K", with K a real number, in terms of the geodesic triangles in X. In the case of a Riemannian manifold M with the induced length structure, one recovers the Riemannian notion of having sectional curvature bounded below by K. Length spaces with Alexandrov curvature bounded below by K behave nicely with respect to the GromovHausdor topology on compact metric spaces (modulo isometries); they form

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Topics: Scalar curvature (69%), Sectional curvature (67%), Riemann curvature tensor (65%) ... read more

1,243 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1007/S11511-006-0003-7
Karl-Theodor Sturm1Institutions (1)
01 Jul 2006-Acta Mathematica
Abstract: We introduce a curvature-dimension condition CD (K, N) for metric measure spaces. It is more restrictive than the curvature bound $\underline{{{\text{Curv}}}} {\left( {M,{\text{d}},m} \right)} > K$ (introduced in [Sturm K-T (2006) On the geometry of metric measure spaces. I. Acta Math 196:65–131]) which is recovered as the borderline case CD(K, ∞). The additional real parameter N plays the role of a generalized upper bound for the dimension. For Riemannian manifolds, CD(K, N) is equivalent to $${\text{Ric}}_{M} {\left( {\xi ,\xi } \right)} > K{\left| \xi \right|}^{2} $$ and dim(M) ⩽ N. The curvature-dimension condition CD(K, N) is stable under convergence. For any triple of real numbers K, N, L the family of normalized metric measure spaces (M, d, m) with CD(K, N) and diameter ⩽ L is compact. Condition CD(K, N) implies sharp version of the Brunn–Minkowski inequality, of the Bishop–Gromov volume comparison theorem and of the Bonnet–Myers theorem. Moreover, it implies the doubling property and local, scale-invariant Poincare inequalities on balls. In particular, it allows to construct canonical Dirichlet forms with Gaussian upper and lower bounds for the corresponding heat kernels.

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Topics: Gaussian measure (56%)

1,242 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.4310/JDG/1214459974
Jeff Cheeger, Tobias H. Colding1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In this paper and in we study the structure of spaces Y which are pointed Gromov Hausdor limits of sequences f M i pi g of complete connected Riemannian manifolds whose Ricci curvatures have a de nite lower bound say RicMn i n In Sections and sometimes in we also assume a lower volume bound Vol B pi v In this case the sequence is said to be non collapsing If limi Vol B pi then the sequence is said to collapse It turns out that a convergent sequence is noncollapsing if and only if the limit has positive n dimensional Hausdor measure In par ticular any convergent sequence is either collapsing or noncollapsing Moreover if the sequence is collapsing it turns out that the Hausdor dimension of the limit is actually n see Sections and Our theorems on the in nitesimal structure of limit spaces have equivalent statements in terms of or implications for the structure on a small but de nite scale of manifolds with RicMn n Al though both contexts are signi cant for the most part it is the limit spaces which are emphasized here Typically the relation between corre sponding statements for manifolds and limit spaces follows directly from the continuity of the geometric quantities in question under Gromov Hausdor limits together with Gromov s compactness theorem Theorems see also Remark are examples of

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Topics: Scalar curvature (82%), Riemann curvature tensor (77%), Ricci curvature (75%) ... read more

921 Citations

Open accessBook
21 May 1977-
Abstract: Since Poincare's time, topologists have been most concerned with three species of manifold. The most primitive of these--the TOP manifolds--remained rather mysterious until 1968, when Kirby discovered his now famous torus unfurling device. A period of rapid progress with TOP manifolds ensued, including, in 1969, Siebenmann's refutation of the Hauptvermutung and the Triangulation Conjecture. Here is the first connected account of Kirby's and Siebenmann's basic research in this area. The five sections of this book are introduced by three articles by the authors that initially appeared between 1968 and 1970. Appendices provide a full discussion of the classification of homotopy tori, including Casson's unpublished work and a consideration of periodicity in topological surgery.

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Topics: Hauptvermutung (60%), Triangulation (topology) (58%), Surgery theory (53%) ... read more

685 Citations

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