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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ADVS.202004205

One-Step 3D Printing of Heart Patches with Built-In Electronics for Performance Regulation.

02 Mar 2021-Advanced Science (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)-Vol. 8, Iss: 9, pp 2004205-2004205
Abstract: Three dimensional (3D) printing of heart patches usually provides the ability to precisely control cell location in 3D space. Here, one-step 3D printing of cardiac patches with built-in soft and stretchable electronics is reported. The tissue is simultaneously printed using three distinct bioinks for the cells, for the conducting parts of the electronics and for the dielectric components. It is shown that the hybrid system can withstand continuous physical deformations as those taking place in the contracting myocardium. The electronic patch is flexible, stretchable, and soft, and the electrodes within the printed patch are able to monitor the function of the engineered tissue by providing extracellular potentials. Furthermore, the system allowed controlling tissue function by providing electrical stimulation for pacing. It is envisioned that such transplantable patches may regain heart contractility and allow the physician to monitor the implant function as well as to efficiently intervene from afar when needed.

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Topics: Stretchable electronics (59%)
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5 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/ADFM.202107437
Gang Ge1, Gang Ge2, Qian Wang2, Yizhou Zhang3  +2 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: The work was supported by the NNSF of China (21805136, 62174085), Jiangsu Province Policy Guidance Plan (BZ2019014), Six talent peak innovation team in Jiangsu Province (TD-SWYY-009), “Taishan scholars” construction special fund of Shandong Province, and King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST).

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3 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ACS.CHEMREV.1C00639
05 Nov 2021-Chemical Reviews
Abstract: Advances in materials chemistry and engineering serve as the basis for multifunctional neural interfaces that span length scales from individual neurons to neural networks, neural tissues, and complete neural systems. Such technologies exploit electrical, electrochemical, optical, and/or pharmacological modalities in sensing and neuromodulation for fundamental studies in neuroscience research, with additional potential to serve as routes for monitoring and treating neurodegenerative diseases and for rehabilitating patients. This review summarizes the essential role of chemistry in this field of research, with an emphasis on recently published results and developing trends. The focus is on enabling materials in diverse device constructs, including their latest utilization in 3D bioelectronic frameworks formed by 3D printing, self-folding, and mechanically guided assembly. A concluding section highlights key challenges and future directions.

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1042/EBC20200106
Uijung Yong1, Byeongmin Kang1, Jinah JangInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Recent advances in biofabrication techniques, including 3D bioprinting, have allowed for the fabrication of cardiac models that are similar to the human heart in terms of their structure (e.g., volumetric scale and anatomy) and function (e.g., contractile and electrical properties). The importance of developing techniques for assessing the characteristics of 3D cardiac substitutes in real time without damaging their structures has also been emphasized. In particular, the heart has two primary mechanisms for transporting blood through the body: contractility and an electrical system based on intra and extracellular calcium ion exchange. This review introduces recent trends in 3D bioprinted cardiac tissues and the measurement of their structural, contractile, and electrical properties in real time. Cardiac models have also been regarded as alternatives to animal models as drug-testing platforms. Thus, perspectives on the convergence of 3D bioprinted cardiac tissues and their assessment for use in drug development are also presented.

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Topics: 3D bioprinting (52%)

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/S41569-021-00603-7
Abstract: Successfully engineering a functional, human, myocardial pump would represent a therapeutic alternative for the millions of patients with end-stage heart disease and provide an alternative to animal-based preclinical models. Although the field of cardiac tissue engineering has made tremendous advances, major challenges remain, which, if properly resolved, might allow the clinical implementation of engineered, functional, complex 3D structures in the future. In this Review, we provide an overview of state-of-the-art studies, challenges that have not yet been overcome and perspectives on cardiac tissue engineering. We begin with the most clinically relevant cell sources used in this field and discuss the use of topological, biophysical and metabolic stimuli to obtain mature phenotypes of cardiomyocytes, particularly in relation to organized cytoskeletal and contractile intracellular structures. We then move from the cellular level to engineering planar cardiac patches and discuss the need for proper vascularization and the main strategies for obtaining it. Finally, we provide an overview of several different approaches for the engineering of volumetric organs and organ parts - from whole-heart decellularization and recellularization to advanced 3D printing technologies.

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/POL.20210609
Alex Chortos1Institutions (1)
Topics: Bioelectronics (57%)
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32 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE09747
Ilanit Itzhaki1, Leonid Maizels1, Irit Huber1, Limor Zwi-Dantsis1  +8 moreInstitutions (1)
10 Mar 2011-Nature
Abstract: The ability to generate patient-specific human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) offers a new paradigm for modelling human disease and for individualizing drug testing. Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a familial arrhythmogenic syndrome characterized by abnormal ion channel function and sudden cardiac death. Here we report the development of a patient/disease-specific human iPSC line from a patient with type-2 LQTS (which is due to the A614V missense mutation in the KCNH2 gene). The generated iPSCs were coaxed to differentiate into the cardiac lineage. Detailed whole-cell patch-clamp and extracellular multielectrode recordings revealed significant prolongation of the action-potential duration in LQTS human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (the characteristic LQTS phenotype) when compared to healthy control cells. Voltage-clamp studies confirmed that this action-potential-duration prolongation stems from a significant reduction of the cardiac potassium current I(Kr). Importantly, LQTS-derived cells also showed marked arrhythmogenicity, characterized by early-after depolarizations and triggered arrhythmias. We then used the LQTS human iPSC-derived cardiac-tissue model to evaluate the potency of existing and novel pharmacological agents that may either aggravate (potassium-channel blockers) or ameliorate (calcium-channel blockers, K(ATP)-channel openers and late sodium-channel blockers) the disease phenotype. Our study illustrates the ability of human iPSC technology to model the abnormal functional phenotype of an inherited cardiac disorder and to identify potential new therapeutic agents. As such, it represents a promising paradigm to study disease mechanisms, optimize patient care (personalized medicine), and aid in the development of new therapies.

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934 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NATURE21003
15 Dec 2016-Nature
Abstract: Light- and ink-based three-dimensional (3D) printing methods allow the rapid design and fabrication of materials without the need for expensive tooling, dies or lithographic masks. They have led to an era of manufacturing in which computers can control the fabrication of soft matter that has tunable mechanical, electrical and other functional properties. The expanding range of printable materials, coupled with the ability to programmably control their composition and architecture across various length scales, is driving innovation in myriad applications. This is illustrated by examples of biologically inspired composites, shape-morphing systems, soft sensors and robotics that only additive manufacturing can produce.

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748 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1113/JPHYSIOL.1982.SP014221
Abstract: 1. The calcium-sensitive photoprotein aequorin was micro-injected into cells of rat and cat ventricular muscles. The resulting light emission is a function of intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). The transient increases in [Ca2+]i that accompany contraction were monitored. 2. After an increase in muscle length, the developed tension increased immediately and then showed a slow increase over a period of minutes. The peak [Ca2+]i in each contraction was initially unchanged after an increase in muscle length but then showed a slow increase with a time course similar to that of the slow tension change. 3. As a consequence of these slow changes, the shape of the tension-length relation depends on the procedure used to determine it and this change in shape can be attributed to changes in activation. 4. Immediately after an increase in muscle length the calcium transient was abbreviated. 5. When a quick release was performed during a contraction, a short-lived increase in the [Ca2+]i was observed following the release. 6. The two previous observations can both be explained if the binding constant of troponin for calcium is a function of developed tension.

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Topics: Cardiac muscle (58%), Calcium (54%), Calcium metabolism (53%) ... show more

547 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.AAV9051
02 Aug 2019-Science
Abstract: Collagen is the primary component of the extracellular matrix in the human body. It has proved challenging to fabricate collagen scaffolds capable of replicating the structure and function of tissues and organs. We present a method to 3D-bioprint collagen using freeform reversible embedding of suspended hydrogels (FRESH) to engineer components of the human heart at various scales, from capillaries to the full organ. Control of pH-driven gelation provides 20-micrometer filament resolution, a porous microstructure that enables rapid cellular infiltration and microvascularization, and mechanical strength for fabrication and perfusion of multiscale vasculature and tri-leaflet valves. We found that FRESH 3D-bioprinted hearts accurately reproduce patient-specific anatomical structure as determined by micro-computed tomography. Cardiac ventricles printed with human cardiomyocytes showed synchronized contractions, directional action potential propagation, and wall thickening up to 14% during peak systole.

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Topics: 3D bioprinting (52%)

521 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1089/TEN.TEB.2009.0352
Abstract: Cardiac tissue engineering aims to create functional tissue constructs that can reestablish the structure and function of injured myocardium. Engineered constructs can also serve as high-fidelity models for studies of cardiac development and disease. In a general case, the biological potential of the cell—the actual “tissue engineer”—is mobilized by providing highly controllable three-dimensional environments that can mediate cell differentiation and functional assembly. For cardiac regeneration, some of the key requirements that need to be met are the selection of a human cell source, establishment of cardiac tissue matrix, electromechanical cell coupling, robust and stable contractile function, and functional vascularization. We review here the potential and challenges of cardiac tissue engineering for developing therapies that could prevent or reverse heart failure.

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429 Citations


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