scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Journal ArticleDOI

Parenting Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency Among Low-Income Families

03 Apr 2018-Victims & Offenders (Routledge)-Vol. 13, Iss: 3, pp 336-348
TL;DR: In this paper, it is shown that parenting behavior has an impact on the development of delinquent behavior among adolescents and there is a paucity of studies focusing on parenting behavior and its relation with delinquent behavior.
Abstract: It is widely known that parenting behavior has an impact on the development of delinquent behavior among adolescents However, there is paucity of studies focusing on parenting behavior and its rel
Citations
More filters
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: In this paper, a blackwell handbook of early childhood development is used to diagnose infectious bugs inside a desktop computer, where people are faced with some infectious bugs in their desktop computer.
Abstract: Thank you very much for reading blackwell handbook of early childhood development. Maybe you have knowledge that, people have search hundreds times for their favorite readings like this blackwell handbook of early childhood development, but end up in harmful downloads. Rather than enjoying a good book with a cup of coffee in the afternoon, instead they are facing with some infectious bugs inside their desktop computer.

50 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed whether the criminal risk level estimated from the interaction between antisocial motivation and criminal opportunities helps to differentiate between adolescents with and without delinquent behavior (as proposed in the Triple Risk for Delinquency Model).
Abstract: There is extensive literature on risk factors leading to criminal behavior. However, most of these studies have been conducted in European and Anglo-Saxon countries, and there are few analogous studies in Latin America. Our main aim was to analyze whether the criminal risk level estimated from the interaction between antisocial motivation and criminal opportunities helps to differentiate between adolescents with and without delinquent behavior (as proposed in the Triple Risk for Delinquency Model). We measured both official and self-reported antisocial behavior in a sample of 211 young people in Argentina. The results show a significant association between delinquency and personal, social and opportunity risk factors. Also, it was possible to differentiate between adolescents with and without official and self-reported antisocial behavior with high sensitivity and specificity, based on the estimation of criminal risk levels. We discuss the relevance and implications of these findings within the particular context of this study.

11 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
10 Apr 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, a study was conducted to determine the relationship of perceived parenting styles with self-control capacity and affective self-regulation among delinquent adolencents in Guilan Province, China.
Abstract: Background: The type of parent’s child rearing and the perception of problems by adolescents are one of the important reasons for the formation of inappropriate behavior and delinquency in adolescents. Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship of perceived parenting styles with self-control capacity and affective self-regulation among delinquent adolencents. Materials & Methods: The research type was descriptive-correlational. The population of this study included all delinquent adolescents (N=94) from the Guilan Provincial Reconstruction and Upbringing Center and temporary detention centers in 2017-2018. Seventy-three adolescents were selected and completed the Parenting Style Inventory (PSI), Tangney Self-Control Scale (TSCS) and Measure of Affect Regulation Styles (MARS). The data were processed using Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analyses by SPSS V. 22 software. Results: Regression analysis indicated that authoritative parenting style positively (β=0.906, P<0.001) and authoritarian parenting style negatively (β=-0.537, P<0.001) 38% of the changes were predicted in the SCS among delinquent adolencents (F=20.511. P<0.001). Also, the authoritative parenting style negatively (β=-0.641, P<0.001) 41% of the changes were predicted in the MARS among delinquent adolencents (F=47.543, P<0.001). The permissive parenting style was not statistically significant in any of the regression analyses (P>0.05). Conclusion: Parenting styles have an effective role in the emergence and inhibition of delinquent behavior. It seems that authoritarian and authoritative parenting styles respectively play a role in improving and weakening self-control capacity and affective self-regulation in delinquent behavior among adolencents boys.

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
09 Jul 2021
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed risk factors for criminal recidivism of young offenders in Argentina, compared with studies in other countries; 65 recidivists are compared with 59 one-time offenders.
Abstract: This article analyses risk factors for criminal recidivism of young offenders in Argentina, compared with studies in other countries; 65 recidivists are compared with 59 one-time offenders. Effect sizes were calculated for 24 risk factors for recidivism. Seven groups of risk factors were compared: (a) demographic information, (b) offence history, (c) family factors, (d) educational factors, (e) substance use history, (f) social factors, and (g) community and societal influences. Large effects on recidivism for all risk factors were found in the present study, in comparison with other countries. These findings are explained within the socio-cultural context of Argentina. Forward stepwise logistic regression analyses were carried out in order to investigate independent predictors, showing that age at first contact with the law, low school achievement, poor school attendance, substance abuse, delinquent peers and community disorganization were the most important independent predictors of juvenile recidivism in the present study. Criminal history and delinquent peers were also important predictors in other reviews of the predictors of reoffending.

2 citations

References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Theories of the self from both psychology and anthropology are integrated to define in detail the difference between a construal of self as independent and a construpal of the Self as interdependent as discussed by the authors, and these divergent construals should have specific consequences for cognition, emotion, and motivation.
Abstract: People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very nature of individual experience, including cognition, emotion, and motivation. Many Asian cultures have distinct conceptions of individuality that insist on the fundamental relatedness of individuals to each other. The emphasis is on attending to others, fitting in, and harmonious interdependence with them. American culture neither assumes nor values such an overt connectedness among individuals. In contrast, individuals seek to maintain their independence from others by attending to the self and by discovering and expressing their unique inner attributes. As proposed herein, these construals are even more powerful than previously imagined. Theories of the self from both psychology and anthropology are integrated to define in detail the difference between a construal of the self as independent and a construal of the self as interdependent. Each of these divergent construals should have a set of specific consequences for cognition, emotion, and motivation; these consequences are proposed and relevant empirical literature is reviewed. Focusing on differences in self-construals enables apparently inconsistent empirical findings to be reconciled, and raises questions about what have been thought to be culture-free aspects of cognition, emotion, and motivation.

18,178 citations


"Parenting Behavior and Juvenile Del..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Arguably, this could be attributed to the highly interdependent arrangements of Indian families (Mishra, 1994; Saraswathi & Pai, 1997), wherein personal autonomy, privacy, and space are not prioritized within the cultural matrix (Markus & Kitayama, 1991)....

    [...]

  • ...Specifically, in Indian families the intentional or inadvertent forsaking of independence and personal autonomy (Markus & Kitayama, 1991; Mishra, 1994) might render a certain degree of parental leniency as an opportunity to experiment and indulge in deviant activities....

    [...]

Book
08 Sep 2020
TL;DR: A review of the comparative database from across the behavioral sciences suggests both that there is substantial variability in experimental results across populations and that WEIRD subjects are particularly unusual compared with the rest of the species – frequent outliers.
Abstract: Behavioral scientists routinely publish broad claims about human psychology and behavior in the world's top journals based on samples drawn entirely from Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic (WEIRD) societies. Researchers - often implicitly - assume that either there is little variation across human populations, or that these "standard subjects" are as representative of the species as any other population. Are these assumptions justified? Here, our review of the comparative database from across the behavioral sciences suggests both that there is substantial variability in experimental results across populations and that WEIRD subjects are particularly unusual compared with the rest of the species - frequent outliers. The domains reviewed include visual perception, fairness, cooperation, spatial reasoning, categorization and inferential induction, moral reasoning, reasoning styles, self-concepts and related motivations, and the heritability of IQ. The findings suggest that members of WEIRD societies, including young children, are among the least representative populations one could find for generalizing about humans. Many of these findings involve domains that are associated with fundamental aspects of psychology, motivation, and behavior - hence, there are no obvious a priori grounds for claiming that a particular behavioral phenomenon is universal based on sampling from a single subpopulation. Overall, these empirical patterns suggests that we need to be less cavalier in addressing questions of human nature on the basis of data drawn from this particularly thin, and rather unusual, slice of humanity. We close by proposing ways to structurally re-organize the behavioral sciences to best tackle these challenges.

6,370 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

4,527 citations


"Parenting Behavior and Juvenile Del..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...Baumrind (1971) categorized parenting styles using a two-dimensional framework of support and control....

    [...]

Book
01 Mar 1973

3,713 citations