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Parte general del derecho penal

About: The article was published on 2005-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 19 citations till now.
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TL;DR: In this article , a presente investigación científica fue analizar el estado de necesidad, en contravenciones de tránsito por conducir in estado of embriaguez.
Abstract: En la legislación ecuatoriana, al momento que una persona es detenida por presuntamente conducir un vehículo en estado de embriaguez, el juzgador no considera que este hecho puede enmarcarse dentro de las causas de exclusión de antijuridicidad, concretamente del estado de necesidad, y ante la inobservancia o falta de justificación, otorgan penas. Bajo esta premisa, el objetivo de la presente investigación científica fue analizar el estado de necesidad, en contravenciones de tránsito por conducir en estado de embriaguez. La metodología que se planteó fue de nivel descriptiva con enfoque cualitativo, que se realizó mediante la revisión bibliográfica. Para recabar la información; con la información extraída se ejecutó un análisis de carácter socio-jurídico dentro del derecho penal. El estado de embriaguez constituye un factor agravante al momento de establecerse una pena, a pesar que un sujeto, por precautelar un bien jurídico de mayor valor, lesione otro bien de menor valor; es decir, justifique la existencia del estado de necesidad y, por lo tanto, su conducta se enmarca dentro de las causales de exclusión de antijuridicidad.
10 Feb 2012
TL;DR: The art. 316 and 317 del Codigo Penal espanol establecen la responsabilidad del empresario and sus delegados frente a la no adopcion de medidas de seguridad con respecto a sus trabajadores, indicandose que pese a que this delegue sus funciones, the vigilancia es indelegable,generando en todo caso responsabilité penal.
Abstract: Los arts. 316 y 317 del Codigo Penal espanol establecen la responsabilidad del empresario y sus delegados frente a la no adopcion de medidas de seguridad con respecto a sus trabajadores, indicandose que pese a que este delegue sus funciones, la vigilancia es indelegable, generando en todo caso responsabilidad penal. Se analizara la conveniencia en relacion con la adopcion de una norma parecida en el ordenamiento penal colombiano, y si en todo caso, podria hablarse de impunidad con respecto al empresario que no adoptando medidas de seguridad, da lugar a que sus trabajadores se lesionen o mueran.
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: There is a need to study the conditioning factors for private medical home care and for maintaining this type of care until the end of life, particularly with respect to sedation, hydration and feeding.
Abstract: a b s t r a c t Palliative care for end-of-life patients in Bogota is still in the process of consolidation. This type of care demands high technical and scientific standards, in addition to supporting the patient and family in making end-of-life ethical decisions, particularly with respect to sedation, hydration and feeding. Methodology: Statistical descriptive analysis of a cohort comprised of 164 terminally ill patients treated in private practice in Bogota between 2008 and 2012. Results: Out of the 90 patients who received care until their demise, the average age was 77 years old, including 63% women, 30%, university students, 41% widowers, and 84% Catholics. 8 patients had no medical insurance. 52% of the patients were cancer patients, 91% received home care, the average number of care days was 45 and the usual route of administration of medicines was subcutaneous. The most commonly used drugs were tramadol, ranitidine and midazolam. 73% of the patients required superficial sedation. In some cases, feeding and hydration were administered through alternate routes and in others were discontinued. Analysis: There is a need to study the conditioning factors for private medical home care and for maintaining this type of care until the end of life. Characterizing this population enables the identification of some useful information for the administration of end-of-life care in the country.
01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this article, the authors consider whether it is possible for a physician to be held criminally liable for negligence (in cases where harm to the life or health of the patient occurs) when he orshe is not using those superior individual skills but is simply acting as any other healthcare professional.
Abstract: Introduction: Oneoftheparametersusedwhenanalysingtheoccurrenceofanoffenceofneg-ligence is the so-called ideal average individual scale. 1 Thus, in order to determine whethermedical negligence has occurred, the criteria that apply to the average ideal practitioner aregenerally used. 2 Nonetheless, there are situations in which healthcare professionals haveabilities that are superior to those of the average ideal practitioner. This essay reflects onwhether these superior individual qualities should be taken into account when analysingthese situations, 3 and asks whether it is possible for a physician to be held criminally liablefor negligence (in cases where harm to the life or health of the patient occurs) when he orshe is not using those superior individual skills but is simply acting as any other healthcareprofessional. Methodology: Themethodologyusedforthisresearchprojectwasthecriminaldogmaticper-spective, that is, a search of what criminal law has to say regarding the proposed problem,always looking to respect the principle of legality. Also, the methodological path followedthroughoutthisresearchconsistedmainlyofthreemoments:anexploratoryphase,afocus-ing phase and a concretion phase. As for the sources used, 80% of them come from theSpanish doctrine, it having dealt widely with the study of the issue at hand, and theremaining 20% consists of German work translated into Spanish, plus some limited workconducted in Colombia specifically regarding this subject in particular.