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Journal ArticleDOI

Perfil actual y requisitos para un programa de especialización en obstetricia y ginecología en el nuevo milenio en chile

01 Jan 2004-Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología (Sociedad Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecología)-Vol. 69, Iss: 2, pp 136-148
TL;DR: This document shows an analysis of Obstetrics and Gynecology educational programs of prestigious foreign universities and of Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile.
Abstract: SUMMARY Permanent progress in Obstetrics and Gynecology make necessary the continuous updating and restructuring of programs, with periodical and objective evaluation of the resident in his different formative phases. Dedication must be exclusive, remunerated, supervised and activity according to developed countries standards, not lower than 80 hours weekly. This document shows an analysis of Obstetrics and Gynecology educational programs of prestigious foreign universities and of Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile.

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TL;DR: The psychological preferences and learning styles of 65 students of the 2001-graduating cohort of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile School of Medicine were evaluated and correlated with the information of their specialty choice or occupation two years after graduation.
Abstract: Background: Several studies indicate that doctors who work in the same area of the medical profession tend to behave somehow similarly. Thus, it has been suggested that personality relates to the medical specialty choice. However, it is not known whether people selfselect into the medical specialties according to their personality or the professional practice in a particular field influences their behavior. Aim: To explore the possible association between the graduate’s personality features and learning styles and their chosen specialty. Subjects and Methods: The psychological preferences and learning styles of 65 students of the 2001-graduating cohort of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile School of Medicine were evaluated with the Myers Briggs Type Indicator and the Kolb Learning Style Inventory, respectively. These variables were correlated with the information of their specialty choice or occupation two years after graduation. Results: Graduates distributed unevenly in different areas of the medical profession. Surgical specialties concentrated a larger proportion of extraverted, intuitive and structured doctors, whereas in Pediatrics and Internal Medicine predominated intuitive and people-oriented MD’s. Primary Care concentrated individuals with introverted, intuitive and flexible attitudes. Convergent learners (interested in problem-solving) preferred Surgery and Primary Care whereas Assimilator learners

32 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In 2003, a comparision of the tasas y causas de mortalidad materna in Chile between 2000 and 2003 was made by as discussed by the authors, showing that the mortalidade in Chile is the menor in the history of reproductivas.
Abstract: Objetivo: Comparar las tasas y causas de mortalidad materna entre los anos 2000 y 2003. Material y metodo: El numero de nacidos vivos, muertes maternas, causas de muerte y poblacion estimada de mujeres en edad fertil se obtuvo de los Anuarios de Estadisticas Vitales del Instituto Nacional de Estadisticas. La comparacion de proporciones se efectuo segun Chi cuadrado. Resultados: La tasa de mortalidad materna en 2000 fue 18,7/100.000 nv y en 2003 de 12,2/100.000 nv, reduccion no significativa. El numero de muertes maternas en relacion a mujeres en edad fertil se redujo significativamente. Hubo una reduccion significativa de la mortalidad materna por aborto, mientras que la reduccion por sindrome hipertensivo no fue significativa. La primera causa de muerte materna en 2003 correspondio a las enfermedades maternas concurrentes. Conclusion: La mortalidad materna en 2003 es la menor en la historia reproductiva de Chile. Actualmente la principal causa de mortalidad materna son las enfermedades maternas concurrentes

6 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the need for faculty development initiatives in the year 2000 to respond to changes in medical education and health care delivery, to build on the achievements and accomplishments of the past, and to continue to adapt to the evolving roles of faculty members.
Abstract: Faculty development initiatives in the year 2000 will need to respond to changes in medical education and health care delivery, to build on the achievements and accomplishments of the past, and to continue to adapt to the evolving roles of faculty members. To remain at the forefront, faculty development programs will need to broaden their focus, consider diverse training methods and formats, conduct more rigorous program evaluations, and foster new partnerships and collaborations. Academic vitality is dependent upon faculty members' interest and expertise; faculty development has a critical role to play in promoting academic excellence and innovation.

187 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Assessment of technical skills can assess residents' surgical skills with high reliability and validity and have possible application for identifying residents who need additional training and might provide a mechanism to ensure competence of surgical skills.

139 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that, although women house officers continued to work more than 80 hours per week during pregnancy, most had a good pregnancy outcome, and there was a higher frequency of preterm labor, preeclampsia, and fetal growth restriction in female residents than in spouses or partners of male residents.

70 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This study indicates that residency programs are not homogeneous in their value systems and that certain characteristics may predict those values.

63 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: Although the incidence of medical and obstetric complications was similar for the three specialties studied (obstetrics-gynecology, psychiatry, and surgery), it was higher than that reported in the general population (5%).

41 citations