# Performance evaluation of PLC with log-normal channel gain over Nakagami-m additive background noise

01 Aug 2015-pp 824-829

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TL;DR: In this article, the bit error rate (BER) performance of a free space optical (FSO) communication system was evaluated in the presence of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise under weak, moderate to strong, and very strong atmospheric turbulence regimes and PEs.

Abstract: The performance of a free space optical (FSO) communication system is significantly affected by various atmospheric turbulence conditions and pointing errors (PEs) apart from the additive noise, which is assumed to be Gaussian Optical pre-amplifiers are an essential component of FSO systems for improving the receiver sensitivity However, optical pre-amplification results in amplified spontaneous emission (ASE), which dominates the receiver thermal and shot noises The square law photodetection process at the receiver in a FSO system necessitates the consideration of chi-square statistics for the decision variable contrary to the Gaussian approximation that is widely used in the literature In this paper, we evaluate the bit error rate (BER) performance of a FSO system assuming non-return-to-zero on–off keying modulation in the presence of ASE noise under weak, moderate to strong, and very strong atmospheric turbulence regimes and PEs We also derive asymptotic BER expressions for the considered FSO system for large values of the signal-to-noise ratio in terms of simple elementary functions Further insight into the system is provided by performing a diversity analysis

32 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a unified methodology which takes into account the advantages and disadvantages of different Power Line Communication (PLC) technologies suitable for Smart Metering deployment is presented. But this methodology is not suitable for large-scale deployment.

Abstract: The paper describes a unified methodology which takes into account the advantages and disadvantages of different Power Line Communication (PLC) technologies suitable for Smart Metering deployment. The methodology should provide a detailed evaluation of PLC technologies based on a clear definition of the different parameters and their measurement. Based on this methodology, we should be able to provide a comparison of the selected technologies and the methodology should also provide data for the design of a telecommunication infrastructure for Smart Metering/Smart Grids. In this paper and based on this methodology, we also present the performance tests carried out in laboratory environment on low voltage and in on-field conditions on medium voltage.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.eie.24.3.20983

15 citations

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01 May 2017

TL;DR: A general framework for the coexistence of broadband satellite system and terrestrial cellular networks with distinct geometry, configuration, and channel characteristics is defined, and closed-form expression for the outage probability of the cognitive cellular user is derived.

Abstract: This paper investigates the outage performance of cognitive broadband satellite systems and terrestrial cellular network in millimeter wave (nunWave) scenario. Considering the state-of-art standard recommendations and nun Wave propagation model, we first define a general framework for the coexistence of broadband satellite system and terrestrial cellular networks with distinct geometry, configuration, and channel characteristics. Then, by employing a interference temperature constraint at the fixed satellite service (FSS) receiver to limit the interference below an acceptable level, closed-form expression for the outage probability (OP) of the cognitive cellular user is derived, which is general and applicable to various channel parameters and geometric scenarios. Eventually, simulation results are carried out to verify the theoretical derivations, and shows the impact of key system parameters on the performance of the terrestrial cellular user with the coexistence of FSS.

11 citations

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TL;DR: This letter provides the performance evaluation of a PLC system assuming DBPSK modulation under the combined effect of Nakagami-m background noise and impulsive noise and utilizes a simple, yet accurate approximation available in literature to derive the probability density function of the sum of two NakagAMI-m random variables.

Abstract: Power line communication (PLC) utilizes power lines for the purpose of electronic data transmission. Differential binary phase shift keying (DBPSK) is a popular modulation scheme proposed in the PLC standards like G3, PRIME, and IEEE P1901.2. This letter provides the performance evaluation of a PLC system assuming DBPSK modulation under the combined effect of Nakagami- $m$ background noise and impulsive noise. We utilize a simple, yet accurate approximation available in literature to derive the probability density function of the sum of two Nakagami- $m$ random variables. Closed-form expressions of the analytical average bit error rate and the outage probability of the system are derived. Validity of the derived analytical expressions is closely verified by simulated results.

11 citations

### Cites background from "Performance evaluation of PLC with ..."

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TL;DR: It is proved that single-channel and multichannel PLC systems both benefit from an infinite diversity order and that this quantity increases logarithmically with the signal-to-noise ratio.

Abstract: In this study, the authors evaluate the bit error rate (BER) performance of multichannel power line communication (PLC) systems under lognormal fading and Nakagami-
m
background noise. The information signal propagates over two parallel, but correlated channels while maximum ratio combining and equal gain combining are implemented at the receiver side. By appropriately approximating the tail of the probability density function of a single Nakagami-
m
noise term and of the weighted sum of two Nakagami-
m
noise terms, they derive accurate expressions of the BER. They prove that single-channel and multichannel PLC systems both benefit from an infinite diversity order and that this quantity increases logarithmically with the signal-to-noise ratio. In this case, the advantage of the diversity combining techniques resides in their impact on the average energy of the fading gain; a quantity that they derive analytically by applying the lognormal-sum approximation.

8 citations

##### References

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TL;DR: Combinations involving trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and power 5 Indefinite Integrals of Special Functions 6 Definite Integral Integral Functions 7.Associated Legendre Functions 8 Special Functions 9 Hypergeometric Functions 10 Vector Field Theory 11 Algebraic Inequalities 12 Integral Inequality 13 Matrices and related results 14 Determinants 15 Norms 16 Ordinary differential equations 17 Fourier, Laplace, and Mellin Transforms 18 The z-transform

Abstract: 0 Introduction 1 Elementary Functions 2 Indefinite Integrals of Elementary Functions 3 Definite Integrals of Elementary Functions 4.Combinations involving trigonometric and hyperbolic functions and power 5 Indefinite Integrals of Special Functions 6 Definite Integrals of Special Functions 7.Associated Legendre Functions 8 Special Functions 9 Hypergeometric Functions 10 Vector Field Theory 11 Algebraic Inequalities 12 Integral Inequalities 13 Matrices and related results 14 Determinants 15 Norms 16 Ordinary differential equations 17 Fourier, Laplace, and Mellin Transforms 18 The z-transform

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01 Jan 1970

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TL;DR: The Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas (HOFF-formulas) as mentioned in this paper is the most widely used handbook for mathematical functions with formulas, which includes the following:

Abstract: (1965). Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas. Technometrics: Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 78-79.

7,055 citations

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01 Jan 2007

4,897 citations

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TL;DR: The pages of this expensive but invaluable reference work are dense with formulae of stupefying complexity as discussed by the authors, where definite/indefinite integral properties of a great variety of special functions are discussed.

Abstract: The pages of this expensive but invaluable reference work are dense with formulae of stupefying complexity. Chapters 1 and 2 treat definite/indefinite integral properties of a great variety of special functions, Chapters 3 and 4 (which are relatively brief) treat definite integrals of some piece-wi

3,685 citations

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