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Persian Writing on Music: A Study of Persian Musical Literature from 1000 to 1500 AD

TL;DR: In this article, the authors attempt to understand and map the development of Persian writings on music, focusing on their various approaches and variations of topics from the beginning of the 11th century to the end of the 15th century which can be called the classical period of Persian writing on music.
Abstract: This dissertation is an attempt to understand and map the development of Persian writings on music, focusing on their various approaches and variations of topics from the beginning of the 11th century to the end of the 15th century which can be called the classical period of Persian writing on music The rise of Persian musical literature as a part of Persian learned literature was a result of the political and cultural decentralization of the Abbasid Caliphate Like most other genres of learned literature in Persian, translation and abridgements of and commentaries (sarhs) on Arabic works played a crucial role in the rise and es-tablishment of Persian musical literatureThe most important conclusions to be drawn from the present study are that we can distinguish between two main approaches in Persian writings on music, viz the religious and non-religious approaches, and that there is a pattern in the development of Persian writings on music which provides us with a periodization of the develop-ment of this literary genre According to the macro periodization of Persian writings on music which is presented in this study, we can identify five different stages in the development of the genre; 1) the initial period: ca 1000-1110; the first intermezzo: ca 1110 up to 1175; 3) the period of establishment: ca 1175-1299; 4) the first Golden Age of the genre: ca 1300-1435; 5) the second intermezzo: ca 1435-1500
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01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: There is a group called the Galesh in the Alborz mountains of the northern provinces, Gilan, Mazandaran, and Golestan, Iran, whose language and culture is severely endangered due to modernisation.
Abstract: There is a group called the Galesh in the Alborz mountains of the northern provinces, Gilan, Mazandaran, and Golestan, Iran, whose language and culture is severely endangered due to modernisation o ...

5 citations


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  • ...Our work was in these forests, you know.(8) You know, (we gave) no straw and no hay,(9) you know, we used only the (leaves of) trees for foddering and grazing our cows, vāš,(10) we brought...

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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2018-Numen
TL;DR: The Upaniṣads are commonly regarded as the ultimate summary of the Indian Weltanschauung as discussed by the authors, which is the result of a rather convoluted history of reception in different cultural environments.
Abstract: The Upaniṣads are commonly regarded as the ultimate summary of the Indian Weltanschauung . This high esteem is the result of a rather convoluted history of reception in different cultural environments. The article draws on their first interpretations in the Muslim and the European horizon, which are closely interconnected by a fascinating story of translation, namely the Sirr-i akbar of the Mughal prince Dārā Shukūh (1615–1659) and the Oupnek’hat by A. H. Anquetil-Duperron (1731–1805). As will be argued, both mediators have a comparable attitude towards the Indian corpus, and their search for the “one” (= God = Allah) is deeply rooted in perceptions of a single “sacred book” containing the ultimate expression of the truth, which is the object of a “hidden” transmission undetected so far. The goal of this article is to present the common features of their approaches based on a detailed historical examination of the available material.

3 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the difference among phonetic of people in the present period, Qajar era and Sassanid era is studied. And the authors used this approach to predict the future phonetic.
Abstract: Comparison among the phonetic of people in different eras helped us to find a better understanding of their culture. Also we can use this approached to predict the future phonetic. In this paper we study the difference among phonetic of people in the present period, Qajar era and Sassanid era. 2000 people in Tehran are selected randomly. Because Tehran is the capital of Iran, and the people from all over different parts of Iran are gathered in Tehran, this sample can be considered as the sample of Iranian people. From each one a speech is recorded. Using the VST instrument, these speeches translated to a harmony and a consensus harmony is considered as the harmony of current people’s phonetic. By Simulation of the speech of the people in Qajar era the harmony of speech of that ear is simulated. Finally by using the 504 Gushehes and Radif of Iranian Avaz, which is generated in Sassanid ear, the harmony of the people in this era is simulated. By comparison of these three harmonies, we obtained a significant different between the harmony of current era and Sassanid era, which is in the basic musical interval. These difference between now and Qajar era is in the upper fifth musical interval. It is shown that during the last 1500 years there exist 2.5 blind musical deviations between harmony of current phonetics and Sassanid Harmony phonetics. This deviation from Qajar era until now is 0.5 blind musical interval. Our results show that the deviation in the harmony of Iranian phonetics from the phonetics of the people of last century is more with respect to the people in the ancient time. Keywords : Phonetic pattern, Passaggio , Vocal fold, Sassanid era, Qajarid era, Dastgah, Radif.

1 citations