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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.ENVRES.2021.110956

Persistent organic and inorganic pollutants in the effluents from the textile dyeing industries: Ecotoxicology appraisal via a battery of biotests.

04 Mar 2021-Environmental Research (Academic Press)-Vol. 196, pp 110956
Abstract: Today, the textile industry is considered as a leading economic sector in Tunisia. However, this sector demands a huge volume of water and a wide spectrum of chemicals, which is converted into potentially toxic wastewater leading to environmental perturbation and human health toxicity. Assessment of the environmental risks associated with textile wastewater becomes a necessity. In this study, textile dyeing wastewater samples were collected before and after the physico-chemical treatment carried out by textile companies located in Monastir-city-Tunisia and subjected to chemical analyzes in order to determine their physicochemical characteristics and the content of metals and textile dyes. The ecotoxicological assessment was performed using four organisms, namely Selenastrum capricornutum, Vibrio fischeri, Daphnia magna and Lepidium sativum, to represent different trophic levels. Based on chemical data, some physicochemical parameters (e.g. TSS, COD and TSS levels) and metals (e.g. Cr, Hg and Sb) in the textile dyeing effluents were revealed not in compliance with the Tunisian standard. Moreover, high quantities of three disperse dyes have been detected even in the textile dyeing wastewater samples before and after treatments. The ecotoxicological data confirmed that the textile dyeing influents displayed toxic effects to all the test organisms, with Selenastrum capricornutum being the most sensitive organism. While, the above toxic effects were decreased slightly when evaluating the treated effluents. Metals and textile disperse dyes could be associated with the observed toxic effects of the textile influents and effluents. In fact, the treatment process applied by the evaluated companies was only partially efficient at removing metals, disperse dyes and effluent ecotoxicity, suggesting potential risks to aquatic biota. These findings emphasize the importance of applying integrated chemical and biological approaches for continuous evaluation of the toxicity of the treated effluents to predict hazards on the environment.

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13 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JALLCOM.2021.161744
Yichuan Zhang, Ying Sun1, Mingzhu Li1, Songyi Luo  +3 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: In this study, an efficient heterojunction photocatalyst, g-C3N4/ZnO (CNZn), was successfully produced by coupling graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) with hierarchical zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO) using a facile wet-chemical strategy. Electron microscope results showed that CNZn is characterized by a unique three-dimensional flower-like porous architecture. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized photocatalysts were determined by using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared spectra and X-ray powder diffractometry. The photocatalytic properties of the prepared catalysts were evaluated based on their photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) under ultraviolet (UV) and solar irradiation. The results indicated that the CNZn composite exhibited superior photocatalytic properties compared with pristine g-C3N4 and ZnO alone, which could be ascribed to the effective establishment of heterojunctions between g-C3N4 and ZnO. It was also found that the catalytic activity of the CNZn composite can be further enhanced by modifying reaction parameters including the illumination source, catalyst dosage and solution pH. Meanwhile, trapping experiments of reactive species suggested that holes and superoxide radicals played a major role in promoting the MB photodegradation. This study could shed light for the construction of high-performing photocatalysts.

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Topics: Graphitic carbon nitride (58%), Photodegradation (57%), Photocatalysis (54%) ... read more

3 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/15226514.2021.1993784
Abstract: Treated wastewater can partly meet the requirements of water for irrigating tree crops in dry areas to better utilize, produce biomass and reduce land degradation. Seedlings of Acacia nilotica, Azadirachta indica, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Prosopis cineraria, P. juliflora, Tamarix aphylla, Salvadora persica, S. oleoides and Tecomella undulata were planted and irrigated with bore-well (BW) and treated wastewater (WW) at ½ET (Evaporation-transpiration) and ¾ET. Plants irrigated at BW1/2 attained less height and collar diameter, and showed low growth increments and dry biomass. These variables increased by 1.2-2.0-fold at WW3/4 irrigation. Plants produced 1.4-fold higher biomass with WW over BW, whereas it was 1.5-fold higher at ¾ET over ½ET. Responses of species to BW/WW irrigation differed in biomass allocation to roots and other parts as a mechanism to uptake water and nutrients. Conclusively, A. nilotica, A. indica, P. juliflora and T. aphylla had stronger preference to increased irrigation level, whereas E. camaldulensis, S. persica, S. oleoides and T. undulata had preferred nutrients added through treated wastewater. A. nilotica, E. camaldulensis, P. juliflora and A. indica were best species in growth and biomass production and wastewater utilization. These can be replicated in urban afforestation to enhance bio-product and reduce degradation in environmental quality.

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Topics: Eucalyptus camaldulensis (54%), Tamarix aphylla (54%), Irrigation (52%) ... read more

1 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.11113/JURNALTEKNOLOGI.V83.17242
Sri Martini, Sharmeen Afroze1Institutions (1)
07 Oct 2021-
Abstract: In this review article, the recent development of organic sorbents derived from plant and animal waste for treating polluted aqueous media is presented. The application of biomass has been recognized reliable to adsorb hazardous pollutants contained in wastewater generated by emerging industries. This paper also discusses other existing technologies for removing pollutants including heavy metals, dyes, oil and grease, antibiotic and phenolic compounds from polluted aqueous media. Furthermore, several prominent examples of plant and animal wastes such as eucalyptus bark, pine bark, rice husk, various fruit peels, and animal bones are also properly reviewed. The effects of modification techniques on sorbent performance such as carbonization, pyrolysis, and chemical impregnation using acid or alkaline chemicals are considerably included. Some gaps in current literature are also discussed including the tendency of certain targeted pollutants, the use of simulated aqueous media, the scale of research projects, and the prominent modification procedures. Eventually, based on the relevant literature, clear conclusion has been drawn that these natural disposals have great potentiality as environmentally friendly sorbent alternative to other commercial expensive sorbents, and their reuse has been part of green solutions supporting a circular economy system.

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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.31548/BIOLOGIYA2021.01.006
15 Feb 2021-
Abstract: Biotesting to assess the complex relationships between soil, contaminants and living organisms and to determine the impact on ecosystems of pollutants whose concentrations may be beyond the sensitivity of the methods of determination and the composition of which cannot be determined. The aim is to establish the level of phytoxicity of wastes of mechanical processing of polymer mixtures, which are extracted from solid household waste with the help of indicator plants. Methods. Evaluation of phytotoxic effects was performed by vegetation methods according to ISO: 17402-2008, 17126-2005a, 11269-1: 2012a, 11269-2: 2012b. Contamination levels of the test samples were assessed according to ISO 16198.Objects of research: watercress seeds, mustard, wheat, corn, soybeans, barley and sludge from the processing of polymer mixtures composed of polymer particles of different composition and quantity, along with the remnants of paper labels. Studies of the content of heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, Zn, Ni) were performed by atomic absorption method on a spectrophotometer type CAS-120.1 in accordance with generally accepted methods. Results. The studied sludge does not negatively affect the process of germination of watercress, mustard, corn. The level of phytotoxic effect of sludge on the germination of soybeans and barley was within acceptable limits and did not exceed 3.33%. The study of migration of heavy metals present in the sludge and their accumulation during the growth and development of plants showed their insignificant content regardless of the sludge content. Only the lead content was higher than in the control 2.13 times and 1.83 times higher than in "relatively clean soil". Conclusions. Determination of phytotoxicity of this type of sludge on the process of germination and vegetation changes of plants should be carried out on the most sensitive crops - watercress and mustard. A study of the migration of heavy metals present in the sludge and their accumulation during plant growth showed the presence of bound forms of heavy metals copper, nickel, cadmium and zinc - the migration of which has not been established. However, mobile forms of lead that migrate from the sludge and accumulate in plants have been identified.

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Topics: Phytotoxicity (53%)

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/MACROMOL1040018
19 Nov 2021-Macromolecules
Abstract: Removal of dyes through adsorption from wastewater has gained substantial interest in recent years, especially in development of hydrogel based adsorbents, owing to their easy use and economical nature. The aim of the present study was to design a super-adsorbent hydrogel based on sodium styrenesulfonate (NaSS) monomer for removal of dyes like methylene blue (MB). NaSS displays both an aromatic ring and strongly ionic group in its monomer structure that can enhance adsorption capacity. Poly(sodium styrenesulfonate-co-dimethylacrylamide) hydrogels were prepared by solution free radical polymerization using gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) as crosslinker, creating a highly porous, three-dimensionally crosslinked polymer network contributing to higher swelling ratios of up to 27,500%. These super-adsorbent hydrogels exhibited high adsorption capacity of 1270 mg/g for MB adsorption with above 98% removal efficiency. This is the first report for such a high adsorption capacity for dye absorbance for NaSS-based hydrogels. Additionally, the adsorption kinetics using a pseudo-first-order and the Freundlich adsorption isotherm models for multilayer, heterogeneous adsorption processes has been reported. The adsorbents’ reusability was confirmed through 4 repeated cycles of desorption-adsorption. The results discussed herein illustrate that NaSS based chemistries can be used as an efficient option for removal of organic dyes from contaminated wastewater.

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Topics: Freundlich equation (62%), Adsorption (59%), Self-healing hydrogels (55%) ... read more

References
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83 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00080-8
Abstract: The control of water pollution has become of increasing importance in recent years. The release of dyes into the environment constitutes only a small proportion of water pollution, but dyes are visible in small quantities due to their brilliance. Tightening government legislation is forcing textile industries to treat their waste effluent to an increasingly high standard. Currently, removal of dyes from effluents is by physio-chemical means. Such methods are often very costly and although the dyes are removed, accumulation of concentrated sludge creates a disposal problem. There is a need to find alternative treatments that are effective in removing dyes from large volumes of effluents and are low in cost, such as biological or combination systems. This article reviews the current available technologies and suggests an effective, cheaper alternative for dye removal and decolourisation applicable on large scale.

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4,364 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JENVMAN.2011.09.012
Abstract: Textile industry is one of the most chemically intensive industries on the earth and the major polluter of potable water. It generates huge quantities of complex chemical substances as a part of unused materials including dyes in the form of wastewater during various stages of textile processing. The direct discharge of this wastewater into environment affects its ecological status by causing various undesirable changes. As environmental protection becomes a global concern, industries are finding novel solutions for developing technologies that can diminish the environmental damage. However, colour removal from textile wastewater by means of cheaper and environmental friendly technologies is still a major challenge. In this manuscript, several options of decolourisation of textile wastewater by chemical means have been reviewed. Based on the present review, some novel pre-hydrolysed coagulants such as Polyaluminium chloride (PACl), Polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFCl), Polyferrous sulphate (PFS) and Polyferric chloride (PFCl) have been found to be more effective and suggested for decolourisation of the textile wastewater. Moreover, use of natural coagulants for textile wastewater treatment has also been emphasised and encouraged as the viable alternative because of their eco-friendly nature.

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Topics: Wastewater (53%)

1,241 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1574-6976.2001.TB00581.X
Abstract: Chromium is a highly toxic non-essential metal for microorganisms and plants. Due to its widespread industrial use, chromium (Cr) has become a serious pollutant in diverse environmental settings. The hexavalent form of the metal, Cr(VI), is considered a more toxic species than the relatively innocuous and less mobile Cr(III) form. The presence of Cr in the environment has selected microbial and plant variants able to tolerate high levels of Cr compounds. The diverse Cr-resistance mechanisms displayed by microorganisms, and probably by plants, include biosorption, diminished accumulation, precipitation, reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III), and chromate efflux. Some of these systems have been proposed as potential biotechnological tools for the bioremediation of Cr pollution. In this review we summarize the interactions of bacteria, algae, fungi and plants with Cr and its compounds.

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981 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/ES048143Z
Abstract: Twelve antibiotic substances for human use, including trimethoprim and representatives of the fluoroquinolone (FQ), sulfonamide (SA), penicillin (PE), cephalosporin (CE), nitroimidazole (NI), tetracycline (TC), and macrolide (MA) groups, were subjected to a screening study at five Swedish sewage treatment plants (STPs) during one week in 2002 and one week in 2003. The analytes were extracted from raw sewage water, final effluent, and sludge by solid-phase extraction (SPE) or liquid-solid extraction (as appropriate) and then identified and quantified by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. The mostfrequently detected antibiotics in the matrices considered in this study were norfloxacin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole, and doxycycline. The other analytes were only detected in a few samples. Analysis of the weekly mass flows through each STP showed that FQs were partly eliminated from the water during sewage water treatment and the highest amounts of these substances were found in sludge. Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim were mainly found in raw sewage water and final effluent, but these substances had balancing mass flows, indicating that they too can withstand sewage water treatment. The mass flow patterns for doxycycline were more complex, with high amounts occurring in sludge in some cases, suggesting thatthe behavior of this analyte may be more strongly influenced by the treatment process and other variables at individual STPs. The environmental load (the sum of the amounts in the final effluent and sludge) normalized to the number of inhabitants in the catchment area of each investigated STP compared with theoretical predictions based on consumption data (in parentheses) showed good correlations: norfloxacin, 0.8 (0.9); ofloxacin, 0.3 (0.2); ciprofloxacin, 1.3 (3.5); sulfamethoxazole, 0.2 (0.4); trimethoprim, 1.1 (1.0); and doxycycline, 0.7 (0.4) mg per person per week. The results show that reasonably accurate predictions of environmental load of these antibiotics can be time-effectively derived from consumption data without additional measurements.

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Topics: Sewage (54%), Sewage treatment (54%), Waste disposal (53%) ... read more

513 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.MRGENTOX.2006.08.002
Abstract: Recently a textile azo dye processing plant effluent was identified as one of the sources of mutagenic activity detected in the Cristais River, a drinking water source in Brazil [G.A. Umbuzeiro, D.A. Roubicek, C.M. Rech, M.I.Z. Sato, L.D. Claxton, Investigating the sources of the mutagenic activity found in a river using the Salmonella assay and different water extraction procedures, Chemosphere 54 (2004) 1589–1597]. Besides presenting high mutagenic activity in the Salmonella /microsome assay, the mutagenic nitro-aminoazobenzenes dyes CI Disperse Blue 373, CI Disperse Violet 93, and CI Disperse Orange 37 [G.A. Umbuzeiro, H.S. Freeman, S.H. Warren, D.P. Oliveira, Y. Terao, T. Watanabe, L.D. Claxton, The contribution of azo dyes in the mutagenic activity of the Cristais river, Chemosphere 60 (2005) 55–64] as well as benzidine, a known carcinogenic compound [T.M. Mazzo, A.A. Saczk, G.A. Umbuzeiro, M.V.B. Zanoni, Analysis of aromatic amines in surface waters receiving wastewater from textile industry by liquid chromatographic with eletrochemical detection, Anal. Lett., in press] were found in this effluent. After ∼6 km from the discharge of this effluent, a drinking water treatment plant treats and distributes the water to a population of approximate 60,000. As shown previously, the mutagens in the DWTP intake water are not completely removed by the treatment. The water used for human consumption presented mutagenic activity related to nitro-aromatics and aromatic amines compounds probably derived from the cited textile processing plant effluent discharge [G.A. Umbuzeiro, D.A. Roubicek, C.M. Rech, M.I.Z. Sato, L.D. Claxton, Investigating the sources of the mutagenic activity found in a river using the Salmonella assay and different water extraction procedures, Chemosphere 54 (2004) 1589–1597; G.A. Umbuzeiro, H.S. Freeman, S.H. Warren, D.P. Oliveira, Y. Terao, T. Watanabe, L.D. Claxton, The contribution of azo dyes in the mutagenic activity of the Cristais river, Chemosphere 60 (2005) 55–64]. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the possible risks involved in the human consumption of this contaminated water. With that objective, one sample of the cited industrial effluent was tested for carcinogenicity in the aberrant crypt foci medium-term assay in colon of Wistar rats. The rats received the effluent in natura through drinking water at concentrations of 0.1%, 1%, and 10%. The effluent mutagenicity was also confirmed in the Salmonella /microsome assay with the strains TA98 and YG1041. There was an increased number of preneoplastic lesions in the colon of rats exposed to concentrations of 1% and 10% of the effluent, and a positive response for both Salmonella strains tested. These results indicate that the discharge of the effluent should be avoided in waters used for human consumption and show the sensitivity of the ACF crypt foci assay as an important tool to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of environmental complex mixtures.

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Topics: Effluent (55%), Population (51%)

398 Citations


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